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Topic: Expectation

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  Expectation utilities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Expectation utilities are future-regarding, and thus imply desires and beliefs; "natural" utilities are not.
Expectation utilities allow for long-term projects, which provide a higher proportion of utility than the natural utilities favored by those agents that can only pursue their immediate interest.
The notion of 'expectation utility' must not be mistaken for that of expected utility.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Expectation_utilities   (111 words)

 Pythagorean expectation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pythagorean expectation is a formula invented by Bill James to estimate how many games a baseball team "should" have won based on the number of runs they scored and allowed.
The term is derived from the formula's resemblance to Pythagoras' formula to compute the length of the hypotenuse of a triangle from the lengths of its other two sides.
Applying the pythagorean expectation to Football: Includes a discussion of how the exponent in the formula should be larger the larger the number of points scored per game becomes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pythagorean_expectation   (364 words)

 Expectation Values in Quantum Mechanics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
For example, the expectation value of the radius of the electron in the ground state of the hydrogen atom is the average value you expect to obtain from making the measurement for a large number of hydrogen atoms.
While the expectation value of a function of position has the appearance of an average of the function, the expectation value of momentum involves the representation of momentum as a quantum mechanical operator.
In general, the expectation value for any observable quantity is found by putting the quantum mechanical operator for that observable in the integral of the wavefunction over space:
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/quantum/expect.html   (198 words)

 Expected value - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In probability theory (and especially gambling), the expected value (or mathematical expectation) of a random variable is the sum of the probability of each possible outcome of the experiment multiplied by its payoff ("value").
The expected value operator (or expectation operator) E is linear in the sense that
In classical mechanics, the center of mass is an analogous concept to expectation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Expected_value   (769 words)

 Expectation Damages and the Theory of Overreliance
The basic remedy for breach of a bargain contract is expectation damages, which puts the injured party where she would have been had the contract been performed.
The theory of overreliance is not limited in its application to the expectation measure, but it is most salient to that measure, just because the expectation measure is the gold standard in a bargain context.
In contrast, the costs of a modified expectation measure would be very high, because of the direct costs that would be entailed in applying the theory of overreliance to actual cases, and the indirect effect of those costs on the behavior of contracting parties.
repositories.cdlib.org /boaltwp/102   (437 words)

 More on Expectation Values
The expectation value of a binomial random variable with N trials and success probability p per trial is N*p.
This is analogous to an average of the values in a particular data set, except that for computing the average of a particular data set you can take all the values that happen to occur and multiply them by their observed relative frequency (as we discussed in a previous page).
The point is that to compute the expectation of Y, we need the probabilities that Y will take on particular values; because Y is the square of X, the probability that Y will take some value is found from the probability that X will take some other value.
www.mathepi.com /stat/prob/expectation2.html   (910 words)

 The Glass Menagerie Summary by Tennessee Williams
Expectation 1: The Wingfields have expectations and dreams of how life will turn out for them, and of how situations will unfold leading to the ultimate realization of their dreams or goals.
Expectation 4: While Amanda expects Tom to believe like a Southern gentleman in all respects right down to table manners, she also expects Laura to be something she's not -- a Southern belle.
Expectation 7: Amanda expects that the gentleman caller Tom is bringing home will instantly fall in love with Laura, and want to marry her.
www.bookrags.com /notes/gm/TOP3.htm   (753 words)

 Expectations and Student Outcomes
In his 1983 review of the teacher expectations research, Brophy estimated that five to ten percent of the variance in student performance is attributable to differential treatment accorded them based on their teachers' differential expectations of them.
Lower expectations are often held for older girls--particularly in scientific and technical areas-- because of sex role stereotyping.
Teachers who form expectations based on inappropriate data, are rigid and unchanging in their expectations, and/or treat low-expectation students in inhibiting ways are generally not aware of their harmful thinking and behaviors.
www.nwrel.org /scpd/sirs/4/cu7.html   (7912 words)

 Expectation -- the Key to Believing God
In this example all expectation was taken away, they took it out of their mind, they gave in to sense-knowledge evidence, but when a believer stood on the greatness of God's Word, success was assured.
Your expectation is to be in the living God and in His Word, not in the uncertainty of riches, not in your circumstances, nor in your tremendous ability to earn a living.
Expectation is the key to believing and this is shown by confession and thanksgiving.
www.posword.org /articles/wade/expect.shtml   (5045 words)

 [No title]
In this case, a more explicit expectation, based on detailed client knowledge, would be expected to lead the auditor to recognize the unexpected outcome: a non-change, thereby increasing the auditor(s perception of misstatement risk in the affected account.
Expectations and management evaluation are binary variables taking the value of 1 if the respondents formed expectations or evaluated management (as appropriate) and 0 if they did not perform these tasks.
As such, the use of an expectation formation decision aid in analytical procedures may not be equally effective in alerting auditors to all types of misstatements.
aaahq.org /audit/midyear/05midyear/papers/cullinan.doc   (4459 words)

 Expectation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Expectation is the average of the values you would get in conducting an experiment or trial exactly the same way many times.
We will define mathematical expectation as follows: If, in the event of a successful result, amount a, is to be received and the probability of success of that event is p, then ap is the mathematical expectation.
No; since $3.00 is $1.00 over their expectation of $2.00, it would not be worthwhile for the Jones family to take the tour.
www.tpub.com /math2/86.htm   (516 words)

 Expectation Inflation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Expectation overload is one of the most difficult to control.
It's taking the expectations that are very realistic for someone else, and putting them on to me. You see, in the first type the issue is I raised up a standard that I can't possibly meet and then I beat myself up for not measuring up.
The amazing thing is a father can have unrealistic expectations of his son, but the son feels guilty even though the expectations don't fit.
www.kcconline.org /messages/990328.html   (2211 words)

 EXPECTATION - Definition
His magnificent expectations made him, in the opinion of the world, the best match in Europe.
Expectations are computed for or against the occurrence of the event.
{Expectation of life}, the mean or average duration of the life individuals after any specified age.
www.hyperdictionary.com /dictionary/expectation   (205 words)

 Center for Professional Responsibility - American Bar Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In order to understand what level of risk may exist without destroying the reasonable expectation of privacy, this Section evaluates the risks inherent in the use of alternative means of communication in which lawyers nonetheless are presumed to have such an expectation.
However, this expectation of privacy in communications by telephone must be considered in light of the substantial risk of interception and disclosure inherent in its use.
Some court decisions reached the conclusion that there is no reasonable expectation of privacy in cordless phones in part because of the absence, at the time, of federal law equivalent to that which protects traditional telephone communications.
www.abanet.org /cpr/fo99-413.html   (4819 words)

 The Desire of Nations and the Earnest Expectation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
“For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.
For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption unto the glorious liberty of the children of God.
Happily, the note of futility and despair present in Ecclesiastes, owing to the futility of life under the sun, is totally absent in Romans because of the promise of life in Christ.
www.preteristcentral.com /articles-preterist-desire-of-nations.htm   (4320 words)

 Expectation Maximization
In general, computations required for EM can be quite difficult requiring complex integrations to compute the required expectations and perform the maximization.
In the remainder of this section, we consider a special case of EM well suited to distributions in the exponential family.
In the case of missing data, instead of using the sufficient statistics which we don't have, we use the expected sufficient statistics to iteratively assign estimates to theta and phi.
www.cs.brown.edu /research/ai/dynamics/tutorial/Documents/ExpectationMaximization.html   (1211 words)

 Luke 3:15 As the people were in expectation, and all men
But as the people were in expectation, and all were reasoning in their hearts concerning John whether he might be the Christ,
And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;
And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts concerning John, whether he was the Christ, or not;
bible.cc /luke/3-15.htm   (209 words)

 Establishing a Legitimate Expectation of Privacy in Clickstream Data, Gavin Skok
[32] The legitimate expectation of privacy test traditionally entails a two-part inquiry: (1) whether the defendant had an actual (subjective) expectation of privacy; and (2) whether society is prepared to recognize that expectation as reasonable.
The only court to thus far address expectations of privacy in clickstream data held that a Web user lacked an expectation of privacy in clickstream data generated while at work since he had notice that his Internet usage was being monitored.
Simons,[70] the Fourth Circuit considered whether an employee retained a legitimate expectation of privacy in records of his Internet use from work in light of a policy implemented by his employer, the Foreign Bureau of Information Services,[71] which warned employees that all Internet activity in the workplace would be monitored and recorded.
www.mttlr.org /volsix/Skok_art.html   (5002 words)

 [No title]
Evidence showing there was no reasonable expectation of success may support a conclusion of nonobviousness.
The court reversed, finding there was no reasonable expectation that a process combining the prior art steps could be successfully scaled up in view of unchallenged evidence showing that the prior art processes individually could not be commercially scaled up successfully.).
Whether an art is predictable or whether the proposed modification or combination of the prior art has a reasonable expectation of success is determined at the time the invention was made.
www.uspto.gov /web/offices/pac/mpep/documents/2100_2143_02.htm   (480 words)

 Street Expectation : eCorporations
If his garage door is open and he is in full view of the street, then there is no expectation of privacy IF you do not trespass to observe, or have to climb a...
Expectation: F ewer drivers travelling along Lanikuhana A venue being scared by drivers turning left from Keaoopua Street.
Among the reasons cited for the expectation of higher stock prices is the expectation that the federal tax...
www.ecorpscanada.ca /?Top=Street+Expectation   (2018 words)

 the Reasonable Expectation of Privacy
The criteria are as follows: 1) general legal principles; 2) the vantage point from which the surveillance is carried out; 3) the degree of privacy afforded by certain buildings and/or places; and 4) the sophistication and invasiveness of the surveillance technology employed.
The expectation of privacy is not reasonable if the behaviors or communications in question were knowingly exposed to public view.
The expectation of privacy is not reasonable if there exists a vantage point from which anyone, not just a police officer, can see or hear what was going on and if this vantage point is or should be known or "reasonably foreseen" by the person being surveilled.
www.notbored.org /privacy.html   (614 words)

 [No title]
It is not possible to define a set of requirements that would be appropriate for all teams, but it is possible and helpful to list and describe the general set of topics and issues which are of concern and interest to constituent communities.
For example, it is not necessary to understand the internal operation of a team in order to interact with it, as when reporting an incident or receiving guidance on how to analyze or secure one's systems.
If this recourse is not satisfactory, the matter may be referred to the Director of Computing Services (in the case of perceived problems with existing policy), or to the XYZ University Office of Rights and Responsibilities (in the case of perceived errors in the application of existing policy).
www.ietf.org /rfc/rfc2350.txt   (9789 words)

 PHMC Contract Modification M056
An additional 5% of the incentive fee for this PA can be earned by the Contractor for completing the Performance Expectation and size reduction of the 2A Rack is completed by September 30, 1998.
An additional 5% of the incentive fee for this PA can be earned by the Contractor for completing the Performance Expectation and the dispersibles under the third rack (2A) in B Cell are containerized by September 30, 1998.
An additional 7% of the incentive fee for this PA can be earned by the Contractor for completing the Performance Expectation and transfer of the residual Cs powder, salts, pellets, and Nordium capsules to WESF by September 30, 1998.
www.hanford.gov /phmc/contract/mods/m056/m056-8.html   (1851 words)

 Earnest Expectation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Consequently, mankind had to wait with earnest expectation for Christ to redeem him and for it to be available to become sons of God.
The earnest expectation of the hope of Christ's first coming is likened to a woman waiting to give birth.
Our earnest expectation for which we hope with heads bent forward is that day when Christ shall return, when we shall be gathered together with new spiritual bodies, when all shall be put in order under Christ, and when God shall reign over all.
www.redbay.com /ekklesia/expect.htm   (874 words)

Expectation: Ensure that potential radioactive and hazardous material exposures to members of the public and work force are As Low As Reasonable Achievable (ALARA), and that TWRS facilities operated by the Contractor have the capabilities, consistent with the types of operations conducted, to monitor routine and non-routine releases.
Expectation: The Contractor shall provide IRM services that meet the deliverables and requirements, performance measurements and service hours of the Service Level Agreements (SLA) that are considered an integral part of the IRM Annual Work Plan.
Expectation: Using a graded means of measuring success, maintain beginning of FY 1998 percent of protected classes (PC) within the combination of EEO-1 categories where employment selections are not driven by seniority (officials/managers, professionals, office/clerical and technical) by the end of FY 1998, adjusted for voluntary separations.
www.hanford.gov /phmc/contract/mods/m034/pep1998.htm   (9769 words)

 Expectation -- 61-0207 -- Sermon preached by William Branham   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This Message by Brother William Marrion Branham called Expectation was delivered on Tuesday, 7th February 1961 at the First Assembly Of God Of Long Beach CA in Long Beach, California, U.S.A. The tape, number 61-0207, is 1 hour and 32 minutes, and consists of 1 cassette.
Now, expectation, it has to be built upon something that got a faith behind it.
And I'm under expectations that He will rise up a church to go meet Him with the same power it had in the beginning.
www.nathan.co.za /message.asp?sermonum=724   (13797 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Feast of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin
Feast of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
At Milan the feast of the Annunciation is, even to the present, kept on the last Sunday before Christmas.
The Mozarabic Liturgy also celebrates a feast called the Expectation (or Advent) of St.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/05712a.htm   (448 words)

 Expectation -- 54-0220 -- Sermon preached by William Branham   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This Message by Brother William Marrion Branham called Expectation was delivered on Saturday, 20th February 1954 at the East Alton - Wood River Community High School in Wood River, Illinois, U.S.A. The tape, number 54-0220, is 1 hour and 32 minutes, and consists of 1 cassette.
We see here that when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea, there wasn't the press, like we have radio and television, and so forth, as we have now.
They had an expectation in their heart to see those things happen, and God granted it to them.
www.nathan.co.za /message.asp?sermonum=155   (11742 words)

 Expectation quotes
I am not in this world to live up to your expectations, and you are not in this world to live up to mine.
"Nobody succeeds beyond his or her wildest expectations unless he or she begins with some wild expectations.
"The expectations of life depend upon diligence; the mechanic that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools.
en.thinkexist.com /quotations/expectation   (261 words)

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