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Topic: Estonian mythology


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In the News (Tue 2 Sep 14)

  
  Estonian mythology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Estonian mythology is a complex of myths belonging to the folk heritage of Estonians.
Not much is known about authentic pre-Christian Estonian mythology, as it was a purely oral tradition and systematic recording of folk heritage started in only in the 19th century, by which time the old myths were all but extinct.
Changes occurred in proto-Estonian mythology as a result of the contacts with Baltic and Germanic tribes, as well as the transition from hunting and gathering to farming.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Estonian_mythology   (1537 words)

  
 ooBdoo
Estonian pirates conducted similar raids in the Viking age and sacked and burned the Scandinavian capital of Sigtuna in 1187.
The Estonian economy is growing quickly, partly due to a number of Scandinavian companies relocating their routine operations to the country and Russian oil transit using Estonian ports.
The Estonian government is intending to adopt the Euro as the country's currency on 1 January 2008 due to continued high inflation, and finalised the design of Estonia's Euro coins in late 2004.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Estonia   (2744 words)

  
 Estonica : Culture : Folk belief   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The characteristic feature of Estonian folk belief is pluralism, expressed in the belief in various spirits and fairies which lacked mutual hierarchic relations.
Estonian folk belief has it that, in addition to the guardian spirits, the world was inhabited by various supernatural beings who lived their hidden lives in nature.
In Estonian folk belief, the witch was independent, supported by his or her knowledge and natural abilities.
www.estonica.org /eng/lugu.html?kateg=41&alam=55&menyy_id=100&leht=8   (1651 words)

  
 Founders of Modern Estonian Literary Criticism - Aleksander Aspel
In his Estonian Poetics, he attempted to integrate under the traditional framework of a poetics of the literary genres modern perspective applied to the landmarks of Estonian literature.
And in the depths of the heart of the main line in Estonian poetry, he discovers as a depository of a tragic and crushing experience, not void, nor despair, nor dread, but beyond them hope and a determination to achieve spiritual rebirth.
In Oras's view of the essence of Estonian poetry, the tormented yet luminous poetry of Marie Under is the very embodiment of this quest.
www.lituanus.org /1971/71_2_03.htm   (2614 words)

  
 Linda (Estonian mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the Estonian mythology and Kreutzwald's epic "Kalevipoeg", Linda was the mother of Kalevipoeg and the wife of Kalev.
She has given the name to several Estonian locations, including the Lindakivi (Linda boulder) in Lake Ülemiste.
According to the epic myth "Kalevipoeg", her son, the title character, named modern Tallinn in her honor.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Linda_(Estonian_mythology)   (105 words)

  
 CHAPTER IV
CHAPTER IV Lithuanian mythology underwent its formation at the time when the active and belligerent tribes who were the ancestors of modern Lithuanians were distinguishing themselves from the bulk of the Baltic protonation, circa 500 AD.
In the mythology of the Balts, Dangaus Dievas (God of the Sky) retains quite a few original Indo-European characteristics — he lives in heaven, is related to shining celestial bodies and is imagined as a light, radiant person deciding fates.
In Baltic mythology Perkunas is linked both to a mountain — in Lithuanian mythology Perkunas lives on the top of a hill reaching the sky — and to oaks, growing in sacral places, or to sacred oak woods.
www.crvp.org /book/Series04/IVA-17/chapter_iv.htm   (3937 words)

  
 The Ultimate Estonia Dog Breeds Information Guide and Reference
The supreme judiciary court is the National Court or Riigikohus, with 17 justices whose chairman is appointed by the parliament for life on nomination by the president.
The Estonian economy is growing fast, partly due to a number of Scandinavian companies relocating their routine operations and Russian oil transit using Estonian ports.
The predominant religion of Estonians is the Christian belief in the form the Evangelical Lutheran confession.
www.dogluvers.com /dog_breeds/Estonia   (1046 words)

  
 mythold
Richard McLaughlin's Mythology Notes present descriptions of gods, summaries of myths, and some historical material on the mythologies of the Ancient Near East, Persia, Scandinavia, and the Celts.
Canaanite/Ugaritic Mythology FAQ This page contains a description of the pantheon of the people refered to as Canaanites in the Bible, as recovered from the city of Ugarit in what is now western Syria.
Hittite Mythology REF This page contains a description of the pantheon, and history of the Hittites, who drew heavily upon the pantheon of their neighbors the Hurrians.
www.angelfire.com /biz2/pcsnewark/myths.html   (8496 words)

  
 Rainbow
In Greek mythology Iris was the daughter of Thaumas and Electra, the sister of harpies and a messenger of Olympian gods.
A couple of Estonian riddles are referring to the colours of the rainbow, as generally the connection between an object and its colour is much more common to the riddles.
Finnish folklorist Uno Harva has referred to an Estonian Swedish variant (the Estonian Swedes lived in the western part and on several islands of Estonia from 13th century to 1944, their selfname was aibofolket): Iwe wärde raunträ in connection with the Finnish deity Rauni.
haldjas.folklore.ee /folklore/vol6/rainbow.htm   (3383 words)

  
 Estonian Embassy in Russia
Estonian modern culture, in spite of its size, includes a great number of different facets, for which it is often difficult to find common denominators.
In addition to Estonian literature, translating has had a key role in the interpretation of fiction classics, as well as the basic history of culture texts.
The problems of the preservation, development and modification of the Estonian language, spoken by less than a million people, as well as the creation of a proper vocabulary in all spheres of life are becoming increasingly topical in the modern and evermore open society.
www.estemb.ru /eng/frontpage/estonia/culture   (1356 words)

  
 Mythology, Folklore & Legends
Hittite Mythology REF - descriptions of the Hittite deities as well as a brief history of the Hittite people.
Norse Mythology - discusses the common origin and structure of Scandinavian and Germanic mythology.
Mythography - devoted to an exploration of mythology in art and literature, in particular the myths of Greece and Rome as well as those of the Celts.
www.partyguideonline.com /cultures/mythology/mythology.html   (2537 words)

  
 Top20Estonia.com - Your Top20 Guide to Estonia!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
It is separated from Finland in the north by the narrow Gulf of Finland and from Sweden in the west by the middle part of the Baltic Sea.
After the Estonian War of Independence and Treaty of Tartu signed in February 2, 1920 Estonia maintained this independence for twenty-two years, and the very same parliamentary government was reinstated in 1992, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Indigenous Estonian-speaking ethnic Estonians constitute nearly seventy percent of the population and the majority amongst the remaining thirty percent are mostly first and second generation immigrants from various parts of the former Soviet Union, mainly Russia.
www.top20estonia.com   (1523 words)

  
 Estonian Literature Information Centre - Eesti Kirjanduse Teabekeskus
After such an opening the Estonian reader expects that the farm hand has been beaten in the manor and that the book will tell a story of class conflict in former times.
The spiritual leader of the village community is the old barny, brighter and smarter than all the others and is finally able to beat even the devil himself.
Kivirähk’s message is not limited to Estonians alone, though the guise of his texts might suggest this.
www.estlit.ee /index.php?id=636   (514 words)

  
 Tallinn, Estonia
The origin of the name "Tallinn" is debated, but it is certainly of Estonian origin; while it is usually thought to be derived from "Taani-linn" (meaning "Danish town"), it may also have come from "talu linn" (meaning "farming town").
From 1944 to 1991 Tallinn was capital of the Estonian SSR.
In addition to the native Estonian language (which is of the Finno-Ugric group, closely related to the Finnish language), both Russian and English are widely understood.
creekin.net /c3382-n62-tallinn-estonia.html   (1416 words)

  
 Estonian Art 2' 1999
The birth of professional Estonian, national art is connected with the work of the painter Johann Köler (1826-99) and St.Petersburg, the capital of the Russian empire.
Estonians associated his name with the fresco that was executed for the Kaarli church in 1879.
The academic-salon like style of the sculptor Amandus Heinrich Adamson (1855-1929) was shaped at the St.Petersburg Academy of Arts, and through the influence of the neo-baroque trend, which spread in Paris in the last decades of the century.
www.einst.ee /Ea/heritage/kivimae.html   (1216 words)

  
 The Definitive Guide to Estonia XXXX   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
With assistance from the European Union, the World Bank and the Nordic Investment Bank, Estonia completed most of its preparations for EU membership by the end of 2002 and now has one of the strongest economies of the new member states of the European Union, which Estonia joined on 1 May 2004.
The Estonian economy is growing quickly, partly due to a number of Scandinavian companies relocating their routine operations and Russian oil transit using Estonian ports.
Russian is also widely spoken as a secondary language by 30- to 70-year-old ethnic Estonians because Russian was a compulsory second language in school during the Soviet era.
www.xxxx.com /s/Estonia   (2656 words)

  
 Mythic European Crossroads
Mythology and Ideology in Italian Renaissance Art is a good article on mythic symbols integrated into the largely Christian art of Renaissance Europe.
Roman Mythology is a good introduction to the subject and includes descriptions of the major Roman deities.
Roman Mythology Names is a simple catalogue of names with a few words describing each from the Behind the Name website.
www.mythiccrossroads.com /europe.htm   (698 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Research and professional experience 1979-1985 assistant at the Department of Folklore of the Institute of the Estonian Language; 1985-1988 postdoctoral student; 1988-1990 researcher, Institute of the Estonian Language; 1990-2000 senior researcher and head of the folk belief research department of the same institution, since 2000 the head of the department of folkloristics; 6.
Grant funding1998-2001 Estonian Scientific Foundation, 3576, The Use of IT and Internet in Folkloristics, 1999-2002 Estonian Cultural Ministery, Expanding of use of Estonian language and introducing of Estonian Culture via electronic data carriers9.
Cultural context from the archaeoastronomical data and the echoes of cosmic Catastrophic events : abstracts submitted for the SEAC 2002 Tenth Annual Conference, 27-30 August in Tartu, Estonia / Estonian Literary Museum & Tartu Observatory ; edited by Mare Kõiva, Harry Mürk and Izold Pustõlnik.
www.arts.ulst.ac.uk /academy/mumm_cvs/MKoiva.doc   (620 words)

  
 Myths and Legends - frames
Mythology Notes present descriptions of gods, summaries of myths, and some historical material on the mythologies of the Ancient Near East, Persia, Scandinavia, and the Celts.
The Goddess in World Mythology she presents images of those paintings along with brief descriptions of those deities.
Dazhdbog in Russian mythology Summary and excerpts from Dazhdbog's tale with commentary by Sergei Naumov.
home.comcast.net /~chris.s/myth.html   (11969 words)

  
 Estonian Literary Museum
The department was established in 1947, at the Institute of Estonian Language and Literature.
The aim of the department is to improve scientific research into Estonian and comparative folklore and folk religion, publishing in the field and to run field works.
A pre-reviewed journal in Estonian is issued since 1996, and published articles on folklore stud-ies and mythology by Estonian and international authors.
www.kirmus.ee /Asutus/en/enfo.php   (270 words)

  
 Estonia encyclopedia : Cultural Information , Maps, Estonia politics and officials, Estonian History. Travel to Estonia
During the early Iron Age, from approximately the 1st to 5th century AD, resident farming was widely established, the population grew and settlement expanded.
Tallinn (Reval) was given its Lübeck Rights in 1248 and joined the Hanseatic League at the end of the 13th century.
In 1632 a printing press and university were established in the city of Tartu (Dorpat).
www.estoniaiworld.com /wiki-Estonia   (2681 words)

  
 Folklore and Mythology Journals, Societies, University Departments
The Estonian National Museum was founded in Tartu in 1909.
Mythopoeic Society is is a non-profit international literary and educational organization for the study, discussion, and enjoyment of fantasy and mythic literature.
Seattle Folklore Society was founded in 1966 to preserve and foster awareness and appreciation of folk and traditional art in the Seattle area.
www.pibburns.com /mythpub.htm   (569 words)

  
 Estonia
However, Russia took exception to Estonia's preamble to the law, which makes references to the Estonian state's uninterrupted legal continuity during the Soviet period and indirect references to the Soviet occupation of Estonia and announced that it is revoking its signature and that it desires restart negotiations with Estonia.
With assistance from the European Union, the World Bank and the Nordic Bank, Estonia completed most of its preparations for EU membership by the end of 2002 and now has one of the strongest economies of the new members states of the European Union, which Estonia joined on 1 May 2004.
According to a regional census undertaken in 2003, the Estonian population is comprised of the following ethnic groups:
creekin.net /n62-estonia.html   (1244 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Big and mighty personalities in Estonian mythology are known on account of their shaping the landscape by ploughing furrows into it or creating lakes by weeping.
As a result of this activity, the ‘Estonian ForestÅ has become a pile of long angular stakes, which, when exported to São Paulo in 1994, greatly widened the sphere of influence of Estonian art.
Lapin is the Big Figure of Estonian Art whose activities have left enough traces to spark off innumerable further discoveries.
www.einst.ee /Ea/3/texts/tralla.htm   (221 words)

  
 Tallinn
In the Estonian mythology, it is believed to be one of the boulders Linda was supposed to carry to Kalev's grave at Toompea, but which fell off her apron.
Building is administered by a public company Levira (formerly Estonian Broadcasting Transmission Center Ltd) and is a member in World Federation of Great Towers.
Tallinn University of Technology (TUT) (Estonian: Tallinna Tehnikaülikool) is the technical university of Estonia, and one of the two or three most important institutions of higher education in Estonia generally.
www.shortopedia.com /T/A/Tallinn   (665 words)

  
 [No title]
This database of Greek mythology includes information and images of key characters (links are both internal and external), attributes in iconology, a timeline of Greek history and literature, a selected bibliography, and links to additional online resources.
An issue of a newsletter for children's literature focuses on Greek and Roman mythology.
An overview of ancient Greek mythology and religion includes a discussion of polytheism.
www.pearsoncustom.com /allpages/myths_bot.html   (195 words)

  
 Estonian: See what people are saying right now on Technorati
Estonian: See what people are saying right now on Technorati
Current Mood: Indescribable Gina and I were invited to a charity curry night in Bradford by one of Gina’s friends which took place last night.
Carmen Kass (born September 14, 1978 in Tallinn, Estonia) is an Estonian supermodel.
technorati.com /tag/estonian   (335 words)

  
 University Press of Kentucky
She teaches Norse and Celtic mythology, as well as Tolkien's literature and that of the Victorian writers he knew.
Among them are revised editions, in 2001, of Tolkien's Art: A Mythology for England (1979) and The Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power (1992), also to be translated into Japanese in 2003; and a collection of essays, Tolkien the Medievalist (2002).
His research is primarily in Indo-European studies (especially Germanic and Lithuanian folklore and mythology) and in Finno-Ugrian studies (especially Finnish and Estonian mythology and folklore).
www.kentuckypress.com /0813123011contrib.cfm   (1471 words)

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