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Topic: Exogamy

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  Exogamy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Exogamy is the custom of marrying outside a specified group of people to which one belongs.
Edvard Westermarck said it arose in the aversion to marriage between blood relatives or near kin, that is, in horror of incest.
] derives exogamy from totemism, and says it arose from a religious respect for the blood of a totemic clan, for the clan totem is a god and is especially in the blood.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exogamy   (353 words)

 FAMILY - LoveToKnow Article on FAMILY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The custom of Exogamy, again,here taken to mean the unwritten law which makes it incest, and acaptal offence, to marry within the real or supposed kin denoted by the common name of the kinship, pointed to an archaic condition of family affairs all unlike our Table of prohibited degrees.
This law of Exogamy was found, among many savage races, associated with Totems, that is plants, animals and other natural objects which give names to the various kinships, and are themselves, in various degrees, reverenced by members of the kinships.
Exogamy, in his opinion, is the result of treaties of political alliance with exclusive interconnubium between two sets of kinsfolk by blood, totemism being a mere accidental concomitant.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FA/FAMILY.htm   (10722 words)

 Exogamy -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Exogamy is the custom of (Click link for more info and facts about marry) marrying outside a specified group of people to which one belongs.
In addition to blood relatives, marriage to members of a specific (Emblem consisting of an object such as an animal or plant; serves as the symbol of a family or clan (especially among American Indians)) totem or other group may be forbidden.
] derives exogamy from (Belief in the kinship of a group of people with a common totem) totemism, and says it arose from a religious respect for the blood of a totemic clan, for the clan totem is a god and is especially in the blood.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/E/Ex/Exogamy.htm   (425 words)

 EXOGAMY - LoveToKnow Article on EXOGAMY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
McLennan would find an explanation of exogamy in the prevalence of female infanticide, which, rendering women scarce, led at once to polyandry within the tribe, and the capturing of women from without.
Infanticide, however, is not proved to have been so universal as McLennan suggests, and it is more probable that the reason of exogamy is really to be found in that primitive social system which made the captured woman the only wife in the modern sense of the term.
An additional explanation of the prevalence of exogamy may be found in the natural tendency of exogamous tribes to increase in numbers and strength at the expense of those communities which moved towards decadence by in-breeding.
64.1911encyclopedia.org /E/EX/EXOGAMY.htm   (678 words)

Indeed, the lineage segments in which violations of the rule of exogamy are clearly sins are those of an order where members are linked by a dense net of interpersonal bonds.
The close linkage of rules of exogamy to the principle of agnatic descent is seen in the fact that no distinction is made between it and other ties of consanguineous kinship.
It is a point worth emphasizing, however, that the salience of rules of exogamy for these patrilineally defined corporate groups is greatest where not only are they most closely linked internally, but their external links of cognatic kinship are shared in common by all members of the lineage or segment.
www.era.anthropology.ac.uk /Ancestors/Calhoun_thesis/chapter3pt2.html   (4224 words)

 Karen Strand Winslow - Ethnicity, Exogamy and Zipporah   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
I am arguing that narratives and law codes in the Pentateuch reflect contrasting perspectives on exogamy that may be explained, at least in part, by the conflicts over suitable marriage alliances among the inhabitants of Persian Yehud.
These cases of exogamy and exogamous progeny are not marginal, since the later tribes and kingdoms of Judah and Israel are both at stake.
Positive stories about exogamy that remain in the text are viewed by these scholars as evidence of much earlier perspectives and practices, rather than as evidence of opposing perspectives on intermarriage in post-exilic Yehud.
prophetess.lstc.edu /~rklein/Documents/exogamy.htm   (4709 words)

 Incest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Marriage everywhere is governed (often informally) by rules of exogamy (one must marry outside of one's group) and endogamy (one must marry within one's own group).
What is considered a group, for purposes of either exogamy or endogamy, varies considerably.
All known societies have rules of exogamy, such as incest taboos, that specify ranges and categories of relatives who are forbidden as marriage (and sexual) partners.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Incest   (2889 words)

 Endogamy, exogamy - AnthroBase - Dictionary of Anthropology: A searchable database of anthropological texts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Exogamy is when one marries someone outside one's own group.
The organizational advantage of exogamy is that outsiders are constantly brought in, which might be desirable, e.g.
Exogamy also means that representatives of other, potentially enemy groups will be present in your own group, exerting pressure to avoid conflicts.
www.anthrobase.com /Dic/eng/def/endogamy-exogamy.htm   (155 words)

 W.I. Thomas: Sex and Society: Chapter 6: The Psychology of Exogamy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
But the men have ceased to marry the women of their immediate families, and the problem of exogamy is to determine why men living with women and controlling them should cease to marry them.
Familiarity with women within the group and unfamiliarity with women without the group is the explanation of exogamy on the side of interest; and the system of exogamy is a result of exchanging familiar women for others.
Now, it is a well-known condition of exogamy that, while a man must marry without his clan, he must not marry without his tribe, and for the most part, in fact, the clan into which he shall marry is designated.
spartan.ac.brocku.ca /~lward/Thomas/Thomas_1907/Thomas_1907_6.html   (4093 words)

 Exogamy and Incest Prohibitions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Exogamy or outmarriage and associated incest taboos are a basic feature of all marriage systems.
Alliance theory - This position, championed by Levi-Strauss, maintains that small close-knit groups must force their members to marry outside of their immediate circle in order achieve the cultural, political, and economic benefits that a society build on extensive interactions and alliances provides.
In his classic cross-cultural study, Social Structure (1949), G.P. Murdock observed that every society within the sample of 250 that he investigated based its marriage system on the prohibition of marriage and sexual relations between nuclear family members.
www.umanitoba.ca /anthropology/tutor/marriage/incest.html   (1037 words)

 There is No Instinct for War
This means that the bride comes from a different community (exogamy) and goes to live with the family of the husband (patrilocality).
Patrilocal exogamy is the most common marriage residency pattern in all cultures with internal warfare (Ember and Ember, 1971; Adams, 1983); It is especially common in stateless hunter-gatherer cultures with internal warfare.
I found that in a sample of 34 stateless cultures without any exogamy and with only external warfare (i.e., warfare only against distant cultures with which there is no inter- marriage), there are reports of women warriors in 9 of them.
www.culture-of-peace.info /instinct/chapter5-6.html   (673 words)

Usage, induced by necessity would in time establish a prejudice among the tribes observing it- a prejudice strong as a principle of religion, as every prejudice relatinf to marriage is apt to be –against marrying women of their own stock.
They may represent a progression from exogamy to endogamy, or from endogamy to exogamy ; or the middle terms, so to speak, may have been produced by the combination of groups severally organized on the one and the other of these principles/ The two types f organization may be equally archaic.
That a local tribe, under the combined influence of exogamy and the system of female kinship, might attain a balance of persons of different sexes regarded as being of different descent, and that thus its members might be able to intermarry with the principle of exogamy.
www.udayton.edu /~hume/McLennan/McLennan.htm   (6367 words)

 Language Continuity and Transfers
We can conclude that exogamy is one of the causes of assimilation, but we cannot determine precisely the weight of exogamy among the factors that account for the process of assimilation.
Research can identify the effect of rising exogamy on assimilation and point to the fact that exogamy is the crucial factor driving the level of language shift.
Elsewhere in Canada, the transmission of French has had a tendency to diminish since the end of the 1950s...This evolution is due to the increase of exogamy, because one observes rather an improvement in the transmission of French when one holds constant the distribution of fathers based on their mother tongue.
www.pch.gc.ca /progs/lo-ol/perspectives/english/assimil2/04d.html   (1320 words)

 exogamy and endogamy --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
Endogamy, rare among nonliterate societies, is characteristic of aristocracies and religious and ethnic minorities in industrialized societies, but it is also a notable characteristic of the caste system in India and of class-conscious nonliterate societies such as that of the Masai of East Africa.
Exogamy, more characteristic of nonindustrial societies, is usually based on ties of kinship, clan, or moiety (see dual organization) rather than on political or territorial lines.
Since exogamous rules usually characterize unilineal descent groups, in which descent is reckoned either patrilineally or matrilineally, the marriage prohibition will apply only to one side of the family.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9033436?tocId=9033436   (889 words)

 SanathanaDharma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The bar of exogamy is not peculiar to India, but it is prevalent in other parts of the world also.
This habit was hardened into instinct and even after the dawn of civilization, the fashion of marrying outside was retained, though war was replaced by mutual negotiation and the tribal army by a marriage party.
Exogamy might have been introduced to avoid the jealousy and quarrel in the family also.
www.sanathanadharma.com /samskaras/marriage/mar3.htm   (3263 words)

 Zarana Papic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In this context, the focal point at issue is Levi-Strauss’ cultural projection of the human origin, that is his theory of incest taboo, exogamy and the exchange of women.
The fact that his concept of sexuality is biological and that he does not presuppose the possibility that, with its very constitution it already “requires” and assumes culture, in no way lessens the fact of the importance that he attaches to it.
The law of exogamy, which is at the basis of the incest taboo, is further, that social rule whereby a new social male sexuality is created and made possible.
www.zenskestudie.edu.yu /wgsact/e-library/e-lib0025.html   (11867 words)

 Chapter Outline
Exogamy is the practice of seeking a spouse outside one's own group.
This argument focuses on the adaptive social results of exogamy, such as alliance formation, not simply on the idea of biological degeneration.
Endogamy and exogamy may operate in a single society, but do not apply to the same social unit.
highered.mcgraw-hill.com /sites/0072832258/student_view0/chapter11/chapter_outline.html   (1479 words)

 Flashcards for Sex and Marriage Stack 2
The kind of marriage selection rule that is intended to prevents incest.
The kind of marriage selection rule that applies when relatives tell you that you should marry someone who speaks your own language and has the same cultural values.
The kind of marriage selection rule that applies when the law says that you cannot marry your sibling or parent.
anthro.palomar.edu /marriage/flashcards_2.htm   (511 words)

 Schiff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Abstract: Cites the closely-linked institutions of totemism and exogamy in Flannery O'Connor's `Greenleaf.' Ritualistic slaughtering of a bull in the story; Cow as totem animal; Greenleaf clan's facile sense of Christianity; Accrual of wealth without guilt through totemism; Killing of the bull as sacrifice of totemism.
Its denouement a ritualistic slaughtering of a bull, Flannery O'Connor's "Greenleaf" has invited much comparison with various classical myths.(n1) Perhaps the reason for the diversity of such interpretations is that O'Connor was interested less in specific myths than in the primitive circumstances that spawned them.
Totemism and exogamy, or marriage outside the clan, exist side by side in primitive cultures, and the unsophisticated Greenleaf boys have indeed found themselves wives.
www.sbuniv.edu /~tsukany/comp2/schiff.htm   (2311 words)

 Introduction to Marriage Systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As the Nayar case suggests, the basic constants and variations in marital institutions and the affinal relationships that are based on it must first be understood in terms of the patterns of exogamy (out marriage) and endogamy (in marriage).
All societies have rules of exogamy, closely related to incest taboos, which specify the ranges and categories of relatives who are considered forbidden marriage and sexual partners.
Even in contemporary Western societies, individuals are encouraged and sometimes forced to marry within ethnic and religious groups and consistently express preferences for mates from similar class and educational backgrounds, in spite of our pervasive emphasis on love and individual choice.
www.umanitoba.ca /anthropology/tutor/marriage/basic.html   (309 words)

 Encyclopedia: Exogamy
Updated 56 days 17 hours 22 minutes ago.
Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a social group because of social norms that encourage or require it.
Totemism (derived from the root -oode in the Ojibwe language, which referred to something kinship-related) is a religious belief that is frequently associated with shamanistic religions.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Exogamy   (584 words)

 CPS: Conferences: 1998 Abstracts
This model identifies: (a) conditions under which exogamy has a positive (or negative) contribution to demographic growth; (b) conditions under which the number of exogamous births is greater (or smaller) than endogamous births.
Except for the North American Indians during the 1986-1991 period, exogamy and fertility differentials (exogamous vs endogamous unions) always contribute positively to the demographic growth.
This exploratory study examined the rates of exogamy and endogamy among different ethnic groups in Canada, focussing on the metropolitan areas of Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver in 1996.
www.canpopsoc.org /conferences/2001_abstracts.html   (7844 words)

 Exogamy Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
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www.somethingpersonal.com /encyclopedia/Exogamy   (515 words)

 Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis, and Development, by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
The prevalence of exogamy in the primitive worlds is a fact too well-known to need any explanation.
With the growth of history, however, exogamy has lost its efficacy, and excepting the nearest blood-kins, there is usually no social bar restricting the field of marriage.
It is no exaggeration to say that with the people of India exogamy is a creed and none dare infringe it, so much so that, in spite of the endogamy of the Castes within them, exogamy is strictly observed and that there are more rigorous penalties for violating exogamy than there are for violating endogamy.
www.columbia.edu /itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/txt_ambedkar_castes.html   (7963 words)

 GROUP SIX - PRESENTATION - ROBIN FOX CHAPTER TWO SECTION ONE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A confusion with respect to the meanings of incest and exogamy.
As Fox notes, many theories that supposedly explain the outlawing of sex [incest] from the family, really deal with why marriage between family members is not allowed [exogamy].
Rules relating to family exogamy do not necessarily explain why sex is banned within the family.
people.uleth.ca /~beaulieu/Fox2Section1.htm   (1322 words)

 Nat' Academies Press, The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration (1997)
Conventional population projections assume that persons of different major racial/ethnic groups do not have children together and that all children will be of the same racial/ethnic identity as their parents.
Figure 3.2 presents exogamy rates for racial/ethnic groups based on the data described above.
To calculate exogamy rates for single-ancestry persons, we assume that the ratio of single-ancestry to overall intermarriage rates provides an estimate for adjusting the overall exogamy rates, sepa
www.nap.edu /books/0309063566/html/90.html   (545 words)

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