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Topic: Ethology

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  Ethology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ethology is the scientific study of animal behavior considered as a branch of zoology.
He recommended the development of a new science, "ethology," whose purpose would be the explanation of individual and national differences in character, on the basis of associationistic psychology.
Because ethology is understood as a branch of biology, ethologists have been particularly concerned with the evolution of behavior and the understanding of behavior in terms of the theory of natural selection.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ethology   (1166 words)

 Cognitive ethology: Slayers, skeptics and proponents - Part I
As a relatively new interdisciplinary science, cognitive ethology, broadly defined as the comparative and evolutionary study of nonhuman animal (hereafter animal) thought processes, consciousness, beliefs, or rationality, is under attack with respect to its scientific status.
Many different types of research fall under the term "cognitive ethology," and it currently is pointless to try to delimit the boundaries of cognitive ethology; because of the enormous amount of interdisciplinary interest in the area, any stipulative definition of cognitive ethology is likely to become rapidly obsolete.
Categorizing views on cognitive ethology in the way we do it here helps us to identify common themes, which in turn helps us to see to what extent genuine dialogue between critics and defenders is possible; analysis of both criticisms and confusions arising from this dialogue will help improve the science.
www.anapsid.org /ethology1.html   (850 words)

 Ethology: The Study of Animal Behavior - PetPlace.com
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behavior.
Behaviorism and ethology are two different ways of studying animal behavior; one is confined largely to the laboratory (behaviorism), and the other is based on field studies (ethology).
In short, ethology, loosely translated, a study of natural species typical behavior, is absolutely critical to a fundamental understanding of animal behavior and the logical treatment of animal behavior problems.
www.petplace.com /dogs/ethology-the-study-of-animal-behavior/page1.aspx   (698 words)

 Ethology - EvoWiki
Ethology is the sub-field of zoology concerned with the study of the behaviour of animals.
In the 1970s ethology produced the field of sociobiology, or social ethology, the study of animal behaviour in groups.
Another branch of ethology pioneered by the late zoologist Donald Griffin is cognitive ethology.
wiki.cotch.net /index.php?title=Ethology&printable=yes   (150 words)

 Cognitive Ethology
Cognitive ethology and the intentionality of animal behavior.
Bekoff, M. Cognitive ethology and the explanation of nonhuman animal behavior.
Ristau, C. Aspects of the cognitive ethology of an injury-feigning bird, the piping plover.
cogweb.ucla.edu /ep/BiblioCognitiveEthology.html   (5734 words)

 Introduction to Ethology
Ethology is the zoological study of animal behavior.
Ethology differs from the study of Animal Behavior, in that animals behaviorists generally are interested in learned behaviors while ethologists concentrate on innate behaviors.
One of the methods used in human ethology is to compare the behavior of our closest relatives to our own to understand the origins of human behavior (much as one would for the birds in Fig 26).
cas.bellarmine.edu /tietjen/Ethology/introduction_to_ethology.htm   (3797 words)

 Cognitive Ethology and the Explanation of Nonhuman Animal Behavior   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Cognitive ethology is broadly defined as the evolutionary and comparative study of nonhuman animal (hereafter animal) thought processes, consciousness, beliefs, or rationality, and is an area in which research is informed by different types of investigations and explanations.
Cognitive ethology, broadly defined as the evolutionary and comparative study of nonhuman animal (hereafter animal) thought processes, consciousness, beliefs, or rationality, is a rapidly growing field that is attracting the attention of researchers in numerous and diverse disciplines.
Thus, cognitive ethology as most of us know it is really a young science with great aspirations, and, as with many other fields in their infancy, cognitive ethology also suffers from various sorts of growing pains.
cogprints.org /157/00/199709002.html   (10739 words)

 Cognitive Ethology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
When the natural environment does not allow the manipulation of specific conditions to demonstrate the research objective, the demonstration is moved to the more controlled environment of a laboratory.
This blending of psychology and zoology has usually been conducted as simple ethology, but the revival of the cognitive approach to psychology has lead to the recognition of this approach as a new discipline.
Perhaps it is the lack of an integrative theory of cognitive ethology and the presence of one in evolutionary biology that is responsible for many people dismissing tenuous cognitive ethological explanations but accepting often equally tenuous evolutionary tales (Myers, 1990, pp.
members.tripod.com /chlmera/essays/ethology.htm   (1675 words)

 Philosophy of Cognitive Ethology: Entry
Nevertheless, classical ethology was the product of the contemporary behaviorist millieu, and the founders of ethology generally had little positive to say about the possibility of understanding the inner workings of animal minds by scientific methods.
Among philosophers who have minimal acquaintance with the science, the label "cognitive ethology" is sometimes used quite loosely to connote any scientific investigation of animal learning or cognition, regardless of the methodological biases of the investigators, or their interest (or lack of interest) in notions like consciousness, or the level of attention to evolutionary questions.
Cognitive ethology is not, of course, immune to the general objections that philosophers of mind have mounted against using intentional notions for scientific purposes.
host.uniroma3.it /progetti/kant/field/ceth.htm   (4857 words)

 Boglin Marsh Feature Article: Ethology and the Pigeon Fancier
Ethology is the study of animal behaviour in relationship to human behavioural patterns.
Today Ethology is an accepted middle science, filling the gap between Zoology and Psychology; some would even say that it is an alternative to Philosophy and that its students seek Utopia.
Ethology does not deny the possibility of Devine creation but, accepts that there is a pattern of natural order throughout all inhabitant species upon this planet.
www.boglinmarsh.com /ethology.htm   (2868 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - Ethology, Sociobiology
Classical ethology is a branch of biology that originated in Europe, used observational rather than experimental methods, and was interested first and foremost in the naturally occurring behavior of animals.
"The simplest characterization of cognitive ethology is that it is the marriage of cognitive science and ethology.
The aim of the journal is to establish the course of the evolution of "intelligence", of the mechanisms, functions and adaptive value of basic and complex cognitive abilities from invertebrates to humans.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Areas/ETSB.html   (5690 words)

 Does Ethology Throw Any Light on Human Behavior?
In short, I think ethology is one of the many areas of thought in which a philosophic understanding of the nature of the scientific process is salutary: in real life, science does not prance from one mountain top to the next.
I think ethology has two distinctions: in trying to make teleonomic sense of behavioral performances that might seem to inexperienced observers to be a stream of incoherent and functionless activities, ethologists are not yet importuned by an insistent and urgent need to find a causal explanation of every phenomenon they observe.
These two characteristics give ethology the freshness and spontaneity which other biologists find so enviable, and which are sadly so lacking from many of the older and more conventional branches of zoology.
www.cscs.umich.edu /~crshalizi/Medawar/ethology   (2378 words)

 Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology - About the Institute
The distinctive features of ethology include an emphasis on studying behavior in natural or naturalistic environments, and integrating both mechanistic and evolutionary approaches to understanding behavior.
Today, the research at the institute is focused on the evolutionary functions of behavior, which is a subdiscipline of ethology called “behavioral ecology”.
In addition to the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology, there are two other Konrad Lorenz Institutes: the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, housed in Lorenz’s family mansion in Altenberg, Austria, and the Konrad Lorenz Research Station (Forschungsstelle) in Grünau, Austria.
www.oeaw.ac.at /klivv/en/institute   (542 words)

 ethology - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
ETHOLOGY [ethology] study of animal behavior based on the systematic observation, recording, and analysis of how animals function, with special attention to physiological, ecological, and evolutionary aspects.
Laboratory or field experiments designed to test a proposed explanation must be rigorous, repeatable, and show the role of natural selection.
The Northern Mockingbird: An Introduction to Ethology for High School Students.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ethology.html   (301 words)

 Cognitive Ethology: Slayers, Skeptics and Proponents - Part II
For cognitive ethology, the major problems are those that center on methods of data collection and analysis, and on the description, interpretation, and explanation of behavior (Bekoff and Jamieson, 1990a,b).
Jamieson and Bekoff's (1993) differentiation between weak cognitive ethology, where a cognitive vocabulary can be used to explain, but not to describe behavior, and strong cognitive ethology, where cognitive and affective vocabularies can be used to describe and to explain behavior, highlights some of the difficulties of clearly differentiating between some skeptics and some proponents.
Proponents are more optimistic in their views about the contributions that the field of cognitive ethology, and its reliance on field work and on comparative ecological and evolutionary studies, can make to the study of animal cognition in terms of opening up new areas of research and reconsidering old data (de Waal, 1991; Bekoff, 1995).
www.anapsid.org /ethology1a.html   (5951 words)

Ethology is an approach to the study of animal behavior that differs considerably from and complements the Functionalist and Behaviorist traditions in psychology.
Developed by zoologists primarily in Europe, Ethology emphasizes observation of many different species, including humans, in something close to their natural habitat (as opposed to artificial laboratory settings).
The founders of Ethology, Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, and Nikolaas Tinbergen, won the Nobel prize for their work in 1973.
www.indiana.edu /~p1013447/dictionary/ethology.htm   (491 words)

 PSYCHE: Animal Cognition: Theory and Evidence by William S. Robinson
Difficulties in achieving the aims of cognitive ethology are not downplayed, but it is argued that they can be overcome sufficiently to sustain an empirical research program.
Chapter two is "A brief historical account of classical ethology and cognitive ethology." It provides a useful introduction to these subjects that will serve to prepare nonethologists for understanding the issues in the rest of the book.
Those just coming to the subject of cognitive ethology and those who are already involved its debates will profit from this book, or pass it by at their considerable cost.
psyche.cs.monash.edu.au /v5/psyche-5-26-robinson.html   (3079 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - keywords - history of ethology
Keywords: biological adaptation • culture • genetics •; history of ethology • physiology •; selection • social behavior.
Jaynes, J. The historical origins of "ethology" and "comparative psychology." Animal Behavior 17: 601—606.
Keywords: comparative psychology •; ethology • history of ethology.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Keyword/H/HistOfEtho.html   (287 words)

 Animal Behavior and Ethology
These are some questions you’ll seek to answer as an animal behavior and ethology major.
Merriam Webster’s dictionary defines it as “the scientific and objective study of animal behavior.” Animal behavior and ethology covers a range of scientific disciplines all concerned with what animals do and the neural mechanisms that enable them to do it.
A major in animal behavior and ethology piles on some serious science; you’ll take classes like anatomy, biology, genetics, neurobiology, neuroscience, behavioral evolution, zoology, and cognition and sensory perception.
www.princetonreview.com /college/research/majors/majorBasics.asp?majorID=473   (137 words)

 Ethology, Ecology and Critical Anthropomorphism
It is not uncommon to discover that a keeper's knowledge of a species within his or her care is frequently lacking in either fundamental biological information or a comprehensive understanding of the species' natural ethology, or both.
Espousing the use of ethology and critical anthropomorphism is certainly not a popular stance.
Reptilian ethology in captivity: Observations of some problems and an evaluation of their ætiology, by Clifford Warwick
www.anapsid.org /ethology.html   (1060 words)

 Ethology vs. Evolutionary Psychology, or Stress and the Hungry Dinosaur
Ethology vs. Evolutionary Psychology, or Stress and the Hungry Dinosaur
This lesson from ethology demonstrates that a similar response, namely muscular tension, may occur for wholly different reasons and mediate entirely different ends.
Ignore ethology, and human nature becomes an over simplified cartoon of hard wired cavemen running after hard bodied cave babes.
www.homestead.com /flowstate/ethology.html   (1550 words)

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