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Topic: Etymologies


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  Online Etymology Dictionary
This is a map of the wheel-ruts of modern English.
Etymologies are not definitions; they're explanations of what our words meant and how they sounded 600 or 2,000 years ago.
The dates beside a word indicate the earliest year for which there is a surviving written record of that word (in English, unless otherwise indicated).
www.etymonline.com   (150 words)

  
  EYMOLOGIES
In the etymologies of this dictionary, these roots are marked with an asterisk and a hyphen, thus: *ak-, sharp.
The plus sign separates the component words or parts of the etymology, each of which is present in the English word, and contributes to the development of its form and meaning.
When foreign prefixes cited in the etymologies are used in the foreign languages as prefixes only, and are not found as independent words, they are always hyphenated.
www.philsbooks.com /etymologies.htm   (6867 words)

  
  Etymology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Etymology is the study of the origins of words.
No desciption of etymology is complete without the mention of the Sanskrit grammarians of ancient India, who were the first in the world to make such a comprehensive analysis of linguistics, and especially etymology.
Although many of Nietzsche's etymologies are wrong, the strategy has gained popularity in the 20th century, with philosophers such as Jacques Derrida using etymologies to indicate former meanings of words with view to decentring the "violent hierarchies" of Western metaphysics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Etymology   (1562 words)

  
 False etymology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A false etymology is an assumed or postulated etymology which is incorrect from the perspective of modern scholarly work in historical linguistics.
Medieval etymology, for example, was plausible given the insights available at the time, but it has mostly been rejected by modern linguists.
These etymologies are false for a number of reasons, not least historical inaccuracy: the "population control" theory neglects the fact that at the time in question, fornication referred only to the sin of sex outside marriage, and would not have been used to refer to acts between married partners.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fake_etymology   (1994 words)

  
 Noldorin Plurals in the Etymologies
I believe however that they also deserve a study in their own right so as to appreciate more fully how similar and how different Noldorin and Sindarin are, especially regarding the workings of metaphonies, whose traces are used as a plural indicator in both languages.
It may not be insignificant that final affection of o is usually to y in Sindarin (with the noteworthy exception of ered as a pl. of orod mountain and the Gondorian ened as a pl. of onod Ent, beside regular eryd and enyd, cf.
The Etymologies are inconsistent on that matter, however: there is a similar case with the imparisyllabic thêl pl. thelei (V:392) but it is contradicted by pêl pl. peli (V:380, VT46:8).
www.elvish.org /Tengwestie/articles/Bellet/noldplur.phtml   (3038 words)

  
 Index to the Etymologies - Explanation
The Etymologies in LR:347-400 (pagination as in the first edition) is our main vocabulary source for the Elvish languages.
In the Etymologies, Tolkien still spelt Quenya [kw] as q instead of qu; indeed the language itself is called Qenya (under PAR).
The important point is to be consistent, using either C or K throughout, and avoid obscuring the relationship between such words as caima "bed" (only attested in Etym under KAY, and there spelt "kaima") and caita "lie" (only attested in Namárië in LotR, and there spelt with a C).
www.uib.no /People/hnohf/index/indexs.htm   (1590 words)

  
 Wordwizard Clubhouse - folk etymologies & urban legends
However, this is not generally the case in the U.S. and Dummkophs such as myself, who never knew any better, have probably contributed to ‘folk etymology’ being used as a synonym for ‘urban legend,’ which it clearly wasn’t when urban legend first came into use in the 1960s.
And this he called ‘folk etymology.’ What it really was, was a word formed from a mishearing and mispronunciation of the original word as in ‘hole’ for ‘hold’ in ‘buttonhold, so that it would then be believed that the word came from whence it actually didn’t (from ‘hole’ instead of ‘hold’).
He could have called it ‘etymology of the misspoken,’ or ‘etymology by mishearing.’ ‘Folk etymology' does trip more easily off the tongue, but it is not all that descriptive of what such an occurrence actually means.
www.wordwizard.com /ch_forum/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=18366   (4326 words)

  
 The Past-Tense Verb in the Noldorin of the Etymologies
These two main classes are neatly exemplified by the two Qenya past-tense verbs arising from the base ONO- beget in Etymologies, óne (strong) and ontane (weak), the former arising directly from the base and the latter from the derived stem onta-.
Of course, none of the three past-tense verbs in The Lord of the Rings is intransitive, so this lack is not surprising, and neither suggests nor disproves that the class existed for Sindarin of that conceptual era.
But as this formation is nowhere in evidence among even the many basic verbs in the Noldorin of the Etymologies, it seems likely that this past-tense formation was one Tolkien added into his later conception of Sindarin — or rather, restored to it, as this same formation is found in Leeds-era Noldorin, in e.g.
www.elvish.org /Tengwestie/articles/Hostetter/noldpat.phtml   (3272 words)

  
 [No title]
Since the zipu are based on traditional etymologies, which themselves are based primarily on the "seal" characters from about 2,200 years ago, this dictionary does not represent the current state of research into character etymologies.
The etymologies of these words are usually quite obvious as long as the individual characters are known - a feature of Chinese which is probably its greatest strength and cannot be adequately duplicated in a simple phonetic writing system.
This website does not discuss these word etymologies but rather helps students understand the less transparent character etymologies which are the object of most traditional research on Chinese etymology.
zhongwen.com /m/hello.htm   (890 words)

  
 O. Maenchen-Helfen - The Language of the Huns - 3
[74] The Turkish etymology was challenged by Detschev; he assumed that Bulgar was the name given to the descendants of the Attilanic Huns by the Gepids and Ostrogoths and took it for Germanic, meaning homo pugnax.
Without accepting this etymology, I would like to point out that in the second half of the sixth century a group of Huns who had found refuge in the empire were known as fossatisii.
The etymologies suggested until 1957 are listed in Moravcsik, BT 2.
www.kroraina.com /huns/mh/mh_3.html   (1242 words)

  
 Buber's Basque Page: On Basque Astronymy: Etymologies of Chaho
buber.net > Basque > Astro > On Basque Astronymy: Etymologies of Chaho
Many are the fantastic etymologies which contain said legend, but is to admit the insight with which some questions are treated, among them the affinity of ideas between sun and eye, although Chaho parte of a diametrically opposed principle.
It is worth recording his words: ``You must have seen a mountain, severe in the twilight, smiling in the dawn, when its colinas flowers become green and the first rays of the sun convert the drops of dew to diamonds: such is the forehead of man, when he leaves the dream of the night.
www.buber.net /Basque/Astro/node15.html   (339 words)

  
 ETRUSCAN, A DRAVIDIAN TONGUE?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Some etymologies are presented in detail, particularly when they are difficult or are of great importance, as is for instance the case with calendrical matters, so important in the ancient world conception.
Interestingly enough, the great majority by far of the etymologies so far proposed by the experts are uncannily close to their Dravidian ancestrals, so that the Etruscologists can only be complimented for the fine quality of their job.
Sometimes, three or four alternative etymologies are given by the researchers, and we have essentially no valid criterion whatsoever to chose the right one.
www.verbix.com /documents/etruscan-dravidian.htm   (13746 words)

  
 Amazon.com: A Lexicon of Ancient Latin Etymologies (ARCA, Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers and Monographs 25) ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Etymology - the study of words especially with reference to their derivations - was an important element in ancient thought, starting with Plato's Cratylus.
In an intellectual climate friendly to diverse linguistic structures, ancient etymologising is increasingly being used as a tool in the study of ancient literature, and the intellectual substructure of ancient etymological theory is once again being taken seriously.
But the ancient sources for known etymologies are scattered and sometimes hard to consult, and the limits of the possible are not always respected by literary scholars.
www.amazon.com /Lexicon-Etymologies-Classical-Medieval-Monographs/dp/090520574X   (1005 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.10.09
But compiling a lexicon of suggested or evoked etymologies found in the Metamorphoses, as Michalopoulos does, is very different from compiling a lexicon of explicit etymologies of Latin words found in grammarians and scholiasts, as Maltby did.
ARCUS: Isidore's etymology of arcus from ar(tus) and cu(rvus) is far-fetched for 6.63-64, and runs contrary to M.'s firm belief that a syllable cannot be a unit of sense (1 n.1; 135).
F. Cairns, "Ancient Etymology and Tibullus: On the Classification of Etymologies and on Etymological Markers", PCPS 42 (1996) 24-59; J. O'Hara, Vergil and the Alexandrian Tradition of Etymologizing, Ann Arbor 1996.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-10-09.html   (2435 words)

  
 Etymologically Speaking...
This term, which comes from the French abricot--and was aubercot until the Fifteenth Century--does not have one simple etymology, but rather a combination of several, involving a considerable juxtaposition of ideas.
On the one hand, we have Portuguese albricoque, Spanish albaricoque and Italian albicocca, which all stem from the Arabic al barqouq or al birquq, for the Iberian Peninsula owed much to the Arab gardeners of Southern Spain (Andalusia).
The OED summarizes this original sense best, "The `fifth essence' of ancient and medieval philosophy, supposed to be the substance of which the heavenly bodies were composed, and to be actually latent in all things, the extraction of it by distillation or other methods being one of the great objects of alchemy."
www.westegg.com /etymology   (10441 words)

  
 The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville - Cambridge University Press
Isidore, Bishop of Seville, compiled the Etymologies (also known as the Origins) in the late teens and twenties of the seventh century, and left it nearly complete at his death in 636.
Etymologies Ⅴ.ⅹⅹⅹⅸ incorporates an abbreviated version of the chronicle; the fact that it uses materials found in the 626 version shows that the work dedicated to Sisebut before 621 was not the complete Etymologies as we now have it.
This is no mere topos of humility; nearly the whole work, in fact, consists of intricately woven excerpts and paraphrases of the works of earlier writers.
www.cup.cam.ac.uk /us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521837499&ss=exc   (4840 words)

  
 The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville - Cambridge University Press
It contains much lore of the late classical world beginning with the Seven Liberal Arts, including Rhetoric, and touches on hundreds of topics ranging from the names of God, the terminology of the Law, the technologies of fabrics, ships and agriculture to the names of cities and rivers, the theatrical arts, and cooking utensils.
Isidore provides etymologies for most of the terms he explains, finding in the causes of words the underlying key to their meaning.
This book offers a highly readable translation of the twenty books of the Etymologies, one of the most widely known texts for a thousand years from Isidore’s time.
www.cup.cam.ac.uk /us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521837499   (454 words)

  
 etymology definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta
Search for "etymology" in all of MSN Encarta
An etymology often shows the different forms the word has taken in passing from one language to another, and sometimes shows related words in other languages.
The words have the same spelling but different etymologies.
encarta.msn.com /dictionary_/etymology.html   (156 words)

  
 People of Gondor
Hirgon and another messenger were sent by Denethor, the Steward of Gondor, to seek the help of the Rohirrim in the coming battle against the forces of Sauron.
At the time of the War of the Ring, Ioreth was the eldest of the women who worked in the Houses of Healing in Minas Tirith.
Lothiriel was the daughter of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth; her mother's name is not known.
www.tuckborough.net /gondorians.html   (8001 words)

  
 German Etymologies
Work your way through the six brief lessons of the tutorial to learn about the etymological approach.
This tutorial will help you increase your knowledge of German vocabulary by learning about the etymologies of German words.
Use the etymological dictionary to look up the etymology of a specific word you are having trouble remembering, or just browse the entries for fun.
www.valpo.edu /foreignlang/Hilfsquelle/German_Etymologies.html   (61 words)

  
 The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It contains much lore of the late classical world beginning with the Seven Liberal Arts, including Rhetoric, and touches on hundreds of topics ranging from the names of God, the terminology of the Law, the technologies of fabrics, ships and agriculture to the names of cities and rivers, the theatrical arts, and cooking utensils.
Isidore provides etymologies for most of the terms he explains, finding in the causes of words the underlying key to their meaning.
This book offers a highly readable translation of the twenty books of the Etymologies, one of the most widely known texts for a thousand years from Isidore's time.
www.cambridge.org /us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521837499   (454 words)

  
 Folk etymologies   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Folk etymologies are sometimes funny, frequently confused, and most often interesting.
A few common or twice-told etymologies about place names include names supposedly taken from the side of a box of food, names created from randomly opening a book such as the Bible, names formed by accidentally spelling a word backwards, or names occurring due to post office error.
Whatever the reason, it's quite common for the folk imagination, especially when they have no idea about the real etymology, to concoct an interesting story about a place name.
www.siskiyous.edu /class/engl12/siskname.htm   (254 words)

  
 languagehat.com: SOME ETYMOLOGIES.
The words for "castrated rooster" in the languages above and a few others all come from the Latin capo/caponis/etc with different endings but the stem is capon- with an -n-; most such words have lost the -n- in the course of Latin-to-Portuguese evolution.
The French word means 'a protected path set in a dry ditch in a fortress' [most likely between two fortified walls], but the original Italian and Spanish meaning is given as 'capon cage' - probably the soldiers sheltering in the ditch, below some kind of roof, felt cooped up there like capons in a cage.
Because they have interesting etymologies, as the title of the post should make clear.
www.languagehat.com /archives/002563.php   (2882 words)

  
 Digital Analogue: Etymologies
It is the year 2104, and you are looking up a word in the dictionary---not to find out what it means, because everyone knows that---but to find its etymology.
Are etymologies normally allowed to trace back around to themselves?
And lest you think this is some obscure bit of techno-jargon, this article on the BBC uses the word ham without so much as a definition.
www.blahedo.org /blog/archives/000412.html   (202 words)

  
 Amazon.com: etymologies   (Site not responding. Last check: )
From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and Cultural Aspects of Semantic Structure (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) by Eve Sweetser (Paperback - Jul 1, 1991)
The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville by Stephen A. Barney, W. Lewis, J. Beach, and Oliver Berghof (Hardcover - Jul 3, 2006)
The first book of etymology, designed to promote precision in the use, and facilitate the acquisition of a knowledge of the English language.
www.amazon.com /s?ie=UTF8&keywords=etymologies&tag=icongroupinterna&index=blended&link_code=qs&page=1   (782 words)

  
 Tertullian : Ancient writers who knew his works
Etymologies VI, 19, 51 ff and VII, 2, 2 ff.
Etymologies VI, 19, 54 and VII, 3, 22
Etymologies XVIII, 27, 1ff; 33; 36, 1ff and 41, 3
www.tertullian.org /witnesses/witnesses.htm   (1303 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Function of the Research Department; etymologies of three terms
There is one nonessential Javascript in this page to automatically load a page as soon as it is chosen in the menu (without needing to hit a button).
] Abstract: Two questions: (1) what is the function of the Research Department, and (2) etymologies of the three terms "world of exemplars," "'álam," and "barzakh.
bahai-library.com /?file=uhj_research_department_etymologies   (917 words)

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