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Topic: Epidemic

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  Epidemic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An epidemic may be restricted to one locale (an outbreak), more general (an "epidemic") or even global (pandemic).
Famous examples of epidemics include the bubonic plague epidemic of Medieval Europe known as the "Black Death", the Great Influenza Pandemic concurring with the end of World War I, and the current AIDS epidemic, which some also consider to be of pandemic proportions.
The disease involved in an epidemic can be transmitted by a vector, from person to person, or from a common source such as contaminated water.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Epidemic   (297 words)

 epidemic. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Epidemics may also be caused by new disease agents in the human population, such as the Ebola virus.
A worldwide epidemic is known as a pandemic, e.g., the influenza pandemic of 1918 or the AIDS pandemic beginning in the 1980s.
Epidemic disease is controlled by various measures, depending on whether transmission is through respiratory droplets, food and water contaminated with intestinal wastes, insect vectors, or other means.
www.bartleby.com /65/ep/epidemic.html   (255 words)

 Epidemic dysentery - Diarrhea, Diarrhoea - Dialogue on Diarrhoea Online - Prevention, Control, Management and Treatment ...
The cause of epidemic dysentery during the lost half of this century has always been Shigella dysenteriae type 1 (Sd1) with one possible exception - an outbreak of epidemic dysentery in Swaziland in 1992 where E. coli O157 was reported as the cause; however Sd1 and Vibrio cholerae were also present in the population.
An epidemic should be suspected if there is a rapid increase in the daily or weekly number of cases of bloody diarrhoea, or if increased deaths from bloody diarrhoea are reported in a community.
The role of the laboratory during an epidemic of dysentery is two-fold: to confirm the diagnosis and to establish which drugs the organism responds to.
www.rehydrate.org /dd/su55.htm   (4036 words)

 village voice > film > Epidemic by J. Hoberman
Lars von Trier's 1987 Epidemic (as in "Catch it"—Rolling Stone) was the Danish provocateur's second theatrical film, as well as his first experiment in programmatically low-budget crypto-verité.
While the framing film is scruffy 16mm, the scenes from this imagined Epidemic are shot in glossy 35mm and filled with make-believe—an artificial island, a fake priest, and an idealistic epidemiologist (Lars again) who goes by the name of Dr. Mesmer and is inadvertently spreading the very disease against which he's fighting.
Uneven as von Trier can be, Epidemic is among his better and most revealing movies—giving full vent to his obsessions with cinematic purity, behavioral acting, Udo Kier, hospitals, and, most spectacularly, the notion of cinema as hypnosis.
www.villagevoice.com /issues/0346/hoberman3.php   (299 words)

 Populations, pathogens, and epidemic phases: closing the gap between theory and practice in the prevention of sexually ...
epidemic trajectory and assess the epidemic phase are underdeveloped.
Pattern I illustrates epidemics which begin and expand in relative small subpopulations or core groups (dark circles), and ongoing transmission continues to be directly dependent on these core groups throughout the epidemic.
Pattern II illustrates an epidemic trajectory where after the initial seeding and expansion of the epidemic in core groups, there is an expansion to lower risk involve lower risk segments of the population (represented by light circles), though core groups continue to play an important role in transmission.
sti.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/78/suppl_1/i183   (4694 words)

This epidemic continued to spread among marine mammals and beginning in 1990 it was identified in striped dolphins, Stenella coeruleualba (Domingo et al, 1990).
This spreading deepens the fear that this epidemic could "wipe out the worlds' last remaining monk seal population" in the Mediterranean because "the chances that monk seals [were] not susceptible [were] so slim as to be nonexistent" (Pain, 1990).
An epidemic is something that causes a large number of deaths within a species.
kingfish.coastal.edu /marine/375/epidemic.html   (1598 words)

 WHO | Obesity and overweight
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults overweight - at least 300 million of them clinically obese - and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability.
The rising epidemic reflects the profound changes in society and in behavioural patterns of communities over recent decades.
Childhood obesity is already epidemic in some areas and on the rise in others.
www.who.int /dietphysicalactivity/publications/facts/obesity/en   (1261 words)

There continues to be a narrow understanding of the epidemic, both its causes and its consequences, and policies and programming responses have in most countries continued to be focused on a narrow set of conditions and issues.
An intermediate objective, which is essential for achieving the objective of better programming for the epidemic, has to be to establish in development practitioners ways of reasoning and responding such that in their daily work they automatically understand the relevance of what they do for the HIV epidemic.
An extension of these Workshops is essential for mainstreaming the epidemic; both specifically for the COs and for their counterparts in the national response.
www.undp.org /hiv/publications/issues/english/issue33e.htm   (2840 words)

 02-017t (Smallpox in New England)
Thus, as the interval between smallpox epidemics lengthened, the fraction of the population with immunity to smallpox diminished, the number of susceptibles increased, and the likelihood of a major epidemic was heightened.
Smallpox epidemics recurred in Boston in 1751, 1764, and 1775.
The epidemic was efficiently aborted at the cost of such fundamental civil liberties as the freedom to travel to work.
www.brown.edu /Administration/News_Bureau/2002-03/02-017t.html   (6015 words)

 Genus Epidemicus and Prophylaxis in Homeopathy
However, in prophylaxis, this may be a successful strategy in a pinch, particularly early in the epidemic of an acute miasmatic illness, before a genus epidemicus - the specific remedy for the individual epidemic - has been identified.
This is done by taking an anamnesis of the disease-as-named, without specific attention to the individuality of the prevailing epidemic or the individuality of a specific case.
Here again the individual nature of the particular epidemic is not taken into account, and this approach works best with those epidemic illnesses that can be termed acute miasms - ones in which there is less variability in individual expression.
www.wholehealthnow.com /homeopathy_pro/wt10.html   (1110 words)

 The 1918 Influenza Pandemic
The effect of the influenza epidemic was so severe that the average life span in the US was depressed by 10 years.
Many thought it was a result of the trench warfare, the use of mustard gases and the generated "smoke and fumes" of the war.
These first epidemics at training camps were a sign of what was coming in greater magnitude in the fall and winter of 1918 to the entire world.
www.stanford.edu /group/virus/uda   (1856 words)

Originally, Epidemic was to be another collaboration between von Trier, Elling and Gislason, but they dropped out when it became apparent that this was no collective effort but would be very much a Lars von Trier film.
Epidemic, filmed mostly in fl & white, features primarily the director himself, his screenwriter and their private cohorts, while a handful of professional actors are seen in sharply etched cameos.
Still, such is von Trier's cinematic wizardry that his once-acknowledged mastery of technique and dramatics should have at least the international fest circuit clamoring to see what he has been doing as an encore after his previous opus, which was an English-language futuristic shocker.
www.movingimage.us /film_programs/program_notes/e/epidemic.html   (1426 words)

 Honolulu Star-Bulletin Hawaii News
Ice use has become such a widespread problem that some lawmakers from the governor to legislators and City Council members routinely refer to it as "the ice epidemic" and have put it at the top of the political agenda.
"Epidemics come in waves, and the first wave of the ice epidemic came in 1989," Wood said.
He noted that both those numbers have been rising steadily for adult users over the past 10 years and do not appear to be slowing down, which indicates the end of any epidemic is not yet in sight.
starbulletin.com /2003/09/07/news/story2.html   (2179 words)

 neurodiversity.com | the "autism epidemic" & real epidemics
The press release ("Autism Epidemic Creates Interest In Potential Mercury Poisoning Links") was published in the March 23 issue of the Schafer Autism Report, which is edited by Mr.
However, there are, unfortunately, more than a few non-scientists — most of them proponents of the vaccine-autism causation hypothesis — who broadcast hyperbolic terms such as "tsunami" and "pandemic" to describe the current prevalence of autism (see the January 12 SAR for the particularly crass use of "tsunami").
We agree with you that the phrase "Autism Epidemic" is not appropriate for the MIND Institute to use.
www.neurodiversity.com /mind_epidemic.html   (1104 words)

 CNN.com - Flu outbreak expected to reach epidemic level - Dec. 13, 2003
This year's flu outbreak isn't an epidemic yet, but a health authority said Friday it soon will be.
The flu reached epidemic levels for nine weeks during the 2001-2002 season, for 10 weeks during the 2000-2001 season and for 15 weeks during the 1999-2000 season.
A big uncertainty about this year's epidemic is whether the number of cases among children means they are at higher risk than in previous years.
www.cnn.com /2003/HEALTH/12/12/sprj.flu03.flu   (834 words)

 UK Resilience - Emergencies - Human Health   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Though the risk of a serious epidemic or outbreak of disease has reduced with the widespread availability of modern drugs and medicines, the risk clearly remains.
Human health hazards that are of particular concern and which drive the UK Government's contingency planning assumptions are an influenza type disease (both at epidemic and pandemic scales), an outbreak of a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) type disease and a localised outbreak of legionella or meningitis.
Weekly GP consultations for new episodes of flu-like illness likely to exceed 400 per 100,000 of population at the peak (compared with a peak of around 200 per 100,000 population per week in an average year).
www.ukresilience.info /epidemic.htm   (768 words)

 Meth Madness at Newsweek - This is your magazine on drugs. By Jack Shafer
The leading indicator that a national trend has peaked and has begun its downward trajectory is often its appearance on the cover of one of the newsweeklies.
A mass-production meth lab in California, which produces pounds of the stuff at a time from precursors diverted from industrial sources, is not the same as the home-brew lab of a guy in Iowa who converts stolen Sudafed into small batches of meth for self-use or to sell to a few friends.
Looking elsewhere in the drug database for evidence of a meth epidemic, we arrive at the number of seizures of the actual drug by the Drug Enforcement Administration, a number Newsweek doesn't bother to include, perhaps because it undermines the "crisis" thesis.
www.slate.com /id/2123838   (1426 words)

 Researchers uncover mad cow epidemic - The Washington Times: World - July 04, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
PARIS — A mad cow disease epidemic in France went undetected and led to almost 50,000 severely infected animals entering the food chain, according to a report by French government researchers.
Their findings are contained in a report, "The Unrecognized French BSE Epidemic," published in the international scientific review Veterinary Research last week.
Since 2000, when controls were tightened, a further 820 cases have been confirmed, according to figures published last month, bringing the total to 923 over the past 13 years — a tiny fraction of the total estimated in the new report.
www.washtimes.com /world/20040703-112529-4244r.htm   (608 words)

 The Pennsylvania Gazette: The Flu of 1918
The two diseases inflamed and irritated the lungs until they filled with liquid, suffocating the patients and causing their bodies to turn a cyanotic blue-fl.
In Pennsylvania, the influenza epidemic began almost unnoticed in the middle of September.
Philadelphia was about to become the American city with the highest death toll in one of the three worst epidemics in recorded history.
www.upenn.edu /gazette/1198/lynch.html   (430 words)

 New York State Writers Institute - Epidemic Film Notes
EPIDEMIC is an example of the surprising variety von Trier’s minimalist approach can bring to the screen.
A film about an epidemic is being made.
Suddenly, the director and the screenwriter appear to contract plague-like symptoms.
www.albany.edu /writers-inst/fnf01n3.html   (405 words)

 Meningococcal Vaccine Strategy - About Meningococcal Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Before the epidemic began, there were about 50 cases of meningococcal disease per year.
The epidemic was expected to last for another five to seven years without vaccine intervention.
The report was prepared by ESR for the Ministry of Health using disease notification and laboratory data and includes detailed tables, graphs and analysis by region, ethnicity, and age for 2004, with some comparative historical data and comment.
www.immunise.moh.govt.nz /MeningococcalDisease.html   (676 words)

 epidemic. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
Spreading rapidly and extensively by infection and affecting many individuals in an area or a population at the same time: an epidemic outbreak of influenza.
A rapid spread, growth, or development: an unemployment epidemic.
, prevalence of an epidemic disease, from epid
www.bartleby.com /61/68/E0176800.html   (131 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Epidemic: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
In The Epidemic, child and family psychiatrist Robert Shaw brings to bear a lifetime of first-hand experience with and knowledge of this plague, which has become so much the norm that we often don't even recognize its warning signs.
This book advises you how to save your child and yourself from this epidemic, but its suggestions will not be the ones that today's parents are used to hearing.
While the media is far from innocent, the bulk of the blame lies with the faddish, both neglectful and overindulgent, child-rearing practices that experts have promoted for the past three decades.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0060011831   (399 words)

 Epidemics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
One piece of the plan for a potential influenza pandemic may be missing: the ability of big corporations to continue to provide vital services.
By CRAIG S. France is the first European country to suffer an outbreak of the A(H5N1) strain among its poultry.
A study with international agencies reduced the estimated number of cases to 650,000 from the 840,000 estimated in 2003.
topics.nytimes.com /top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics/epidemics/?inline=nyt-classifier   (463 words)

 New Scientist Breaking News - North American flu epidemic spreading
The flu epidemic is continuing to spread across North America, with the first child to die in Canada this season being reported in Ontario on Friday.
US health officials are particularly concerned as flu has arrived earlier than for many years, raising concern that there may be a more severe epidemic.
The main strain of flu virus seen has also only recently emerged and is not specifically covered in the make-up of the 2003 flu vaccine.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn4435   (698 words)

 [No title]
The USA statistics are incontrovertible proof of the autism epidemic which is sweeping the Western world.
An epidemic which the health authorities are shamefully trying to cover up.
We Are In the Midst of An Autism Epidemic
www.mercola.com /2002/jan/23/autism.htm   (799 words)

 epidemic student ministry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
epidemic is about being real, about what you want, about getting to know you.
be a part of the change, a part of the epidemic?
more: did I mention that epidemic is all about you.
www.epidemickc.com   (138 words)

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