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Topic: European Common Market


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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  
  Encyclopedia: European Common Market
The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community.
European Communities is the name given collectively to the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC), and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), when in 1967, they were first merged under a single institutional framework with the Merger Treaty.
The Treaty of Amsterdam enlarged the scope of the authority of the European Community by transferring to it the areas of illegal immigration, visas, and political asylum from the third pillar (then called Justice and Home Affairs).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/European-Common-Market   (516 words)

  
 European Community - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
European Communities is the name given collectively to the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC), and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), when in 1968, they were first merged under a single institutional framework with the Merger Treaty.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was an organization established (1958) by treaty between Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany, known informally as the Common Market.
It was for a time proposed that the European Constitution should repeal the Euratom treaty, in order to terminate the legal personality of Euratom at the same time as that of the European Community, but this was not included in the final version.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/European_Common_Market   (628 words)

  
 European Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The European Union or the EU is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 25 European countries, known as member states.
A key activity of the EU is the establishment and administration of a common single market, consisting of a customs union, a single currency (adopted by 12 of the 25 member states), a Common Agricultural Policy, a common trade policy, and a Common Fisheries Policy.
Supporters of the European Union argue that the growth of the EU is a force for peace and democracy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/EU   (5206 words)

  
 European Market
The elaboration of rules of trade and exchange through European law, and the highly progressive tendency of the EU to intervene to protect workers, firms and consumers from the operation of an ‘unfettered’ market, all point towards the positive construction of a socialised economy distinct on the global stage.
Another fertile area for research on European integration would be the move towards disaggregating sociologically (and spatially) the measurements of the actual transactions and flows that (presumably) constitute the macro-economic data about, say, trade or GDP by which by which market integration is typically reckoned.
Studies of European identity are one way this has been operationalised (often using data produced to this end by the European institutions), but new qualitative research is needed on the novel social/spatial trajectories experienced by a new generation of European citizens.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /soc/faculty/favell/jens.htm   (2203 words)

  
 European Community -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the (Click link for more info and facts about Treaty of Rome) Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community.
The Maastricht treaty turned the European Communities as a whole into the first of (Click link for more info and facts about three pillars) three pillars of the European Union, also known as the Community Pillar or Communities Pillar.
It was for a time proposed that the European Constitution should repeal that treaty, in order to terminate the legal personality of Euratom at the same time as that of the European Community, but this was not included in the final version.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/e/eu/european_community.htm   (423 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: United States Department of State Press Statement: The European Common Market And The Free ...
The common market would involve the elimination of substantially all of the barriers to trade among these six countries and the establishment by them of a common external tariff toward outside countries.
The European market for agricultural exports from the United States is important, and we will wish therefore to study carefully the possible impact of common-market arrangements on it.
The United States hopes that such free-trade-area arrangements as may be concluded among the proposed common market, the United Kingdom, and other OEEC countries would also encourage the expansion of international trade from which all of the free-world countries, and not only those participating in the common market and free trade area, would benefit.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1957-ecc-efta-us.html   (655 words)

  
 Thailand Law Forum: Free Movement of Goods within EU.
European Union (EU), formerly called European Economic Community (EEC) or European Common Market, came into existence on March 25, 1957 at the conclusion of the Treaty of Rome or EEC Treaty or latterly called EC Treaty.
The first obstacle is the interpretation of the European Court of Justice (the ECJ) on the general provisions concerning free movement of goods in the EC Treaty, especially on the general provisions of technical barriers under Article 28 (formerly 30) and Article 29 (formerly 34).
The internal market shall comprise an area without internal frontiers in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty.
www.thailawforum.com /articles/saravuth.html   (3016 words)

  
 The objective of the course is twofold
Students are expected to acquire a basic knowledge and understanding of the fundamental legal principles governing the European Common Market.
In addition, they are expected to gain insights into the dynamics of the processes establishing this Common Market.
An in house text (M. Cases and Materials on the Common Market, ± 270 p.) presents numerous excerpts from decisions of the European Court of Justice, European legislation, as well as scholarly articles on different aspects of the Common Market.
docent.hogent.be /~lf169/CECM.htm   (209 words)

  
 Professor Paul Herbig
Europe 1992: What it is: The European Single Act which was adopted in 1987 reaffirmed the member countries’ commitment to an European Union; provided for institutional reforms involving the European Council, European Parliament, European Supreme Court, and the Council of Ministers; and provided for initiatives for a single internal market.
The success of the Common Market was a major incentive for the Eastern European nations in their drive towards true independence, capitalism and democracy during the winter of 1989.
The success of the European Common Market is in many ways a result of NATO and its member nations uniting against a common enemy.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Delphi/9158/kwurei16.html   (2852 words)

  
 Paul Herbig's Working Papers
Why The Common Market Worked and Europe 1992 Will be a Success There are a multitude of reasons why the European Community of twelve Western European countries has been so successful and why the successor post-1992 European Market will likewise be an economic powerhouse.
Eighth and lastly, all Europeans, especially the Germans, have subjugated their nationalistic tendencies to that of the common good of Europe through such organizations as NATO, the Common Market, and other economic trade agreements.
Prerequisites for the Common Market of the Pacific Rim Some prerequisites for a successful Common Market of the Pacific Rim can be gathered from the observations concerning the factors behind the success of the current European Community: 1) One country can not dominate, especially Japan: there needs to be a balance of power.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Delphi/9158/paper14.html   (5026 words)

  
 European Economic Community. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The EEC was the most significant of the three treaty organizations that were consolidated in 1967 to form the European Community (EC; known since the ratification [1993] of the Maastricht treaty as the European Union).
In 1958, Britain proposed that the Common Market be expanded into a transatlantic free-trade area.
After the proposal was vetoed by France, Britain engineered the formation (1960) of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and was joined by other European nations that did not belong to the Common Market.
www.bartleby.com /65/eu/EuropnEC.html   (343 words)

  
 Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - Common European market is still some way off   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Despite increased regulation on a national level, a common market on a European level was still far from being realized, said the study, called "European Energy Markets Deregulation Observatory."
Germany and the UK were also the only countries to have fully liberalized their power markets, the study noted.
But it is not being used to even out prices between the different European countries, the study said.
www.gasandoil.com /goc/news/nte31689.htm   (204 words)

  
 1975 Referendum pamphlet
Another anxiety expressed about Britain's membership of the Common Market is that Parliament could lose its supremacy, and we would have to obey laws passed by unelected 'faceless bureaucrats' sitting in their headquarters in Brussels.
On April 9, 1975, the House of Commons voted by 396 to 170 in favour of staying in on the new terms.
Whether we are in the Market or not, Common Market policies are going to affect the lives of every family in the country.
www.harvard-digital.co.uk /euro/pamphlet.htm   (2595 words)

  
 Common Foreign Policy / European Union - Andean Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
According to that Declaration, the dialogue would center on biregional and international issues of common interest, to be addressed at meetings between the Chairman of the Andean Council of Presidents, the EU Presidency, and the President of the Commission, when convenient, as well as between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, other Ministers and government officials.
It also provided for the possible renewal of the system of preferences for the 2005-2014 decade, depending on the results of an evaluation, particularly of the observance by the beneficiary countries of ILO core labor standards, their performance in the war on drugs and their effective utilization of the preferences during the 2002-2004 period.
During the meetings held within the framework of the political dialogue, the Andean Community and the European Union studied, at the proposal of the Andean countries, the possibility of negotiating an Association Agreement to strengthen the political, economic, social and cultural ties between the two regions.
www.comunidadandina.org /ingles/common/europa.htm   (1806 words)

  
 The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic prosperity and contributing to "an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe".
Coursework and Essays: By Subject: Economics: The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic prosperity and contributing to "an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe"
Below is a short sample of the essay "The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic prosperity and contributing to "an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe".".
www.coursework.info /i/20584.html   (373 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Germany - Germany in the European Community - The European Single Market | German Information Resource
The Federal Republic was often termed the EC's "paymaster." Its net contribution to the EC budget was often four times as large as the next-largest contribution because West Germany never drew as heavily as such states as France or the poorer Mediterra nean countries on either the agricultural or the developmental support programs.
Many ministries have their own direct links to the EU bureaucracy in Brussels, and the German government has occasionally spoken with several voices at different levels until the problems were brought to the attention of senior officials in Bonn and priorities were establish ed.
Once Germany was united, it remained among the European states the most determined to implement the conditions of the European Single Market.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/germany/germany115.html   (2283 words)

  
 Mod the Market: Innovations in Commerce - Escape from "Videoland"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In his 1970 essay GLOBAL GROOVE AND THE VIDEO COMMON MARKET, Nam June Paik evokes an environment where video images are owned, copyrighted, and are therefore unable to live up to their communicative potential.
Paik's Video Common Market never had its Treaty of Rome- unlike the European Common Market it was never ratified into a concrete reality.
As Global Groove and his writing on the Video Common Market show’s us however is that lawyers may be looking for creative legal solutions to such questions, but as usual, it is the artist who can first point the exits from 'Videoland' mentalities.
cordova.asap.um.maine.edu /~wagora/w-agora/view.php?site=distributedcreativity&bn=distributedcreativity_eyeweek5&key=1071509285   (947 words)

  
 Toward A Pan-American Energy Community? by L. Ronald Scheman - The Globalist > > Global Energy
The architects of the European Common Market — Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman — set the basis for a regime by which Europe's coal and steel resources would be managed cooperatively in order to ensure access to all community nations.
The energy markets of the Western Hemisphere hold one of the keys to a new relationship among the nations of the Americas.
Just as the European Coal and Steel Community was a catalyst for the European Union, so a new American energy community joining public and private sectors can fuel the building of Greater America.
www.theglobalist.com /DBWeb/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=3855   (1422 words)

  
 Better Off Out
During the 1975 referendum, when the British people voted to stay in the Common Market, the Labour Government sent a leaflet to every household in the land, saying: "There was a threat to employment in Britain from the movement in the Common Market towards an Economic and Monetary Union.
These amendments were: the Single European Act of 1985, the Treaty on European Union 'Maastricht' - of 1992, and the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997, (collectively referred to as the 'Treaty of Rome').
Of all the Treaty changes, the Single European Act has turned out to be the most destructive, because it set up the Single Market (not to be confused with the former Common Market) and gave control of our industry, commerce and environment to majority voting in Brussels.
home.freeuk.net /englewitness/boo/boo_a.htm   (606 words)

  
 Letter intencyjny
Polish companies and enterprises will gain unlimited access to the European Common Market – the second market in the world where live 1/10 population of the world.
It means that European companies and enterprises will be able to sell their products and services in Poland with no obstacles and to expand their activities to the neighbouring markets.
Making use of the fact of accession to the European Common Market the partners of the “Cieślikowski” company have made a decision to gain a solid investor.
www.brhusa.com /cieslikowski.htm   (223 words)

  
 Publishers Marketing Association - Newsletter
Such a union represents a single market for social, agricultural, and fiscal policies as well as the development of a single monetary currency.
As I also mentioned in that earlier article, the EU requires that when a deal is made in one territory, the licensee shall have the right to sell the book in all member states as well.
If you enter into a contract after January 1, 1999, and your contract provides either that you are paid or must pay in a foreign currency, there should be a provision included stating that payment may be made in Euros at the same rate of exchange as for the previous indigenous currency.
www.pma-online.org /scripts/shownews.cfm?id=369   (1079 words)

  
 European Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In April, 1980, she blocks a European summit when she fails to get what she wants.
JUNE 1990 - Thatcher is isolated again at a European summit, opposing moves towards economic and monetary union (EMU) including plans for a single European currency.
European Union imposes a worldwide export ban on British beef.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/N_Prag/ra1sum03.htm   (582 words)

  
 Julia R. Blue, The Celtic Tiger Roars Defiantly: Corporation Tax in Ireland and Competition Within the European Union, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As economic and political accord within the European Union (EU) becomes more and more of a reality, the whole that is the European Common Market struggles to maintain a unity that overrides almost inevitable tensions created by the strong cultural personalities of its parts.
In order to advance the Common Market and minimize distortion of competition between the Member States, Title V of the EC Treaty discourages economic subsidies or taxes that impact certain sectors or industries.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has endorsed the application of the doctrine of direct effect, which presumes that Community legal norms are the "law of the land in the sphere of application of Community law."
www.law.duke.edu /journals/djcil/articles/DJCIL10P443.HTM   (8127 words)

  
 ipedia.com: European Community Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The European Community is the 1st 'Pillar' of the European Union, an international organization founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome.
The European Community (EC) is the 1st 'Pillar' of the European Union, an international organization founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome.
Along with the 2nd (Common Foreign and Security Policy) and 3rd (Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters) Pillars, where member states maintain a veto over many policy decisions, the Community makes up the European Union.
www.ipedia.com /european_community.html   (189 words)

  
 Dairy Foods: All about Arla - Arla Ekonomisk Forening gears up for European Common Market
The Arla Group was rounded in 1915, and today has 12,000 farmer members, 6,000 employees and 30 plants throughout the central and southern regions of the country, including Stockholm.
The European Market was not the only force changing the face of the Swedish dairy industry last year.
In the European arena, Arla recently purchased 50 percent of Enigheden, a Danish dairy.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3301/is_n2_v94/ai_13995750   (1021 words)

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