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Topic: Epilepsy

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Epilepsy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epilepsy (often referred to as a seizure disorder) is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures.
All the causes (or etiologies) of epilepsy are not known, but many predisposing factors have been identified, including brain damage resulting from malformations during brain development, head trauma, neurosurgical operations, other penetrating wounds of the brain, brain tumor, high fever, bacterial or viral encephalitis, stroke, intoxication, or acute or inborn disturbances of metabolism.
Epilepsy is usually treated with medication prescribed by a physician; primary caregivers, neurologists, and neurosurgeons all frequently care for people with epilepsy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Epilepsy   (4228 words)

 Epilepsy - Medical Encyclopedia
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures.
The most common ages of onset for epilepsy are for those under the age of 18 and those over the age of 65.
Epilepsy is often treated with medication, Neurocybernetic Prostheses (similar to a heart pacemaker) and occasionally via surgery or specialized diet.
www.nursingstudy.com /encyclopedia/Epilepsy.html   (799 words)

 Epilepsy (Seizure Disorders)- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
An individual is usually diagnosed as having epilepsy (seizure disorder) when he or she has had multiple spontaneous seizures, that is, ones that are not associated with an obvious trigger such as fever, electrolyte imbalance, or head trauma.
For someone with epilepsy, the electrical signals are at high risk of occurring with an abnormal rhythm, either in one particular region of the brain, multiple regions, or throughout the brain.
The basic symptom of epilepsy is a brief and abnormal phase of behavior, commonly known as a seizure, fit or convulsion.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/43/232.html   (1806 words)

 Epilepsy Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain sometimes signal abnormally.
In epilepsy, the normal pattern of neuronal activity becomes disturbed, causing strange sensations, emotions, and behavior or sometimes convulsions, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness.
Epilepsy may develop because of an abnormality in brain wiring, an imbalance of nerve signaling chemicals called neurotransmitters, or some combination of these factors.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/epilepsy/epilepsy.htm   (992 words)

 Epilepsy Action: Epilepsy - A Parents' Guide
In others, the epilepsy may be linked to an illness such as meningitis, a malformation of the brain, problems with a child's metabolism or damage to their brain.
Epilepsy is often difficult to diagnose, and it is not always clear whether a child has had a seizure.
If a child with epilepsy has learning difficulty (the term used to describe a child who finds it harder to learn than most children of the same age, or who has a disability which makes it difficult to make use of the school's facilities) they may need special help to reach their full potential.
www.epilepsy.org.uk /info/parents.html   (2816 words)

 Seizures and Epilepsy: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Epilepsy is not contagious and is not caused by mental illness or mental retardation.
Epilepsy is associated with a variety of developmental and metabolic disorders, including cerebral palsy, neurofibromatosis, pyruvate dependency, tuberous sclerosis, Landau-Kleffner syndrome, and autism.
Epilepsy support groups also can help by providing a way for people with epilepsy and their family members to share their experiences, frustrations, and tips for coping with the disorder.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm   (11722 words)

Epilepsy is found in all breeds and mixed breeds of dogs.
The term "epilepsy" can be confusing because some authors use it to describe recurrent seizures of any etiology (cause), while others use it to specify recurrent seizures unrelated to brain disorders or underlying disease processes.
New research on epilepsy is being done each year in an effort to determine how it's inherited and ultimately, to design a test that will allow breeders to select against this health defect.
www.bcrescue.org /epilepsy.html   (3628 words)

Seizures are the clinical manifestation of epilepsy; the challenge is to identify the disease that explains the symptom.
receptor is of primary importance in absence epilepsy due to its role in the synchronization and desynchronization of thalamocortical pathways.
The physiologic epileptic lesion was the part of the brain that demonstrated abnormalities on EEG that appeared to extend beyond the anatomic boundaries of the identified pathology responsible for the epilepsy.
www.clevelandclinicmeded.com /diseasemanagement/neurology/epilepsy/epilepsy.htm   (2548 words)

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that causes a tendency to have recurrent seizures.
This type of epilepsy is characterized by seizures that begin as partial — often affecting the face and tongue, causing drooling and speech problems — and then progress to tonic-clonic convulsions.
The onset of epilepsy can often be traced to an accident, disease or medical trauma — such as a stroke — that injures your brain or deprives it of oxygen, often causing a small scar in your brain.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00342.html   (3845 words)

 Epilepsy - Home Page
The aim of this conference was to review progress since Living Well with Epilepsy I, and to recommend priorities for a public health agenda on epilepsy for the next 5 years, focusing on early recognition, diagnosis, and treatment; epidemiology and surveillance; self-management; and quality of life.
More research is needed on epilepsy, in particular on how the causes, frequency, and severity of the condition differ among age groups, races, and communities.
Some people mistakenly believe that epilepsy is a form of mental illness or mental retardation, that seizures are something to fear, that drastic first aid measures must be taken to help someone having a seizure, or that people with epilepsy cannot be valuable and productive employees.
www.cdc.gov /Epilepsy   (655 words)

 Epilepsy--Taming The Seizures, Dispelling The Myths
The diagnosis was epilepsy, a disease with myriad causes, one of which is the kind of head injury Thomas experienced.
Epilepsy is diagnosed mainly via interpretation of a patient's medical history; the patient describes what the seizures were like and, when a patient can't recall the seizures, witnesses also may be asked to describe what they saw.
Diagnosed with epilepsy at age 3, her life was a haze of multiple drugs and seizures before she decided to opt for surgery.
www.fda.gov /fdac/features/1999/199_epil.html   (2799 words)

 Seizure Disorders In Childhood
Epilepsy represents the most common serious neurologic problem affecting children, with an overall incidence approaching 2% for febrile seizures and 1% for idiopathic epilepsy.
Determination of appropriate treatment for a child with epilepsy must be individualized based on the spcific type(s) of seizure, the child's age, and the likelihood of significant side effects.
Ethosuximide is used primarily in the treatment of absence (petit mal) epilepsy and occasionally as an adjunctive agent in other generalized seizure disorders.
www.meddean.luc.edu /lumen/MedEd/pedneuro/epilepsy.htm   (910 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Epilepsy
Epilepsy is a brain disorder involving recurrent seizures.
Epilepsy is a disorder involving repeated seizures of any type.
Death or brain damage are most often caused by prolonged lack of breathing and resultant death of brain tissue from lack of oxygen.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000694.htm   (1503 words)

Epilepsy is a condition of the nervous system that affects 2.5 million Americans.
Treatment for epilepsy usually involves medication, but in some cases the person may need to eat a special diet or have surgery.
As long as epilepsy is under medical control, people with epilepsy are able to drive.
kidshealth.org /teen/diseases_conditions/brain_nervous/epilepsy.html   (1315 words)

 Temporal Lobe Epilepsy : Epilepsy.com
The two temporal lobes (one on each side of the brain at about the level of the ears) are the most common location for the origin of partial seizures, which start in one localized area, also called a seizure focus.
The most common type of seizure in temporal lobe epilepsy is complex partial seizures.
Some individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy may have problems with memory, especially if seizures have occurred for more than 5 years, but these memory problems are almost never severe.
www.epilepsy.com /epilepsy/epilepsy_temporallobe.html   (1077 words)

 Epilepsy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
What all types of epilepsy share is an uncontrolled electrical discharge from nerve cells in the cerebral cortex, the part of the brain that integrates higher mental functions, general movement, the functions of the internal organs in the abdominal cavity, perception, and behavioral reactions.
If epilepsy is not effectively treated and the patient has continuing seizures, changes in the neurons may eventually cause intractable (also known as refractive) epilepsy, that is, epilepsy that is hard to control.
Children with epilepsy that is a symptoms of a another condition (for example, a head injury or neurologic condition) have higher mortality rates than the normal population, but their lower survival rates are due to the underlying condition not the epilepsy itself.
www.reutershealth.com /wellconnected/doc44.html   (13893 words)

 Disability Info: Epilepsy (FS6)
According to the Epilepsy Foundation of America, epilepsy is a physical condition that occurs when there is a sudden, brief change in how the brain works.
About two million Americans have epilepsy; of the 125,000 new cases that develop each year, up to 50% are in children and adolescents.
Students with epilepsy or seizure disorders are eligible for special education and related services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
www.nichcy.org /pubs/factshe/fs6txt.htm#edimps   (888 words)

 Epilepsy -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Epilepsy is not a mental illness, and it is not a sign of low intelligence.
Between seizures, a person with epilepsy is no different from anyone else.
Because many drugs affect the ability of your epilepsy medicine to control your seizures, ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking other drugs, even drugs you can buy without a prescription.
familydoctor.org /handouts/214.html   (755 words)

 Neuroscience for Kids - Epilepsy
Unfortunately, this is what happens during epilepsy: neurons in the cerebral hemispheres misfire and create abnormal electrical activity.
Each type of epilepsy has different behavioral effects and is treated with different methods.
The estimated annual national cost of epilepsy is reported to be approximately $12.5 billion.
staff.washington.edu /chudler/epi.html   (1043 words)

Epilepsy comes from a Greek word meaning "to hold or seize," and people who have epilepsy have seizures.
If too many brain cells are sending signals at the same time, it causes an overload and a person may pass out and shake all over.
People who have epilepsy may have seizures only once in a while or as frequently as every day.
kidshealth.org /kid/health_problems/brain/epilepsy.html   (329 words)

Epilepsy is characterized by repeated seizures that may occur as often as several times a day, or as infrequently as once every few months.
Epilepsy can be effectively controlled with anti-convulsant medications in approximately 70 percent of all patients.
Patients with intractable epilepsy are those whose seizure frequency is not controlled by medication.
ucneurology.uchicago.edu /Epilepsy/epilepsy.html   (1028 words)

Learn more about epilepsy: what it is, how it is treated, and how to help minimize its impact on your life.
TOPAMAX is approved as initial monotherapy in patients 10 years of age and older with partial-onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Effectiveness was demonstrated in a controlled trial in patients with epilepsy who had no more than two seizures in the three months prior to enrollment.
www.topamax-epilepsy.com   (438 words)

 Epilepsy Action (Australia) - seizure information, help and services
It doesn't matter whether you have just been diagnosed or had it for twenty years, greater knowledge can be more empowering and lead to better management and a better life.
A chance for families affected by epilepsy to meet others with similar concerns, share information and make new friends.
There is a higher incidence of depression among patients with epilepsy than the general population or other groups with chronic conditions.
www.epilepsy.org.au   (605 words)

 Canine Epilepsy Resources
Epilepsy, Convulsions and Seizures, Holistic Approaches: Mary Wulff-Tilford and Gregory Tilford
Episodic Falling in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is frequently misdiagnosed as epilepsy and in mild cases may be written off as an odd event or quirk.
Details of Canine Epilepsy DNA research at the University of Missouri for prospective participants.
www.canine-epilepsy.com /Resources.html   (715 words)

 International League Against Epilepsy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) is the world’s preeminent association of physicians and other health professionals working towards a world where no persons' life is limited by Epilepsy.
Its mission is to provide the highest quality of care and well-being for those afflicted with the condition and other related seizure disorders.
Devoted primarily to increasing public and professional awareness of epilepsy as a universal treatable brain disorder, and......
www.epilepsy.org   (249 words)

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