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Topic: European Free Trade Association


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In the News (Wed 20 Aug 14)

  
  European Free Trade Association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The EFTA Surveillance Authority performs the European Commission's role as "guardian of the treaties" for the EFTA countries, while the EFTA Court performs the European Court of Justice's role for those countries.
However, during the negotiations for the EEA agreement, the European Court of Justice informed the Council of the European Union by way of letter that they considered that giving the EU institutions powers with respect to non-EU member states would be a violation of the treaties, and therefore the current arrangement was developed instead.
The EFTA Secretariat is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/European_Free_Trade_Association   (818 words)

  
 European Economic Area - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was designed to allow EFTA countries to participate in the European Single Market without having to join the EU.
Instead, the Swiss are linked to the European Union by Swiss-EU bilateral agreements, with a different content from that of the EEA agreement.
So, the current members, contracting parties, are three of the four EFTA states - Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, without Switzerland - the European Union and the 25 EU Member States.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/European_Economic_Area   (293 words)

  
 [No title]
EFTA is served by three institutions: the EFTA Secretariat, the EFTA Surveillance Authority and the EFTA Court.
At its Headquarters in Geneva the EFTA Secretariat serves the EFTA Council and its substructure in implementing the EFTA Convention and free trade agreements worldwide.
In Brussels, the Secretariat serves the EFTA Standing Committee and its substructure, the EEA Joint Committee and the EEA Council in implementing the EEA Agreement providing for the extension of the EC Internal Market to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
www.efta.int   (348 words)

  
 European Free Trade Association
EFTA was established in 1960 by Austria, Denmark, Great Britain, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and Switzerland.
EFTA began with two goals: to establish free trade among members and to seek a broader economic union with the rest of Western Europe.
EFTA members Austria, Finland, and Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but in Norway the voters rejected a similar move.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0817890.html   (359 words)

  
 Ch22
The APEC nations have agreed to a target for free trade among the countries in the region by the year 2020 or by 2010 in the case of trade between developed countries in the region.
This trade diversion is a cost to both the importing country, as the foreign exchange cost of imports from the preferred partner is higher than from the efficient supplier, and to the world at large, as resources are not ideally allocated on the basis of comparative cost.
Nevertheless the agricultural sector is bound to be profoundly affected by the existence of free trade with neighbouring countries.
www.fao.org /docrep/v6800e/V6800E0n.htm   (3027 words)

  
 International Economics Glossary: E
A term, in trade negotiations, for agreeing to accept the results of a portion of the negotiations before the rest of the negotiations are completed.
Since in trade models, trade itself is endogenous, the effects associated with a change in trade depend on what caused it.
EFTA was established in 1960 among Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
www-personal.umich.edu /~alandear/glossary/e.html   (4329 words)

  
 United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) - UNECE
Other Western European Countries did not wish to commit themselves to such large-scale co-operation, and seven non-members of the EEC (Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) started to negociate a free trade area among themselves.
By the Stockholm Convention, Which came into force on May 3, 1960, the founders of EFTA agreed to the establishment of a multilateral association for the removal of trade barriers and the promotion of closer co-operation between the members of the OEEC, including members of the EEC.
EFTA unites in one free trade area the markets of its member countries, as a means of working towards a sustained growth in economic activity and a continous improvement in living standards in EFTA countries, and of contributing to the growth of world trade.
www.unece.org /cefact/trafix/eftastr.htm   (421 words)

  
 The European Free Trade Association (from international trade) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
At the same time that the EEC was being organized in the 1950s, Great Britain sought to organize a free trade area that would include 17 member countries of the Organization for European Economic Co-operation.
The ICFTU was formed in 1949 by Western trade union federations that had withdrawn from the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) after bitter disagreements with the communist-led unions in the WFTU.
Association informing trade union groups about the European affairs that influence the trade union policy and its application, and conducting related academic research.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-61744   (950 words)

  
 Project on International Courts and Tribunals
The European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA) was established in 1960 to remove trade barriers between its member States; currently those members are Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
The EFTA Court is entrusted with monitoring the obligations of those EFTA States which have ratified the EEA Agreement (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway, but not Switzerland) and the functioning of the ESA under EEA law.
Similarly, according to the EC Statute, the EFTA States and the EFTA Surveillance Authority are represented before the ECJ, and when a national court in EC Member States requests a preliminary ruling from that court, the EFTA states shall be notified and allowed to submit statements of case or written observations to the Court.
www.pict-pcti.org /courts/EFTA.html   (548 words)

  
 The ICFAI Journal of International Business Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Preferential and Free Trade Agreements between European Union and developing countries (and neighboring countries) including the Balkan countries in Europe are meant for increasing economic integration through improved access to the EU market.
This positive approach among the member nations of WTO has definitely prevented the threats against the multilateral trading system, which might arise in the form of proliferation of preferential trading arrangements on a regional basis or the members resorting to anti-dumping measures for which no protection is available under WTO rules.
This support is to enhance the transparency, predictability and consistency in the application of Trade regulations and procedures for international Trade for the benefit of the members, especially developing and least developed countries.
www.icfai.org /ils/IJIBL_nov.asp   (1209 words)

  
 Regional and Bilateral Initiatives
A free trade agreement with EFTA was supported by a broad cross-section of Canadians (business, provinces and NGOs).
The Canada-EFTA FTA is expected to be a "first-generation" agreement with emphasis on tariff elimination and trade facilitation.
EFTA countries are developed, modern economies, offering state-of-the-art technology as well as significant potential markets for competitive Canadian exporters.
www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca /tna-nac/efta-en.asp   (344 words)

  
 Mexico-EFTA Free Trade Agreement
Mexico, part of the North American Free Trade Agreement with the United States and Canada, signed a far-reaching free trade pact with the 15-nation EU in July of this year.
The free trade agreement provides for dismantling most trade barriers between the two jurisdictions by 2010.
EFTA nations' banks, insurers, and other service providers will enjoy the same conditions in Mexico as those accorded the EU.
www.thunderlake.com /mexefta.html   (191 words)

  
 Wikinfo | European Free Trade Association
The treaty was signed on January 4, 1960 in Stockholm and is known as the Stockholm Convention.
Norwegians have rejected in a vote to join the EU on two occasions, at the time of the first election (1972) their historical and geographical neighbours the Danes joined.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=EFTA   (691 words)

  
 European Free Trade Association - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about European Free Trade Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Of the original EFTA members, Britain and Denmark left in 1972 to join the European Community (EC), as did Portugal in 1985;; Austria, Finland, and Sweden joined the European Union (EU) in 1995.
A further pact signed in October 1991 provided for the creation of a European Economic Area (EEA) in 1994, allowing EFTA greater access to the EC market.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /European+Free+Trade+Association   (163 words)

  
 The Bruges Group   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He sits on the European Parliament’s Constitutional Affairs Committee, and was the first person in Britain to call for a referendum on the EU constitution.
Its regulatory bodies are the EFTA Surveillance Authority, which is the equivalent of the European Commission, and the EFTA Court, analogous to the European Court of Justice (ECJ).
EFTA comes close to realising the dispensation that most British voters always wanted from Europe: free trade without unnecessary regulation or political union.
www.brugesgroup.com /mediacentre/index.live?article=10488   (3262 words)

  
 European Free Trade Association --  Encyclopædia Britannica
cooperative economic arrangement formed in 1991 between the European Communities (EC) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), two trade associations having different member nations; created world's largest (by volume) free-trade zone; EC and EFTA had similar views of trade policy, chief difference lay in their ideas of national sovereignty; after 1986 EC was...
Associations of young people for both political and economic purposes have existed since at least the first part of the 19th century.
Argues that free trade creates at least as many jobs as it takes away and enhances living standards for the vast majority of Americans.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9033270?&query=european   (1015 words)

  
 Al-Ahram Weekly | Promoting Egyptian exports   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The seminar was attended by Minister of Supply and Trade Ahmed Guweili and businesswomen and representatives of exporters and chambers of commerce.
Guweili also said that trade negotiations were under way with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the EU and the US.
The trading point in Cairo is connected via the Internet to 36 similar points around the world and Egypt also has 60 trade offices across the globe which provide Egyptian exporters and investors with information about world markets.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /1998/408/ec12.htm   (335 words)

  
 The EFTA Secretariat
European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is an intergovernmental organisation promoting free trade and strengthening economic relations.
The EFTA Secretariat supports the Member States in managing the EFTA free trade area, the EFTA participation in the European Economic Area (EEA) and EFTA's network of free trade agreements.
The EFTA Secretariat is headquartered in Geneva, with an Office in Brussels, and a Statistical Office in Luxembourg.
secretariat.efta.int   (327 words)

  
 ARCHIVE OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION - EU Subject: European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Report from the Commission to the Council Concerning the Unification of Rules of Origin in Preferential Trade between the Community, the Central and East European Countries and the EFTA countries.
The Community and the EFTA Countries, Implementation of the Joint Declaration Issued in Luxembourg on 9 April 1984.
First Memorandum from the Commission of the European Economic Community to the Council of Ministers of the Community (pursant to the decision of the Council of 3.
aei.pitt.edu /view/eusubjects/H002008002.html   (322 words)

  
 Bedin - The European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
EFTA is an international organisation comprising four states: The Republic of Iceland, The Principality of Liechtenstein, The Kingdom of Norway and the Swiss Confederation.
EFTA has headquarters in Geneva and offices in Brussels and Luxembourg.
1: Monitoring and management of relationships between the EFTA States on the basis of the EFTA Convention which is the legal basis of the Association.
www.bedin.no /php/d_emneside_eng/cf/hPKey_1782/hParent_23/hDKey_2   (137 words)

  
 GEsource - Search Results for   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is an international organisation promoting free trade and economic integration.
The EFTA Convention established a free trade area among its Member States, Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Iceland in 1960.
EFTA also has free trade agreements with other countries and importantly is linked to the EU through the European Economic Area.
www.gesource.ac.uk /roads/cgi-bin/fullrecordsql.pl?handle=200424-14396   (128 words)

  
 European Free Trade Association. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
(EFTA), customs union and trading bloc; its current members are Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
This group was known through the 1960s as the “outer seven” as opposed to the “inner six” members of the European Economic Community (EEC, or Common Market; after 1967 part of the European Community [EC], which is now the European Union [EU]).
It was organized largely on the initiative of Great Britain in an attempt to solve economic problems posed by the development of the EEC and Britain’s exclusion from it.
www.bartleby.com /65/eu/EuropnFTA.html   (317 words)

  
 Poland -- The 2002 Index of Economic Freedom, The Heritage Foundation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Poland is implementing reforms to deregulate, increase transparency, and promote competition in anticipation of its accession to the European Union, but these reforms remain a work in process.
Poland's trade policy and capital flows and foreign investment scores are both 1 point worse this year.
According to the World Bank, Poland's weighted average tariff rate in 2000 (the most recent year for which World Bank data are available) was 7.4 percent, up from the 3.11 percent reported in the 2002 Index.
cf.heritage.org /index/country.cfm?ID=118.0   (1106 words)

  
 trade association
trade association, group of business people in the same trade or industry organized for the advancement of common interests.
The common interests binding the members of the trade association may include credit, public relations, relations with employees, sales development, output, or prices.
European Free Trade Association - European Free Trade Association (EFTA), customs union and trading bloc; its current members are...
www.factmonster.com /ce6/bus/A0849221.html   (157 words)

  
 GRAIN | Fight for rights | Bilateral agreements imposing TRIPS-plus intellectual property rights on biodiversity in ...
[15]Interim agreement on trade and trade-related matters between the European Community, of the one part, and the Republic of Lebanon, of the other part, Official Journal of the European Communities L 262/2 of 30 September 2002 http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_article=414.
[17]Euro-Mediterranean Interim Association Agreement on trade and cooperation between the European Community, of the one part, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the benefit of the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, of the other part, Official Journal L 187 of 16 July 1997, p.
Berne Declaration and 3 other groups from the European Free Trade Association countries (Finland, Iceland, Lichtenstein and Switerland) are campaigning against TRIPS-plus agreements pushing patents on life from their governments.
www.grain.org /rights/?id=68   (2307 words)

  
 The International Practice of the European Communities: Current Survey: VI. Opinions 1/91 On Opinion 1/91 and Opinion ...
For the sake of coherence between these various rulings, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice predating the Agreement's signature was incorporated into the Agreement and the Courts were to pay `due account' to each others' rulings.
The EEA was an international agreement foreseeing no transfer of sovereign rights and mainly concerned with free trade and competition in the Parties' economic relations.
Nor could the Court be called upon to deliver non-binding opinions at the EFTA courts' request, although nothing in the Treaty prevented the Community from expanding to third countries the Court's jurisdiction to give binding preliminary rulings.
www.ejil.org /journal/Vol4/No3/sr1-05.html   (1269 words)

  
 Financial Dictionary — Meaning for European Free Trade Association
One of a number of agreements by groups of European countries to promote liberal trade practices.
EFTA comprises Austria, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Switzerland.
In 1994 this group, with the exception of Switzerland, joined with the European Union to form the European Economic Area.
www.anz.com /edna/dictionary.asp?action=content&content=european_free_trade_association   (139 words)

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