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Topic: Existentialist


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  Existentialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The thought of the major existentialist philosophers of the 20th century, Heidegger and Sartre, grew out of the phenomenology of Husserl, which attempted to critique positivism and psychologism by grounding all perception, experience, and knowledge in structures of human consciousness.
The burlesque existentialist is a stock character of the popular imagination, dressed in fl and uttering gnomic assertions about life and the universe.
Existentialist films deal with the concepts of existentialism that are familiar to the average person, such as free will, personal identity, individualism, responsibility, mind vs reality, and what really matters.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Existentialism   (2064 words)

  
 EXISTENTIALISM
In the existentialist world, each person is born, lives, chooses his or her course, and creates the meaning of his or her own existence.
Knowledge of existentialist originates in and is composed of what exists in an individual’s consciousness and feelings as a result of one’s experiences; the validity of knowledge is determined.
Existentialist teachers should not influence students; they are only a resource that the students may choose to use for assistance.
www.edst.purdue.edu /georgeoff/phil_am_ed/EXISTENTIALISM.htm   (807 words)

  
 Lecture 12: The Existentialist Frame of Mind
So the existentialist accepts man's anxiety and anguish, a general feeling of uneasiness, a fear or dread which is not directed toward any specific object.
Anguish is the dread of the nothingness of existence.
For the existentialist, it is in the nature of human consciousness itself to be free -- to be free to create and recreate itself at will.
www.historyguide.org /europe/lecture12.html   (2283 words)

  
 This is the Existentialism Page.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Existentialists have held that human beings do not have a fixed nature, or essence, as other animals and plants do; each human being makes choices that create his or her own nature.
Although existentialist thought encompasses the uncompromising atheism of Nietzsche and Sartre and the agnosticism of Heidegger, its origin in the intensely religious philosophies of Pascal and Kierkegaard foreshadowed its profound influence on 20th-century theology.
Existentialist themes are also reflected in the theater of the absurd, notably in the plays of Samuel Beckett and Eugène Ionesco.
www.connect.net /ron/exist.html   (1618 words)

  
 Existentialist   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Existentialist Society, Australia Organizes a series of monthly lectures.
Existentialism and Absurdism Brief discussion of existentialist literature from the Thumbnail Lecture series.
Existentialism: A Primer Existentialist resources with notes and commentary on individual thinkers.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Existentialist.html   (200 words)

  
 Existentialist Aspects of Modern Art By Paul Tillich, TCRNews.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In many other cases he brings into his philosophy existentialist elements, and he is wise enough to know that this cannot be done in terms of essentialist analysis.
There are existentialist elements in early Christian theology -- very outspoken elements for instance in Augustine and his doctrine of man’s estrangement from his true essence, fromhe two fundamental anxieties.
I believe that existentialist art has a tremendous religious function, in visual art as well as in all other realms of art, namely, to rediscover the basic questions to which the Christian symbols are the answers in a way which is understandable to our time.
www.tcrnews2.com /tillichart.html   (4628 words)

  
 Existentialism
Two main schools of Existentialist philosophy may be distinguished; the first is religious as delineated by the father of Existentialism, Soren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813-1855); the second is atheistic, as expounded by its most articulate contemporary spokesman, jean-Paul Sartre.
The secular existentialists are concerned with the same themes as the religious existentialists, but their pre-suppositions and belief systems preclude any supernatural or any idea of God.
In existentialist philosophy, (angst is) the dread occasioned by man's realization that his existence is open towards an undetermined future, the emptiness of which must be filled by his freely chosen actions.
www.greatcom.org /resources/handbook_of_todays_religions/04chap04/default.htm   (11834 words)

  
 EXISTENTIALIST CHESS
While an existentialist is in hybernation, it may NOT move, it may NOT be captured, it may NOT be jumped, it may NOT be killed by an arrow.
Remeber, the existentialist threatens enemy pieces not on the basis of the move it just completed, but on the basis of what its move powers will be for its next turn.
If one hyena is destroyed by the blast of the enemy existentialist's 20th move, the pieces it held are free to move, but the other hyena will of course still continue to exert its spell on enemy pieces.
www.chessvariants.com /large.dir/existentialist.html   (6727 words)

  
 Justification and Existentialism
Existentialists value truth because it is through the pursuit of truth that they try to achieve justice.
Existentialists differ from the traditional religious seeker because the focus of truth has changed in modern times.
For the existentialist, the harshness of life is intangible and non-specific: there appear to be no specific causes and events for his sadness.
website.lineone.net /~ian_heath2/2d-justification.htm   (3538 words)

  
 Existentialist morality and the right to die   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
An Existentialist can be hard as nails in sticking to his choices once he convinces himself he chose freely, sincerely, and with commitment.
The Existentialist is convinced that he has the right to contrive a private moral world all of his own, and any challenge to that private world is a moral outrage and a threat to freedom.
An attractive, promiscuous girl rejected the proposal of marriage from a friend of mine, because he was not "sincere." She was more promiscuous than he was, and he was more interested in the commitment of marriage than she was, but somehow he failed her sincerity test.
www.renewamerica.us /analyses/050412hutchison.htm   (3315 words)

  
 existentialist.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
My claim is that, in what amounts to a series of disciplinary displacements, existentialist theories of the self may have inflected the way structuralist narratologists drew on linguistic theory to redescribe characters in stories as actants.
To anticipate: From a broadly Proppian perspective, as in existentialist theories of the self, characters’ motivations do not precede and explain their actions, but are rather born with the actions themselves.
More generally, though narrative actants may have had existentialist roots, and though those beginnings may have prompted narratologists to study characters in reductively syntactic terms at first, the concept of actants is in no way exhausted by the history of its uses.
www4.ncsu.edu /~dherman/existentialist.html   (3042 words)

  
 The Existentialist Young Man   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Existentialist Young Man either feels that he is not understood or that he is always misunderstood.
The Existentialist Young Man, often an aesthete, expresses his tastes, differing from the despicable mainstream, sovereignly on the fields of music, literature, cinema and art; also with the styles he wears and his other external habitus.
The Existentialist Young Man of the class-conscious 1970s used to despise the "petty bourgeoisie" and the "Establishment".
www.phinnweb.org /livingroom/teikka/english/existentialist.html   (284 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre
One of the reasons both for its popularity and for his discomfort is the clarity with which it exhibits the major tenets of existentialist thought while revealing Sartre's attempt to broaden its social application in response to his Communist and Catholic critics.
Though critical of its bourgeois variety, Sartre does support an existentialist humanism the motto of which could well be his remark that "you can always make something out of what you've been made into." In fact, his entire career could be summarized in these words that carry an ethical as well as a critical message.
The point is to communicate a feeling and an attitude that the reader/spectator adopts in which certain existentialist themes such as anguish, responsibility or bad faith are suggested but not dictated as in a lecture.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/sartre   (6009 words)

  
 Existential Primer: Introduction
The existentialists conclude that human choice is subjective, because individuals finally must make their own choices without help from such external standards as laws, ethical rules, or traditions.
The existentialists emphasize that freedom is necessarily accompanied by responsibility.
His belief that man’s condition is absurd identified him with the existentialists (see existentialism), but he denied allegiance to that group; his works express rather a courageous humanism.
www.tameri.com /csw/exist/exist.html   (3428 words)

  
 Quodlibet Online Journal: An Examination of Luther's Theology According to an Existentialist Interpretation - by ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
For the existentialist, a person's authenticity is not determined by an external essence.
Existentialist interpreters of Luther esteem him for his break with the medieval exemplary view of Christ as model.
As seen throughout this paper, in existentialist terms, Luther moved theology from the external to the internal; from the works of persons to the working of God in persons.
www.quodlibet.net /stephens-luther.shtml   (3446 words)

  
 Nihilism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
In the twentieth century, it's the atheistic existentialist movement, popularized in France in the 1940s and 50s, that is responsible for the currency of existential nihilism in the popular consciousness.
The common thread in the literature of the existentialists is coping with the emotional anguish arising from our confrontation with nothingness, and they expended great energy responding to the question of whether surviving it was possible.
In these works and other works by the existentialists, one is often left with the impression that living authentically with the meaninglessness of life is impossible.
www.iep.utm.edu /n/nihilism.htm   (2620 words)

  
 [No title]
Simplistic Existentialist libertarianism; the intuition of a synthetic modality of volition; Tom Morris's concept of moral capability; Harry Frankfurt's concept of volitional necessity; the danger of picturing agency as pure negative liberty.
The Existentialist's objections to Molinism do not rest on the misunderstanding that the truth of an individual's counterfactuals of freedom are part of their logical essence, which would leave them only nominal power to bring about different alternatives.
It is incumbent on the Existentialist to show that her ontology of human freedom does not lead to such a result.
www.fordham.edu /philosophy/davenport/texts/existmol.htm   (18005 words)

  
 Psychology - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
It stresses a phenomenological view of human experience and seeks to understand human beings and their behaviour by conducting qualitative research.
The humanistic approach has its roots in existentialist and phenomenological philosophy and many humanist psychologists completely reject a scientific approach, arguing that trying to turn human experience into measurements strips it of all meaning and relevance to lived existence.
Some of the founding theorists behind this school of thought are Abraham Maslow who formulated a hierarchy of human needs, Carl Rogers who created and developed client centred therapy, and Fritz Perls who helped create and develop Gestalt therapy.
open-encyclopedia.com /Psychology   (2649 words)

  
 Existentialism
It was very existentialist, perhaps, to go out to bars every night while your pregnant wife stayed at home, and even more existentialist to go off with girls -- young existentialist girls -- you met in bars.
She answers with an Existentialist catalogue -- "void," "emptiness," "horror," etc. When he then asks her out, she answers, "I am committing suicide." That, indeed, would seem to be the obvious response to such a world.
An Existentialist is always a stranger to others and is certainly going to have no patience with conventions like wakes for the dead or, for that matter, laws about murder.
www.friesian.com /existent.htm   (6428 words)

  
 First Existentialist Congregation
The First Existentialist Congregation of Atlanta began in 1976 as weekly ‘Celebration of Life’ services, held each Friday in a private home under the guidance of minister and founder R. Lanier Clance (now minister emeritus).
The First Existentialist Church, as it was known, incorporated later that same year, with the stated purpose to create and maintain an existential community based on existential philosophy and psychology.
Marsha Mitchiner, Dean Rowley and Janna Nelson were ordained as existentialist ministers in 1992, 1994 and 2002, respectively.
www.mindspring.com /~e-cong/history.html   (221 words)

  
 Philosophy Now   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Danish Christian philosopher Søren Kierkegaard was one of the first existentialists, and his religious beliefs impelled his philosophy, rather than limiting it.
Kierkegaard was forced to confront his deeply held belief in the existence of God with the tremendous empty silence that returns from the prayers of humans, and the results were his vital and compelling theories of faith and freedom.
Whereas the existentialist says that the coward makes himself cowardly, the hero makes himself heroic; and that there is always the possibility for the coward to give up cowardice and for the hero to stop being a hero.
www.philosophynow.org /issue44/44radke.htm   (1651 words)

  
 jaded: Self vs. Other; An Existentialist's Insight (politics)
For Richard Wright, Cross Damon represents the quintessential existentialist man. But before we can understand what Wright is attempting to say with the character Cross, we must first understand the nature of the modern existentialist experience, how this existential experience arose, and how in particular the character of Cross Damon fits into the existential experience.
Without such a self-awareness it would be far too easy for the individual, buffeted by the extreme pangs of loneliness and solitude found in the Hobbesian self, to fall under the sway of the various shallow illusions of connectivity which exist as escapist refuges in the modern world.
It is this conflict that is at the center of the existentialist dilemma and it is obvious that Camus did not deal with it well enough.
www.econ.nyu.edu /user/nizxa/jaded/outside.htm   (3962 words)

  
 Existentialist view (from education, philosophy of) --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The application of science to ever more aspects of the study of man has been particularly marked in the West; but, in reaction to this trend, there has developed some criticism of the scientific way of viewing man as an object to be categorized, studied objectively, or subsumed under a generalization.
More results on "Existentialist view (from education, philosophy of)" when you join.
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www.britannica.com /eb/article-36377?tocId=36377   (834 words)

  
 According to Soren Kierkergaard, a prominent existentialist, in Stephen J. Dubner's novel, Turbulent Souls, the ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
According to Soren Kierkergaard, a prominent existentialist, in Stephen J. Dubner's novel, Turbulent Souls, the protagonists, Stephen, Veronica, and Paul Dubner, are the quintessential "Knights of Faith".
Coursework and Essays: By Subject: Literature: According to Soren Kierkergaard, a prominent existentialist, in Stephen J. Dubner's novel, Turbulent Souls, the protagonists, Stephen, Veronica, and Paul Dubner, are the quintessential "Knights of Faith"
Below is a short sample of the essay "According to Soren Kierkergaard, a prominent existentialist, in Stephen J. Dubner's novel, Turbulent Souls, the protagonists, Stephen, Veronica, and Paul Dubner, are the quintessential "Knights of Faith".".
www.coursework.info /i/22731.html   (958 words)

  
 Existentialism --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Montaigne had said: “If my mind could gain a foothold, I would not write essays, I would make decisions; but it is always in apprenticeship and on trial.” And Pascal had insisted on the...
The methods that the Existentialists employ in their interpretations have a presupposition in common: the immediacy of the relationship between the interpreter and the interpreted, between the interrogator and the interrogated, between the problem of being and Being itself.
Provides notes, references, and brief introductions to some famous existentialists, their works, and contributions.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9108678   (776 words)

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