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Topic: Existentialism and Humanism


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  Existentialism is a Humanism
Man possesses a human nature; that "human nature," which is the conception of human being, is found in every man; which means that each man is a particular example of a universal conception, the conception of Man.
That kind of humanism is absurd, for only the dog or the horse would be in a position to pronounce a general judgement upon man and declare that he is magnificent, which they have never been such fools as to do - at least, not as far as I know.
Existentialism is not atheist in the sense that it would exhaust itself in demonstrations of the non-existence of God.
users.skynet.be /lilith/english/S_Human.html   (9258 words)

  
  Existentialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Existentialism is a philosophical movement that views human existence as having a set of underlying themes and characteristics, such as anxiety, dread, freedom, awareness of death, and consciousness of existing, that are primary.
For existentialism, human beings can be understood only from the inside, in terms of their lived and experienced reality and dilemmas, not from the outside, in terms of a biological, psychological, or other scientific theory of human nature.
Existentialism decisively rejects this argument, asserting instead that as conscious beings we always find ourselves already in a world, a prior context and history that is given to consciousness and in which it is situated, and that we cannot think away that world.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Existentialism   (2695 words)

  
 Existentialism and Humanism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Existentialism is a Humanism (L'existentialisme est un humanisme) is a 1946 philosophical work by Jean-Paul Sartre.
In his text, Sartre says that the key defining point of Existentialism is that the existence of a person comes chronologically before his or her essence.
"Existentialism is a Humanism" was also the title of a lecture he gave to a packed audience at Club Maintenant in Paris, on October 29th, 1945.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Existentialism_and_Humanism   (241 words)

  
 Existential Primer: Home Page
Unfortunately, life might be without inherent meaning (existential atheists) or it might be without a meaning we can understand (existential theists).
This is not to claim that phenomenology and existentialism are not concerned with groups and social philosophy, but there is a clear belief that the individual can define the self.
Please learn more about the Existential Primer, but do not assume anything you read here is more than a shallow introduction to the thinkers profiled.
www.tameri.com /csw/exist   (556 words)

  
 Existentialism and Humanism
It does not prevent their acting, on the contrary it is the very condition of their action, for the action presupposes that there is a plurality of possibilities, and in choosing one of these, they realise that it has value only because it is chosen.
That kind of humanism is absurd, for only the dog or the horse would be in a position to pronounce a general judgment upon man and declare that he is magnificent, which they have never been such fools as to do--at least, not as far as I know.
In this sense existentialism is optimistic, it is a doctrine of action, and it is only by self-deception, by confusing their own despair with ours that Christians can describe us as without hope.
www.cis.vt.edu /modernworld/d/Sartre.html   (9043 words)

  
 Existentialism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Existentialism may be explained according to the themes and concerns of its proponents.
Existential Theology does not and cannot exist, but existential theologians should exist, that is theologians whose chief interest does not lie in dogmatics and in the external observance of rituals, but in the souls of men, in their predicament and in the willingness to help them.
Dasein (being-there), that is, the human Being or the human existent, Heidegger identified as.
www.greatcom.org /resources/secular_religions/ch04   (11356 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Since all human lives are characterised by such a desire (albeit in different individuated forms), Sartre has thus provided a description of the human condition which is dominated by the irrationality of particular projects.
Human beings interiorise the universal features of the situation in which they are born, and this translates in terms of a particular way of developing as a praxis.
Sartre's existentialist understanding of what it is to be human can be summarised in his view that the underlying motivation for action is to be found in the nature of consciousness which is a desire for being.
www.iep.utm.edu /s/sartre-ex.htm   (7464 words)

  
 Existentialism is a Humanism 2
On the contrary, existentialism is concerned to establish a connection between the absolute character of free involvement (self-realization) and the relativeness of the cultural ensemble which may result from such a choice.
Existentialism is humanism in the sense of connecting this transcendency of "going beyond" (not to be confused with the divine transcendence) with the subjectivity of a being embeded in a human universe (not to be reduced to the Cartesian individual mind).
Humanism is a reminder that "man fulfills himself, not in turning toward himself, but in seeking outside of himself a goal which is just this liberation".
www.uri.edu /personal/szunjic/philos/human2.htm   (11143 words)

  
 Existentialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
And while not all existential philosophers were influenced by phenomenology (for instance Jaspers and Marcel), the philosophical legacy of existentialism is largely tied to the form it took as an existential version of phenomenology.
Existentialism did not develop much in the way of a normative ethics; however, a certain approach to the theory of value and to moral psychology, deriving from the idea of existence as self-making in situation, are distinctive marks of the existentialist tradition.
From this point of view, the substantive "histories" adopted by existential thinkers as different as Heidegger and Sartre should perhaps be read less as scientific accounts, defensible in third-person terms, than as articulations of the historical situation from the perspective of what that situation is taken to demand, given the engaged commitment of their authors.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/existentialism   (10659 words)

  
 Existentialism
Jean-Paul Sartre originally defined the word existentialism, and applied it to lots of people who never knew they were existentialists and who held a range of conflicting ideas on a variety of topics, the existence of god being one such debated topic.
Existentialism is a very influential philosophy that went through periods where it greatly affected politics and pop-culture, and is still very popular in certain circles.
They look at how existentialism can be useful in psychiatry, and how the issues people desire to address in psychotherapy are often of an existential nature, like life, death, and meaning.
www.philosophytalk.org /pastShows/Existentialism.html   (419 words)

  
 Freeskills.com Shop :: Existentialism and Humanism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Comment: "Existentialism and Humanism" has always been been a challenge to translate into English, so this latest version sidesteps the problem in a novel way by converting it onto a cartoon strip.
Basically, in conclusion to his reference to atheistic existentialism, Sartre adds that the first principle of existentialism is that man is nothing else but that which he makes of himself.
All in all, he makes out quite a solid and intelligible defence of existentialism as he explains that the first effect of existentialism is to put every man in possession of himself with the entire responsibility of his existence being placed on his shoulders.
www.freeskills.com /shop_uk/041331300X/Existentialism_and_Humanism.html   (932 words)

  
 The Very Best Books : Existentialism and humanism
But human beings, contrary to Sartre are born into family, communal, national, religious traditions.
Last night I read Jean-Paul Sartre's short manuscript Existentialism and Humanism, in which he set out to defend the existentialist philosophy against criticisms that had been made against it, particularly by Marxists, and particularly for its being (perceived as) overly subjective (amongst other things).
It is actually a translation of a lecture delivered by Sartre in Paris in 1945 at a time when the term "existentialism" was being bandied about rather loosely.
www.elise.com /store/041331300X/Existentialism_and_humanism.html   (408 words)

  
 Sartre's Existentialism is a Humanism-Existentialism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
As such, existentialism is a type of irrational voluntarism (pure caprice) and relativistic moral anarchy (p.
Thus, existentialism’s first move is to make every man aware of what he is and to make the full responsibility of his existence rest on him.” (p.
Existential traits of subjectivity: anguish before the deep responsibility of choosing oneself; denial, self-deception, hiding and fleeing from freedom, “bad faith” (pp.
faculty.ccri.edu /paleclerc/existentialism/sartre_exist_human.shtml   (997 words)

  
 Existentialism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Existentialism is not a philosophy but a label for several widely different revolts against traditional philosophy.
existentialism must not be identified with any one body of existentialist doctrine, for example, that of Sartre, for as we shall see there are profound differences between individual points of view (ibid., p.
Dasein (being-there), that is, the human Being or the human existent, Heidegger identified as: (1) concern (Sorge), (2) being-toward-death (Sein zum Tode), (3) existence (Existenz), and (4) moods (Stimmungen).
www.greatcom.org /resources/handbook_of_todays_religions/04chap04   (11834 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism - Jean-Paul Sartre 1946 - Athenaeum Library of Philosophy
It does not prevent their acting, on the contrary it is the very condition of their action, for the action presupposes that there is a plurality f possibilities, and in choosing one of these, they realize that it has value only because it is chosen.
Now it is anguish of that kind which existentialism describes, and moreover, as we shall see, makes explicit through direct responsibility wards other men who are concerned.
The cult of humanity ends in Comtian humanism, shut — in upon itself, and — this must be said — in Fascism.
evans-experientialism.freewebspace.com /sartre02.htm   (9272 words)

  
 Philosophy- Squashed Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism - Condensed Abridged
Existentialism is generally traced to Søren Kierkegaard, the nineteenth century Danish Christian thinker, it flowered in the free-thinking, Galoise-smoking hedonism of 1950's France, in the plays and novels of Jean Paul Sartre and his lover Simone deBeauvoir, but is perhaps best expressed by Gloria Gaynor...
Existentialism is being identified with ugliness; criticised by Christians for being despairing and non-serious, by Communists for being too subjective and by both for lack of hope.
The absurd type of humanism is to glory in "Man the magnificent" ascribing the value of man to the deeds of the most distinguished men.
www.btinternet.com /~glynhughes/squashed/sartre.htm   (3137 words)

  
 Existentialism and humanism
Sartre illustrates the point with an example (which is appropriate, of course, since existentialism is a form of moral particularism, in that it says we need to act in each new case on the basis of information we have at hand, and no rules can guide us rigidly from case to case).
Man first exists and then defines himself.lt;pgt;Basically, in conclusion to his reference to atheistic existentialism, Sartre adds that the first principle of existentialism is that man is nothing else but that which he makes of himself.
No doubt each fresh reading will be to the advantage of the reader as it will add to his understanding of the ideas expressed while simultaneously increasing his appreciation of the manner of their expression.
www.wkonline.com /a/Existentialism_and_humanism_041331300X.htm   (1033 words)

  
 Humanism and Existentialism
If you're inclined to be a believer, you'll see proofs of a God who runs the universe and decrees rules for human behavior--and if you're oriented to be a skeptic, you won't.
Existentialists strive for all the beneficial goals of humanism, but with an awareness that insanity always lurks in the shadows, ready to lunge out and wreck the best efforts of conscientious people.
"Humanism and Existentialism" is copyright © 1995 by James A. Haught.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/james_haught/humanism.html   (627 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Existentialism and Humanism: Books: Jean-Paul Sartre,P. Mairet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
For those who are tempted to use the term, "existentialism," to categorize a school of writing or as an excuse for certain excesses of behavior, or for inactivity, I would recommend reading this lecture as a starting point in understanding the term you are using.
Sartre illustrates the point with an example (which is appropriate, of course, since existentialism is a form of moral particularism, in that it says we need to act in each new case on the basis of information we have at hand, and no rules can guide us rigidly from case to case).
All in all, he makes out quite a solid and intelligible defence of existentialism as he explains that the first effect of existentialism is to put every man in possession of himself with the entire responsibility of his existence being placed on his shoulders.
www.amazon.com /Existentialism-Humanism-Jean-Paul-Sartre/dp/041331300X   (2543 words)

  
 Existentialism is a Humanism
Human life is grounded in existence and subjectivity is the fountain of all human deliberate actions.
Another issue with this concept is that this universality of human nature typically proves, as Marx has shown in his historical analyses, to be either a generalization or a projection of a certain privileged cultural or ethnic type.
Therefore the priority of a mature animal is not the same as the priority of human existence because the mode of being of animals is predetermined by their form (species) while the course of human recreation remains open despite the pre-existence of the biological side of human species.
www.uri.edu /personal/szunjic/philos/human.htm   (10090 words)

  
 The Rise of Humanism, Existentialism, and Materialism
Humanism can be described as an unquestioning faith in the inherent value of every human life and a belief in the fundamental rights of every person.
Humanism promotes all of the positive caring and sharing values that civilized society has developed over the centuries through the lessons of human experience and the power of human reason.
If there is anything sacred about human rights, it comes from the hopes of those who have suffered, and from the blood of those who have died fighting for the cause of freedom in the historic struggle against self-serving opportunists and ideological extremists.
www.evolutionary-metaphysics.net /modern_materialism.html   (5107 words)

  
 Sartre's "Existentialism is a Humanism"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Therefore, human beings are created first, their nature created second, and not by God, but by personal choices and actions.
Existentialism is a humanism because it shows that human beings are involved in a process of creating themselves and their universe by acting and making choices, and thus, ascribing value to those actions and choices.
Humans are untied not under God, but as free beings who are part of the human condition, in which we have a responsibility to choose for ourselves, and everyone else, what is the best way to act.
www.beloit.edu /~philorel/faculty/davidvessey/Sartre30102.html   (426 words)

  
 Existentialism (Period 10) Alex Malikin 1
Fortunately, this presents one with both sides of the metaphorical coin; existentialism not being a closed system, one can select which elements fit into one's perception of reality and which may be excluded according to exactly the same criteria.
But it is here that one may find it fitting to raise the objection of why what a man wants to be need not be taken into account; on the contrary, one may see the make-up of man's mind and consciousness as a central attribute of his essence.
Existentialism and Human Emotions (Existentialism is a Humanism) (excerpt).
home.earthlink.net /~mazz747/id18.html   (998 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Its foundation, again, is ontological-the basic ambiguity of human reality that "is what it is not" (that is, its future as possibility) and "is not what it is" (its past as facticity, including its ego or self, to which we have seen it is related via an internal negation).
Though critical of its bourgeois variety, Sartre does support an existentialist humanism the motto of which could well be his remark that "you can always make something out of what you've been made into." In fact, his entire career could be summarized in these words that carry an ethical as well as a critical message.
And this is what existentialism is chiefly about: challenging the individual to examine their life for intimations of bad faith and to heighten their sensitivity to oppression and exploitation in their world.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/sartre   (5999 words)

  
 (the cry) existentialism sartre nietzsche kafka kierkegaard de beauvoir allen dostoievsky marcel camus zarathustra
(the cry) existentialism sartre nietzsche kafka kierkegaard de beauvoir allen dostoievsky marcel camus zarathustra
That kind of humanism is absurd, for only the dog or the horse would be in a position to pronounce a general judgment upon man and declare that he is magnificent, which they have never been such fools as to do - at least, not as far as I know.
The cult of humanity ends in Comtian humanism, shut - in upon itself, and - this must be said - in Fascism.
www.thecry.com /existentialism/sartre/existen.html   (9348 words)

  
 Compare Prices and Read Reviews on Existentialism and Humanism at Epinions.com
Sartre claims human beings are different from things in that the latter have an essence before they come into existence.
On the contrary, humans exist first and then they decide what they want to be.
Existentialism does not believe in deterministic factors in the shaping of a particular thinking.
www.epinions.com /content_136767770244   (579 words)

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