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Topic: Ethics

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  What is Ethics?
Ethics, however, cannot be confined to religion nor is it the same as religion.
Ethics, for example, refers to those standards that impose the reasonable obligations to refrain from rape, stealing, murder, assault, slander, and fraud.
Ethics also means, then, the continuous effort of studying our own moral beliefs and our moral conduct, and striving to ensure that we, and the institutions we help to shape, live up to standards that are reasonable and solidly-based.
www.scu.edu /ethics/practicing/decision/whatisethics.html   (804 words)

  Ethics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ethics (from the Ancient Greek "ethikos", meaning "arising from habit") is one of the major branches of philosophy, one that covers the analysis and employment of concepts such as right, wrong, good, evil, and responsibility.
Ethics has been applied to family structure, sexuality, and how society views the roles of individuals; leading to several distinct and unrelated fields of applied ethics, including feminism.
There are several sub-branches of applied ethics examining the ethical problems of different professions, such as business ethics, medical ethics, engineering ethics and legal ethics, while technology assessment and environmental assessment study the effects and implications of new technologies or projects on nature and society.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ethics   (2586 words)

Ethics is pre-eminently practical and directive; for it orders the activity of the will, and the latter it is which sets all the other faculties of man in motion.
Ethics is distinguished from the other natural sciences which deal with moral conduct of man, as jurisprudence and pedagogy, in this, that the latter do not ascend to first principles, but borrow their fundamental notions from ethics, and are therefore subordinate to it.
As ethics is the philosophical treatment of the moral order, its history does not consist in narrating the views of morality entertained by different nations at differnt times; this is properly the scope of the history of civilisation, and of ethnology.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/05556a.htm   (11206 words)

 Amazon.com: Ethics and Treatise on the Correction of the Intellect (Everyman's Library (Paper)): Books: Benedictus de ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Spinoza's "Ethics" urges the reader to live a life in accordance with the laws of reason, whose consummation is blessedness through the knowledge of God.
The Ethics can be a bit difficult to understand given the "geometrical order" it is written, but when it finally makes sense it is evident that it truly is very profound and influential deductive rationalist logic.
Take Spinoza's ethics and put in the collective judgement that whatever is in the long term interests of the Jewish people is to be promoted thorough other peoples and considered right or good if done by the individual Jew, and you have returned to God, even if you are not religious.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0460873474?v=glance   (2380 words)

 Ethics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
When compared to normative ethics and applied ethics, the field of metaethics is the least precisely defined area of moral philosophy.
The key assumption in normative ethics is that there is only one ultimate criterion of moral conduct, whether it is a single rule or a set of principles.
Applied ethics is the branch of ethics which consists of the analysis of specific, controversial moral issues such as abortion, animal rights, or euthanasia.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/e/ethics.htm   (6475 words)

 Feminist Ethics
Considered together the overall aim of all feminist approaches to ethics, irrespective of their specific labels, is to create a gender-equal ethics, a moral theory that generates non-sexist moral principles, policies, and practices.
To be sure, from the standpoint of traditional western ethics, a mother's refusal to subordinate the concrete life of her child to the abstract commands of duty or higher law indicates her underdevelopment as a moral agent.
Ethics is not an individualistic quest; moral value does not emerge from somewhere deep within one's self or from far outside of one's self.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/feminism-ethics   (10033 words)

 Evolutionary Ethics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Evolutionary ethics tries to bridge the gap between philosophy and the natural sciences by arguing that natural selection has instilled human beings with a moral sense, a disposition to be good.
The next important contribution to evolutionary ethics was by Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), the most fervent defender of that theory and the creator of the theory of Social Darwinism.
The standard as defended by evolutionary ethics would be something like "Actions that increase the long-term capacity of survival in evolutionary terms are good and actions that decrease this capacity are bad." However, the field has not yet established itself credibly in normative ethics.
www.iep.utm.edu /e/evol-eth.htm   (3039 words)

 sci.engr.* FAQ on Engineers and Ethics   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Ethics tend to arise in the career of the individual engineer when a conflict is recognized between professional and corporate obligation.
The ethics of egoism justifies this approach in that, it would be morally wrong for the engineer to act contrary to his interests, even if doing so violates his supposed code of ethics.
The Engineering Code of Ethics is silent on the morality of engineers placing personal feelings over the obligations of their profession when those feelings do not place the public good in jeopardy.
www.tcnj.edu /~rgraham/ethics.html   (2945 words)

 Aristotle's Ethics
Only the Nicomachean Ethics discusses the close relationship between ethical inquiry and politics; only the Nicomachean Ethics examines Solon's dictum that no man should be counted happy until he is dead; and only the Nicomachean Ethics gives a series of arguments for the superiority of the philosophical life to the political life.
He insists that ethics is not a theoretical discipline: we are asking what the good for human beings is not simply because we want to have knowledge, but because we will be better able to achieve our good if we develop a fuller understanding of what it is to flourish.
Book VII of the Nicomachean Ethics is identical to Book VI of the Eudemian Ethics; for unknown reasons, the editor of the former decided to include within it both the treatment of pleasure that is unique to that work (X.1-5) and the study that is common to both treatises (VII.11-14).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/aristotle-ethics   (15759 words)

Natural selection entails survival and development (growth, reproduction, adaptation...), summarized in the concept of fitness, as the essential value (see the meaning of life).
Evolutionary ethics got a bad reputation because of its association with the "naturalistic fallacy": the mistaken belief that human goals and values are determined by, or can be deduced from, natural evolution (Campbell, 1978).
For example, it is an open question whether the "cybernetically immortal" cognitive system that would emerge after the next metasystem transition would be embodied most effectively in an individual being ("metabeing"), or in a society of individuals ("superbeing").
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /ethics.html   (1312 words)

 The CEO Refresher Archives - Ethics
Many companies are establishing a clear-cut code of ethics and infusing it into all aspects of their operations.
Ethics investigations can be quite complex and fraught with potential risks.
To determine what ethics we should adopt, we must first decide what ethics are or what being ethical means.
www.refresher.com /archives44.html   (1342 words)

 Society of Professional Journalists: Ethics
SPJ's Code of Ethics: The SPJ Code of Ethics is voluntarily embraced by thousands of writers, editors and other news professionals.
Ethics Case Studies: There seems to be no shortage of ethical issues in journalism these days.
Ethics Week: Celebrate responsible reporting during a special week dedicated to ethics in journalism.
www.spj.org /ethics.asp   (202 words)

 Ethics - Wex   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The word "ethics" is derived from the Greek word ethos (character), and from the Latin word mores (customs).
In philosophy, ethics defines what is good for the individual and for society and establishes the nature of duties that people owe themselves and one another.
In some cases these are spoken of as "professional ethics" or in the case of law "legal ethics." For example, the American Medical Association (http://www.ama-assn.org/) has the Principles of Medical Ethics and the American Bar Association (http://www.abanet.org/) has the Model Rules of Professional Conduct.
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/ethics.html   (258 words)

 FAO - Ethics in Food and Agriculture
Major changes in the fields of food and agriculture in recent years, including accelerating technological development, changes in the resource base, and economic and market developments, have brought to the fore a variety of ethical questions of relevance to food security and sustainable rural development.
Ethics is by its nature crosscutting and multidimensional, and FAO has therefore designated "Ethics in Food and Agriculture" as a Priority Area for Interdisciplinary Action, and established an internal Committee on Ethics in Food and Agriculture to guide the Organization's actions in this regard.
A new publication series, the FAO Ethics Series, has been launched, with the aim of making widely available information on major issues on ethical questions of relevance to the work of the Organization.
www.fao.org /ethics/index_en.htm   (227 words)

 Business Ethics
The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics was founded in 1986 and has grown into one of the most active university applied ethics centers in the U. It is based at Santa Clara University and was initially funded by an endowment by Linda and A. "Mike" Markkula Jr.
Ethics are considered to be very important to those at Raytheon, and this Web site posted by the company's Office of Business Ethics and Compliance is designed to be a display of that commitment.
The Ethics in Business section addresses several issues such as ethics in a corporate setting, conflict of interest, intellectual property and employees who are entrepreneurs on corporate time.
www.web-miner.com /busethics.htm   (7077 words)

 Ethics Resource Center: Celebrating 85 Years of Ethics Surveying and Research
Jacqueline E. Brevard, vice president and chief ethics and compliance officer of Merck and Co., Inc., has been selected as chair of the Ethics Resource Center's highly regarded Fellows program, ERC President Patricia J. Harned announced May 13.
She leads Merck's global ethics program, compliance program and ombudsman program; chairs the company's Corporate Compliance Committee; and reports regularly to the chief executive officer, Executive Committee, and the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.
The study, which has received international media attention, is a detailed examination of ethics programs and the importance of ethical culture in organizations.
www.ethics.org   (687 words)

 Law Institute of Victoria - Ethics - title page
Request an Ethics Committee ruling using the request form.
The Legal Ethics Department aims to raise lawyers’ awareness of their professional responsibilities and assist them through any ethical dilemmas they face, resulting in a general improvement to the public perception of lawyers and the profession.
She was admitted to practice in 1981 and has gained broad experience as a practitioner in city and suburban firms, as corporate counsel and in local government.
www.liv.asn.au /regulation/ethics/about   (245 words)

 Boeing: Ethics and Business Conduct Home
The Ethics and Business Conduct Committee, consisting of members of the Executive Council and the Vice President of Ethics and Business Conduct, is responsible for ensuring that appropriate policies and procedures exist to help employees comply with Boeing expectations of ethical business conduct.
Managers are responsible for supporting implementation of ethics and business conduct programs, and monitoring compliance to the company's values and ethical business conduct guidelines through such programs.
The Boeing Ethics Line listens to and acts on concerns expressed by employees and others about possible violations of company policies, laws, or regulations such as improper, or unethical business practices, and health, safety, and environmental issues.
www.boeing.com /companyoffices/aboutus/ethics   (627 words)

 National Ethics Bureau
The mission of the National Ethics Bureau is to promote ethics in the financial services industry.
We make the case for ethics in a wide range of industry and company publications.
We also distribute ethics and compliance continuing education for licensed insurance agents and for those holding the Certified Financial Planner (CFP), Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU), and Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) designations.
www.ethicscheck.com   (346 words)

 Ethics : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Finally, ethics is that area of philosophy concerned with the study of ethics in its other senses (see Ethics in Islamic philosophy).
In the second half of the twentieth century there was a reaction against some of the perceived excesses of consequentialist and deontological ethics, and a return to the ancient notion of the virtues (see Aretē; Theological virtues; Virtue ethics; Virtues and vices).
One area in which ethics has always played an important role is medicine, in particular in issues involving life and death (see Bioethics; Bioethics, Jewish; Life and death; Medical ethics; Suicide, ethics of).
www.rep.routledge.com /article/L132   (1824 words)

 Category:Ethics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This category puts articles relevant to well-known ethical (right and wrong, good and bad) debates and decisions in one place - including practical problems long known in philosophy, and the more abstract subjects in law, politics, and some professions and sciences.
It lists also those core concepts essential to understanding ethics as applied in various religions, some movements derived from religions, and religions discussed as if they were a theory of ethics making no special claim to divine status.
The category also includes articles on non-ethics topics or fictional works or part of works that include a substantial ethical debate.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Ethics   (155 words)

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