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Topic: Erythromycin

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  Olympus MIC-D: Polarized Light Gallery - Erythromycin
Naturally occurring, erythromycin is produced by a strain of the mold Streptomyces erythraeus and is classified as a macrolide antibiotic, as is clarithromycin and azithromycin.
Erythromycin is basic and readily forms salts with acids, but it is the base form that is microbiologically active.
Erythromycin base forms white to off-white crystals or powder that is slightly soluble in water, alcohol, and in organic solvents such as chloroform and ether.
www.olympusmicro.com /micd/galleries/polarized/erythromycin2.html   (263 words)

 Erythromycin - Erythromycin Side Effects - Erythromycin Information - Canada Pharmacy - Canada Drugs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Erythromycin crosses the placenta; fetal serum concentrations are approximately 5 to 20% of maternal serum concentrations.
Erythromycin is used in the long-term prophylaxis of rheumatic fever as an alternative to penicillin.
Erythromycin is used for the treatment of chlamydial infections during pregnancy and has not been associated with an increased risk of fetal malformations.
www.rxcarecanada.com /Erythromycin.asp   (2163 words)

 Erythromycin *
Erythromycin gluceptate occurs as a practically odorless, white, slightly hygroscopic powder that is freely soluble in water and alcohol.
Erythromycin may be 73-81% bound to serum proteins and the estolate salt, 96% bound.
Erythromycin will cross the placenta and levels of 5-20% of those in the mother’s serum can be found in the fetal circulation.
www.elephantcare.org /Drugs/erythro.htm   (2135 words)

 Erythromycin Resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes in Italy
Erythromycin and other macrolides have been recommended as alternative treatment for patients allergic to penicillin (2,4); however, resistance to erythromycin and related drugs in S.
Resistance to both erythromycin and clindamycin indicated a constitutive type of resistance (CR), blunting of the clindamycin zone of inhibition proximal to erythromycin indicated an inducible type of resistance (IR), and susceptibility to clindamycin without blunting indicated the M-phenotype of resistance.
Twenty-six percent of resistant strains were classified as IR phenotype, characterized by low-level resistance to erythromycin and inducible resistance to 16-member macrolides and clindamycin after exposure to subinhibitory concentrations of erythromycin (5).
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/eid/vol6no2/bassetti.htm   (1961 words)

 Erythrocin Online, Description, Chemistry, Ingredients - Erythromycin Stearate - RxList Monographs
Erythromycin is produced by a strain of Saccharopolyspora erythraea (formerly Streptomyces erythraeus) and belongs to the macrolide group of antibiotics.
Erythromycin is a white to off-white powder, slightly soluble in water, and soluble in alcohol, chloroform, and ether.
Erythromycin stearate is known chemically as erythromycin octadecanoate.
www.rxlist.com /cgi/generic/eryst.htm   (226 words)

 Ery-Tab patient advice including side effects
Erythromycin is also prescribed to prevent rheumatic fever in people who are allergic to penicillin and sulfa drugs.
Erythromycin, like any other antibiotic, works best when there is a constant amount of drug in the blood.
When erythromycin is used to treat syphilis in pregnant women, it does not prevent the disease from infecting their babies.
www.drugs.com /pdr/ery_tab.html   (1513 words)

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To determine whether the interaction between erythromycin and CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., calcium-channel blockers) is associated with sudden death among patients taking both agents, these authors analyzed Tennessee Medicaid patient and pharmacy records from 1988 through 1993 (before introduction of azithromycin and widespread use of clarithromycin).
Numerous in vitro data strongly suggest that erythromycin behaves as an agonist on motilin receptors.45 In view of the putative role of motilin in the control of interdigestive motility,20 the initiation of a premature gastric activity front by a low dose of erythromycin is compatible with a motilin agonistic effect of the drug.
Erythromycin interacts with a vacant ribosome in the vicinity of the peptidyltransferase center and inhibits protein synthesis by sterically hindering growth of the nascent peptide (17).
www.lycos.com /info/erythromycin--drugs.html   (573 words)

 erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide - Skin diseases, conditions and procedures on MedicineNet.com
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Benzamycin is a combination of erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide and is used for the topical treatment of acne (pimples).
Erythromycin probably reduces pimples by penetrating into the skin and killing bacteria that contribute to the formation of pimples.
The erythromycin powder is mixed with ethyl alcohol and then added to the benzoyl peroxide gel before it is dispensed to the patient.
www.medicinenet.com /erythromycin_and_benzoyl_peroxide/article.htm   (513 words)

 Erythromycin, Topical, A/T/S, Erycette, T-Stat, side effects, drug interactions, overdose, dosage
Topical erythromycin (applied directly to the skin) is used for the treatment of acne.
Erythromycin should not be used if you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to any of the ingredients.
Erythromycin may appear in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant.
www.pdrhealth.com /drug_info/rxdrugprofiles/drugs/ery1164.shtml   (551 words)

 MedlinePlus Drug Information: Erythromycin
Erythromycin is an antibiotic used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as bronchitis; diphtheria; Legionnaires' disease; pertussis (whooping cough); pneumonia; rheumatic fever; venereal disease (VD); and ear, intestine, lung, urinary tract, and skin infections.
Erythromycin comes as a capsule, tablet, long-acting capsule, long-acting tablet, chewable tablet, liquid, and pediatric drop to take by mouth.
Certain brands of erythromycin may be taken with meals; check with your doctor or pharmacist.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/druginfo/medmaster/a682381.html   (755 words)

 [No title]
Erythromycin resistance was highly correlated with the consumption of total macrolides (r = 0.88, P < 0.01).
A progressive increase in the erythromycin resistance curve was seen after the consecutive introduction of both bd and od macrolides, which contributed to the increase in the total macrolide consumption, replacing tds macrolide prescription.
Erythromycin is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, Legionnaire's disease, chlamydia, gonorrhea, skin infections, and others.
www.lycos.com /info/erythromycin--antibiotics.html   (476 words)

 Erythromycin Information from Drugs.com
Erythromycin is in a group of drugs called macrolide antibiotics.
Erythromycin is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria.
Erythromycin passes into breast milk but may not be harmful to a nursing baby.
www.drugs.com /erythromycin.html   (1427 words)

 Erythromycin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Erythromycin began its story as an antibiotic of the macrolide class (the same class as tylosin and azithromycin).
Erythromycin has what are called "pro-kinetic effects" in the stomach which means it is able to normalize the rhythmic contractions of a flaccid stomach.
Erythromycin is one of the few drugs that is able to penetrate the prostate gland and treat infection there.
www.marvistavet.com /html/erythromycin.html   (532 words)

 Macrolide antibiotics : Erythromycin and Tylosin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Erythromycin was isolated from a soil fungus in 1952 by McGuire and colleagues and was found to be effective against Gram-positive bacteria.
Erythromycin's mode of action differs from the beta-lactam antibiotics in that the antibiotic inhibit protein synthesis.
Derivatives of Erythromycin are particularly useful in treating respiratory infections.
www.rohmhaas.com /ionexchange/Pharmaceuticals/Erythromycin.htm   (146 words)

Erythromycin is usually taken three or four times a day for seven to 14 days.
Erythromycin comes in the form of capsules to be swallowed, tablets that are to be swallowed or chewed, oral liquid form, and oral pediatric drops.
Erythromycin passes from a mother to her baby in the breast milk, so tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
www.medindia.net /doctors/drugsdetails.asp?d1=Erythromycin   (567 words)

 erythromycin topical - [Medication]
Erythromycin topical is used to treat bacterial infections such as acne.
Erythromycin topical is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is unlikely to harm an unborn baby.
Erythromycin topical is available with a prescription generically and under many brand names in solution, gel, and ointment formulations.
www.peacehealth.org /kbase/multum/d03200a1.htm   (848 words)

 MedlinePlus Drug Information: Erythromycin (Topical)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Erythromycin topical preparations are used on the skin to help control acne.
Erythromycin, given by mouth or by injection, does pass into the breast milk.
Although there is no specific information comparing use of topical erythromycin in the elderly with use in other age groups, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/druginfo/uspdi/202221.html   (1406 words)

 Howstuffworks "Erythromycin: A Profile of an Antibiotic"
Erythromycin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, including infections of the middle ear and the respiratory tract.
Other erythromycin products should be taken with a full glass of water, preferably on an empty stomach, one hour before or two hours after a meal.
Erythromycin should not be used with grepafloxacin or sparfloxacin because of the risk of serious, even life-threatening, reactions.
health.howstuffworks.com /define-erythromycin.htm   (999 words)

 NetDoctor.co.uk - Information about drugs for Patients
Erythromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against a wide variety of bacteria that cause a wide variety of infections.
Erythromycin may be used to treat infections of the upper or lower airways, skin or soft tissue, eyes or ears.
Erythromycin has a similar range of antibacterial activity to penicillin and so is also useful as an alternative to penicillin in people who are allergic to penicillins.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /medicines/showpreparation.asp?id=953   (1111 words)

 benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin topical - [Medication]
When applying benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin topical, avoid the eyes, the inside of the nose and mouth, the lips, and areas where the skin is broken to prevent excessive irritation.
An overdose of benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin topical is unlikely to occur.
Stop using benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin topical and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (shortness of breath; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, face, or tongue; or hives).
www.peacehealth.org /kbase/multum/d03857a1.htm   (1203 words)

 Erythromycin Breath Test Dosimetry.
Erythromycin is rapidly metabolized in the liver by N-demethylation by the cytochrome enzyme P450 3A4.
After 20 hours of administration of isotopic erythromycin in rats, about 37-43% of injected radioactivity was recovered in feces, 27-36% in the urine and 21-29% in expired air.
C erythromycin radiation dose estimate in humans is based on data gathered in rats by Kibwage I. et al.
www.metsol.com /ermbt_rad_dosimetry.htm   (706 words)

 Erythromycin Treatment Associated with Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
Erythromycin prophylaxis of newborns with possible exposure to pertussis in a newborn nursery was strongly associated with subsequent increased incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in a Knoxville, Tennessee, hospital.
The number of infants in the investigation who developed IHPS following erythromycin was small (7), accounting for 4.5% of those receiving erythromycin, but the strength of the association was strong and the timing of the exposure and recognized actions of erythromycin on the pylorus establish biological plausibility.
Since confirmation of erythromycin as a contributor to cases of IHPS will require additional investigation and alternative therapies are not available, CDC continues to recommend use of erythromycin as described in the 1998 Guidelines for treatment of C.
www.cdc.gov /nchstp/dstd/eryth.htm   (501 words)

Erythromycin and digitalis-containing products should be used only under the direct supervision of a doctor trained in their use.
People taking erythromycin should ask their pharmacist about the form of erythromycin they are taking and compatibility with or without food.
Erythromycin is best taken with water, rather than other beverages, to prevent degradation of the drug before it reaches the intestines.
www.gianteagle.com /healthnotes/Drug/Erythromycin.htm   (1147 words)

 Erythromycin, Oral, E.E.S., E-Mycin, Eryc, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin, PCE, side effects, drug interactions, overdose, dosage
As with other antibiotics, treatment with erythromycin may result in a growth of bacteria that do not respond to Erythromycin, Oral and can cause a secondary infection.
Prolonged or repeated use of erythromycin may result in the growth of bacteria or fungi that do not respond to Erythromycin, Oral and can cause a second infection.
If Erythromycin, Oral is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.
www.pdrhealth.com /drug_info/rxdrugprofiles/drugs/ery1163.shtml   (1185 words)

 Common antibiotic may trigger cardiac death - Cardiovascular Health - MSNBC.com
The drug is erythromycin, which has been on the market for 50 years and is prescribed for everything from strep throat to syphilis.
Taken alone, erythromycin doubled the very low risk of sudden cardiac death among patients in the study.
Erythromycin, in turn, boosts blood levels of verapamil and diltiazem, which slow heart rate, and thus can worsen abnormal rhythms, said American Heart Association spokeswoman Dr. Nieca Goldberg.
www.msnbc.msn.com /id/5944150   (876 words)

 Erythromycin (Ophthalmic)
Erythromycin ophthalmic preparations are used to treat infections of the eye.
Ophthalmic erythromycin has not been shown to cause birth defects or other problems in humans.
After using erythromycin eye ointment, wipe the tip of the ointment tube with a clean tissue and keep the tube tightly closed.
allnutritionals.com /drugs/e/erythromycin-ophthalmic.shtml   (713 words)

 ACS :: Cancer Drug Guide: erythromycin
Erythromycin is an antibiotic belonging to the general class of macrolide antibiotics.
Erythromycin can be given by injection or by mouth.
Take erythromycin by mouth 3 to 4 times a day for 10 days as directed by your doctor.
www.cancer.org /docroot/CDG/content/CDG_erythromycin.asp   (696 words)

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