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Topic: Evolutionary psychology

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In the News (Wed 19 Sep 18)

  Great Ideas in Personality--Evolutionary Psychology
Evolutionary psychology is an evolutionary approach to human nature.
Sociobiology (of which evolutionary psychology is a subfield that particularly concerns humans) can be thought of as having, like any research program, a "hard core" of problem solving strategies that provide possible answers to vexing research questions, and a "protective belt" of promising research questions to be addressed by providing actual answers to these questions.
This is a scholarly discussion of evolutionary psychology.
www.personalityresearch.org /evolutionary.html   (996 words)

  Evolutionary psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolutionary psychology is closely linked to sociobiology, but there are key differences between them including the emphasis on domain-specific rather than domain-general mechanisms, the relevance of measures of current fitness, the importance of mismatch theory, and psychology rather than behaviour.
Evolutionary psychology proposes that the majority of human psychological mechanisms are adapted to reproductive problems frequently encountered in Pleistocene environments, and therefore should occasionally exhibit “mismatches” to the modern environment, similar to the attachment patterns of ducks.
Evolutionary Psychology is grounded on the theory that fundamentally psychology is based on biology.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Evolutionary_psychology   (4226 words)

 Evolutionary psychology - Scholarpedia
Evolutionary psychology begins with the idea that the source of organized functional complexity observed in all living organisms is evolution by natural selection.
Evolutionary psychology does not hold that neural systems – or any aspect of the phenotype – will be present at birth, will develop independent of the properties of the environment, or will require no environmental input for proper development of the system in question.
Evolutionary psychology is committed to the view that there is a human nature, much as there is a flamingo nature, mosquito nature, or oak tree nature.
www.scholarpedia.org /article/Evolutionary_psychology   (3232 words)

 Evolutionary psychology
And though evolutionary accounts of human behavior and cultural phenomena are controversial, the development of the application of evolution to human behavior has become a growth industry, attracting the attention of scholars in many fields.
Evolutionary psychology does recognize, indeed emphasizes, the importance of individual development and historical contingencies in the behavioral expression of innate mechanisms.
The standard view is that evolutionary psychology avoids this by considering the human not as a “fitness maximizer” but as an “adaptation executer,” so that while fertility doesn’t “motivate” male preference in women, men have evolved in a manner that leads them to prefer features historically linked to fertility.
uwf.edu /npower/EvolPsych.htm   (3140 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology - Psychological Aspects of Human Evolution
Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology, in which knowledge and principles from evolutionary biology are put to use in research on the structure of the human mind.
To understand evolutionary psychology, it is necessary to have a basic understanding of genes, inheritance, and the principles of natural selection (go to the 4 principles of natural selection).
Whilst it has been long recognized that human morphology is a function of evolutionary selection, it is only more recently that human behavior and consciousness have come to be examined in light of their evolutionary adaptivity (Panksepp and Panksepp, 2000).
www.wilderdom.com /personality/L7-1EvolutionaryPsychology.html   (2536 words)

 Evolutionary psychology - encyclopedia article - Citizendium
Evolutionary psychology (abbreviated EP) is a theoretical approach to psychology that attempts to explain mental and psychological traits—such as memory, perception, or language—as adaptations, i.e., as the functional products of natural selection.
Evolutionary psychology is based on the belief that, just like hearts, lungs, livers, kidneys, and immune systems, cognition has functional structure that has a genetic basis, and therefore has evolved by natural selection.
The history of debate from the evolutionary psychology perspective is covered in detail by Segerstråle (2000) and Alcock (2001); also see a recent overview of EP with rebuttals to critics in Tooby, J. and Cosmides, L. Conceptual foundations of evolutionary psychology.
en.citizendium.org /wiki/Evolutionary_psychology   (4275 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology
Evolutionary psychology is the study of human cognitive structures and the resultant behaviors in the light of evolutionary theory.
Evolutionary psychology, simply put, is "psychology that is informed by the additional knowledge that evolutionary biology has to offer, in the expectation that understanding the process that designed the human mind will advance the discovery of its architecture" (Barkow, Cosmides and Tooby).
Evolutionary psychologists strive to identify mental adaptations, but if they cannot identify these adaptations and differentiate them from nonadaptations, there is no way to have a legitimate science of evolutionary psychology.
www.crumpled.com /cp/personal/ep.html   (3233 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology (EP)
Evolutionary Psychology (EP) is a growing field within psychology that looks at the human mind and behavior through the lens of evolution.
Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind by David Buss - A perfect intro college textbook on the subject that makes a great read for anyone interested in the basics of the field.
Evolutionary Psychiatry: A New Beginning by Anthony Stevens, John Price - Describes the emergence of Darwinian thought in the field of psychiatry, putting disorders ranging from depression to OCD to Borderline Personality Disorder to schizophrenia in an evolutionary context.
www.systemsthinker.com /interests/mind/evolpsych.shtml   (606 words)

 Evolutionary psychology
In relation to evolutionary psychology and the stated dual nature of human beings, and other beings, the concept of temporary discontinuity of existence is exposed.
If new approaches in cognitive psychology are correct and this capacity is configured mainly by genetic determining factors, students' efforts towards mathematical memory could be truly counterproductive given that these efforts generate a lot of tension and prevent the desirable use of normal memory and the understanding of its limits.
If the parallelism between computers evolution and brain evolution are deeply rooted, an interesting consequence in evolutionary psychology would be the confrontation of current theses of evolution by random mutation with the idea that an almost "perfect computer" like the human brain has been the fruit of something random.
www.molwick.com /en/brain/am0-600-evolutionary-psychology.html   (783 words)

 What is Evolutionary Psycholgy?
Evolutionary psychology is the approach of explaining human behavior based on the combination of evolutionary biology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the neurosciences.
Evolutionary psychology is not a specific sub field of psychology, such as the study of vision, reasoning, or social behavior.
Evolutionary psychology is the science that seeks to explain through universal mechanisms of behavior why humans act the way they do (See, Assumptions About EP to Help Guide You).
www.evoyage.com /Whatis.html   (3846 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology
Evolutionary psychology claims that natural selection in the "environment of evolutionary adaptation" led to inherited psychological mechanisms which are modular, specific, and numerous.
In sum, evolutionary psychology postulates that the mind/brain mechanisms that collectively constitute human nature were designed by natural selection in the environment of evolutionary adaptation and must be described as solutions to specific cognitive problems in that environment.
Evolutionary psychology now directly challenges the scientific integrity of the Standard Social Science Model by claiming that culture is the manufactured product of evolved psychological mechanisms situated in individuals living in groups.
www.asa3.org /ASA/topics/Evolution/PSCF9-98Zimmer.html   (5439 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology Primer by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby
Psychology will be based on a new foundation, that of the necessary acquirement of each mental power and capacity by gradation." Thirty years later, William James tried to do just that in his seminal book, Principles of Psychology, one of the founding works of experimental psychology (James, 1890).
Three decades of progress and convergence in cognitive psychology, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience have shown that this view of the human mind is radically defective.
Evolutionary psychology can be thought of as the application of adaptationist logic to the study of the architecture of the human mind.
www.psych.ucsb.edu /research/cep/primer.html   (13222 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology and Sociology
Evolutionary psychology tries to identify the universal functional designs inherent in our brains at all levels (in other words the genetic commonality and not difference).
This view is close to that of evolutionary psychology and the two can complement each other, as does complexity and evolutionary biology.
The Evolutionary Psychology emphasis on history and on adaptability is the welcome addition of dynamics to what has often seemed a static field, divorced from the biology on which it is undoubtably based.
www.calresco.org /lucas/evolpsy.htm   (1912 words)

 Economics and Evolutionary Psychology*
Researchers in evolutionary psychology, starting with these assumptions, have generated and tested predictions ranging from differences in male and female special abilities to the timing of morning sickness.
Evolutionary psychology can also be used to make sense of behavior which, while not inconsistent with conventional economics, is also not implied by it—to explain why the individual utility function has charcteristics needed to explain observed behavior.
In all three cases, evolutionary psychology plays the second of the two roles that I described at the beginning of this article—it functions as a theory of mistakes.
www.daviddfriedman.com /Academic/econ_and_evol_psych/economics_and_evol_psych.html   (7162 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology: Entry
The reason is that the term "evolutionary psychology" is increasingly being used to designate only work conducted within a specific set of theoretical and methodological commitments shared by a prominent and influential group of researchers (most notably the psychologists David M. Buss, Leda Cosmides, and Steven Pinker and the anthropologists Donald Symons and John Tooby).
The goal of Evolutionary Psychology, then, is to provide a complete account of human nature -- that is, a complete account of the modular psychological adaptations that comprise the human mind and of how those modules function under varying developmental, cultural, and occurrent circumstances.
Evolutionary Psychology's other argument, however, is more of an appeal to common sense, and it thereby garners more intuitive credibility for Evolutionary Psychology's claim that there is a universal human nature, since it makes the denial of that claim seem quite literally incredible.
host.uniroma3.it /progetti/kant/field/ep.htm   (8033 words)

 Criticisms of Evolutionary Psychology Aren’t Necessarily Specific to Evolutionary Psychology
We evolutionary biologists cannot generate a Cretaceous Park to observe exactly what killed the dinosaurs; and, unlike "harder" scientists, we usually cannot resolve issues with a simple experiment, such as adding tube A to tube B and noting the color of the mixture.
The byproduct theory may justify the view of rape as an evolutionary pathology, an indirect consequence of male sexuality and aggression; and the byproduct theory may also justify the feminist view that rape is simply a way for males to dominate and humiliate females.
Evolutionary psychology is an embarrassment to UltraDarwinian biology simply because it makes it possible for non-scientists to see the type of argument that so often permeates this thinking.
www.idthink.net /back/coyne/index.html   (2703 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology
Editor: Todd K. Shackelford, Ph.D. Evolutionary Psychology is an open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to foster communication between experimental and theoretical work on the one hand and historical, conceptual and interdisciplinary writings across the whole range of the biological and human sciences on the other.
Evolutionary Psychology is indexed by PsycINFO and EBSCOhost and receives around 20 000 page views monthly.
Evolutionary Psychology is undergoing changes in the editorial processing of submitted manuscripts, to decrease the delay between submission and publication of accepted manuscripts.
www.epjournal.net   (384 words)

 Evolutionary Psychology
Editor: Todd K. Shackelford, Ph.D. Evolutionary Psychology is an open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to foster communication between experimental and theoretical work on the one hand and historical, conceptual and interdisciplinary writings across the whole range of the biological and human sciences on the other.
Evolutionary Psychology is indexed by PsycINFO and EBSCOhost and receives around 15 000 page views monthly.
Evolutionary Psychology is undergoing changes in the editorial processing of submitted manuscripts, to decrease the delay between submission and publication of accepted manuscripts.
human-nature.com /ep   (411 words)

 Psychology Today: Seven Deadly Sentiments
Evolutionary psychology helps us understand why we are ashamed of having forbidden thoughts that make us feel like lousy people.
Evolutionary psychology holds that these shameful feelings are hardwired—strategies that led to success on the Pleistocene savanna.
Evolutionary theories hold that parents should invest more care and energy in the stronger child, who is more likely to survive to reproductive age.
www.psychologytoday.com /articles/pto-20040107-000004.html   (3131 words)

 Intro to the Field
Also, read an interview with Leda Cosmides about what evolutionary psychology is (and is not).
evolutionary developmental psychology, dual inheritance theory, and a list of publications on evolution and human behavior.
In a population, this typically results in an "evolutionary stable strategy," or "evolutionary stable equilibrium" -- strategies that, on average, cannot be bettered by alternative strategies.
www.hbes.com /intro_to_field.htm   (1112 words)

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