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Topic: Equity theory

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  Process theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Process theory is a commonly used form of scientific research study in which events or occurrences are said to be the result of certain input states leading to a certain outcome (output) state, following a set process.
Process theory holds that if an outcome is to be duplicated, so too must the process which originally created it, and that there are certain constant necessary conditions for the outcome to be reached.
One of the earliest is Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Process_theory   (538 words)

Equity is said to exist whenever the ratio of my outcomes to inputs is equal to the ratio of the other person's outcomes and inputs.
Equity theory (see Adams, 1965; and Walster, Walster, and Berscheid, 1978) suggests that individuals evaluate the ratio of their inputs to outcomes for a given job in relation to other, referent employees.
Equity theory suggests that overrewarded individuals might be motivated to increase their performance and underrewarded individuals to decrease their performance in an effort to restore equity.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Forum/1650/htmlequity.html   (748 words)

 Equity Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Equity comes into play typically when none of the parties to the dispute has done anything against the law, but their rights or claims are in conflict.
Equity investment generally refers to the buying and holding of shares of stock on a stock market by individuals and funds in anticipation of income from dividends and capital gain as the value of the stock rises.
Ownership equity, commonly known simply as equity, also risk or liable capital, is a financial term for the difference between a company's assets and liabilities -- that is, the value that accrues to the owners (sole proprietor, partners, or shareholders).
www.wwwtln.com /finance/70/equity-theory.html   (1191 words)

 Equity theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
J Stacy Adams, in his work on compensation asserted that employees seek to maintain equity between the inputs that they bring to a job and the outcomes that they receive from it against the perceived inputs and outcomes of others.
Equity theory, in Business seeks to describe a relationship between employees motivation and their perception of being treated fairly.
The theory suggests that employees seek to ascribe values to their inputs and outputs.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Equity_theory   (442 words)

 adams equity theory
Equity theory is descriptive and it reflects much of our everyday experience.
As a theory however equity (social exchange) is only partial in analysis and as a predictor.
The theory ignores people's natural resilience, their competitiveness, selflessness and selfishness, their ethical dilemmas in decision-making and their passions.
www.tradeskimmer.com /adams_equity_theory.htm   (261 words)

Equity theory, as described by Walster, Walster, and Berscheid (1978), is a way of looking at close relationships.
Equity theory states that when a person perceives themselves as either underbenefiting or overbenefiting in a particular relationship, that person will experience distress.
Sprecher's study showed good support for inequity theory, but contradicted the assumption that guilt would be most related to overbenefiting inequity; guilt was related only for men, and the negative emotion most related to overbenefiting for both genders was anger.
www.wiu.edu /users/klb106/equity.html   (846 words)

 Perceived equity and intimacy in marriage Journal of Marital and Family Therapy - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This study extended the research on equity and marriage by examining the effects of perceived equity/inequity on the specific domain of marital intimacy.
Equity theory, a social psychological theory concerned with perceived fairness in interpersonal relationships, is relatively simple.
According to the theory, a person is most satisfied when the relationship is perceived as equitable, that is, when the ratio between the benefits/outcomes received from a relationship and the contributions/inputs made to the relationship is perceived as equal (Brehm, 1992; Hatfield, Traupmann, & Walster, 1979).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3658/is_199810/ai_n8820990   (869 words)

 Morrison & Foerster : Legal Updates & News : Legal Updates : Burying the "Equity Stake" Theory of Patent ...
As shown below, however, this "equity stake" theory of reasonable royalty patent infringement damages is unsupported by the governing statute, is riddled with practical problems, and has been squarely rejected by at least two courts.
Basing damages on an equity stake fails to approximate the injury arising from an infringing use, and instead calculates the value of damages based on a stock price tied to the vagaries of the stock market, which is unrelated to the infringement.
An equity stake theory fundamentally is a theory of lost opportunity: the opportunity of the patentee to exchange its patent rights for an ownership interest in the alleged infringer.
www.mofo.com /news/updates/files/update1156.html   (1665 words)

 Adams' Equity Theory - Balancing Employee Inputs and Outputs
Adams’ Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee’s inputs (hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm, etc.) and an employee’s outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition, etc.).
The theory is built-on the belief that employees become de-motivated, both in relation to their job and their employer, if they feel as though their inputs are greater than the outputs.
The idea behind Adams’ Equity Theory is to strike a healthy balance here, with outputs on one side of the scale; inputs on the other – both weighing in a way that seems reasonably equal.
www.timeanalyzer.com /lib/ioequity.htm   (510 words)

 Cerebral Synergy: content / equity theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Since the theory is based on people’s perception of others and the work they do, the individual’s perception, and the aspects that shape it, should also be addressed.
His theory was that each individual has different beliefs and values about the work they are doing, and that these beliefs determine how much effort a person will put into their work.
Equity theory could be used to gauge how fairly people think they are being rewarded and work out a fair pay scale.
www.cerebralsynergy.com /content.php?article.15   (2512 words)

 Personal website of R.Kannan
The theory acknowledges that distinct variable factors affect each individual's appraisal and recognition influence their attitude and approach to their work, and thereby with their employer.
The Equity theory is founded on the assumption that workers formingpart of an organisation expect justice, fairplay, or equity in treatmentby their employers.
If the worker in the process perceives equity or that he is receiving a fair deal, he is happy, contended and further motivated towards his job andhisemployer.
www.geocities.com /kstability/learning/management/equity.html   (460 words)

 Understanding Employee Motivation
Equity is achieved when the ratio of employee outcomes over inputs is equal to other employee outcomes over inputs (Adams, 1965).
Skinner's theory simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated (Skinner, 1953).
If Adams' equity theory is followed, management should begin by focusing on areas where there may be perceived inequities (pay and full appreciation of work done) before focusing on interesting work and job security.
www.joe.org /joe/1998june/rb3.html   (2314 words)

 Primer on Equity
Equity (or inequity) is a psychological state residing within an individual.
Equity is a social comparison process, resulting when individuals compare their pay to the pay of others.
Equity is a subjective evaluation, not an objective one.
www.uri.edu /research/lrc/scholl/Notes/Equity.html   (708 words)

 Option Pricing Applications in Equity Valuation
The principle of limited liability, however, protects equity investors in publicly traded firms if the value of the firm is less than the value of the outstanding debt, and they cannot lose more than their investment in the firm.
Equity can thus be viewed as a call option the firm, where exercising the option requires that the firm be liquidated and the face value of the debt (which corresponds to the exercise price) paid off.
Since equity is a call option on the value of the firm, an increase in the variance in the firm value, other things remaining equal, will lead to an increase in the value of equity.
pages.stern.nyu.edu /~adamodar/New_Home_Page/lectures/opt.html   (5036 words)

 equity theory | Resources relating to equity theory
The work done on Equity Theory' is mostly attributed to J...
Equity Valuation provides coverage of the theory and practice of all aspects of valuation, including security valuation in a complex market, bottom-up approach to small capitalization...
While simple in theory, the task of capturing the prevailing sentiment can be as elusive as defining the boundaries of a cloud.
www.equitypage.com /equitydirectory/equitytheory.html   (471 words)

 Equity Theory And Employee Motivation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In business, the Equity Theory of employee motivation describes the relationship between how fairly an employee perceives he is treated and how hard he is motivated to work.
The basic idea behind the Equity Theory is that workers, in an attempt to balance what they put in to their jobs and what they get from them, will unconsciously assign values to each of his various contributions.
According to the Equity Theory, the most highly motivated employee is the one who perceives his rewards are equal to his contributions.
articles.simplysearch4it.com /article/00008/30509.html   (434 words)

 Whats In It For Me?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Equity does not mean that each partner contributes exactly the same, or that there is equality in their contributions.
When you focus on the illusion of a person, as the basis of trade in your valuation of the Equity of the relationship, subsequent realization of your error becomes in itself a change, that requires adjustment of the values of contribution to the relationship in order to find the new equilibrium.
Equity Revisited, is that any change that alters the relative relationship between the parties will have the same affect as the The Potential Equity Trap since any such change requires a new equilbrium to be attained.
www.userniche.com /LoveAndDivorce/ASP/UserNicheMainPage.asp?ID=6   (1085 words)

 Equity Theory
Equity Theory, an economic based theory, will be used to explain the merits, According to the Equity Theory equation, relationships consist of a
The Equity theory is founded on the assumption that workers formingpart of an
Equity theory is based on the premise that people are motivated to achieve and maintain social equity.
www.flatnews.com /equity/equity-theory   (237 words)

 SSRN-Horizontal Equity as a Principle of Tax Theory by David Elkins
Whereas the other major principles of tax theory - vertical equity and economic efficiency - have been the subject of vast literature, the theoretical underpinnings of horizontal equity are rarely if ever challenged.
The article first considers the possibility of deriving horizontal equity from economic efficiency, from vertical equity and from the principle of equal protection or equality before the law.
This would seem to indicate that the normative basis of horizontal equity should perhaps be sought within the framework of social theories which attach moral justification to the market distribution.
papers.ssrn.com /sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=892022   (385 words)

 Equity Theory and the Voluntary Provision of Public Goods when Income is not Distributed Equally   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
A model incorporating aspects of a psychological theory of equity is presented as an alternative to the conventional economics model.
Equity theory suggests that people may feel distress if they contribute either larger or smaller shares of their incomes to a public good than the average contribution of others, and that people will behave in a way to avoid this distress.
The Nash equilibrium prediction for this model is for high income individuals to undercontribute and for low income individuals to overcontribute relative to the prediction of the conventional model.
uwacadweb.uwyo.edu /RGodby/Godby/Papers/PG3/equity.htm   (130 words)

 EmoryLeadership.org: Equity Theory - Alive and Well   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Stacy Adams is attributed with articulating the Equity Theory of motivation as an organizational behaviorist.
In its most basic form, Equity Theory focuses on perceived equity (not equality) as a major force in individual motivation within organizational contexts.
However, we all know that this type of intervention is unlikely to be successful, so option three is for me to reduce my efforts to achieve equity from that end of the equation.
www.emoryleadership.org /2006/06/equity_theory_alive_and_well.htm   (448 words)

 Theories Used in IS Research
Click on a linked theory name below to find details about the theory, some examples of IS papers using the theory, and links to related sites—or search above for theories by keyword.
Theories yet to be summarized and theory submission guidelines can be found
The complete set of theory summaries is also available in spreadsheet format.
www.istheory.yorku.ca   (211 words)

 equity theory motivation: essaysnetwork.com- the essays network, term papers network, research papers network
Three: There were several motivations that were in auction in the case of the first contest, recognition, equity, self-actualization, money, and positive feedback and equity were all used to keep the team motivated and keep the organization moving in a direction that would more sales through a variety of techniques.
There were clear goals and Theory Y factors present that made each ream ember feel that they were accomplishing something and doing all that they could for the entire group to have a positive result for all of the things that they were trying.
essaysnetwork.com is a website that has a wealth of free essay abstracts on equity theory motivation.
www.essaysnetwork.com /term-papers/244974/equity-theory-motivation.html   (399 words)

 Adams Equity Motivation Theory; Put Workplace Psychology Into Action and Increase Motivation
Adams' equity theory builds on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg's Two Factor Theory, and was first presented in 1963.
In short, Adam's Equity Theory means that employees will become de-motivated if their perceived input is greater than the output from the company.
Adams' Equity Motivation Theory is a simple but useful tool allowing you to apply workplace psychology and increase your and your team's motivation at work.
www.mftrou.com /adams-equity-motivation-theory.html   (323 words)

 equity theory articles: magictermpapers.com- magic term papers, magic essays, magic research papers
As per this theory, the devaluation of the baht was a logical fallout of the Thai...
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 equity theory of accounting: essayssolution.com- the essays, book reports, research report, term papers solution
On essayssolution.com there are hundreds of free essay abstracts written by your fellow college students on equity theory of accounting.
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 Equity Theory and Will Power:
In research on jealousy (White and Mullen, 1990), love and marital infidelity (Kelley et al, 1983), Equity theory has been shown to be applicable to interpersonal relations as well as to commercial ones.
Parents tend to ignore the values of equity (rewarding the child who has helped the parent more) and need (the child who has demonstrably more serious need for money than the siblings) in favor of the value of strict equality.
Most respondents when put to the choice apparently felt that equity is not the proper fairness criteria to use with one's children.
www.rit.edu /~mjigss/equity.html   (2967 words)

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