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Topic: Ernst Mayr

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Ernst Mayr - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mayr was born in Kempten and completed his high school education in Dresden.
Mayr completed his PhD in ornothology at the University of Berlin in June 1926 at the age of 21 and accepted the position offered to him at the Museum.
Mayr was an outspoken defender of the scientific method, and one known to sharply critique science on the edge.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ernst_Mayr   (2109 words)

 Encyclopedia: Ernst Mayr
Mayr was sent by him to New Guinea, collectioned several thousands bird skins (he named 26 new bird species during his lifetime) and, in the process, naming 38 new orchid species.
Ernst Mayr (born July 5 1904) is one of the 20th century's evolutionary biologists.
Ernst Mayr has made a living (99 years old) on the myth that Charles Darwin is the most influent thinker of modernity.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ernst-Mayr   (1028 words)

 Ernst Walter Mayr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Walter Mayr was born in Germany to Otto and Helen Mayr on July 5, 1904.
From 1953 to 1975 Mayr was a Professor of Zoology at Harvard University.
At the age of 94, Ernst Mayr won the Crafoord Prize, won jointly with John Maynard Smith of the University of Sussex and George C. Williams of State University of New York.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mayr_ernst.html   (360 words)

 Ernst Mayr: Tutte le informazioni su Ernst Mayr su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr (5 luglio 1904) biologo e genetista americano.
Ernst Mayr registra due fistioni turchi (Netta rufina), il primo avvistamento nella Germania centrale fino al 1846.
Mayr modificò le sue ricerche, passando dalla sistematica degli uccelli alla evoluzione biologica e alla storia e alla filosofia della biologia; nello stesso anno, con Linsley e Usinger pubblica Methods and Principles of Systematic Zoology.
www.encyclopedia.it /e/er/ernst_mayr.html   (1088 words)

 Ernst Mayr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr was born in Germany, in Bavaria.
Mayr was brought into the circle, and at Dobzhansky's urgings gave his own lectures, and published the result as Systematics and the Origin of Species in 1942.
Mayr himself was much interested in the history of biology and eventually was to write a massive work on the history of evolutionary biology, the only volume of what had been intended to be a complete history of the life sciences.
www.ilminotauroeditore.it /mess_3543_2293040.html   (4288 words)

 Ernst Mayr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Harvard evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr was known as the Darwin of the 20th century.
Ernst Mayr (born July 5, 1904) is one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists.
In many of his writings, Mayr has rejected reductionism in evolutionary biology, arguing that evolutionary pressures act on the whole organism, not on single genes, and that genes can have different effects depending on the other genes present.
www.wikiverse.org /ernst-mayr   (411 words)

 Harvard Gazette: Ernst Mayr, giant among evolutionary biologists, dies at 100
Ernst Mayr, the Harvard University evolutionary biologist who has been called "the Darwin of the 20th century," died yesterday morning (Feb. 3) at a retirement community in Bedford, Mass.
Mayr's work in the 1930s and 1940s, while a curator at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, quickly established him as a central figure in the neo-Darwinist evolutionary synthesis, the resurgence of evolutionary biology widely regarded as one of the most important scientific developments of the 20th century.
Mayr jumped at the chance, and spent the next two and a half years in the South Seas, seeking out populations of birds that, isolated from fellow members of their species, had accumulated genetic differences.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/daily/2005/02/04-mayr.html   (888 words)

 Ernst Mayr: bio and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Mayr started his career with an introduction to Erwin Stresemann (additional info and facts about Erwin Stresemann) due to his claimed sighting of Red-crested Pochard (additional info and facts about Red-crested Pochard) s in Germany, a species that had not been seen in Europe for 77 years.
Mayr was invited to work as a volunteer at the Berlin Museum while studying medicine.
Mayr joined the faculty (One of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind) of Harvard University (A university in Massachusetts) in 1953 and retired in 1975 as emeritus (additional info and facts about emeritus) professor of zoology (The branch of biology that studies animals), showered with honors.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/e/er/ernst_mayr.htm   (1536 words)

 Gale * eNewsletters * Science & Health Community News * March 2005 * Evolutionary Biologist Ernst Mayr Dies at 100
Mayr claimed that biology should be theoretical, not just empirical, and that a coherent systematic framework of general understanding is necessary for any science to proceed.
Mayr regarded his approach as synthetic or holistic, and other approaches that focus on parts or aspects of the individual, even the cells and genes, as reductionist and shortsighted.
Mayr was the author or co-author of eighteen books, including the groundbreaking "Systematics and the Origin of Species" (1942), "Methods and Principles of Systematic Zoology" (1953), and "Animal Species and Evolution" (1963).
www.gale.com /enewsletters/science_health/2005_03/ernst_mayr.htm   (601 words)

 Ernst Mayr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
As a traditionally trained biologist with little experience Mayr was often highly critical of mathematical approaches to evolution such as those J.
In a similar fashion Mayr is to this day quite critical of molecular studies such as those of Carl Woese.
In many of his writings Mayr has reductionism in evolutionary biology arguing that evolutionary act on the whole organism not on genes and that genes can have different depending on the other genes present.
www.freeglossary.com /ErnstMayr   (562 words)

 SJG Archive - People - Ernst Mayr (1905-2005)
Mayr might have stayed on as Rothschild's curator at Tring, but for another "great accident." Rothschild had been involved with a married, titled woman who was now flmailing him with threats of a family scandal.
But Mayr has claimed he was then invited to give the prestigious Jessup Lectures at Columbia University only because at one meeting at which he spoke, the preceding speaker (the brilliant geneticist Sewall Wright) had seemed particularly dull.
Mayr was asked to give two lectures on "Speciation in Animals" at Columbia, while a botanist, E. Anderson, was to give two on plants; the lectures were to be published together as a book.
www.stephenjaygould.org /people/ernst_mayr.html   (1874 words)

 Books by Ernst Mayr
ERNST MAYR (1904-2005) was Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Emeritus, at the Museum of Contemporary Biology, Harvard University.
Mayr distinguishes two aspects of biology: functional biology that relies on experimental approaches of the hard science and asks how something happens, and evolutionary biology that is driven by asking why and uses methodologies familiar to the humanities like historical narratives and comparison, for instance in anatomy and genomics (studying similarities).
Mayr may not have known that Einstein is not just famous for his theory of relativity, but also for giving a theoretical explanation of Brownian motion, one of the few physical phenomena where chance is crucial and is an essential ingredient in the behavior of all cellular structures.
www.whatislife.com /reviews/mayr.htm   (1380 words)

 Evolution: Library: Ernst Mayr and the Evolutionary Synthesis
Ernst Mayr helped define the modern synthesis of evolutionary theory, proposing the "Biological Species Concept." In particular, his work on species and speciation helped scientists understand the progress and mechanisms of evolution from one species to another, and the importance of the species unit as "the keystone of evolution."
Mayr moved to Harvard University in 1953 and served as director of the school's Museum of Comparative Zoology from 1961 to 1970.
On the stubborn question of how species originate, Mayr proposed that when a population of organisms becomes separated from the main group by time or geography, they eventually evolve different traits and can no longer interbreed.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/evolution/library/06/2/l_062_01.html   (433 words)

 Pharyngula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr, the leading evolutionary biologist of the 20th century, died on Thursday in Bedford, Mass.
Mayr's death, in a retirement community where he had lived since 1997, was announced by his family and Harvard, where he was a faculty member for many years.
One of Dr. Mayr's most significant contributions was his persuasive argument for the role of geography in the origin of new species, an idea that has won virtually universal acceptance among evolutionary theorists.
pharyngula.org /index/weblog/ernst_mayr   (546 words)

 TCS: Tech Central Station - What Ernst Mayr Teaches Us   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Mayr clears away the mysticism protecting a speculation in biology, called Gaia, so that it can be cast as a testable, falsifiable scientific hypothesis.
Mayr notes the "often steady-state balance of interaction between the activities of organisms and the response of the inanimate environment." That is, organisms make use of the environment in which they evolved, and there are feedback mechanisms whereby non-living parts of the environment react to the organisms, most often with chemical responses.
Mayr elaborates, "This interaction sometimes results in such a balanced steady state that some authors have proposed" the Gaia hypothesis as a "well-balanced and programmed system" of the earth and life as a whole, as in the example of early organisms adding large amounts of oxygen to the air."
www.techcentralstation.com /070804E.html   (625 words)

 Selected Essays by Ernst Mayr (review)
Ernst Mayr is the grand old man of evolutionary biology with a career spanning seven decades.
Mayr belongs to the naturalist camp; he was trained in ornithology; the distribution, the habits, the classification of, and the evolution of birds recur in his work.
When Mayr discusses speciation via founder populations the argument is augmented by accounts of field studies, e.g., species and subspecies counts in specific environments.
home.tiac.net /~cri/1997/mayr.html   (1302 words)

 Unofficial SJG Archive - People - Ernst Mayr - Interview
rnst Mayr was born in Kempten, Germany, on July 5, 1904, making him, at age 95, the grand old man of evolutionary biology, one of the primary architects of the modem synthesis of genetic and evolutionary theory, and arguably one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.
Mayr graciously agreed to chair the project's advisory committee, and he was later one of the readers of Sulloway's senior honor's thesis on Darwin and the Beagle's voyage.
Mayr: I published that theory in a 1954 paper ("Change of Genetic Environment and Evolution," in Huxley, J., A.C. Hardy, and E.B. Ford, Eds., Evolution as a Process, London: Allen and Unwin), and I clearly related it to paleontology.
www.stephenjaygould.org /library/mayr_interview.html   (5193 words)

 Dispatches from the Culture Wars: Ernst Mayr, R.I.P.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr, R.I.P. Harvard announced today that Ernst Mayr, the venerable and legendary evolutionary biologist who made his home there for so long, died yesterday at the age of 100.
Science magazine published a retrospective, written by Mayr himself, on his 80 years as a scientist last July after his 100th birthday that is certainly worth reviewing upon his death.
Mayr was one of the true giants of modern science, his name deservedly mentioned in the same breath with the likes of Einstein, Darwin, Bohr and Newton.
www.stcynic.com /blog/archives/2005/02/ernst_mayr_rip.php   (288 words)

 Ernst Mayr/The Growth Of Biological Thought   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
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Ernst Mayr Library Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.
La Cura Mayr Descrizione della cura Mayr, basata su tre antichi e sperimentati metodi terapeutici: dieta personalizzata, massaggio addominale ed assunzione di acque solfatiche diluite.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Ernst_Mayr/The_Growth_Of_Biological_Thought.html   (359 words)

 Ernst Mayr - EvoWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr (5 July 1904 - 3 February 2005) was a German evolutionary biologist, ornithologist and science writer, one of the best known biologists of the twentieth century.
His work has contributed to the theories of Mendelian genetics, allopatric speciation and punctuated equilibrium, and Mayr was amoungst the architects of the modern synthesis.
Ernst Mayr biography and bibliography (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Mayr) on wikipedia.
www.evowiki.org /index.php/Ernst_Mayr   (127 words)

Ernst's "clean-up" consisted of thorough bird surveys of New Guinea's five most important north coastal mountains, a task whose difficulties are impossible to conceive today in these days when bird explorers and their field assistants are at least not at acute risk of being ambushed by the natives.
ERNST MAYR is Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Emeritus, at Harvard University.
MAYR: One question that is very difficult one to answer is whether the Darwinian framework is robust enough to remain the same for many years, which I think it is, yes.
www.edge.org /3rd_culture/mayr/mayr_print.html   (4202 words)

 Ernst Mayr/What Evolution Is   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ernst Mayr/What Evolution Is There is currently no article with this title.
Krenek, Ernst Biography with studies and influences, early pieces, evolution of style, move to America, later compositional style, and summary list of works.
Atlantic: Ernst Toch Resources Provides addresses for the Ernst Toch Archive at the University of Southern California Music Library and the Ernst Toch Society.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Ernst_Mayr/What_Evolution_Is.html   (365 words)

 KLI Theory Lab - Authors - Ernst Mayr
Mayr, E. This is Biology: The Science of the Living World.
Mayr, E. Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist.
Mayr, E. The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/AuthPage/M/MayrE.html   (234 words)

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