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Topic: European dark bee

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  BIBBA Bee Improvement and Bee breeding Association - honey bee conservation
The Caucasian bee is noteworthy for the length of its proboscis, being the longest of all the mellifera races.
The wintering capabilities of the Dark bee are excellent; although colony size is at all times moderate, and the winter cluster is small, heat is conserved by the tightness of the cluster and the large bodies and long overhair of the bees.
The native bee of the British Isles is renowned for the whiteness of the sealed honeycomb.
www.angus.co.uk /bibba/bibborig.html   (7113 words)

 Honey Bee - a garden friend
Young workers are called house bees and work in the hive doing comb construction, brood rearing, tending the queen and drones, cleaning, temperature regulation (by beating their wings) and defending the hive.
The honeycomb, which is formed at the centre of the hive, consists of flat vertical panels of six-sided cells made of beeswax; it is produced from glands on the underside of the abdomens of young workers between 12 and 15 days old.
Bees have had to adapt to the many changes to the flora of the British Isles as agricultural practices have changed.
www.dgsgardening.btinternet.co.uk /bee.htm   (1103 words)

 Urban IPM: Insects: Bees, Hornets, and Wasps: Honey Bees and Africanized Bees   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Africanized bee is a hybrid of the African and European honeybee.It is almost identical in appearance to the European subspecies of honeybee and identification requires microscopic measurements or DNA analysis in a laboratory.
The new bees however produced less honey and due to their highly defensive nature they were kept in a box with queen excluders (slats that allow only the smaller workers to fly out), to stop them ever reproducing in the wild.
In the wild honey bees commonly build their hives in tree cavities, hidden away from predators, however, very few wild honey bees are left due to a pest known as the varroa mite and the large majority of existing honey bees are kept in apiaries.
ag.arizona.edu /urbanipm/insects/bees/honeybees.html   (2560 words)

 Buckeye Bee Basic Beekeeping Course: Beekeeping Class   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bees have a tendency to drift into a hive that is not their own and this is true of hives in a straight row.
Bees have an excellent sense of smell with chemoreceptors in their antennae and are attracted to particular fragrances.
European foulbrood (EFB) is a bacterial disease of larvae.
www.buckeyebee.com /basic.html   (9442 words)

 The Monk and the Honeybee
The native dark bee, the Northern variant of the "apis mellifera-mellifera", had proved to be extremely vulnerable to the trachea mite.
Bees are not kept for their color, but for their productivity." From Krain, Brother Adam went next to the nearby KŠrnten and the Steiermark and subsequently to the Ligurian Alps, where the approach of winter prevented him from completing all the work he had planned.
This unusual race of bees is found in a group of oases lying between the Atlas Mountains in the North-West and the Sahara desert in the South and East.
www.rweaver.com /adam.html   (8070 words)

 BeeSource.com | POV | Wenner | The Honey Bees of Santa Cruz Is.
During the colonial period, the dark European bee ("German" bee), Apis mellifera mellifera, was the primary bee of commerce (1500-1850).
The frequent swarming habit of dark European bees, favored by beekeepers before moveable frame hives were available, resulted in their rapid spread throughout the eastern United States during the next 200 years.
While dark European bees were being introduced into California, another development began in 1851, one that changed both beekeeping and the bee of commerce.
www.beesource.com /pov/wenner/bcmay1993.htm   (1723 words)

The purpose of this journey was to search out the possible remaining ecotypes of the dark bee which had been native to Europe since the last Ice Age, "an undertaking which proved to be too late and hopeless".
People in France, Switzerland and Austria were of course mainly interested in the varieties of the dark, central European bee which still existed in nature, but also in the Carnica, 70 different ecotypes of which were tested in the Buckfast apiary over the years.
This research journey was split into two parts (between whiles there was urgent work to be done with his own bees), and Brother Adam decided to end it with a visit to the German institutes, who were mainly concerned at that time with changing to the Carnica bee from Austria.
www2.vo.lu /homepages/apisjungels/page114.html   (392 words)

 Books about bees - bargain sale now on
This is a collection of ten important papers by bee experts from five West European countries presented to the 1981 BIBBA Conference in Celle, Germany.
Griff Jenkins a noted bee breeder of Welsh bees describes and illustrates his proven methods of raising top quality queens using grafting methods.
The rationale behind a bee breeding programme for improvement of honeybee colonies is given together with a detailed description of simplified morphometric techniques which can be used to identify honeybee races or sub species.
www.angus.co.uk /bibba/bibba_books.html   (452 words)

 Protect your Pets and Livestock   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Honey bees are about 5/8-inch long, brown, hairy insects with fl encircling their abdomen, giving them a subtle striped appearance.
Africanized honey bees are known as the so-called "killer bees" because they defend their nests more readily (with less provocation), and in larger numbers than the European honey bee, so there is a greater chance of receiving many stings.
This means the honey bee dies after it stings, but also that the stinger may continue to inject venom for up to a minute or until the stinger is remove.
gears.tucson.ars.ag.gov /ahb/animals.html   (797 words)

 AFRICANIZED HONEY BEES Honey Bees In The United States Honey bees are not native to the Am
AFRICANIZED HONEY BEES Honey Bees In The United States Honey bees are not native to the Am AFRICANIZED HONEY BEES Honey Bees In The United States Honey bees are not native to the Am Honey Bees In The United States Honey bees are not native to the Americas.
Disposing of Africanized honey bee swarms and feral colonies: The increase in the number of swarms that normally accompanies the Africanization of an area and the greater public awareness of all honey bees means there will be more requests for assistance to dispose of unwanted colonies.
European bees, quite literally, will starve to death located beside an AHB colony that is bringing in enough resources to survive.
www.skepticfiles.org /faq/ahb.htm   (5280 words)

 Biology - Bee Behavior
The Italian bee is light yellowish or brown with alternating stripes of brown and fl on the abdomen.
Carniolans are dark bees similar to Caucasians in appearance, except they often have brown spots or bands on the abdomen.
Colonies with bees that try to sting each time they are examined, or that hover repeatedly around the bee veil even after the colony is closed, are not ideal for the urban setting.
maarec.cas.psu.edu /bkCD/Startkeeping/Starting.html   (2681 words)

 The Dark European Bee In Ireland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This bee improvement group was formed at a meeting of local beekeepers at Glengarra Wood on Monday 30th December 1991.
Very little smoke is required to subdue the bees, they remain reasonably calm, and steady on the surface of the comb so that it is much easier to find the queen, or to spot queencells.
So far, we know very little about bee breeding but we are willing to learn a lot.We will work closely along BIBBA guidelines and we are willing to share information and experience with similar groups, which are being set up in various parts of Ireland and other European countries.
homepage.eircom.net /~eduard   (1824 words)

 Chart of Honey Bee Diseases and Afflictions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
light brown, dull white, dark brown, eventually coffee to dark brown,; sticky to ropey
fl-brown and rough, removed by bees wih difficulty; lies flat on lower side of cell
rubbery, fl-brown and smooth, are removed by bees with difficulty
www.kohala.net /bees/diseasechart.html   (167 words)

 Search Beekeeping Web Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Conservation of the European Dark Bee Apis mellifera mellifera.
By organising lectures and producing publications, the association enables beekeepers, bee scientists and others interested in bees to keep in touch with the latest research and ideas about bees and related topics.
The London Beekeepers Association is the amateur group for those in the London area who already keep bees, who are newcomers to the area, who are seeking instruction in beekeeping or merely wish to be linked to bees and beekeeping.
www.planbee.org.uk /cgi-bin/links/search.cgi?sort_field=url   (1212 words)

Bee & Bee Records released his long awaited European release DARK MATTER.
Bee & Bee Records should receive the final master by the end of September.
Bee & Bee Records has also the exclusive rights to distribute all Musea ( and related labels) in The Netherlands starting the 1st of December 1999.
www.geocities.com /SunsetStrip/Palladium/8009/pages/ac.news.html   (1371 words)

The group has aims that include the study, conservation, and improvement of the strains of the Dark European Bee (Apis mellifera mellifera L.) that are native to Ireland and the UK.
All aspects of breeding bees are pursued with vigour and great dedication by a membership that strives for excellence by educating it's members, and others, about the characteristics that should be present in order that the bees are docile and pleasant to handle as well as being productive honey gatherers.
Much of the work described on this website is based on breeding dark native strains of bee in Ireland, but the principles described can be applied to any other race or strain of bee providing that you already know the behavioural parameters for the pure bred bees of your chosen type.
www.gbbg.net   (236 words)

 Save the Laesoe Dark Bee (News from the BBKA)
Spread the message to all dark bee friends, not to forget professional institutions, in your country, eventually neighbour countries as well.
He has decided to allow other races of bees on the Island of Læsø as he say "To improve the previous arrangements" (in Danish "for at forbedre den hidtige indsats).
Ignore all international judgements on the importance of preserving the unique Black Bee which absorbs the suns rays better in northern Climates, and in fact is a lot older genetic version of the other honey bee varieties.
www.bbka.org.uk /news/news/world/save-the-laesoe-dark-bee.shtml   (747 words)

 The Dark European Bee Of Ireland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Georgie’s bees live in the nearest thing to a bee paradise, between the early flowering shrubs and the trees.
As it was a Sunday we did not meet any of the gardeners who maintain the garden in such a meticulous manner, involving planning, an eye for detail and a lot of hard work.
The bees flight path is past one of her windows and throughout the year she knows when the bees are flying.
homepage.eircom.net /~eduard/agm.htm   (1508 words)

 Bee Books and Beekeeping Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
All types of Beekeeping books can be purchased but most Beekeeping Associations have libraries of their own that members may borrow from.
The Personal Library information is far from complete, but it may give you insight into my previous reading, which has probably influenced my thinking.
De Bij en Imker (The Bee and Beekeeper)
www.dave-cushman.net /bee/book.html   (124 words)

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