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Topic: Epipalaeolithic

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 Epipalaeolithic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Epipalaeolithic (or Epi-Palaeolithic Epipaleolithic or Epi-Paleolithic) was a period in the development human technology the last period of the Palaeolithic according to some of the classification used in archaeology.
The Epipalaeolithic is distinguished at least the Middle East Anatolia and on Cyprus that is in areas where the occurs early and the post-glacial climatic change not very marked.
Epipalaeolithic hunters and gatherers made relatively advanced made from small flint or obsidian blades known as microliths that were hafted in wooden implements.
www.freeglossary.com /Epi-Paleolithic   (175 words)

 Epipalaeolithic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Geoarchaeological survey and the Epipalaeolithic in northern Jordan.
Those of us who have excavated Epipalaeolithic sites are continually awed by their...
Excavations at Chopani-Mando, Belan Valley, 1977-79: Epipalaeolithic to protoneolothic (Archaeology of the Vindhyas and...
hallencyclopedia.com /Epipalaeolithic   (362 words)

 Epipalaeolithic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The definition of the Faiyum B as an Epipalaeolithic industry came with the discovery of new sites in the area to the north of Qasr el-Sagha during Wendorf’s survey of the area in the 1970s (Wendorf and Schild 1976).
The Epipalaeolithic areas are named A, B and C. Areas A and C were partially excavated and collections were carried out in a small part of Area B. The fauna from E29H1 suggests that it was a fishing economy using hunting and plant gathering as a back-up.
In summary, the Qarunian is the principal Epipalaeolithic industry in the Faiyum with an economy adapted to the exploitation of the local ecology, a lake-side and seasonal freshwater basin, together with wild animals and an increasing reliance on grain.
www.faiyum.historians.co.uk /html/epipalaeolithic.html   (4315 words)

Epipalaeolithic (19,000) cereal and fruit diet at Ohalo II, Sea of Galilee, Israel.
Epipalaeolithic (19,000 B.P.) charred wood remains from Ohalo II, Sea of Galilee, Israel.
Nadel D. The Ohalo II flint assemblage and the beginning of the Epipalaeolithic in the Jordan Valley.
ohalo.haifa.ac.il /list_of_publication.htm   (1007 words)

 Prehistory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Epipalaeolithic – characterised by the use of microliths, not distinguished by all scholars.
It is traditionally the last part of the stone age.
Chalcolithic or Eneolithic (also "the Copper Age") – mixed stone and metal tools, not a period distinguished by all scholars.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/p/pr/prehistory.html   (574 words)

 Halbert Exchange - Post Docotoral Students Munk Centre for International Studies
Also, appearing for the first time in the Epipalaeolithic were changes in settlement, economy, and social organisation – necessary pre-conditions for an agricultural economy and village life.
Thus, understanding the dynamic relationship between Epipalaeolithic groups and their surroundings is critical to explaining the emergence of fully Neolithic communities.
Barry Dov Walfish is the Judaica Specialist at the University of Toronto Library and a faculty member of the Centre for the Study of Religion at the University of Toronto.
www.utoronto.ca /halbert/Fellows.shtml   (1053 words)

 4Reference || Neolithic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Some archaeologists, possibly those working in certain regions of the world, now distinguish other periods: before neolithic, the period in which microliths were in use is called epipalaeolithic.
A glance at such cultures as the Iroquois, Pueblo people, Maya and Maori shows that a culture may be highly sophisticated in many ways without knowledge of the use of metals.
Jericho in the Levant, Neolithic from around 8350 BC, arising from the earlier Epipalaeolithic Natufian culture.
www.4reference.net /encyclopedias/wikipedia/Neolithic.html   (285 words)

 Epipalaeolithic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The earliest Epipalaeolithic industry is usually considered to be the Kebaran because it is the first industry that features standardized microliths, characterized by abrupt retouch.
The Epipalaeolithic in Azraq is unlike other Epipalaeolithic industries in a number of ways, and is particularly distinct from the core industries.
Originally considered to be a permanent settlement, their comparison of the settlement debris at Wadi Hammeh 27 compared with that of ethnographic communities suggests that it may have been transient rather than fully settled.
www.neareast.historians.co.uk /html/epipalaeolithic.html   (7534 words)

 Prehistoric Petra Area - Epipalaeolithic
In the Epipalaeolithic period several different tool industries have been distinguished and there have been discussions among scholars if all groups are independent or just regional variations of larger groups.
The best-known site of the earlier Epipalaeolithic period in the Petra area is probably M´damagh rockshelter, located close to Petra and the bedouin village of Umm-Sayhun.
The late Epipalaeolithic Natufian period around Petra has been studied more than any of the previous periods.
www.helsinki.fi /hum/arla/Levant-internetcourse/Lessons/PrehistPetraAreaEpipalaeolithic.htm   (400 words)

 Fezzan Project archaeology page
Mousterian artefacts are common in the study area, whereas Aterian finds are rare; this is mirrored to the west in the Akakus region of the Fezzan (Cremaschi and Di Lernia, 1998), but is the reverse of the case for other documented Saharan regions.
Holocene material may be classified as Epipalaeolithic, Early, Middle or Late Pastoral, representing the main phases of human cultural development apparent in the archaeological record.
A different type of rock art is found in the Akakus mountains to the west; here paintings predominate, depicting various domestic and hunting scenes, as well as large game animals, and even in one case a boat.
www.cru.uea.ac.uk /~e118/Fezzan/fezzan_archaeol.html   (1950 words)

 Prehistory - Wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Prehistory is often subdivided by a three-age system:
Epipalaeolithic -- characterised by the use of microliths, not distinguished by all scholars.
Neolithic -- Late Stone Age, usually referring to the beginnings of agriculture.
wikipedia.findthelinks.com /pr/Prehistory.html   (177 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
One triangle was recovered from the epipalaeolithic levels.
They may attest to a later epipalaeolithic phase not recognized on the open site.
Chipped stone was less dense in the neolithic deposits in the rock shelter than in epipalaeolithic levels in Area A. We know, of course, that the latest deposits have very early neolithic pottery, presumably early 6th millennium BC.
www.arcl.ed.ac.uk /arch/pinarbasi/lithics.htm   (487 words)

 Antiquity, Project Gallery: Maher and Banning
The site occupies a south-facing, sloping terrace 6 m above the modern wadi channel (figure 1), and the Epipalaeolithic deposits are buried under more than 50 cm of Holocene colluvium, which contains some stone field walls, probably of Byzantine date, and a stone feature that might be Neolithic.
The Epipalaeolithic surface was gridded into units of 50 cm x 50 cm.
Within each unit, a 10 cm spit was excavated and dry- screened in 2mm mesh in the field, except for samples removed for flotation or reserved for micromorphological analysis.
antiquity.ac.uk /ProjGall/Maher/maher.html   (796 words)

 UIC Anthropology & Geography Faculty
Excavation of a number of open-air Upper Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic sites in Sinai has yielded a large amount of interpretable and unique data, some of which has been published, the remainder to be published in the near future.
At present, our project is directed toward survey and excavation in the Judean desert, specifically in the Wadi Khareitun and the Wadi Jihar and their tributaries, dry streams flowing from the Judean hills southeast of Bethlehem toward the present day Dead Sea.
A group of cave and rockshelter sites from the Upper and Epipalaeolithic periods are being evaluated and tested in order to determine their suitability for excavation.
www.uic.edu /depts/anth/faculty/phillips.html   (176 words)

During the Epipalaeolithic occupations sub-adult (about three years' old) deer were hunted specially and adult or sub-adult groups of ibex, although an important number of remains of young animals also exists.
In this sense, the state of fracture of the diaphyses in the Magdalenian levels has been interpreted as the result of marrow extraction, while the joint parts were crushed to extract the fat, which as also obtained in the phalanxes and the jaws after being beaten.
The process observed in the Holocene levels appears to be very different, especially during the Epipalaeolithic with geometrics, where there are few fragments of diaphyses with direct fractures compared with a high percentage of those situated in joint parts.
www.uned.es /dpto-pha/tossal/exploita.htm   (494 words)

 Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute: Constructing prehistory: lithic analysis in the Levantine ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This study explores the way in which our picture of the Levantine Epipalaeolithic has been created, investigating the constructs that take us from found objects to coherent narrative about the world.
Drawing on the treatment of chipped stone, the fundamental raw material of prehistoric narratives, it examines the use of figurative devices--of metaphor, metonymy, and synecdoche--to make the connection between the world and the words we need to describe it.
The work of three researchers is explored in a case study of the Middle Epipalaeolithic with the aim of showing how different research...
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:122661937&refid=holomed_1   (206 words)

 GORING-MORRIS, ADRIAN NIGEL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Prehistory of the Near East, with emphasis on Upper Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic Cultural Dynamics.
The Late Epipalaeolithic as the precursor of the Neolithic: the lithic evidence.
Ofer Marder: The Lithic Technology of Epipalaeolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Negev: The Implications of Refitting Studies.
www.hum.huji.ac.il /archaeology/oldsite/goring.htm   (1865 words)

 Louise MARTIN: Institute of Archaeology UCL
The emergence of cultivation and pastoralism in the "marginal zone" of the southern Levant, in D. Harris (ed), The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia, 204-226.
Hunting and herding in a semi-arid region: an archaeozoological and ethological analysis of the faunal remains from the epipalaeolithic and neolithic of the eastern Jordanian steppe.
Thesis title: Hunting and herding in a semi-arid region: an archaeozoological and ethological study of the faunal remains from the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic of eastern Jordan.
www.ucl.ac.uk /archaeology/staff/profiles/martin.htm   (576 words)

 Dr Malcolm Lillie
Research in Eastern Europe includes the detailed analysis of skeletal remains from the Epipalaeolithic to Copper Age populations from the Dnieper Rapids region of Ukraine.
'Stable Isotope Analysis of Twenty-one Individuals from the Epipalaeolithic Cemetery of Vasilyevka III, Dnieper Rapids region, Ukraine'.
Lillie, M.C. "Cranial Surgery: The Epipalaeolithic to Neolithic Populations of Ukraine".
www.hull.ac.uk /geog/staff/Lillie.htm   (624 words)

 Drumwaster's Rants!: Let's Talk Palestine.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Epipalaeolithic cultures have been found to have settled in the area that is currently described as Israel and Jordan approximately 8000 years before the birth of Jesus.
However, they are the progenative settlements in the area, and many believe that with the change in the climate (the Ice Age had ended, and high temperatures had been the result.
The change in climate mentioned here was a break in those higher temperatures) forced the epipalaeolithic cultures to create agriculture in this region....the natural resources were harmed by the cooling climate.
www.drumwaster.com /archives/001076.html   (1700 words)

 NGS Research Grant #5758-96
The discovery of forest-dwelling Epipalaeolithic cultures associated with this achievement in the Hisban Region is consistent with other findings that point to the existence of a Mediterranean Woodland Forest here during Early Holocene and Neolithic times.
Recent research by prehistorians on the palaeoenvironment of the Southern Levant throughout the early Holocene has established that, in contrast to today, large portions of the mountainous highlands on both sides of the Jordan Valley were covered by Mediterranean Woodland Forests (Fig.
The discovery in 1989 in the Wadi Hisban of a cluster of Epipalaeolithic cultural materials, including "extremely sharp chert knapping debitage and many burnt animal bone fragments" (Edwards as cited in Bisheh and Khouri 1990) is evidence that here, too, some of the earliest experiments with agriculture may have occurred.
www.casa.arizona.edu /MPP/ngs_report/ngs_rep.html   (6020 words)

 Epipalaeolithic Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
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www.fburg.com /encyclopedia/Epipalaeolithic   (141 words)

 Jabal Harûn in Palaeolithic period - Later periods
The lack of Upper Palaeolithic evidence and the nature of the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic evidence fit well with the general assumption of a greater mobility during the Upper Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic and then sedentary lifestyle during later Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic period.
A more mobile lifestyle led to a change in the toolkit and it had smaller, standardized composite tools that were easier to carry along.
There are several sites dated to the Epipalaeolithic period and sedentary villages dated to the early Neolithic situated on higher elevations around Petra.
www.helsinki.fi /hum/arla/Levant-internetcourse/Lessons/JHPaleolithicLaterUse.htm   (228 words)

 SE Europe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This Epipalaeolithic occupation is evident on sites such are Peres and Backa Palanka in Pannonian plain or Pobiti Kamani in Bulgaria.
Opposed to this Epipalaeolithic Hunter-Gatherer groups were two "Real Mesolithic" groups.
One of them is represented in the Franchthi cave, in Greece now on the coast of Sea and the other region is the Danube Gorge, which after intensive survey revealed 11 Mesolithic sedentary sites, the most important being Icoana, Ostruvul Corbului, Ostruvl Banatului, Padina, Vlasac and Lepenski Vir which is the most fascinating.
www.le.ac.uk /archaeology/rug/AR210/TransitionsToFarming/balkan.htm   (838 words)

 TOSSAL DE LA ROCA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This fact can be observed in the typological study of the retouched material, and has been corroborated by the technological analysis of the whole lithic repertory and in a certain way is maintained in the epipalaeolithic levels of the outside sector.
The continuity of this process, combined with the variability typical of the Magdalenian period, hampers the "labelling" of these industries and, to be precise, the boundary of the Magdalenian - Epipalaeolithic cultures.
Tossal IIb (outside sector) maintains some features which make it similar to Tossal I (inside sector), although the microliths decreases as against a greater increase in endscrapers.
www.uned.es /dpto-pha/tossal/evolu.htm   (176 words)

 Dr. Guy Bar-Oz
The Epipalaeolithic faunal sequence in the coastal plain of Israel
B.A. "Epipalaeolithic Hunters of the Levant", Dept. of Archaeology, University of Haifa
Bar-Oz, G., and Dayan, T. Testing the use of multivariate intersite taphonomic comparisons: the faunal analysis of Hefziabh in its Epipalaeolithic cultural context.
archlgy.haifa.ac.il /staff/bar-oz.htm   (2185 words)

 Garcea: abstract   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The earlier horizon was first named "Epipalaeolithic", the later one "Mesolithic".
As a consequence, the "Epipalaeolithic", which already yielded the first ceramic and polished stone artefacts, was assimilated with the "Mesolithic", and these two with the "Pastoral Neolithic".
In order to avoid such a confusion and to point out the specificities featured by these horizons, new terms have been suggested, namely "Early Acacus" for the earlier horizon, and "Late Acacus" for the later horizon, after their identification in the Tadrart Acacus mountain range in the Libyan Sahara.
www.arkeologi.uu.se /meso2000/ABSTRACTS/garceaabstract.htm   (318 words)

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