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Topic: Ethnobotany

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  Ethnobotany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between plants and people: From"ethno" - study of people and "botany" - study of plants.
Beginning in the 20th century, the field of ethnobotany experienced a shift from the raw compilation of data to a greater methodological reorientation.
Today the field of ethnobotany requires a variety of skills: botanical training for the identification and preservation of plant specimens; anthropological training to learn how to ask questions in different cultures and to gain interpersonal skills; linguistic training, at least enough to transcribe native terms and understand native morphology, syntax, and semantics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ethnobotany   (640 words)

 - Introduction
The main weakness of the first kind of ethnobotany, then, is one of definition: that for many it has become simply that empirical knowledge embodied in fixed folk traditions which can be of value to global science.
But then, that ethnobotany and the study of indigenous knowledge of particular plants needs to be ecological has been recognised for over half a century (Carter 1950; Jones 1941), even if the implications have seldom been followed through, or its relevance fully understood.
Ironically perhaps, it is ethnobotany which has provided much of this, in terms of the movement of plant species between isolated points on all sides of the globe.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /Rainforest/bruneiellen_Intro.html   (4313 words)

 Ethnobotany of the Americas (Science Tracer Bullet - Science Reference Services, Library of Congress)
Ethnobotany is a term coined in 1895 to encompass the study of the applications and economic potential of plants used by native peoples.
However, it was during the second half of the 20th century that ethnobotany flourished and that ethnobotanical surveys, studies, and reports on explorations proliferated.
This compilation provides sources useful in chronicling the history of ethnobotany as well as references to published materials on all forms of vegetation which the aboriginal inhabitants of North and South America used for commodities, such as medicine, food, textiles, and ornaments.
www.loc.gov /rr/scitech/tracer-bullets/ethnobotanytb.html   (2141 words)

Because of acculturation of indigenous cultures and the fast-paced destruction of the tropical rain forests, it is urgent that ethnobotanical research be conducted.
While the fruits of ethnobotany have created considerable profit for pharmaceutical companies (the sale of vinblastine and vincristine alone brings in $180 million per year), monetary gain is realized only after years of research and experimentation.
Ethnobotany offers one way to do this: through agreements between ethnobotanists (along with the pharmaceutical companies they work for) and indigenous societies, those who aid in the search for plant-derived drugs will receive monetary compensation for their contributions to the drug-seeking and conservation efforts (496).
www.shawnnacol.com /pP-ethnobotany.htm   (12083 words)

 Ethnobotany Definition
The aim of Ethnobotany is to study how and why people use and conceptualize plants in their local environments.
Until the turn of the 20th century, ethnobotany was primarily the study of native uses of plants.
He concluded that "Ethnobotany is the study of the direct interrelations between humans and plants" (Ford 1978).
anthro.fortlewis.edu /ethnobotany/ethno2.htm   (1202 words)

Ethnobotany is the study of how people of a particular culture and region make of use of indigenous plants.
As we have seen, ethnobotany as a field is on the rise.
Ethnobotany issues are the focus of much public attention.
www.accessexcellence.org /RC/Ethnobotany/page2.html   (2031 words)

Ethnobotany is a multi-disciplinary science, combining knowledge of botany, chemistry and anthropology.
The pure science of ethnobotany exists to record knowledge of plants and their uses; the ethnobotanist, in her role of scientist, performs research to add to the collective knowledge of humankind.
Many in the field of ethnobotany have suggested manners in which indigenous may be "rewarded" for their knowledge that would also serve to encourage the maintenance of biodiversity (See Section III).
www.planeta.com /planeta/98/0598property.html   (6941 words)

 What is Ethnobotany
Indigenous knowledge is as old as human civilisation but the term ethnobotany was first coined by an American botanist, John Harshburger, in 1896, to study the plants used by the primitive and aboriginal people.
"Ethnobotany is the study of how the people of a particular culture and regions makes the use of indigenous plants", while the ethnobotanist explores how plants are used for such things as food shelter, medicine, clothing, hunting and religious ceremonies.
It is the science, which studies "the relationship between a given society and its environment and in particular the plant world".
www.wwfpak.org /ethno_whatis.php   (562 words)

 Oh No! Ethnobotany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
is a concept that refers to both hazardous ethnobotany and also to a hazard communication-training program that focuses on establishing workplace policies and procedures that address safe handling and storage.
Ethnobotany is defined as the study of how and why people use and conceptualize plants in their local environments.
Although ethnobotany is distinctive as an academic field of study, it maintains a multidisciplinary character in both theory and methods.
www.smm.org /research/Collections/Ethnobot.php   (716 words)

 Ethnobotany Program at the University of Hawai'i
The Ethnobotany Track is part of the Botany Department under the College of Natural Sciences.
The Ethnobotany Track is research focused with training of undergraduate and graduate students being integrated with research that emphasizes scientific reproducibility and applications that directly benefit communities where plants are used.
The educational objective of the Ethnobotany Track is to provide a unique learning environment in which biological and social science theories are integrated to train transdisciplinary.
www.botany.hawaii.edu /ethnobotany   (213 words)

 [No title]
Ethnobotany of the Hill Tribes of Northern Thailand.
Balick, M.J. Ethnobotany and the identification of therapeutic agents from the rain forest.
Quantitative ethnobotany and the case for conservation in Amazonia.
www.utexas.edu /courses/stross/ant393_files/ethnobotbib.htm   (2547 words)

 (ETHNOBOTANY)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between humankind and plants.
In its broadest context, ethnobotany includes horticultural and agricultural relationships as well as sacred uses of plants.
Ethnobotany tends to concentrate on the use of plants by indigenous cultures.
www.student.potsdam.edu /lighth64/ETHNOB1.HTM   (261 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Biology: Botany: Ethnobotany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ethnobotany - Access Excellence - Defines the science, explains plant classification, offers articles on medicinal and food plants of Central and South America, and proposes classroom activities for high-school biology students.
Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources - List compiled by the Washington State Department of Transportation describing useful plants found during highway improvements.
Ethnobotany of the Middle Columbia River Native Americans - Traditional uses of native plants in central Washington state.
dmoz.org /Science/Biology/Botany/Ethnobotany   (975 words)

 Ethnobotany Program at the University of Hawai'i
Each ethnobotany graduate student is expected to demonstrate a set of ethnobotany track proficiencies.
Each ethnobotany graduate student is expected to complete a set of ethnobotany track proficiencies that demonstrate their skills.
For ethnobotany applicants it is worth while to discuss prior experience living/working in communities and any training in cross-cultural or intra-cultural research.
www.botany.hawaii.edu /ethnobotany/questions.htm   (4199 words)

 Sacred Earth - Ethnobotany & Ecotravel: What is Ethnobotany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ethnobotany is defined as the study of the relationship between people and plants and most commonly refers to the study of indigenous uses of plants.
In other words, it is the marriage between cultural anthropology and botany, a study that investigates the roles of plants as medicine, nurishment, natural resources or gateways to the gods.
Perhaps Ethnobotany can help to heal the dichotomy between spirit and matter that is afflicting the 'civilized world' and provide a lifeline through which we can again begin to relate to nature and value the gifts of Mother Earth for what they truly are - the roots of our culture and the source of life.
www.sacredearth.com /ethnobotanyportal.htm   (1152 words)

The goal of this symposium is to demonstrate how the long-term perspectives of archaeobotany and historical ethnobotany, focused on patterns of change and stability in the use of plants as food and medicine, can inform the wider ethnobotanical debate.
In order to capture the varying theories and methods of gender studies in ethnobotany, the presentations should highlight selected aspects like: theories of gender that are important for the research, relevant categories in respect to meanings and characteristics of gender and the methodological considerations and consequences.
Possible topics include: the domestication of plants, the rise of agriculture, the diffusion of plant-processing technology, dietary habits or uses of plants, etc. We are particularly interested in papers that explore the intersection between ethnobotany and human migration, trade and exchange, particularly in regional contexts.
www.iceb2005.com /topics.html   (1790 words)

 Ethnobotany Garden - "The role of plants in society"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The most widely accepted and used is "the use of plants in primitive societies".
As a field of research and study, ethnobotany is an interdisciplinary approach using botany, anthropology, history, chemistry, and many others.
The ethnobotany garden is a community of people looking for plant knowledge of all kinds.
ethnobotany.yage.net   (268 words)

 Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plants, Part 2
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plants July 1991 - July 1992 Quick Bibliography Series: QB 93-02 Updates QB's 90-44 and 92-66 546 citations from AGRICOLA Susan A. McCarthy Plant Genome Data and Information Center October 1992 National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record: McCarthy, Susan A. Ethnobotany and medicinal plants : July 1991-July 1992.
Language: English Descriptors: Guatemala; Folk medicine; Regional surveys; Medicinal properties; Ethnic groups; Ethnobotany; Medicinal plants Abstract: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted among the Carib population of Guatemala in 1988-1989.
No.: 451 B78 Ethnobotany of bromeliads: indigenous uses of tillandsias in the southern Andes of Peru.
www.nal.usda.gov /afsic/AFSIC_pubs/qb93-02.htm   (15190 words)

 Botany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not all plants are beneficial to humans, weeds are a considerable problem in agriculture and botany provides some of the basic science in order to understand how to minimise their impact.
Ethnobotany is the study of this and other relationships between plants and people.
Gregor Mendel laid the foundations of genetics from his studies of plants.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Botany   (1395 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Relationships between human and plant populations have played a critical role in shaping human behavioral and biological adaptations.
Ethnobotany is a multidisciplinary field of study that investigates these relationships by combining the anthropologist's emphasis on the cultural context of plant use with the botanist's understanding of the ecological and biological traits of useful plants.
This course provides a survey of ethnobotany from a general anthropological perspective (that is, one that considers the biological, cultural, and social role of plants in human societies both past and present).
monkey.sbs.ohio-state.edu /syllabi/Anthropology_610_sp2000.htm   (805 words)

 Ethnobotany: Evolution of a Discipline.
The first section on general ethnobotany is an excellent overview of some of the leading thinkers and contributors in the field.
The second section, on socioethnobotany, is a wonderful exploration of a distinct perspective on the nature and importance of ethnobotany within a dynamically evolving society that consists of a tremendous proportion of indigenous and local people.
Section five discusses ethnobotany in education, which is a vitally important subject for students of all ages.
www.herbalgram.org /iherb/herbalgram/articleview.asp?a=80&p=Y   (1166 words)

 CIEER - Centre For International Ethnomedicinal Education and Research
Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources of the Washington State, Scott T. Clay-Poole, Ph.D. University of Washington Ethnobotany/Biology Website
Ethnobotany and Paleoethnobotany: A Bibliography by Michael Pfeiffer
Ethnobotany Leaflets: Society of Economic Botany at Illinois
www.cieer.org /directory.html   (583 words)

 Richard EVANS Schultes ~ Father of Modern Ethnobotany ~ 1915-2001   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Richard Schultes who has died in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 86, was the father of modern ethnobotany, the study of the use of plants by native cultures such as the Amazonian Indians, among whom he lived in the 1940s.
He was also the leading authority on peyote, ayahuasca and other hallucinogenic plants, and his researches came to influence William Burroughs, Aldous Huxley and the drug culture of the 1960s.
He is survived by his wife Dorothy (née McNeil), whom he married in 1959, and by two sons and a daughter.
www.biopark.org /peru/schultes-obit.html   (902 words)

Although techniques of ethnobotanical research will differ according to the kind and condition of culture of the aboriginal people and the type of ecology in which they live, there seems to exist an underlying similarity in the relationships of ethnobotany to environmental conservation.
The Amazon basin supports the world's largest rainforest - 2,700,000 square miles, with an estimated 50,000 to 80,000 species of higher plants, probably 15% of the world's flora.
The other excellent example is rotenone, a complex ketone from species of Lonchocarpus employed by Indians as a fissh poison but from which the active principle is now used as a pesticide that can be spread over hundreds of acres of agricultural lands and which is biodegradable in several days after doing it's work.
www.salviasupply.com /ethnobotany/ethnobotany.html?from=center   (1386 words)

 Amazon.com: Ethnobotany : Principles and Applications: Books: C. M. Cotton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Citing examples from throughout the world and drawing on a wide range of source materials, the author describes the history of the interactions between plants and people and the concepts, methodology and future direction of ethnobotanical study.
Capturing current interest in traditional medicine, as well as the potential for exciting new drug discoveries, Ethnobotany: Principles and Applications is an informative, stimulating and timely text which includes an extensive bibliography.
This book is an interesting review of all the new methodologies use to research in ethnobotany.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/047195537X?v=glance   (774 words)

 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Ethnobotany Reading List
Balée, W. Footprints of the forest : Ka'apor ethnobotany-- the historical ecology of plant utilization by an Amazonian people.
Anderson, E. Plants and people of the Golden Triangle : ethnobotany of the hill tribes of northern Thailand.
Islands, plants, and Polynesians : an introduction to Polynesian ethnobotany : proceedings of a symposium.
www.rbgkew.org.uk /scihort/eblinks/ethnobook.html   (252 words)

 Acclaimed Ethnobotany Textbook Republished   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Through ABC’s efforts, the book is once again available as an educational tool and captivating read for students and professionals of scientific and cultural fields, as well as interested members of the general public.
The authors met while they were doctoral students at Harvard University and were heavily influenced by the thinking and accomplishments of the renowned ethnobotanist, the late Richard Evans Schultes.
The book has been a significant educational resource for undergraduate and graduate level courses in ethnobotany and economic botany, and according to Steven Meyers, Professor of Biology, Valencia Community College, Orlando, Florida, “The book is masterfully written.
www.herbalgram.org /?c=ppcrelease   (854 words)

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