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Topic: Epicureanism

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It had the fortune to be adopted by the finest of didactic poets, Lucretius (91-51 B.C.), and was expounded by him in a poem (De rerum naturâ;) with a beauty of expression and a fervour of eloquence worthy of a nobler theme.
In the latter half of the second century, when Marcus Aurelius was founding chairs of philosophy at Athens, that emperor, himself a Stoic, recognized the Epicurean (together with his own, and the Platonic, and the Aristotelic systems) as one of the four great philosophies to be established and endowed on a footing of equality.
The freedom asserted by the Epicureans is not rational freedom in the true sense of the word.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/e/epicureanism.html   (1757 words)

 Epicureanism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus (c.
Although Epicureanism is a form of hedonism, insofar as it declares pleasure as the sole intrinsic good, its conception of absence of pain as the greatest pleasure and its advocacy of a simple life make it quite different from "hedonism" as it is commonly understood.
Epicureanism was originally a challenge to Platonism, though later it became the main opponent of Stoicism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Epicureanism   (1678 words)

At the time of Cicero, Epicureanism was in fact the philosophy in vogue; and the number of Romans subscribing to it was, according to Cicero, very large.
To be an Epicurean at the time of Dante meant to be one who denied Providence and the immortality of the soul.
Starting from the premise that, in the natural state, "man is a wolf to man," he concluded that peace, without which there is no happiness, cannot be guaranteed by anything but force, and that this force must be relinquished, by common agreement, to the power of only one.
members.tripod.com /EsotericTexts07/Epicureanism.htm   (767 words)

The cessation of Epicureanism was due in part to the fury of controversy surrounding the tenets of Epircueanism and those of the Cyrenaics.
Notwithstanding, Epicureanism was in many ways revived by the Greek grammarian Apollondorus, the Roman poet Horace, statesman Pliny the Younger, and most strikingly the poet Lucretius.
Epicureanism seemed to be gone for good until the 17th century when Pierre Gassendi helped to again raise interest.
www.geocities.com /smhs_ap/epicureanism.html   (562 words)

 Epicurus [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
He taught that the point of all one's actions was to attain pleasure (conceived of as tranquility) for oneself, and that this could be done by limiting one's desires and by banishing the fear of the gods and of death.
But the Epicureans did spend a great deal of energy trying to make plausible the contention that all activity, even apparently self-sacrificing activity or activity done solely for the sake of virtue or what is noble, is in fact directed toward obtaining pleasure for oneself.
A second Epicurean argument against the fear of death, the so-called 'symmetry argument,' is recorded by the Epicurean poet Lucretius.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/e/epicur.htm   (5535 words)

 Epicurean Philosophy - History for Kids!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Epicureans were named after their founder, Epicurus, who lived around 300 B.C. Epicureans believed that the main reason for studying philosophy was practical: to make a happy life for yourself.
The Epicureans also taught people that when they died, their soul would die with their body, because both were made of atoms that would be broken up and made into other things when you died.
The Epicureans also said not to be afraid of the gods, because the gods did not interfere with people's lives.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/philosophy/epicureans.htm   (512 words)

 Epicureanism - ReligionFacts
Though the modern use of the term "Epicurean" is associated with the saying, "Eat, drink and be merry," Epicureanism did not advocate simple pursuit of bodily pleasure and differed significantly from hedonism.
Epicureanism was highly influential in the Hellenistic Age.
The Epicureans and the Stoics were the chief rivals for the allegiance of educated people of this period.
www.religionfacts.com /a-z-religion-index/epicureanism.htm   (1217 words)

Epicureanism held that pleasure was the chief human good.
Later corrupted the idea, in the name of their philosophy, and that is how Epicureanism got its reputation of being overly self-indulgent.
Epicureanism, as an established and practiced philosophy, disappeared with the rise of Christianity.
www.windows.ucar.edu /people/ancient_epoch/epicurus.html   (317 words)

Epicureanism was brought into discredit largely because of a confusion, which still persists, between its tenets and the crudely sensual hedonism advanced by the Cyrenaics.
Nevertheless, the Epicurean philosophy found many distinguished disciples, including, among the Greeks, the grammarian Apollodorus and, among the Romans, the poet Horace, the statesman Pliny the Younger, and, most notably, the poet Lucretius.
Since then, Epicureanism has attracted eminent persons in all ages and is regarded as one of the leading schools of moral philosophy of all time."Epicureanism," Microsoft (R) Encarta.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/ruetten/epicur.htm   (642 words)

 Epicurus.info : E-Texts : Epicureanism, by William Wallace
To the very close of its career the Epicurean sect clung reverently and lovingly to the person of the master, to whom, with one accord, his followers attributed their escape from the thraldom of superstition and of unworthy fears and desires.
But to the Epicurean the belief in his characteristic doctrines was blended with, and humanized by, attachment to the memory of the founder of his creed.
The scene, in fact, presented by the history of the Epicurean garden reminds us of the generosity and brotherly charity exhibited by the various congregations of the infant Christian Church: and the letters of Epicurus and his chief followers are not without their analogues in the Epistles of St. Paul.
www.epicurus.info /etexts/wallace_epicureanism.html   (15393 words)

 Detail Page
For the Epicureans, the purpose of life was pleasure (hedone), as derived from a simple, even ascetic, mode of existence.
Since the chief cause of pain is unsatisfied desire, Epicureans were taught to limit their desires rather than seeking to satisfy each one.
The Epicurean doctrine of pleasure has been misunderstood as vulgar hedonism, and this is reflected in our modern English word epicure, meaning someone with well developed tastes in food, wine, and the like.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=GRE0200   (445 words)

 Epicureanism - Civilization Fanatics' Forums   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Since the Epicureans held that there were a finite number of different types of atom, and a finite number of ways of arranging them relative to each other, there must be a huge, though finite, number of different possible kinds of worlds.
The Epicureans distinguish between bodily and mental pleasure, considering the latter to be far superior to the former.
For the Epicureans supply as sole reason for studying physics that as a result of understanding the universe, one will no longer suffer dread because one will have realised that there is nothing to be feared, either in death or anything else in the universe.
forums.civfanatics.com /showthread.php?p=4660235#post4660235   (4540 words)

 Epicurus, 341-270 B.C.
The fact that the Epicureans accepted courtesans exposed them to the ridicule of their opponents.
Epicureanism became a way of life with set prescriptions laid down for the guidance of the novice.
While such a philosophy of uninvolvement alienated the Epicureans from the intellectual elites of the day, the Epicurean lifestyle was now within the reach of a wider of circle of people who did not enjoy the advantages of wealth or education.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/epicurus.html   (449 words)

 The Christian & The Epicurean
Epicureanism, and its attendant materialist atomism, lay dormant for almost a millennium and a half.
Consequently, Epicureans will be public, political advocates of the technical and medicinal elimination of conception, the medical amelioration and cure of sexual diseases, and the removal of customs and laws that inhibit or prohibit sex outside of marriage.
An Epicurean is a materialist; therefore, there is no real and ultimate distinction between the living and nonliving, for everything is made up of lifeless atoms in random patterns.
soli.inav.net /~jfischer/jul99/benjamindwiker.html   (4855 words)

 epicureanism - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
EPICUREANISM [epicureanism], philosophy that follows the teachings of Epicurus, who held that pleasure is the end of all morality and that real pleasure is attained through a life of prudence, honor, and justice.
The philosophy was popular throughout the ancient world; it was spread by the successors of Epicurus, who included Polystratus, Zeno of Sidon, and Philodemus of Gadara.
Only in later times did epicureanism come to mean devotion to extravagant pleasure.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-epicurea.html   (177 words)

 Epicurean History
Epicureans were particularly prominent in western Turkey during the middle of the Imperial period, notably in the city of Amastris on the Hellespont and in Oenoanda in southwest Turkey.
Antiochus was sympathetic to Epicureanism (albeit not acting in accord with Epicurus's injunctions to avoid politics), so his attempt at a forced hellenization of Judea was closely linked to Epicureanism in the minds of the Judean patriots.
Thus, Epicureanism was being rediscovered at a crucial time in European history when Christendom in the west was being divided between Catholics and Protestants and the Scholastic philosophical orthodoxy was being called into question by new astronomical and physiological discoveries.
www.epicurus.net /en/history.html   (7388 words)

Even though every pain is evil and pleasure good, Epicurean hedonism is meant to result in a calm and tranquil life, not libertinism and excess.
Epicureanism was not a philosophy of heroes like Stoicism was.
Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy: Links, texts, discussion lists, and other information is given relating to Epicurean philosophy.
philosophy.lander.edu /ethics/epicurus.html   (489 words)

Although some equate Epicureanism with hedonism or a form of it (as "hedonism" is commonly understood), professional philosophers of Epicureanism deny that.
Epicureanism is probably the first philosophical school which introduced the social contract, in that the laws established by this school of thought are based on mutual agreement, not divine decree.
In Dante's Divine Comedy, the tombs of the Epicureans are located within the sixth circle of hell (Inferno, Canto X).
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/LX/Epicureanism.html   (742 words)

 Epicureanism - Theopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
"Epicureanism was an atomistic and naturalistic approach to life that was promoted by its founder Epicurus (341–270 B.C.).
Promoting a form of hedonism, Epicureans believed that pleasure is the beginning and end of a happy life.
The Epicureans stressed retreat from a violent and cruel world and the importance of cultivating and maintaining friendships." [1]
www.theopedia.com /Epicureanism   (100 words)

Epicureanism is said to be the philosophy of "Eat, drink and be merry because tomorrow you die." An "Epicure" is a depraved and irresponsible individual only concerned with bodily pleasures.
Marx found in Epicureanism a materialist conception of nature that rejected all teleology and all religious conceptions of natural and social existence.
The Epicurean wise man will keep the covenant and not harm others not because he wishes to comply with some moral injunction being imposed from above, but simply because that's the best way to pursue his happiness and keep his tranquility of mind.
www.quebecoislibre.org /05/050415-14.htm   (1919 words)

 Knowledge Products Audiobooks - Stoicism & Epicureanism
The Epicurean mission was to live virtuously in a wicked world.
The Epicureans were suspicious of overly artful or sophisticated intellectual debates; they preferred ordinary language and relied only on sense impressions to establish what we perceive or know.
The Epicureans sought a life of pleasure -- that is, minimal pain and maximum peace of mind -- by rejecting external goods and pursuing true and lasting internal qualities such as justice, honor, and wisdom.
www.audioclassics.net /html/phil2_files/stoics.cfm   (362 words)

 Untitled Document
Epicureanism (like Stoicism) is practical in its ends, proposing to find in reason and knowledge the secret of a happy life.
Epicureanism was brought into discredit largely because of the erroneous confusion between its tenets and the crudely sensual hedonism advanced by the Cyrenaics.
The Stoics, like the Epicureans, emphasized ethics as the main field of knowledge, but they also developed theories of logic and natural science to support their ethical doctrines.
www.comp.dit.ie /dgordon/Lectures/Hum1/031009/031009hum.htm   (2301 words)

 Brainstorms: Etiological Epicureanism and Intelligent Design
If we reject all three of these versions of Epicureanism, we require science to follow the data to the very end, without cutting the causal chains short or ignoring where they lead.
The rejection of primitivism, however, rules out the former possibility since the laws of nature per se are not an adequate explanation of their contents any more than DNA per se is an adequate explanation of the coded information carried by any particular strand.
This applies to the problems of the origin of cosmos, the origin of life, the origin of consciousness, etc. Etiological Epicureanism is incompatible with the scientific enterprise because it is an admission that the universe is fundamentally irrational, in which case the justification for a scientific understanding of reality is undermined.
www.iscid.org /boards/ubb-get_topic-f-6-t-000005.html   (6666 words)

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