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Topic: Evolutionary biology

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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  Evolutionary biology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolutionary biology is a subfield of population biology concerned with the origin and descent of species, as well as their change over time, i.e.
Evolutionary biology's frameworks of ideas and conceptual tools are now finding application in the study of a range of subjects from computing to nanotechnology.
Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Evolutionary_biology   (656 words)

 revised white paper 3/97
Evolutionary biology is the study of the history of life and the processes that lead to its diversity.
The science of evolutionary biology is the study of the history of life and of the processes that lead to its unity and diversity.
Evolutionary biology sheds light on phenomena studied in the fields of molecular biology, developmental biology, physiology, behavior, paleontology, ecology, and biogeography, complementing these disciplines' study of biological mechanisms with explanations based on history and adaptation.
www.rci.rutgers.edu /~ecolevol/fulldoc.html   (8412 words)

 Evolutionary Biology at S.D.S.U.
Evolutionary studies focus on both the patterns and processes of descent with modification, including factors that generate and maintain biodiversity.
This evolutionary pattern of descent, known as a phylogeny and represented in the form of a cladogram or phylogenetic tree, can be used as a direct means of classifying life.
In the Evolutionary Biology program area, phylogenetic studies are conducted of vascular plants, invertebrate groups, extinct and extant mammals, squamate reptiles, and birds.
www.bio.sdsu.edu /eb/eb.html   (1069 words)

 Introduction to Evolutionary Biology
Fitness, in an evolutionary sense, is the average reproductive output of a class of genetic variants in a gene pool.
Population genetics is a field of biology that attempts to measure and explain the levels of genetic variation in populations.
Evolutionary biologists say this indicates that all mammals are modified descendants of a common ancestor which had the same set of bones.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/faq-intro-to-biology.html   (15764 words)

 Reason: Biology vs. the Blank Slate: Evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker deconstructs the great myths about ...
Evolutionary psychologists such as Pinker argue that the human mind, like the human body, has been designed by natural selection through the process of biological evolution.
Insights from evolutionary psychology are dramatically transforming the ways in which political scientists, economists, anthropologists, social psychologists, linguists, and cultural studies critics think about social and political institutions.
Evolutionary psychologists argue that the brain is a physical system with built-in neural circuits designed to generate environmentally appropriate behavior.
reason.com /0210/fe.rb.biology.shtml   (4407 words)

 Evolutionary Epistemology
Evolutionary Epistemology is a naturalistic approach to epistemology, which emphasizes the importance of natural selection in two primary roles.
Evolutionary epistemology is the attempt to address questions in the theory of knowledge from an evolutionary point of view.
Evolutionary epistemology involves, in part, deploying models and metaphors drawn from evolutionary biology in the attempt to characterize and resolve issues arising in epistemology and conceptual change.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/epistemology-evolutionary   (5443 words)

There is apparently already a major shift underway in the attitudes of evolutionary and developmental biologists toward each other, with changes in the names of major journals, inclusions of chapters on evolutionary biology in embryology textbooks and vice versa, and so on.
This evolutionary developmental biology, or "evo-devo", is focused on the developmental genetic machinery that lies behind embryological phenotypes, which were all that could be studied in the past.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the fields of evolutionary biology and embryology were in an intellectual partnership, each field invigorated by data and ideas of the other field.
scienceweek.com /2003/sw030117.htm   (10255 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - Evolutionary Theory
EB refers to the collective disciplines of biology that treat the evolutionary process and the characteristics of populations of organisms, as well as ecology, behavior, and systematics.
Evolutionary Biology, widely used and translated into five other languages, were praised for their broad scope, synthetic overview, and even-handed treatment of controversial topics.
Papers for Systematic Biology are to be original contributions of theory, principles, and methods of systematics as well as evolution, morphology, biogeography, paleontology, genetics, and classification.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Areas/EB.html   (3889 words)

 Duke Biology: Undergraduate Studies : Areas of Concentration : Evolutionary Biology
Evolutionary Genetics and Genomics: Cunningham, Lutzoni, and Rausher
Thus evolutionary biology is both central and unifying for all of biology.
The Evolutionary Biology area of concentration provides the basic core knowledge for beginning graduate studies in evolutionary ecology, evolutionary developmental biology, evolution of behavior, evolutionary psychology, systematics, paleobiology, molecular evolution, evolutionary genetics, philosophy of biology, and both micro- and macroevolutionary studies generally.
www.biology.duke.edu /undergrad/conc/evolution.html   (411 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology Primer by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby
Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology, in which knowledge and principles from evolutionary biology are put to use in research on the structure of the human mind.
Three decades of progress and convergence in cognitive psychology, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience have shown that this view of the human mind is radically defective.
Evolutionary psychology can be thought of as the application of adaptationist logic to the study of the architecture of the human mind.
www.psych.ucsb.edu /research/cep/primer.html   (13222 words)

 Biology, Organismic and Evolutionary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The members of the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology (OEB) share a common interest in understanding the structure, function, and variation of biological systems.
The Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology does not admit students whose sole purpose is to study for the master of arts degree.
Paleontology and developmental biology; experimental analysis of the evolution of the complex regulatory regions of key developmental genes, molecular phylogenetic studies.
www.gsas.harvard.edu /programs/degree/oeb.html   (2767 words)

 The Talk.Origins Archive: Evolution FAQs
In evolutionary biology today macroevolution is used to refer to any evolutionary change at or above the level of species.
Critics of evolutionary theory very often misunderstand the philosophical issues of the speciality known as the philosophy of science.
The evolutionary history of the horse has been reinterpreted in recent years, but its record remains one of the most complete examples of species evolution that biologists have.
www.talkorigins.org /origins/faqs-evolution.html   (1031 words)

 Evolutionary Biology, Third Edition - Sinauer Associates, Inc.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Previous editions of Evolutionary Biology, widely used and translated into five other languages, were praised for their broad scope, synthetic overview, and even-handed treatment of controversial topics.
After introducing the historical, ecological, and genetic foundations of evolutionary study, the text progresses from the history of evolution as inferred from phylogeny and paleobiology, through the genetic mechanisms of evolutionary change and speciation, to the large, challenging themes of macroevolution, the evolution of diversity, and human evolution.
Abundant cross-referencing emphasizes the unity and coherence of evolutionary biology, highlighted text and a glossary provide easy access to definitions of technical terms, and an extensive bibliography provides interested readers with an entry into most of the topics embraced by evolutionary biology.
www.sinauer.com /detail.php?id=1899   (325 words)

 Committee On Evolutionary Biology
The Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago is a unique interdepartmental and inter-institutional graduate program for the study of Evolutionary Biology in its broadest sense.
The program is directed at students interested in the interdisciplinary study of evolutionary biology at time scales that range from single generations to the entire history of life and at all organizational scales on all evolutionary processes.
Graduate admissions is coordinated with the Departments of Organismal Biology and Anatomy (OBA) and Ecology and Evolution (E&E), the other members of the Darwinian Sciences "Graduate Cluster" and with other departments and committees on campus.
pondside.uchicago.edu /ceb   (196 words)

 Evolutionary Biology - About the Evolutionary Biology Unit
The Evolutionary Biology Unit was established in 1988 as a centre to apply techniques such as molecular analysis and scanning electron microscopy within different sections of the museum.
The unit is now equipped to perform a wide variety of investigations, with major equipment including an automated DNA sequencer and two scanning electron microscopes.
The principal current operational areas of the unit are molecular biology, allozyme electrophoresis, scanning electron microscopy and photomicrography.
www.amonline.net.au /evolutionary_biology   (79 words)

 CIAR's Evolutionary Biology Program Overview   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
CIAR's Evolutionary Biology Program is concerned with how life itself began - how genes and organisms first arose 3 to 4 billion years ago, and how they have subsequently evolved.
Membership is drawn from a range of disciplines including molecular biology, genetics, population biology, bacteriology, protozoology, botany, zoology, chemistry, biochemistry, mathematics, and computer science.
CIAR's Evolutionary Biology Program is well positioned to play a central role in one of the most exciting times in the history of this discipline.
megasun.bch.umontreal.ca /ciar/overview.html   (611 words)

 Evolutionary Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Central to evolutionary biology is the evolution of species, i.e., speciation.
The research group studies the evolutionary genetic mechanisms of population differentiation and reproductive isolation in the course of evolution.
We focus on the evolutionary consequences of infections with intracellular microorganisms on the mode of reproduction and speciation of spider mite hosts.
www.science.uva.nl /ibed/research/Research_Fields/eb/index_en.html   (575 words)

 Graduate School Directories - Evolutionary Biology
Some look at evolutionary biology in terms of ecology, studying the change in organisms and their environments.
Evolutionary biology has a variety of applications and facets and could be used to develop potential cures for diseases, to understand the workings of life, and consequently to improve technology.
Evolutionary biology can also provide a good foundation for those interested in becoming medical doctors or pursuing medical research.
www.gradschools.com /listings/menus/bio_evolution_menu.html   (254 words)

 EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY AND IDEOLOGY: THEN AND NOW   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
This is the metaphysical and methodological explanation for the fact that molecular biology is the queen of the biological sciences and the basis on which other biological (including human) sciences seek, ultimately, to rest their arguments.
In biology, many facts are related to concepts which are inescapably value-laden, and the same concepts are used sometimes directly, sometimes analogously-in the human and the socio-political sciences.
My point of view about the position of biology is, once again, in opposition to the mainstream of the philosophy of science, which is dominated by physics as the paradigm science and physicalism as the paradigm of explanation.
human-nature.com /rmyoung/papers/paper38h.html   (15745 words)

 Evolutionary biology panel
How evolutionary biology shapes our understanding of other areas of science, including genomics, was just one of the themes of a public panel discussion Feb. 10 associated with Ithaca's Darwin Day to celebrate Charles Darwin's birthday on Feb. 12.
Given the subject's breadth, panelists commented on how biology itself is becoming unified as evolutionary biology informs molecular and cell biology and genomics, and how those subjects are part of evolutionary studies.
She added that four-footed animals, fish and sharks all share myelinated (sheathed) neurons, jaws and antibodies, while "lampreys have none of these traits." A comparative genomics approach, in which a lamprey's genome might be compared with a shark's, may help researchers zero in on genes that are important, she said.
www.news.cornell.edu /stories/Feb06/Darwin_evol_panel.ksr.html   (603 words)

 The New Yorker: The Critics: Books
By the second revolution in evolutionary thought—the so-called Modern Synthesis of the nineteen-thirties and forties, when Darwin’s theory of evolution was fused with Mendel’s theory of genetics—development was left out in the cold.
And the Modern Synthesis, the second defining moment in the history of evolutionary biology, came close: it’s hard to think of evolution in the same way once you know that it has to obey the laws of Mendel’s genetics.
Despite the nearly irresistible romance of the scientific revolution, the history of evolutionary biology might end up looking a lot more like evo devo’s own history of the animal kingdom: a few radical innovations early on, followed by some intensely interesting tinkering.
www.newyorker.com /critics/books/articles/051024crbo_books1   (3329 words)

 Evolutionary Biology Resources
Evolutionary Biology and the National Research Agenda from the Society of American Naturalists
Jay Pitocchelli for distribution to students enrolled in Evolutionary Biology BI 25 at Saint Anselm College.
Students enrolled in Evolutionary Biology BI 25 at Saint Anselm College have permission to print this material for their lecture notes.
www.anselm.edu /homepage/jpitocch/resevol.html   (429 words)

 Case Western Reserve University - Evolutionary Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The program in Evolutionary Biology is designed to provide students with knowledge of macro- and micro-evolutionary processes underlying the evolution and diversification of life on Earth and an understanding of the meta-scientific issues involved in this unique field of study.
The program includes grounding in the history and philosophy of evolutionary thought and alternative conceptualizations of the mechanisms, patterns, and processes of evolution.
It emphasizes evolutionary theory, foundations of ecology and genetics, focused study of particular organisms or groups of organisms, and the dynamics of evolutionary principles in scientific inquiry.
www.cwru.edu /artsci/evolutionarybiology   (99 words)

 Department of Evolutionary Biology - Uppsala University
The Department of Evolutionary Biology is part of the Evolutionary Biology Centre of Uppsala University.
The Department runs a graduate research program in Evolutionary Genetics and we are also responsible for undergraduate education in genetics (basic level) and evolutionary genetics (advanced level).
Most of our research is done within research groups, with current expertise in behavioural genetics, conservation genetics, evolutionary genomics, molecular archaeology, molecular ecology and molecular evolution.
www.egs.uu.se /evbiol   (138 words)

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