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Topic: Epictetus

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  Epictetus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epictetus spent his youth as a slave in Rome to Epaphroditos, a very wealthy freedman of Nero.
It was Epictetus' exile by Domitian that began what would later come to be the most celebrated part of his life.
The role of the Stoic teacher, according to Epictetus, was to encourage his students to live the philosophic life, whose end was eudaimonia (‘happiness’ or ‘flourishing’), to be secured by living the life of reason, which meant living virtuously and living ‘according to the will of nature’.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Epictetus   (763 words)

Epictetus suggested that making the shackle tighter was not needed to keep him from running away, but would merely break his leg.
Epictetus was the most dominant teacher of Stoicism during the period of the Roman Empire.
Epictetus suggests that, in the light of Stoic epistemological theory, the apprentice philosopher should train himself to analyze his impressions carefully and be on guard not to give assent to unwarranted value-judgements.
www.candleinthedark.com /epictetus.html   (1532 words)

 Epictetus [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The programme of study and exercises that Epictetus' students adhered to was in consequence different from the programme that was taught by his predecessors, but the end result, consisting in the special Stoic outlook on oneself and the world at large and the ability to 'live the philosophic life', was the same.
Epictetus addresses the person who is upset that they are obliged to travel abroad, causing their mother to be distressed at their absence.
The Discourses of Epictetus with the Encheiridion and Fragments.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/e/epictetu.htm   (9297 words)

 Epictetus and Oedipus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus would urge all parties involved to accept the roles assigned to them by the gods and to strive to act out their parts with grace and dignity.
Epictetus would claim that the only possibile way to "make a right use of" one's fate is to meet it proudly; Sophocles' characters assuredly compounded the tragedy of their fates by being unwilling to do so.
Epictetus insists that one must with good composure accept the fate designed for one by the gods, and seek to live the most upright life possible within the confines of destiny.
people.ucsc.edu /~myrtreia/essays/epictetus_oedipus.html   (1538 words)

Epictetus was born in Hierapolis in Rome in 55 AD as a Roman slave to Epaphroditus.
Epictetus looked up at him smiling and said "You will break it." Finally when the leg broke Epictetus replied calmly "I told you so." Epictetus felt that for man to do this he must believe there is a God who directs the universe with his thoughts.
Epictetus was influenced mainly by Musonius Rufus and by Socrates.
personal.ecu.edu /mccartyr/ancient/athens/Epictetus.htm   (821 words)

 Epictetus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus was an eminent Stoic philosopher, born as a slave at Hieropolis in Phyrgia in 55 CE.
Epictetus then retired to Nicopolis in Epirus, and it is a question whether he ever returned to Rome.
Epictetus led a life of exemplary contentment, simplicity, and virtue, practicing the morality which he taught.
www.history-world.org /epictetus.htm   (505 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 97.7.27
The hundred pages on Epictetus are among the best written on any aspect of his philosophy, and are well worth the reading even for those who care little for logic and whose passion is (like Epictetus') for ethics.
The image of Epictetus we are left with is one which Bonhoeffer would recognize; it is important to extend Bonhoeffer's picture of Epictetus' place in the history of the school to logic as well, and Barnes has done that with wit and literary grace.
Epictetus might then be seen to occupy a very interesting place alongside representatives of all the major schools: Alexander, Galen, and Sextus, among others.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1997/97.07.27.html   (1721 words)

Epictetus (about 50-130 CE), one of the most influential teachers of Stoicism, is believed to have been born a slave in Phyrigia, Asia Minor, and was given his freedom at perhaps the age of 18.
Epictetus lived a frugal life and was said to be lame and in ill health.
Because Epictetus did not publish his philosophy, the exposition of his thought comes from class notes made by his pupil Flavius Arrianus.
www.humanistictexts.org /epictetus.htm   (3001 words)

 Rome Under Better Emperors 96-180 by Sanderson Beck
Epictetus was born to a slave woman in the city of Hierapolis in Phrygia about 50 CE; his name means "newly acquired." His master Epaphroditus was Nero's secretary and allowed him to study with the prominent Stoic teacher Musonius Rufus in Rome.
Epictetus recommended we become affectionate as a person of noble spirit who is fortunate; for it is against nature to be abject or broken in spirit or depend on something other than yourself or to blame either God or other people.
Rusticus exposed Marcus to the Discourses of Epictetus.
www.san.beck.org /AB8-Rome96-180.html   (22514 words)

 Epictetus Biography / Biography of Epictetus Biography
Epictetus was born a slave in Hierapolis, Asia Minor.
He had a physical disability from an early age, and one ancient source suggests that this was the result of brutal treatment received while he was a slave.
Perhaps as a result of criticizing the tyranny of Emperor Domitian, Epictetus along with other philosophers was expelled by the Emperor, probably in 89.
www.bookrags.com /biography-epictetus   (243 words)

 Epictetus: The fundamentals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One day when Epictetus was working in the fields chained to an iron stake, his master approached him with the idea of tightening his leg shackle.
His master was so impressed by this demonstration of unflappability that he eventually set Epictetus free, and sent him away with money so he could become an itinerant philosopher.
Epictetus considered this preferable to being a philosopher chained to a stake, and eventually came to Rome, then the capital of the Western world.
www.cognitivetherapy.com /epictetus.html   (393 words)

 Wikinfo | Epictetus
Epictetus (A.D. - circa 135), Greek Stoic philosopher born probably at Hierapolis, Phrygia, lived in Rome, exiled and died at Nicopolis in northwestern Greece.
It is not believed that Epictetus wrote these, himself, but that they were penned by his pupil, Arrian.
The role of the Stoic teacher, according to Epictetus, was to encourage his students to live the philosophic life, whose end was eudaimonia (‘happiness’ or ‘flourishing’), to be secured by living the life of reason, which meant living virtuously and living ‘according to the will of nature’;.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Epictetus   (280 words)

 Marcus Aurelius (121-180 CE) [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus' fame in the second century is noted by a number of ancient sources, being hailed as the greatest of the Stoics (Aulus Gellius 1.2.6) and more popular than Plato (Origen Contra Celsus 6.2).
Marcus may himself be seen as a student of Epictetus, and so some scholars have suggested that the three topoi form a key to understanding the Meditations.
According to Epictetus' epistemological theory (to the extent that it can be reconstructed) the impressions that an individual receives and that appear to reflect the nature of things are in fact already composite.
www.iep.utm.edu /m/marcus.htm   (2793 words)

 The Rebirth of Stoicism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus’ Stoic philosophy, which influenced the likes of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, is basically that the goal of life is to live in harmony with nature.
Epictetus was born a slave in Hieropolis in Phrygia (now Turkey), a Greek-speaking province of the Roman empire, around A.D. He came to Rome and was the slave of Epaphroditus, an immensely powerful freedman (ex-slave) of the notorious Roman emperor Nero.
Epictetus had the right stuff for James Bond Stockdale, who was caught like a deer in the media headlights eight years ago when Ross Perot plucked him from relative obscurity and made him his vice-presidential running mate.
puffin.creighton.edu /phil/Stephens/rebirth_of_stoicism.htm   (2456 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
You should come to him and say, "Epictetus, we can no longer endure being bound to this poor body, and feeding it and giving it drink, and rest, and cleaning it, and for the sake of the body complying with the wishes of these and of those.
Then Epictetus asked, "In what respect," for men do not marry and beget children in order to be wretched, but rather to be happy.
You then, said Epictetus, since you know this, for the future will employ yourself seriously about nothing else, and will apply your mind to nothing else than to learn the criterion of things which are according to nature, and by using it also to determine each several thing.
www.textfiles.com /etext/NONFICTION/epictetus-discourses-568.txt   (20356 words)

Epictetus was born a slave in Hierapolis, a small town in Phrygia, Asia Minor (in present-day Turkey).
(Epictetus' reported claim that he had the same regard for the emperor as for his water-pot could not have helped.) Epictetus moved to Nicropolis in Epirus (northwestern Greece), where he established a thriving Stoic school and lived a simple life with few material goods.
In the austere moral emphasis of Epictetus, with his concomitant stress on self-control and superiority to pain, the Romans found an ideal for the wise man, while the Stoic description of natural law provided a basis for Romans law.
www.whitworth.edu /Academic/Department/Core/Classes/CO250/Greece/Data/d_epict.htm   (466 words)

Epictetus (55 –c.135) was a Greek Stoic philosopher.
He was probably born at Hierapolis, Phrygia, lived most of his life in Rome until his exile to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece, where he died.
Epictetus' main work is the Enchiridion --or "Handbook", while his longer works are known as The Discourses.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Bios/Epictetus.html   (566 words)

 Amazon.com: Handbook of Epictetus: Books: Nicholas P. White   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus was a former slave who was expelled from Rome for teaching his philosophy and refusing to shave his philosopher's beard.
Epictetus protests that tightening the chain will not be needed to keep him from running away, but would only break his leg.
In due course his leg broke, and in due course Epictetus merely smiled and said "I told you so." From that day on, he was lame; yet he never seems to have complained of his lameness, and indeed seemed to berate those who complained of their lameness or other bodily malady.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0915145693?v=glance   (1838 words)

 Epictetus --  Encyclopædia Britannica
His name was probably Epictetus, which occurs in an inscription on a pelike (wine container) now in Berlin.
His real name is unknown; Epictetus means “acquired.” He was born in Phrygia about AD 60, and when he was a boy he became the property of (was acquired by) a Roman.
Epictetus, who died in about AD 135, was associated with the moral philosophy of the Stoics.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9032783   (673 words)

 Epictetus.Com - Epictetus Socrates Plato Ancient Philosophy - Why You Should Learn about Epictetus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
What is very unique about Epictetus is that we have many original conversations and lessons he gave saved in their entirety.
A pupil named Flavius Arrian, a successful historian and administrator, took down word-for-word Epictetus' conversations with his students and with others when he was on the streets and in public places of Nicopolis.
The entire foundation of Epictetus' teachings is in the continual practice of the applications of these principles.
www.epictetus.com /epictetus_why_learn.html   (275 words)

 Ziniewicz on Epictetus and the Stoics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epictetus (50 A.D. - 125 A.D.) was a freed Roman slave.
Explain how for Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and the Stoics (such as Epictetus and Seneca), the best human life imitates, mirrors, and is modeled after the life of God.
Discuss the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus in the light of attachment and detachment.
www.fred.net /tzaka/stoics.html   (1356 words)

 The Significance of Epictetus!
Epictetus managed to popularize stoic philosophy the way no other man of his time was able to do, (with the possible exception of the Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius).
This site explores some of the ideas of Epictetus and Stoicism and illustrates their influence on the way we think today.
Epictetus was expelled from Rome by the Emperor Domitian.
www.biblestudyinfo.com /epictetus/index.shtml   (170 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2001.08.41
In short B concludes that Epictetus agrees with the tone and message of the early Stoic telos formulae but cannot be pinned down to any one formula.
Epictetus calls this "holding the correct dogmata," inculcating "training in perception." Proper ethical action rests on having the right attitudes and opinions toward our own well-being (happiness); we must recognize the nature of evil as a moral response and not a condition of the world.
Although one might expect a discussion of Epictetus' theory of action, based on the threefold topoi [orexis, hormê, sunkatathesis], B instead examines the role of theory in Epictetus' ethics.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2001/2001-08-41.html   (2165 words)

 Amazon.com: The Art of Living: The Classic Manual on Virtue, Happiness, and Effectiveness: Books: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Being familiar with Epictetus, I would love to know where the author found anything in his works which would justify her stating that an active sex life is okay "within a framework of personal commitment".
Epictetus felt that men and women had a duty to something greater than their own personal ideas of what they thought that their duties and commitments might be at any particular moment.
Epictetus (c.55 - c.135 C.E.), was an exponent of Stoicism who flourished in the early second century C.E. His Handbook concentrates almost exclusively on ethics and how to live a fulfilling life that culminates in happiness.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/006251346X?v=glance   (2430 words)

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