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Topic: Ethnic Mongols in China


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In the News (Thu 23 Nov 17)

  
 minority
China was ruled by Han most of the time in the past except in Yuen Dynasty that Mongols ruled for less than 100 years and in Qing Dynasty, Manchuria ruled for almost 300 years.
ethnic group used to live along the Yellow river, much earlier than any other ethnic group in China.
China's boundary today was solidified in early Qing Dynasty in early 17th Century.
www.index-china.com /minority/minority-english.htm

  
 Studies on Ethnic Groups in China
on the problem of ethnic definition and self-definition among China's peripheral peoples, including the Naxi, Yi, Miao, Mongols, and Manchus.
Works dealing with aspects of a single ethnic group, or with relations between ethnic groups in China, will be considered for publication.
Studies on Ethnic Groups in China intends to make available all kinds of scholarship on ethnic groups and ethnic relations in China.
www.washington.edu /uwpress/Seriesharrell.html

  
 Chinese Ethnic Minorities
Even though the modern concept of 56 ethnic groups is often considered an arbitrary and conservative summary of the hundreds of diverse peoples in China, it pales in comparison to the simplicity by which the ancient Han people distinguished their nomadic neighbors.
The largest group, the Han, make up over 92% of China's vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization that world considers "Chinese culture." Yet, the 55 ethnic minorities, nestled away on China's vast frontiers, maintain their own rich traditions and customs, and all are part of Chinese culture.
Sun himself saw China as a "Republic of Five Nationalities" (indeed, the five stars on the national flag of the People's Republic of China reflect this idea), though after his death, the Nationalists denied the existence of different ethnic groups.
www.c-c-c.org /chineseculture/minority/minority.html

  
 Chinese Ethnic Minorities
Even though the modern concept of 56 ethnic groups is often considered an arbitrary and conservative summary of the hundreds of diverse peoples in China, it pales in comparison to the simplicity by which the ancient Han people distinguished their nomadic neighbors.
The largest group, the Han, make up over 92% of China's vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization that world considers "Chinese culture." Yet, the 55 ethnic minorities, nestled away on China's vast frontiers, maintain their own rich traditions and customs, and all are part of Chinese culture.
From the hinterlands of the north, to the lush jungles in the south, from the mountains of Taiwan in the east, to the top of the world in the west, China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups.
www.c-c-c.org /chineseculture/minority/minority.html

  
 Chinese Ethnic Minorities
Even though the modern concept of 56 ethnic groups is often considered an arbitrary and conservative summary of the hundreds of diverse peoples in China, it pales in comparison to the simplicity by which the ancient Han people distinguished their nomadic neighbors.
The largest group, the Han, make up over 92% of China's vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization that world considers "Chinese culture." Yet, the 55 ethnic minorities, nestled away on China's vast frontiers, maintain their own rich traditions and customs, and all are part of Chinese culture.
Sun himself saw China as a "Republic of Five Nationalities" (indeed, the five stars on the national flag of the People's Republic of China reflect this idea), though after his death, the Nationalists denied the existence of different ethnic groups.
www.c-c-c.org /chineseculture/minority/minority.html   (702 words)

  
 Han chauvinism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Han chauvinism (大汉族主义) or Hanism (汉本位) is a highly pejorative term which is used in the People's Republic of China to refer to policies and viewpoints which favor the Han Chinese majority ethnic group in China at the expense of the other minority ethnic groups.
It often constructs enemies of Manchus, Mongols and subgroups of the Han nationality that oppose a monolithic view of the nationality, and emphasizes nostalgia in expansionary exploits by Chinese dynasties identified with the Han nationality.
In China, it is generally used to describe supremacist or ethnocentric versions of Chinese nationalism focused upon the Han Chinese identity.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Han_chauvinism   (702 words)

  
 Song Dynasty -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China
Along the southeast coast of China would be settlement or ghettos of ethnic Arab, Muslim and Christian residents.
Song Zhenzong stated that Song could not attack Tanguts while the Tanguts were in mourning period.
Song court conferred the post of an-hu-shi onto Xia Song for the territories of Jing-Yuan-Qin-Feng, and the post of an-hu-shi onto Fan Yong for the territories of Fu-Yan-Huan-Qing.
www.uglychinese.org /song.htm   (702 words)

  
 Mongols
In addition, there are a number of ethnic groups in North China related to the Mongols: the Daur, Buryat, Evenk, Dorbod, and Tuvin.
Han Chinese have been massively re-settled there, and are the dominant ethnic group, and China places many of the same cultural restrictions on Mongols as did Soviet Mongolia.
The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia.
www.1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/m/mo/mongols.html   (2011 words)

  
 Working Papers-National Questions and National Answers
The use of ulus for dynasties within China also did not mean Kheshigbatu had lost the sense that all these dynasties belonged to one realm, China; he refers to the "Tang dynasty of China [Khitad]," the Mongol ruler Esen's capturing "China's [Khitad] Ming Jingdi emperor," and Mongols invading the realm of China (Khitad ulus).
Along with the merger of the greater part of the Mongol nationalist movement with the Communist Party came an end to any idea that China was not a multi-ethnic Dumdadu ulus.
In Uygur, the terminology for the Han and China is borrowed directly from that of the Chinese language--xänzu(chä) is the Han Chinese (language) and Junggo is China the country.
www.indiana.edu /~easc/resources/working_paper/noframe_5b.htm   (2011 words)

  
 Open letter to the United Nations Human Rights Commission
But today, for the Mongols in China, in addition to the deprivation of these basic rights, they have also been deprived the dignity of equal status as a human being with the ordinary Chinese people, just because they are Mongols.
We are writing to you on behalf of the Inner Mongolian Peoples Party, the only existing political organization of the Inner Mongolians --- the 3.7 million Mongols living under the colonial rule of Peoples Republic of China.
As a distinct ethnic group, the Inner Mongolians have the right to self-determination and should be born free and have all the fundamental rights as a human being.
members.aol.com /imppsite/letter.htm   (555 words)

  
 Articles - Mongols
In addition, there are a number of ethnic groups in North China and Russia related to the Mongols: the Daur, Buryat, Evenk, Dorbod and Kalmyk.
The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia.
Han Chinese have been massively re-settled there, and are the dominant ethnic group.
lastring.com /articles/Mongols?mySession=e2b62221950ba93074b05bc6abc...   (1908 words)

  
 History @ Oregon ::Spring 2004 Courses
The Mongols swept out of the steppes under the leadership of Genghis Khan in the first decades of the thirteenth century and managed to create a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious empire that was the largest contiguous empire in world history.
Mongol Imperialism: the policies of the Grand Qan Mongke in China, Russia, and the Islamic lands, 1251-1259.
Reid, Robert W. "Mongolian Weaponry in the Secret History of the Mongols." Mongolian Studies XV (1992), 85-95.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~history/courses/spring2004/407mongolgoble.htm   (1553 words)

  
 Song Dynasty -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China
Along the southeast coast of China would be settlement or ghettos of ethnic Arab, Muslim and Christian residents.
Song's new prime minister, Chen Yizhong, sent Liu Yue to Mongols in the attempt of expressing ackowledgement as a Mongol vassal, but Liu Yue was killed by a Song Chinese civilian on route, at Gaoyou of Jiangsu Province.
Song Court was frequently on the run, from one island to another, along the coast, and on May 8th of AD 1278, the new Song Emperor died of illness within two years of enthronement.
www.uglychinese.org /song.htm   (8406 words)

  
 Mongols - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia.
The Mongols were originally a confederation of tribes in competition with the Tatar Turks, Kerait, Merkit and Naiman confederations and therefore only one division of what is known today as the Mongol nation.
The Mongols succeeded very briefly in their invasion of Dai Viet in the northern part of contemporary Vietnam, but were soon defeated by the Vietnamese general Tran Hung Dao after almost three decades.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mongols   (3500 words)

  
 Mongolia - History
The conquering Mongols brought an infusion of new ideas and unity to China but were eventually absorbed and lost their ability to rule over a people hundreds of times more numerous than themselves.
Ninety percent of the population is composed of ethnic Mongols, making the nation extremely homogeneous; Turkic peoples, such as Tuvins and Kazakhs, Chinese, Russians, and other minorities make up the remainder.
The Mongols arose from obscure origins in the recesses of Inner Asia to unify their immediate nomadic neighbors and then to conquer much of the Eurasian landmass, ruling large parts of it for more than a century.
countrystudies.us /mongolia/3.htm   (2451 words)

  
 Ming Dynasty: Ancient China Dynasties
After it collapsed, the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), another ethnic group regime, began its reign in China.
Mongol rule in China was brought to an end after civil war among Mongol princes and an increasing conversion to the sedentary Chinese way of life that robbed the Mongol military machine of much of its effectiveness.
In the closing years of the Ming, due to the long wars with the Mongols, repeated attacks on Korea by the Japanese, and even Japanese attacks on Chinese coastal cities greatly hurt the economy of the Ming.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/ming.htm   (2451 words)

  
 Hakka people are migratory tribes of ethnic Han people...
Hakka people are migratory tribes of ethnic Han people originated from central China.
Their ancestors exiled themselves from foreign rulers such as the Mongols in Yuan Dynasty.
Hakka people are migratory tribes of ethnic Han people...
www.geodatabase.de /Hakka%20cuisine   (2451 words)

  
 Ethnic groups in Chinese history - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Laotians, ethnic groups in China, America and Europe
As many ethnic groups have appeared in history, this table is certainly not complete.
conquered by Khitans, splinter groups and remnants re-emerged as Mongols
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_past_Chinese_ethnic_groups   (632 words)

  
 List of past Chinese ethnic groups - Chinese ethnics - China
List of past Chinese ethnic groups - Chinese ethnics - China
LaosLaotians, ethnic groups in List of Chinese ethnic groupsChina, America and Europe
Turkic peoples-- Wu Hu Nationalities of ChinaList of Chinese ethnic groups -- List of ethnic groups
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/List_of_past_Chinese_ethnic_groups   (719 words)

  
 Ethnic groups in Chinese history - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Laotians, ethnic groups in China, America and Europe
conquered by Khitans, splinter groups and remnants re-emerged as Mongols
As many ethnic groups have appeared in history, this table is certainly not complete.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ethnic_groups_in_Chinese_history   (622 words)

  
 North China and South China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In addition, North Chinese trace some of their ancestry to Altaic peoples such as the Mongols and Manchus; South Chinese trace some of their ancestry to Tai and Austro-Asiatic peoples related to modern Thais, Vietnamese and other Southeast Asian ethnic groups; this results in obvious differences in physical trait.
North China is too cold and dry for rice cultivation (though it does happen today with modern technology) and consists largely of flat plains, grasslands, and desert; while South China is warm and rainy enough for rice and consists of lush mountains cut by river valleys.
The boundary between North China and South China is generally defined to be the Qinling Mountains and Huai River (Huai He).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/North_China_and_South_China   (622 words)

  
 Hmong are not Mongols
To reflect the experience of the Hmong, I recall an Australian anthropologist named Kurtis who said, there are two ethnic groups in this world that have been through many hardships but have survived to be strong: they are the Jews and the Hmong in China.
Its leader was Chi You who once led the Hmong to fight with the "Han" ethnic group who lived in the higher reaches of the Yellow River.
Also, in daily life, Hmong and other ethnic groups are different which makes the Hmong a distinct ethnic group.
www.geocities.com /hmongarenotmongols   (622 words)

  
 Ethnic groups in Chinese history - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Laotians, ethnic groups in China, America and Europe
As many ethnic groups have appeared in history, this table is certainly not complete.
conquered by Khitans, splinter groups and remnants re-emerged as Mongols
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_past_Chinese_ethnic_groups   (630 words)

  
 China & Its Influence on the Cultures of Northeast Siberia
a brief history of the civilized Han Chinese and their contacts with the nomadic Mongols and others, and a list of the minority groups with population numbers from the 1990 census, including:
while more than 90 percent of Chinese people today are of the Han ethnic group, there are 55
Han Chinese: the dominant group, the name from the Han dynasty
www.workingdogweb.com /China.htm   (630 words)

  
 China (03/05)
Whenever China was conquered by nomadic tribes, as it was by the Mongols in the 13th century, the conquerors sooner or later adopted the ways of the "higher" Chinese civilization and staffed the bureaucracy with Chinese.
China’s 2002 Population and Family Planning Law and policy permit one child per family, with allowance for a second child under certain circumstances, especially in rural areas, and with guidelines looser for ethnic minorities with small populations.
China is not a member of the Australia Group, an informal and voluntary arrangement made in 1985 to monitor developments in the proliferation of dual-use chemicals and to coordinate export controls on key dual-use chemicals and equipment with weapons applications.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/18902.htm   (11645 words)

  
 China (03/05)
Whenever China was conquered by nomadic tribes, as it was by the Mongols in the 13th century, the conquerors sooner or later adopted the ways of the "higher" Chinese civilization and staffed the bureaucracy with Chinese.
China’s 2002 Population and Family Planning Law and policy permit one child per family, with allowance for a second child under certain circumstances, especially in rural areas, and with guidelines looser for ethnic minorities with small populations.
China is not a member of the Australia Group, an informal and voluntary arrangement made in 1985 to monitor developments in the proliferation of dual-use chemicals and to coordinate export controls on key dual-use chemicals and equipment with weapons applications.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/18902.htm   (11640 words)

  
 Timeline China to 1925
1800-1900 Triads were secret societies first formed in China to oppose the harsh rule of the Manchu who created the Ching dynasty and who were viewed by many ethnic Han as outsiders.
After his death, the Mongols were subdued by the Manchu and became part of the Ch’ing (Manchu) dynasty of China.
479BCE In China the philosopher Mo-tzu (d.438BCE), founder of Mohism, was born.
timelines.ws /countries/CHINA.HTML   (11640 words)

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