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# Topic: Etruscan numerals

###### In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

 Roman numerals Totally Explained Roman numerals remained in common use until about the 14th century, when they were replaced by Arabic numerals (thought to have been introduced to Europe from al-Andalus, by way of Arab traders and arithmetic treatises, around the 11th century). In chemistry, Roman numerals were used to denote the group in the periodic table of the elements. In music theory, while scale degrees are typically represented with Arabic numerals, often modified with a caret or circumflex, the triads that have these degrees as their roots are often identified by Roman numerals (as in chord symbols). roman_numerals.totallyexplained.com   (4000 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Base 24 The Brahmi numerals are an indigenous Indian numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens). Khmer numerals are the numerals used in the Khmer language of Cambodia. The binary or base-two numeral system is a system for representing numbers in which a radix of two is used; that is, each digit in a binary numeral may have either of two different values. www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Base-24   (1074 words)

 Roman numerals Roman numerals remained in common use until about the 14th century, when they were replaced by Arabic numerals (thought to have been introduced to Europe from al-Andalus, by way of Arab traders and arithmetic treatises, around the 11th century). In chemistry, Roman numerals were used to denote the group in the periodic table of the elements. In music theory, while scale degrees are typically represented with Arabic numerals, often modified with a caret or circumflex, the triads that have these degrees as their roots are often identified by Roman numerals (as in chord symbols). www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/r/ro/roman_numerals.html   (3760 words)

 Etruscan Language An Etruscan religious literature did exist (1), and evidence suggests that there was a body of historical literature and drama (5) as well. Etruscan had ceased to be spoken in the time of imperial Rome, though it continued to be studied by priests and scholars. The apparent isolation of the Etruscan language had already been noted by the ancients; it is confirmed by repeated and vain attempts of some to assign it to one of the various linguistic groups or types of the Mediterranean and Eurasian world. www.mysteriousetruscans.com /language.html   (1671 words)

 Etruscan :: Natural : RSS Feeds : Gourt Etruscan :: Natural : RSS Feeds : Gourt Etruscan alphabet, see Old Italic alphabet#The Etruscan alphabet Porta all'Arco - etruscan door - Volterra Television YOUTUBE science.gourt.com /Social-Sciences/Linguistics/Languages/Natural/Etruscan.html   (2199 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Subtonic For example, in the A minor scale (white keys on a piano), the subtonic is the note G (in C this would be Bb); and the subtonic chord uses the notes G, B, and D (in C: BbDF). In music theory, the subtonic chord is symbolized with the Roman numeral bVII if major or bvii if minor. Music theory is the name for a branch of study that includes many different methods for analyzing, classifying, and composing music and the elements of music. www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Subtonic   (418 words)

 Roman Numerals, Roman Numeration System - Numericana Any numeral is counted positively unless there's a larger numeral anywhere to its right, in which case it is counted negatively. When the second of the above conditions was not met in front of an M (or C) numeral, a medieval convention was that the number to the left of M (or C) was the number of thousands (or hundreds) which was to be added to the number located to the right of M (or C). The basic rules of Roman numeration apply to such symbols: Any numeral is counted positively unless there's a larger numeral anywhere to its right, in which case it is counted negatively. home.att.net /~numericana/answer/roman.htm   (1564 words)

 [No title] The numerals at 26 and 27 are uncertain. The numerals are not well specified in the sources available at this time; hence, no numerals are given in the accompanying chart. Pahlavi seems to contain a large number of words called ``ideograms'' in the literature (see Nyberg, for instance) that appear to be words which are actually pronounced and have a meaning fairly unrelated to their ``literal'' meaning and pronounciation if viewed simply as a group of letters. www.unicode.org /Public/TEXT/UTR-3.TXT   (12590 words)

 Roman numerals information - Search.com In general, the number zero did not have its own Roman numeral, but the concept of zero as a number was well known by all medieval computists (responsible for calculating the date of Easter). The use of Roman numerals today is mostly restricted to ordinal numbers, such as volumes or chapters in a book or the numbers identifying monarchs or popes (eg. Since the French use capital Roman numerals to refer to the quarters of the year ('III' is the third quarter), and this has become the norm in some European standards organisation, the mixed Roman-Arabic method of recording the date has switched to lowercase Roman numerals in many circles, as '4-viii-1961'. www.search.com /reference/Roman_numerals   (3073 words)

 Roman numerals Summary The Roman numeral system for representing numbers was developed around 500 B.C. As the Romans conquered much of the world that was known to them, their numeral system spread throughout Europe, where Roman numerals remained the primary manner for representing numbers for centuries. Because the largest numeral used by the Romans was M, or 1000, it proved impractical to write extremely large numbers, such as 1,000,000, as a string of 1000 Ms. Roman numerals are commonly used today in numbered lists (in outline format), clockfaces, pages preceding the main body of a book, chord triads in music analysis, the numbering of movie sequels, book publication dates, successive rulers with identical names, and the numbering of some sport events, such as the Olympic Games or the Super Bowls. www.bookrags.com /Roman_numerals   (5184 words)

 Etruscan_Phrases_a Script IV focuses on little warnings to the temple servants and refers to the moistening of the fields and the cultivation of the fields."Since I cultivate she moistens," is an often repeated verse. The Greeks did influence Etruscan works of art, justifying the title of the "Hellenic" period in Etruscan "history." I put the word, history, in quotes for a reason: What is known about the Etruscans is from archeological data and bits and pieces of testimonials from the Greeks and Latin historians. The Etruscan language involves one of the greatest mysteries and controversies in the history of archaeology, since there have been so many charlatans who have claimed to translate the language over the past hundred years or so. www.maravot.com /Etruscan_Phrases_a.html   (9617 words)

 The Etruscan Decipherment Etruscan for “ten” is ́sar with a change of t > ts > s, n > r ; Etruscan “four” is ́sa from Niger-Congo ta “hand”, “four fingers”, again with t > ts, The word for “one” is Niger-Congo do [from earlier dua, with ua > o]. Etruscan numerals are prefixed as we see from e-sal “two”, ci “three” (root loss); and suffixed as can be seen from thu, thun-s, thun-i “one”, which follows the suffixes of nouns. The Etruscan future is based on a periphrasis with -na, a Niger-Congo verb meaning “come”, which changes in form to -ne in some Mandingo languages. home.clear.net.nz /pages/gc_dunn/Etruscans.html   (2040 words)

 roman numeral one meter numbers at oneandthetwo.com   (Site not responding. Last check: ) Contains a introduction to Roman numerals including a translation of the digits... of the unusual features of Roman numerals that may be encountered in older books. However, Roman numerals are not a purely additive number system. www.oneandthetwo.com /buy/two/one/meter/roman_numeral.htm   (75 words)

 The Etruscan Grammar Though the limited amount of materials at our disposal precludes the systematic setting out of an Etruscan 'grammar', and even the use of conventional grammatical terms is anything but certain, there are certain forms we can recognise. Etruscan numerals are known from funerary inscriptions recording the age of the deceased and from the 'Tuscania dice', on which the first six numbers are written out in words rather than shown by dots, as usual. Another peculiarity of the Etruscan is the formation of numbers by subtraction, a system found also in Latin. users.tpg.com.au /etr/etrusk/tex/grammar.html   (705 words)

 Etruscan numerals - Art History Online Reference and Guide Etruscan numerals - Your Art History Reference Guide! There is very little surviving evidence of these numerals. An interesting aspect of the Etruscan numeral system is that some numbers, like in the Roman system, are represented as partial subtractions. www.arthistoryclub.com /art_history/Etruscan_numeral   (235 words)

 design Archives It was chosen for its beautifully proportioned numerals. Its inspiration comes from early Etruscan artifacts as can be witnessed in a slightly oversized soap dish and is carried forward throughout the Collection. The colors are soft...Ivory to compliment almost every environment, the rich color of amber that implies a "back to basics" earthtone, and mint and blue mist pastels that provide warmth and comfort. www.projects-us.com /html/design_archives.html   (754 words)

 Ancient and modern Latin alphabet It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC. The letters Y and Z were taken from the Greek alphabet to write Greek loan words. J is a variant of I, U is a variant of V, and W was introduced as a 'double-v' to make a distinction between the sounds we know as 'v' and 'w' which was unnecessary in Latin. www.omniglot.com /writing/latin.htm   (499 words)

 Ancient Slavonic Records by Sergei V. Rjabchikov - English I think that such letters are the numerals: the letter ch is 90, the letter n is 50, the letter u is 400 on the base of the reconstruction of the system of the Old Russian numerals (Simonov 1977 :32). It can be compared with the Etruscan letter z consisting of two "crosses". The letter (syllable) b(e) corresponds to the sign of the Linear A (B) 75 ve as well as of a sign of the Saca inscription. public.kubsu.ru /~usr02898/sl7.htm   (1052 words)

 LINGUIST List 8.434: Etruscan numerals, L2 effects on L1   (Site not responding. Last check: ) LINGUIST List 8.434: Etruscan numerals, L2 effects on L1 LINGUIST List 8.434 Qs: Etruscan numerals, L2 effects on L1 Editor for this issue: Ljuba Veselinova I have provisionally identified them as 1 HUTH 2 THU 3 MACH 4 ZAL 5 CI 6 SA Does anyone know on which sides of the dice the different numbers were placed? linguistlist.org /issues/8/8-434.html   (266 words)

 Origins of the Etruscans There are two varieties of s (here written s and sh) and no indications of the voiced plosives b, d, g, while next to each other are to be found in both languages t and th (no aspirate sound like the Greek one, but rather pronounced like ty). Yet, the interpretation of mav and mach is based additionally on the fact that in the (Indo-European) Anatolian language Luvian the word "four" is called maua. And this might well form the historical core of that myth of Trojan origin, which the Romans have borrowed from their neighbouring nation, in order to claim it for themselves. www.etruskisch.de /pgs/og.htm   (983 words)

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