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Topic: Exchange rate

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  The Tobin Tax and Exchange Rate Stability - Finance & Development - June 1996
Under this scheme, an exchange rate would be allowed to move freely within a band, but overshooting the band would result in a tax on the discrepancy between the market exchange rate and the closest margin of the band.
Exchange rates would thus be kept within a target range through taxation rather than central bank intervention or the depletion of international reserves.
It can be argued that a tax on foreign exchange transactions should ideally operate with a zero rate (or, equivalently, a zero base) when the exchange rate for the currencies in a given transaction is in equilibrium and that the tax rate should increase in accordance with the deviation from equilibrium.
www.worldbank.org /fandd/english/0696/articles/0130696.htm   (3114 words)

 ERS/USDA Data - Agricultural Exchange Rate Data Set
Nominal Annual Country Exchange Rates are based on the nominal monthly series for the 80 countries.
The commodity trade-weighted exchange rates are divided into three component sets of weights based on: U.S. exports, other countries' agricultural exports to the world, and countries which export agricultural products to the United States.
Exchange Rate Weights includes annual average trade-weighted exchange rate indexes for the 54 monthly commodity indexes.
www.ers.usda.gov /data/exchangerates   (598 words)

 Exchange Rate Determination
exchange rate risk - since the assets are denominated in yen, but the value of these assets are reported in dollars, a depreciation of the yen will reduce the NAV of the portfolio even if the yen value of the portfolio remains constant.
The equilibrium exchange rate is the one that equates R and R
And the expected rate of return on the foreign assets falls due to the relative depreciation of that currency shift inward the return on foreign assets.
www.colorado.edu /Economics/courses/econ2020/6550/section3/exchange-rates.html   (3758 words)

 Fridays Academy: Exchange Rate Policy | Poverty and Growth Blog
Countries with flexible exchange rates allow their currency to increase or decrease in value against other currencies, depending on its demand and supply relative to the demand and supply of other foreign currencies.
The advantage of fluctuating exchange rates is that the rates are more likely to reflect the true underlying value of the currency thereby minimizing economic distortions.
Fixed exchange rates can also perform a useful role in anchoring inflation expectations in country that is determined to break with high inflation.
pgpblog.worldbank.org /fridays_academy_exchange_rate_policy   (1160 words)

 Exchange rates - Rates and Statistics - Bank of Canada
The noon exchange rate for the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar is calculated to reflect the trades that take place between 11:59 a.m.
All other Canadian dollar noon exchange rates are derived from the US$/Can$ exchange rate and from indicative wholesale market quotes for a broad array of other currencies.
Search monthly average exchange rates from 1997 to the present.
www.bankofcanada.ca /en/rates/exchange.html   (338 words)

 Import Administration - Antidumping Duty . Foreign Currency Exchange Rates - posted quarterly
In this process, each actual daily exchange rate is classified as "normal" or "fluctuating." An extended pattern of appreciating rates defines a "sustained movement." Based on these classifications, the program assigns the appropriate official exchange rate for each day.
Official Daily Exchange Rates: For the countries listed below, the actual daily exchange rates used in the program were acquired either from the Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.10 on the web, or from Dow Jones Reuters Business Interactive LLC (trading as Factiva) (a fee-based service).
Exchange rates for additional countries will be made available by the Department as needed for AD purposes.
ia.ita.doc.gov /exchange   (356 words)

The direct form of the exchange rate, the dollars per unit of foreign currency is just the reciprocal of the indirect form.
This is a 25 percent increase in the exchange rate in the indirect form.
Thus if the interest rate in the U.S. were 5 percent the two financical markets would be in equilibrium, but Mishkin's formula would indicate that the interest rate in the U.S. is too low and investors should transfer their funds to France.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/exchange.htm   (1849 words)

The freely floating exchange rates are determined by the forces of demand and supply.
In addition, flexible exchange rates allow policy makers to be flexible in conducting domestic monetary and fiscal policies.
The current system is a managed floating exchange rate system in which governments attempt to prevent rates from changing too rapidly in the short term.
staffwww.fullcoll.edu /fchan/macro/5exchange_rate.htm   (403 words)

 Exchange Rate Archives by Month
Rates are normally reported for members whose currencies are used in Fund financial transactions (see Financial Transaction Plan).
The rates are derived from the currency's representative exchange rate, as reported by the issuing central bank, and the SDR value of the U.S. dollar rounded to six significant digits.
This rate, which are not used in Fund transactions, is the reciprocal of the SDR per currency unit rate, rounded to six significant digits.
www.imf.org /external/np/fin/rates/param_rms_mth.cfm   (166 words)

 Testimony: China's Exchange Rate Regime
It is the overall current and capital-account positions that matter for judging the extent of exchange rate misalignment—not bilateral trade balances or components of the current and capital accounts.
China is justifiably concerned that if it floated the exchange rate and opened its capital markets today, the weakness of the domestic financial system could generate large-scale capital flight and sharp currency depreciation in response to bad news.
It is not useful to identify large-scale, prolonged, exchange market intervention in one direction, and behavior of the exchange rate inconsistent with underlying fundamentals, as implicit pointers of a "wrong" exchange rate and then do little when these pointers signal a problem.
www.iie.com /publications/papers/goldstein1003.htm   (2066 words)

 Nationalbanken // Rates // Exchange Rates // Exchange Rates
The exchange rate is the price in kroner for 100 units of the foreign currency.
The correct rates can be found in Exchange rates for current year (can be found under Related Links to the right).
The effective krone rate is calculated as a weighted average of the bilateral exchange rates vis-à-vis Denmark's major trading partners.
www.nationalbanken.dk /dnuk/Rates.nsf/side/Exchange_rates!OpenDocument   (248 words)

 Exchange Rate Primer
An exchange rate is the rate of exchange between two currencies.
Temporarily fixed rates (or bandwiths) that are subject to realignment either occasionally (e.g., in the EMS) or continuously (e.g., Brazil) to adjust for differences in inflation.
Note that the real exchange rate X is an index number, i.e., it does not have a physical dimension.
pacific.commerce.ubc.ca /keith/Lectures/exr.html   (1623 words)

 10-year currency converter - Exchange rates - Rates and Statistics - Bank of Canada
Conversions are based on Bank of Canada nominal noon exchange rates, which are published each business day at about 12:30 ET.
Historical data for the tolar, and for other currencies that have converted to the euro, can be found on the Daily noon rates: 10-year lookup page.
The Agency accepts Bank of Canada exchange rates as the basis for calculations involving income and expenses that are denominated in foreign currencies.
www.bankofcanada.ca /en/rates/exchform.html   (244 words)

 Foreign Exchange - Federal Reserve Bank of New York
As a matter of convention, the dollar-yen exchange rate is expressed in yen per dollar.
In contrast, the euro-dollar exchange rate is expressed in dollars per euro.
The trade-weighted exchange rates constructed for the aggregate U.S. economy do not always capture the changes in industry competitive conditions induced by movements in specific bilateral exchange rates.
www.ny.frb.org /markets/foreignex.html   (331 words)

 Exchange Rate
It is measured by the price of the price of the same good in different countries and translated here by the foreign exchange rate of British pound against the US dollar.
Therefore, the exchange rate between two countries should theoretically move towards the fundamental rate that makes the price of a Big Mac Method, the same in both countries.
Comparing the actual exchange rates with the PPP value, implied by the Big Mac Method, indicates whether a currency is under or overvalued.
www.faculty.uaf.edu /ffkcc/Vodafone_Webpage/exchangerate.htm   (223 words)

 Foreign Exchange Canadian Exchange Rate US Exchange Rate Curency Currecy Exchange
This type of transaction is often used by businesses to reduce their exchange rate risk.
Currency exchange transactions are typically done in amounts between $3 million and $10 million by banks, fund managers and currency exchange companies.
The interest rate that can be earned by holding different currencies usually varies; therefore forward prices can be higher or lower than (at a premium or discount to) the spot rates.
www.cambridgefx.com /currency-exchange/currency_exchange.html   (934 words)

 Iraqi Dinar Exchange Direct Now Open
Iraqi Dinar Exchange Direct is now open to exchange Iraqi Dinar for dollars, posting the current official exchange rate for Iraqi Dinar, and offers news and information about the Iraqi Dinar Exchange updated daily.
Iraqi Dinar Exchange Direct currency service is designed to give any investor in the Iraqi currency a way to collect their profits, if the value of the Iraqi money rises before Iraq opens the Dinar for international exchange.
Iraqi Dinar Exchange offers a service that will enable Dinar investors to convert their currency to the new version so they are not left holding old Iraq currency.
www.prweb.com /releases/iraqidinar/currencyexchange/prweb406911.htm   (406 words)

 Exchange Rate Policies in the Nordic Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The crisis in the Exchange Rate Mechanism of the EMS in 1992 and subsequent developments threw the progress of monetary integration in Europe into confusion.
Central banks from Finland to Portugal adopted in essence the same policy: pegging their exchange rate to the ERM group of countries or, more specifically, the Deutsche mark.
An improved understanding of these motivations and problems is vital in assessing the prospects for monetary policy and exchange rate regimes for the remainder of the decade.
www.brookings.edu /press/books/clientpr/cepr/exchange_nordic.htm   (265 words)

 Floating Exchange Rate
A country's exchange rate regime where its currency is set by the foreign-exchange market through supply and demand for that particular currency relative to other currencies.
Thus, floating exchange rates change freely and are determined by trading in the forex market.
This is in contrast to a "fixed exchange rate" regime.
www.investopedia.com /terms/f/floatingexchangerate.asp   (351 words)

 Foreign Exchange Rates - 12:00 noon - Federal Reserve Bank of New York   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Daily 10 am spot rates are midpoints of buying rates and selling rates, and do not necessarily reflect rates at which actual transactions have occurred.
This service will allow you to query the latest available noon exchange rates by date and currency codes.
The noon buying rates in New York for cable transfers payable in foreign currencies are certified by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for customs purposes, as required by Section 522 of the amended Tariff Act of 1930.
www.ny.frb.org /markets/fxrates/noon.cfm   (256 words)

 XE.com - The Universal Currency Converter ®
See all currencies · Free rates by e-mail · Put this tool on your site for free
You can perform interactive foreign exchange (FX, or forex) rate calculations, using live, up-to-the-minute currency rates.
To make on-line foreign exchange transactions with guaranteed best rates, use XEtrade, our discount on-line foreign exchange system.
www.xe.com /ucc   (270 words)

 Today's Exchange Rates: Monday, January 29, 2007
Today's exchange rates appear courtesy of the Bank of Canada.
Rates quoted are noon spot rates (Eastern Time) as determined by trades in the Toronto interbank market.
This PDF file also contains inverse exchange rates, and exchange rates vis-à-vis the British Pound and the Euro, in addition to the U.S. Dollar and Canadian Dollar.
fx.sauder.ubc.ca /today.html   (133 words)

 FXConverter - Currency Converter for 164 Currencies
FXConverter (Foreign Exchange Currency Converter) is a multi-lingual Currency Converter with up to date exchange rates provided from leading market data contributors and is filtered for validity.
To get the exchange rates for any of the 164 currencies, select the desired currencies from the lists below, as well as the date, language, and amount for which you would like to conduct the currency conversion.
Our FXP Data Feed is an efficient and reliable serviced used by numerous firms to obtain daily exchange exchange rate details.
www.oanda.com /convert/classic   (371 words)

 ANZ Foreign Exchange Rates Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
ANZ’s foreign exchange rates for currency transactions up to and including the equivalent of AUD 25,000, (Foreign Currency Notes are not subject to this limit), current at Tuesday, 30 January 2007.
These rates are current as at the date shown and are subject to alteration by ANZ without notice.
Current rate information for ANZ Foreign Exchange Airport centres is available at the relevant ANZ Foreign Exchange Airport centre.
www.anz.com /aus/RateFee/fxrates/fxpopup.asp   (322 words)

 KOMOradio.com - Seattle, Washington - Business - IMF Chief: China must ease exchange rate
BEIJING (AP) - China should ease exchange rate controls to let its currency depreciate and shift the basis of its growth to domestic consumer demand, the head of the International Monetary Fund said Friday.
De Rato said allowing a more market-driven exchange rate would give financial authorities more flexibility in setting interest rates to curb investment.
The government raised interest rates twice last year and imposed curbs on real estate, auto manufacturing and other industries to slow a surge in investment that it worries could push up inflation or cause a debt crisis if unnecessary projects fail.
www.komoradio.com /news/business/5373026.html   (443 words)

 Argentine Peso Exchange Rate Graph - US Dollar - Historical Exchange Rates
Add our free customizable currency converter and exchange rate tables to your site today.
Monthly Average Graph - View average monthly exchange rate history for the Argentine Peso against the US Dollar.
View Data - View historical exchange rates for the Argentine Peso against the US Dollar in a tabular format.
www.exchange-rates.org /history/ARS/USD/G/30   (249 words)

 Exchange Rate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
(*) JPY rate of exchange is referred to 100 units
NOTE OF BANCO CENTRAL DE The official rate of exchange of Banco Central de Cuba is published exclusively to be used by Cuban enterprises, when registering the operations made in foreign exchange.
This rate of exchange is not valid for currency purchase and selling operations between financial institutions and the population or enterprises.
www.bc.gov.cu /English/exchange_rate.asp   (98 words)

 Komerční banka - Exchange rate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Exchange rate valid as of 1/30/2007, 7:00 AM currency
Conversion with private and business current accounts in foreign currency (agio, discount) is 3.0%.
Comment: ČNB rates are updated at 14:30 every day.
www.kb.cz /NASA/rateList/SRVRate?lng=en   (41 words)

 Exchange Rate
In other words, the rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another.
For example, the higher the exchange rate for one euro in terms of one yen, the lower the relative value of the yen.
As of the beginning of 2006, the exchange rate of one U.S. dollar for one euro was about 0.84, which means that one dollar can be exchanged for 0.84 euros.
www.investopedia.com /terms/e/exchangerate.asp   (406 words)

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