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Topic: Epic of Gilgamesh

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In the News (Sat 21 Jul 18)

Gilgamesh may be one of the oldest epics.
His son, Agga, was the last king of the dynasty, owing to his defeat by Gilgamesh, according to the Sumerian epic Gilgamesh and Agga of Kish.
"The fullest extant text of the Gilgamesh epic is on 12 incomplete Akkadian-language tablets found at Nineveh in the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (reigned 668-627 BC).
www.piney-2.com /Gil01.html   (1554 words)

  Amazon.co.uk: The Epic of Gilgamesh (Classics): Books: N.K. Sandars
The Epic of Gilgamesh is the fundamental mythic tale in Western Civilization, but tends to be relegated to the shelf in most classes unless in happens to be included in an anthology.
Gilgamesh was the more than capable ruler of the ancient town of Uruk; his strength and physical beauty were unmatched by any in the land, and his subjects adored him.
There is no one extant copy of the Epic of Gilgamesh; a number of tablets, in varying degrees of condition and legibility and differing somewhat in the details of the story, have been compared and contrasted in order to produce the story as she presents it.
www.amazon.co.uk /Epic-Gilgamesh-Classics-N-K-Sandars/dp/014044100X   (1693 words)

  Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh may be the oldest written story unearthed to date.
It depicts the adventures of the historical King Gilgamesh of Uruk in Babylonia on the Euphrates River in modern-day Iraq.
The Epic of Gilgamesh dates to about 2700 BC and was originally written on 12 clay tablets in the cuneiform script of ancient Sumeria.
www.allaboutarchaeology.org /epic-of-gilgamesh-faq.htm   (98 words)

  gilgamesh.html   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was enormously popular in ancient Mesopotamia over centuries and knowledge of it extended beyond to western Asia and very possibly to the Greek world (suggested by some similarities to Achilles in the Iliad and to Greek flood stories).
Gilgamesh is presented as part god, part man, that is a legendary king from the distant past.
Page 62 makes it clear that Gilgamesh was ruler, that is, that there was a king of some sort, and it reveals something about the organization of society (it speaks of warriors, and nobles).
www.utexas.edu /courses/clubmed/gilgamsh.html   (500 words)

  Gilgamesh Epic - MSN Encarta
Gilgamesh and Enkidu kill the bull, and, as punishment for his participation, the gods doom Enkidu to die.
The sage recounts to Gilgamesh a story of a great flood (the details of which are so remarkably similar to later biblical accounts of the flood that scholars have taken great interest in this story).
Gilgamesh dives into the water and finds the plant but later loses it to a serpent and, disconsolate, returns to Uruk to end his days.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761578001/Gilgamesh_Epic.html   (353 words)

  Epic of Gilgamesh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A series of Sumerian legends and poems about the mythologized hero-king Gilgamesh, thought to be a ruler of the 3rd millennium BC, were gathered into a longer Akkadian poem long afterward, with the most complete version extant today preserved on eleven clay tablets in the library collection of the 7th century BC Assyrian king Ashurbanipal.
Gilgamesh's supposed historical reign is believed to have been approximately 2500 BC, 400 years prior to the earliest known written stories.
Gilgamesh sets out to avoid Enkidu's fate and makes a perilous journey to visit Utnapishtim and his wife, the only humans to have survived the Great Flood who were granted immortality by the gods, in the hope that he too can attain immortality.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Epic_of_Gilgamesh   (1505 words)

 Gilgamesh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gilgamesh, according to the Sumerian king list, was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda, ruling circa 2650 BCE.
In Mesopotamian mythology Gilgamesh is credited to have been a demi-god of superhuman strength, a mythological equivalent to Hercules, who built a great wall in Iraq to defend his people from outer harm.
Fragments of an epic text found in Me-Turan (modern Tell Haddad) relate that Gilgamesh was buried under the waters of a river at the end of his life.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gilgamesh   (686 words)

Gilgamesh was experiencing dreams that were worrying him, however Enkidu believed that they foretold victory - and indeed, as soon as the first cedars were felled, the great Humbaba was aroused and duly vanquished by the equal power of Gilgamesh and Enkidu.
Gilgamesh was not having any of this, and reminded Ishtar of how unfaithful she had been to a whole list of previous lovers.
Gilgamesh was carried across by the boatman Urshanabi, to whom he had to introduce himself in much the same way as he did with Siduri; and likewise on meeting Utnapishtim.
www.crock11.freeserve.co.uk /gilgamesh.htm   (1768 words)

During this search, Gilgamesh is told the story about the great flood, a story that may later have informed Biblical writers as they developed the narrative about Noah and the deluge.
Gilgamesh is praised as a ruler of great knowledge, two-thirds god and one-third man. He is presented as the strongest king and human ever to have lived, we still hear that he oppresses his people harshly.
Gilgamesh suggests that the two new friends embark on an adventure, travelling to Iran to cut down all the cedar trees.
i-cias.com /e.o/gilgamesh.htm   (1369 words)

 gilgamesh   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Naturally, since Gilgamesh is part divine and part human, while Enkidu is part human and part animal, the sacrifice, the judgment falls on Enkidu, who sickens and dies, at first cursing the harlot who led him to civilization, Gilgamesh and death, but then blessing her for the joy of friendship with Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh is distraught with grief and denial of death.
Gilgamesh returns to Uruk with the boatman Urshanabi, and points out to him the mighty walls; this is the proper work of a human being, not the search for eternal life.
novaonline.nv.cc.va.us /eli/eng251/gilgameshstudy.htm   (2772 words)

 Epic of Gilgamesh
Epic of Gilgamesh is as secular as the
Gilgamesh’s trek, akin to Odysseus’s journey, constitutes the last half of the Epic, where he encounters a variety of obstacles -- including one god’s advise that his quest is certain to fail.
Gilgamesh also encounters a woman named Siduri, an enigmatic figure living in a place “where east and west were confused”, and who dispenses the philosophy of eat, drink and be merry, “for this too is the lot of man”.
www.halexandria.org /dward188.htm   (1223 words)

 The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is written in Akkadian in cuneiform script on twelve fragmented clay tablets.
Gilgamesh is overcome with grief for the loss of his dear friend and resolves to set out to defeat death, to find the answer to immortality.
Gilgamesh experiences many trials on his journey through darkness then he meets Siduri, the wine-maker, by the sea who tells him that immortality is for the gods alone and that life and living is for humans; so rejoice in life.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/mythology/21368   (593 words)

The offspring of Lugulbanda, Gilgamesh is perfect in strength The son of the revered Cow, of the woman Rimat-Ninsun.
Gilgamesh is there, strong, Raging like a wild bull, over all Is his strength.' Favourably as he speaks, he hears her words.
Gilgamesh and Enkidu did not go alone on their expedition but were accompanied by 50 strong warriors of Uruk, each of whom carried in his hands a felled tree - which there is some reasons to believe served as oars.
www.angelfire.com /tx/gatestobabylon/temple1.html   (8650 words)

 Gilgamesh Summary
Gilgamesh had all knowledge and wisdom, he was "he who saw the Deep" [Deep=nagbu, the cosmic domain of the god of wisdom, Ea], "surpassing all other kings".
Gilgamesh proposes a quest (seemingly out of the blue): they are to journey to the great Forest of Cedar and cut down all the cedar trees (or a single great cedar).
Enkidu tells Gilgamesh he knows that he is to die, and in a delirium he speaks to the door [city gate?] made from the great cedar, as if it were a man. He is blasphemous: had he known his fate, he would have used the cedar instead at Shamash's temple at Larsa, Ebabbara.
www.mcgoodwin.net /pages/otherbooks/gilgamesh.html   (5278 words)

 Epic of Gilgamesh - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia
The Epic of Gilgamesh is a long, boring, heroic poem by Gil Gamesh, a Babylonian who plagiarized the story from ancient Sumerian sources and claimed that the events of the poem, outlandish though they are, actually happened to him.
First, Gilgamesh fights Enkidu, but they decide to be friends instead of enemies and seek to kill a dragon instead of one another.
Terrified that he will be the next to die, Gilgamesh journeys to the underworld, where he meets Urshanabi, the Noah of the poem, who has survived a cataclysmic flood, The Deluge.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Epic_of_Gilgamesh   (839 words)

 The "Epic of Gilgamesh"   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A masterpiece of Mespotamian literature, the epic recounts the pursuit of fame and immortality by the semi-legendary king of Uruk.
Enkidu's death so haunts Gilgamesh that he undertakes to seek eternal life, and so Gilgamesh the mighty hero is transformed into Gilgamesh the broken mortal.
His tale, recounted in the epic, bears many resemblances to the Biblical story of the Flood that Utnapishtim is often called the Babylonian Noah.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/gilgamesh.html   (195 words)

 EAWC Essay: Storytelling, the Meaning of Life, and The Epic of Gilgamesh
Third and most important, Enkidu teaches Gilgamesh what it means to be human; he teaches him the meaning of love and compassion, the meaning of loss and of growing older, the meaning of mortality.
When Enkidu tells Gilgamesh his dream of the Underworld, Gilgamesh responds, "we must treasure the dream whatever the terror; for the dream has shown that misery comes at last to the healthy man, the end of life is sorrow" (93).
While Gilgamesh himself has lost the ability to live forever, or the opportunity to pass on this ability to the men of Uruk, it is enough that the snake recalls for us, in its sloughing of its skin, nature's pattern of regeneration.
eawc.evansville.edu /essays/brown.htm   (2796 words)

 Theology WebSite: Electronic Texts: Gilgamesh Epic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The most impressive surviving literature of the Sumerians are their epic poems recorded on clay tablets concerning the career and discoveries of a legendary king named Gilgamesh.
Although Gilgamesh is a semi-divine person in the epic, his principal quest, a quest for immortality, ends in failure.
The value of the Gilgamesh Epic for students of the Bible is truly substantial and multifaceted.
www.theologywebsite.com /etext/gilgamesh/gintro.shtml   (736 words)

 The Epic of Gilgamesh
Gilgamesh, by all accounts, was not an ordinary person.
Just as the father had predicated, Gilgamesh gave the young man a beautiful woman named Shamhat and asked him to use her as bait.
And she promised him that Gilgamesh was the only man worthy of his friendship.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_42_186.html   (714 words)

 Epic of Gilgamesh - History for Kids!
Gilgamesh thinks this is interesting, so he sets a trap for Enkidu to get him to come to the city and be his friend.
Gilgamesh sends a beautiful woman to Enkidu, and when he sees her he kisses her and the kiss works like magic to tame him: he follows her back to the city and becomes civilized.
Gilgamesh is so cool now that the goddess Ishtar falls in love with him, but when she asks him to be her boyfriend, Gilgamesh says no (and he is pretty rude about it too).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/westasia/literature/gilgamesh.htm   (781 words)

 Epic of Gilgamesh (Myth-Folklore Online)
The version of Gilgamesh that we will be reading this week is mostly based on the Akkadian version, but where parts are missing from the Akkadian version, the Hittite version is used to fill in the gaps.
Budge devotes the most attention to the story of the flood contained in the Epic of Gilgamesh because of its striking similarities to the Biblical account of Noah and the Flood, which some of you may be reading next week.
The relationship between the flood story in the Gilgamesh epic and the flood story in the Bible provided one of the most important topics for discussion in the emerging field of comparative mythology (check the Resources page for more flood stories from around the world).
www.mythfolklore.net /3043mythfolklore/reading/gilgamesh/background.htm   (1090 words)

 The Epic of Gilgamesh: A Spiritual Biography by W. T. S. Thackara
Gilgamesh is a human story and it begins with his beginnings, not with the story of cosmic genesis, which nevertheless underpins the tale.
Ishtar demanded she be given the Bull of Heaven (9) to destroy Gilgamesh, or else she would smash the gates of the Netherworld: the dead would rise and devour the living.
The association of Gilgamesh with the messianic cycle, moreover, is consistent with his divinization as Lord of the Netherworld and identification with the "annually" dying and rising god Dumuzi.
www.theosociety.org /pasadena/sunrise/49-99-0/mi-wtst.htm   (7792 words)

 Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is the story of King Gilgamesh of Uruk who oppresses his people.
Epic criticizes tyranny, oppression, violence, conquest, and the ambitions of the powerful and promotes instead the values of a simple life of rest and enjoyment of the pleasures of human companionship, love, food, and drink.
Epic expresses a belief in a divine retributive justice, order, or balance of things requiring punishment in kind for transgressions such as violence, cruelty, pride/hubris, the oppression of others, and the destruction of nature.
fajardo-acosta.com /worldlit/gilgamesh   (1249 words)

 The Epic of Gilgamesh, a musical interpretation by Tony Garone
The epic is a story about love, fear, companionship and redemption - but more importantly, it is a mirror.
This site is filled with information about the story of Gilgamesh, and I hope it will provide you with a good introduction.
Ian Anderson, leader of the rock group Jethro Tull, invited me to be his musical guest to play live at the Orpheum Theatre in Phoenix, AZ on October 1st, 2003.
www.garone.net /tony/gilgamesh.html   (185 words)

 The Epic of Gilgamesh: A Spiritual Biography by W. T. S. Thackara
Gilgamesh is a human story and it begins with his beginnings, not with the story of cosmic genesis, which nevertheless underpins the tale.
Ishtar demanded she be given the Bull of Heaven (9) to destroy Gilgamesh, or else she would smash the gates of the Netherworld: the dead would rise and devour the living.
The association of Gilgamesh with the messianic cycle, moreover, is consistent with his divinization as Lord of the Netherworld and identification with the "annually" dying and rising god Dumuzi.
www.theosophy-nw.org /theosnw/world/mideast/mi-wtst.htm   (7792 words)

 EPIC OF GILGAMESH   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Returning to Uruk after the encounter with Humbaba, Gilgamesh washes away the grime of battle and dons his royal clothes; thus arrayed he attracts the goddess of love, Ishtar, patroness of Uruk, who proposes marriage, but because of Ishtar's previous marriages and infidelities, Gilgamesh refuses.
Gilgamesh had peeled off his clothes, he lis­tened to his words and wept quick tears, Gil­gamesh listened and his tears flowed....
He said to Gilgamesh, the friend on whose ac­count he had left the wilderness, "Once I ran for you, for the water of life, and I now have noth­ing." A second day he lay on his bed and Gil­gamesh watched over him but the sickness increased.
www.iun.edu /~histjbp/epicgilgamesh.html   (1763 words)

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