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Topic: Exordium (rhetoric)

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  Exordium (rhetoric) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Western classical rhetoric, the exordium was the introductory portion of an oration.
The exordium is one of six parts of a discourse that an orator would develop as part of the rhetorical discipline known as dispositio — the arrangement of the arguments in an oration.
In short, the exordium was the portion of the discourse, in which the orator would prepare the audience to hear his arguments in a favorable frame of mind.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exordium_(rhetoric)   (318 words)

 Dispositio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dispositio was the system used for the organization of arguments in Western classical rhetoric.
It is the second of five canons of classical rhetoric (the first being inventio, and the remaining being elocutio, memoria, and pronuntiatio) that concern the crafting and delivery of speeches and writing.
The first part of any rhetorical exercise was to discover the proper arguments to use, which was done under the formalized methods of inventio.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dispositio   (420 words)

 Canons of Rhetoric (LinguaMOO)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Although the five canons of rhetoric describe areas of attention in rhetorical pedagogy, these should not be taken as the only educational template for the discipline of rhetoric.
In the exordium or introduction, it is necessary for the rhetor to establish his or her own authority.
To achieve this, the rhetor has to use the elements of style in such a way that the audience will understand the rhetors main points in the speech, and not be left confused.
lingua.utdallas.edu:7000 /15244   (1061 words)

 << Journals Division of UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS >>   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Rhetoric is the alternative to logic necessitated by open systems; ones not amenable to the certainties of logic where a closed system allows premises to undergo systemic proof of their truth or falsehood within fixed procedures that deliver a conclusion imbued with the certainty of a priori definition.
Kuhn, Gould, and Watson, among others, have delved into the rhetorical effect of social norms on both scientists and the contours, or contortions, of their enterprise, but too little account is taken in scientific paradigms themselves of science as fiction, of the rhetorical contaminant in the purity of protocols assuming logical models.
Rhetoric might be more usefully defined as the art of contingent closure; its principles of decorum mimic the inherent consistency of logical systems, allowing open systems to be artificially, and arbitrarily, closed.
www.utpjournals.com /jour.ihtml?lp=product/utq/614/614_dixon.htm   (1925 words)

 NMEDIAC : Summer 2002
Greek rhetoric was introduced in the 2d century to Rome when Greek messengers delivered their speeches in front of the senate.
This universal use of rhetoric is possible because of the historical tradition of rhetoric as an ubiquitous ability.
The classical canon of rhetoric is in texts of hypertext surroundings for the construction of text to be generated by hypertextual operations.
www.ibiblio.org /nmediac/summer2002/hypertext.html   (4336 words)

 The Islamagoods - Rhetoric Basics
Indeed, a basic premise for rhetoric is the indivisibility of means from meaning; how one says something conveys meaning as much as what one says.
Rhetoric studies the effectiveness of language comprehensively, including its emotional impact (see pathos), as much as its propositional content ( see logos).
In the exordium or introduction, it is necessary for one to establish his or her own authority.
a.parsons.edu /~aisha/thesis/archives/000115.html   (538 words)

 Catholic Biblical Quarterly, The: Hebrews, rhetoric, and the future of humanity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Hebrews begins with what can be called an exordium according to the canons of classical rhetoric.11 An important question concerns the length of the exordium, because knowing where the exordium ends helps us identify where the author presents the speech's central thesis.
Interpreters often identify the exordium as the first sentence (1: 1-4) because the style shifts from the elevated poetry of 1:1-4 to a series of biblical quotations in 1:5-13, and the content changes from God's revelation in the Son in 1:1-4 to the Son's superiority to the angels in 1:5-13.12
There are, however, good reasons to think that the exordium encompasses all of 1:1-2:4.13 In style, the introduction is framed by periods that deal with God's mode of "speaking" (...) in the past through prophets and angels, and in the present through his Son (1:1-4; 2:24).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3679/is_200201/ai_n9063931   (955 words)

 Arachnion n. 1 - Toohey: speech-making and persuasion ...
Yet, in the case of the Alexandrian writer of epic, Apollonius of Rhodes (composing after Aristotle and the major orators), the absence of speech-making, thus the absence of "primary" rhetoric is striking.
We have seen the usefulness of rhetorical classification for this speech: it emphasizes the deliberation of its structure.
The paratactic structure of Nestor's apology mirrors that of the preceding speeches: A (23.626: exordium), B (23.627-8: prothesis), C (23.629-42: paradeigma = pistis), B (23.643-45: prothesis), A (23.646-50: epilogue).
www.cisi.unito.it /arachne/num1/toohey.html   (10131 words)

 analysing poetry from a rhetoric standpoint   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Rhetoric was formerly an indispensable aid to writing poetry, and some of its approaches are still helpful.
Rhetoric has always entered into very fabric of literature — not only to persuade, but to inform, move, entertain, distract and amuse.
Rhetoric was an art, and was often enjoyed as such: a sophisticated audience saw through the devices but nonetheless applauded the display of such skills.
www.poetrymagic.co.uk /advanced/rhetoricalapproaches.html   (2113 words)

 COM 664-80 Studies in Rhetorical Theory Syllabus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Rhetoric is an interesting subject, but not one easily mastered; virtually impossible in one semester.
Mastery of a subject as diverse and challenging as rhetorical theory will demand maximum attention and persistent commitment of energy, but it may be one of the most important investments in your education in the communication arts.
"The new rhetoric is a theory of argumentation."--Chaim Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca, The New Rhetoric
www.regent.edu /acad/schcom/ma/COM664   (3422 words)

 PHSchool - AP* Lesson Plans
After a writer has engaged invention—after he or she has considered the possible choices in terms of audience, occasion, and subject—a writer is ready to "dispose" of topic and ideas through writing.
Now that students are armed with a working knowledge of the principles of invention (ethos, logos, pathos), they are in an even better position to tackle discussions about disposition, for they now understand that the choices they make in terms of form must follow the function of ethos, logos, and pathos in their writing.
Exordium: Unlike the typical modern dictum that the introduction of an essay must "grab the reader's attention," the exordium simply presents the topic as one worthy of consideration.
www.phschool.com /advanced/lesson_plans/eng_barnet_2000/lesson05.html   (4312 words)

 Working within the system or working the system?
While this may deviate from the norm, or appear to be overly academic or downright boring, I feel that the key to understanding the theology of scriptures lies in researching the historical and literary criticism, or introducing new historical and literary criticism.
The exordium has the sole purpose of gaining the audience’s favor so that they will lend a patient ear to the position we are about to present them.
His city, being a university city, was filled with rhetorical studies and it is difficult to assume that these styles were not absorbed and then employed by him.
www3.baylor.edu /~Mike_Parsons/acts26.htm   (5409 words)

 Rhetoric to Zeugma
Put another way, a rhetorical situation occurs when a rhetor, audience, medium (such as text or speech) and a context converge to create a rhetorical act, such as an act of writing or speaking.
Style is essential to rhetoric in that its guiding assumption is that the form or linguistic means in which something is communicated is as much part of the message as is the content (as MacLuhan has said, "the medium is the message").
Second, where the canon of delivery (including inflection or enunciation) is specifically at stake in rhetoric, the particular body still may only resonate with the pitches—with the notes of the scale, one might say—that her or his tradition allows.
www.nt.armstrong.edu /term6.htm   (3429 words)

 The Arguments of Job's Three Friends
The concern of this paper is more limited: it is Þrst to treat three rhetorical elements in their speeches that are relevant to the questions of their coherence and of their distinctiveness, and secondly to set out some general arguments for their coherence and their distinctiveness.
Perception of tonality depends partly on the subjective impression of the reader, and certainly cannot be determined in advance of engagement with the whole of the speech, or indeed of the three speeches, of the friend.
But exordium and conclusion tones can be misleading: the Þrst speeches of both Bildad and Zophar each end with a similar contrast between the fate of the righteous and that of the wicked, the Þnal verse marking a downbeat note in each case (8.22; 11.20).
www.shef.ac.uk /uni/academic/A-C/biblst/DJACcurrres/Postmodern2/Friends.html   (4876 words)

 SUMMARY (COMPLIATION) OF THE CLASSICAL CONCEPTION OF RHETORIC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Rhetoric is an art, more particularly, is one of the seven liberal arts It is composed of principles which must be applied flexibly depending on the relationship among speaker, audience, occasion, and content
Rhetoric is part of cultural affairs, especially civic, religious, and poetic
Rhetoric emphasizes analysis and involvement of the audience and situation
bradley.bradley.edu /~ell/classic.html   (302 words)

 The Rhetoric of Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A popular assumption is that scientific writing per se is produced without rhetorical intent; that is, today people assume that scientific writing has a purpose of being purely objective and disinterested, whose only intent is explaining and clarifying.
The book is laid out according to the pattern of a classical oration, complete with exordium, narration, exposition, partition, confirmation, refutation, digression, and peroration.
Introduction : The opening section garners our interest in the issue at hand (Exordium), provides needed background information (Narratio), forecasts the main parts of argument (Partitio), and then ends with his thesis, or claim (Propositio)--natural selection provides the means for evolution..
www.octc.kctcs.edu /crunyon/CE/Darwin/NewNotes/rhetoric_of_science.htm   (432 words)

Even Gibbon, while not doing him justice, had to praise him; and his teacher of rhetoric, Libanius, is said to have intended John as his successor, "if the Christians had not taken him".
It would be a mistake at the present day to imitate their style, which was influenced not a little by the unhealthy stimulus of the admiring court of Louis XIV.
Their majestic style, with its grand exordium and its sublime peroration, became the fashion in the succeeding age; but it was a case of ordinary men trying to don the armour, and to handle the weapons, of giants, or of the unskillful rider venturing on the horses of Achilles.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07443a.htm   (4771 words)

 RLG 324: Handout #9
The exordium functions to obtain the attention and goodwill of audience (Cicero, De Partitione oratoria §28), and to introduce the causa (issue) ( Rhetorica ad Herennium).
Quintilian (3.8.6) suggests that the exordium can be dispensed with in deliberative rhetoric, since the audience is already well disposed to the speaker.
In epideictic rhetoric the exordium can be loosely organized and free flowing but is usally based on the topoi of praise and blame.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~kloppen/0324hdt9.htm   (621 words)

 Musica Poetica: Dispositio and Elocutio in Bach BWV 78
The rules of oratory and rhetoric provided a vocabulary of commonly understood gestures that composers used to "paint" the affects.
From classical rhetoric, however, the theory overlapped into the epistolary genre and poetic composition, and acquired special significance in the art of preaching, in which it achieved a medieval perfection which was simultaneously intellectualist and Scholastic.
Writers such as Forkel, Marpurg, Kirnberger, and Koch wrote on the importance and significance of musical rhetoric, with Forkel even claiming that it was only in his time (the 1780s) that the musical style had matured enough to make a true musical rhetoric possible.
www.musicapoetica.net /bachbwv78.htm   (4303 words)

 Rhetoric and Baroque Opera Seria
Germain Bazin suggests that "rhetoric was at the centre of baroque thinking and therefore all the arts".
It was not a coincidence that opera developed with a relation to rhetoric since musical rhetorical theories were also being developed at this time.
In a typical rhetoric textbook of the time the largest section, the one on elocutio, would list the devices which rhetors would use to delight and stir the audience.
gfhandel.org /seria.htm   (3129 words)

 Report 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He was an important figure in the transmission of philosophical rhetoric to the Middle Ages, but his system of rhetoric deserves more attention here both because of its intrinsic qualities and because it became authoritative among scholastic teachers in the later Middle Ages.
Boethius' objective was to find the place for rhetoric and to distinguish between dialect and rhetoric.
All rhetoric is contained in each one of its species; and the species exercise final control over the content, so that they truly make it their own.
www.libarts.ucok.edu /english/rhetoric1/report2/mayfield.htm   (370 words)

 Concord and Peace   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
These are supplemented by tools from modern text linguistics, which the author uses to do a compositional analysis of the letter, and by the tools of modern semantics, used to establish the language of concord in 1 Clement which it has in common with other relevant ancient literature.
Its macro-structure reflects the conventional parts of the dispositio of ancient rhetoric (exordium, narratio, probatio, peroratio).
He argues that Clement primarily regarded it as a conflict between people of different socio-economic statuses in which a struggle for honor appeared to be an important aspect.
www.coronetbooks.com /books/conc6379.htm   (269 words)

 Literary Terms and Definitions E   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
ELLIPSIS (plural, ellipses): (1) In its oldest sense as a rhetorical device, ellipsis refers to the artful omission of a word implied by a previous clause.
Epistrophe is an example of a rhetorical scheme.
EXORDIUM : In classical rhetoric, this is the introductory part of a speech.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/lit_terms_E.html   (7081 words)

 RHETORIC-Ethos--Printer Friendly   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Also known as "forensic" rhetoric, deals with things that have happened in the past.
Cicero said that in classic oratory, the initial portion of the speech(its exordium or INTRODUCTION) was the place to establish one’s credibility with the audience.
In Cicero’s speech defending the poet Archias, he begins by referring to his own expertise in oratory, for which he was famous in Rome.
radar.ngcsu.edu /~tcampbell/ENG1101/Lectures/ethsprnt.htm   (373 words)

 Ancient Rhetoric Review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Stasis Theory: analyze a brewing argument, questioning, legal reasoning, a process of persuasion, point at which parties can agree, a process for reaching consensus among potentially conflicting positions.
Rhetorical tropes: basically a figure of speech, use dissimilar items to get above the literal meaning.
Sophistic: rhetorical exercises for the classroom (2nd sophistic movt)
users.ev1.net /~aquila/chandra/ancientrhetreview.html   (632 words)

 Donald L. Clark on the Precepts of Rhetoric   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Donald L. Clark on the Precepts of Rhetoric
The precepts of rhetoric according to Cicero and Clark or How to make a speech clear, convincing, and agreeable
Exordium: opening to render audience attentive and friendly
bradley.bradley.edu /~ell/precepts.html   (117 words)

 Classical Rhetoric Handout
  The exordium could be one sentence or several paragraphs.
Narratio—The narratio provides relevant background information to readers who may not know as much about the topic as the writer.
   Try using the same techniques that are used in exordium paragraphs to leave the reader in an engaging and interesting manner.
www.csupomona.edu /~kmenton/Classical%20Rhetoric%20Handout.htm   (436 words)

 EXORDIUM - Definition
[n] ( rhetoric) the introductory section of an oration or discourse
{ Exordiums } (-[ u ^] mz), L.
See { Order }.] A beginning ; an introduction ; especially, the introductory part of a discourse or written composition, which prepares the audience for the main subject ; the opening part of an oration.
www.hyperdictionary.com /dictionary/exordium   (92 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The rhetoric and composition section of the current sample examination focuses on a general understanding of rhetorical features and composing processes and the contexts within which they function.
The split between literature and rhetoric that informs the ways contemporary departments of English are configured also arises in the mid-nineteenth century in England, Scotland, and the United States.
This evokes both the classical uses of rhetoric as dialectic aimed at airing issues and discovering truth and the contemporary influences of rhetoricians who urge us to recognize all public uses of language as in some way aimed at influencing readers.
soe.csusb.edu /preintern/EngPrep/rhetoric/rhetoric_all.html   (12046 words)

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