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Topic: Extermination camps

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In the News (Sun 16 Dec 18)

  Concentration camp   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The term often implies camps designed for the extermination of the interned (extermination camps) or their engagement in forced labor (labor camps).
Though they were not extermination camps, the Boer camps were noted for their poor nutrition and bad hygiene, and the associated high mortality rates (28,000 women and children died).
Still another one was camp Westerbork, which served as a transit camp (Durchgangslager) of Jews (Dutch and refugees) and Gypsies to extermination camps of Auschwitz and Sobibor.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/c/co/concentration_camp_1.html   (2709 words)

 Extermination camp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Extermination camps should be distinguished from concentration camps (such as Dachau and Belsen), which were mostly located in Germany and intended as places of incarceration and forced labor for a variety of "enemies of the state" or Nazi regime (such as Communists and homosexuals).
In all Nazi camps there were very high death rates as a result of starvation, disease and exhaustion, but only the extermination camps were designed specifically for mass killing.
The method of killing at these camps was by poison gas, usually in "gas chambers", although many prisoners were killed in mass shootings and by other means.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Extermination_camps   (890 words)

 Extermination Camps
Unlike concentration camps, which served primarily as detention and labor centers, extermination camps were almost exclusively "death factories." Over three million Jews were murdered in extermination camps, by gassing and by shooting.
The first extermination camp was Chelmno, which opened in the Warthegau (part of Poland annexed to Germany) in December 1941.
The largest extermination camp was Auschwitz-Birkenau, which by spring 1943 had four gas chambers (using Zyklon B gas) in operation.
www.ushmm.org /wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005145   (375 words)

 Holocaust Timeline: The Camps
Camps were an essential part of the Nazis' systematic oppression and mass murder of Jews, political adversaries, and others considered socially and racially undesirable.
The death camps proved to be a better, faster, less personal method for killing Jews, one that would spare the shooters, not the victims, emotional anguish.
The total figure for the Jewish genocide, including shootings and the camps, was between 5.2 and 5.8 million, roughly half of Europe's Jewish population, the highest percentage of loss of any people in the war.
fcit.coedu.usf.edu /holocaust/timeline/camps.htm   (1176 words)

 Bambooweb: Concentration camp
The term often implies camps designed for the genocide of the interned (extermination camps) or their engagement in forced labor (labor camps).
Originally conceived as a form of humanitarian aid to the families whose farms had been destroyed in the fighting, the camps were later used to confine and control large numbers of civilians in areas of Boer guerilla activity.
The term concentration camp was coined at this time to signify the "concentration" of a large number of people in one place, and was used to describe both the camps in South Africa and those established by the Spanish to support a similar anti-insurgency campaign in Cuba at roughly the same time (see below).
www.bambooweb.com /articles/c/o/Concentration_camp.html   (2821 words)

 [No title]
Extermination ceased in late 1942 and early the next year the bodies were exhumed and cremated and the camp was closed.
Sobibor extermination camp was built in March, 1942, in a forest near the village of Sobibór in eastern Poland, on the Bug River.
Originally, the camp was under the jursidiction of the Danzig chief of police; however, in 1941, it was reassigned as an SS camp.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/holocamp.html   (4386 words)

 Carlo Mattogno, Jürgen Graf: Treblinka: Extermination Camp or Transit Camp?
Two of these camps, Auschwitz and Majdanek, are supposed to have originally been established as normal concentration camps, but later served as 'extermination camps'[1] as well, in which the able-bodied Jews were used in forced labor, while those unable to work were gassed.
According to the official version of history, in all four 'pure extermination camps' the corpses of the murdered were initially buried in enormous mass graves, but later, when it became clear that the military defeat of the German Reich was impending, exhumed and burned in the open air.
A camp officer then announced to the arrivals that they had come to a transit camp from which they were going to be dispersed to various labor camps; for hygienic reasons, they would now take showers and have their clothes disinfected.
www.vho.org /GB/Books/t/1.html   (3490 words)

 The Danish Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
The six extermination camps were all situated in former Poland and had mass murder as their purpose.
All of the extermination camps were thoroughly organised and resembled industrial plants to an alarming degree.
The SS was responsible for the administration of the extermination camps.
www.holocaust-education.dk /lejre/udryddelseslejre.asp   (1812 words)

 Belzec   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In March, 1942, the Jews of the Lublin Province of Poland are deported to the Belzec death camp.
By the autumn of the year there were three camps in the village itself and a number of satellite camps in areas where there were 11,000 prisoners at one time.
The camp was closed in the Spring of 1943, and traces were destroyed.
www.angelfire.com /hi/DeathCamps/page3.html   (391 words)

 Berga. Berga and Beyond. Civilian Prisoners. Extermination Camps | PBS
From 1941 to mid-1942, six permanent extermination camps were established in occupied Poland, all part of the "SS State" under the command of Heinrich Himmler.
Belzec was the first camp to be installed with permanent gas chambers, allowing for the possibility to kill 15,000 people a day; eventually, 600,000 Jews were murdered at Belzec.
The Nazi extermination camps were designed to convince victims they were on their way to labor or transit camps, unaware of their fate until the moment of their deaths.
www.pbs.org /wnet/berga/beyond/extermination.html   (629 words)

 Men Behind Hitler - The Final Solution
The Nazi extermination camps need to be clearly distinguished from the concentration camps opened a few months after the Nazi accession to power with the establishment of Dachau (near Munich).
The extermination camps had not followed in the line of progression of the concentration camps, but had a quite separate evolution of their own, which up to now has puzzled many students of the subject.
The extermination camps, the apex of development on the sterilisation, castration, and euthanasia chain of evolution could be considered to be the full flowering of the plans laid by the psychiatrists and on the basis of experience gained in the euthanasia programme were the perfection of murder on assembly line basis.
www.toolan.com /hitler/finalsol.html   (1936 words)

 Australian Memories Of The Holocaust
Term generally used to describe the permanent camps which the Nazis established in Germany and later in occupied Europe for the detention of political opponents and of racial and social 'undesirables' under conditions which they were unlikely to survive.
Death camp in the Lublin region of Poland, erected in 1942.
Nazi death camp in Poland, where from 1940 to 1943, 750 000 persons, mostly Jews from Warsaw and its environs, were gassed to death.
www.holocaust.com.au /glossary.htm   (3030 words)

 [No title]
Camp I, in the northwest, was the reception and administrative sector; Camp II, in the eastern section, was the extermination sector.
The camp was erected in a sparsely populated region, 4 km.
The extermination sector was located in the southwest, in an area measuring 200 x 250 m., totally separated from the rest of the camp by barbed wire.
www.mtsu.edu /~baustin/yvsdocs.html   (9111 words)

 The American Experience | America and the Holocaust | Benjamin Akzin
In view of the preeminent part evidently by these two extermination camps in the massacre of Jews; equipped to kill 125,000 people per month, it would seem that the destruction of their physical installations might appreciably slow down the systematic slaughter at least temporarily.
It will also be noted that the destruction of the extermination camps would presumably cause many deaths among their personnel--certainly among the most ruthless and despicable of the Nazis.
The destruction of the camps would not change their fate, but it would serve as visible retribution on their murderers and it might save the lives of future victims.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/amex/holocaust/filmmore/reference/primary/bombbenjamin.html   (489 words)

 extermination camp --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The camps' victims were mostly Jews but also included Roma (Gypsies), Slavs, alleged mental defectives, and others.
The extermination camps played a central role in the Holocaust.
Persons are placed in such camps often on the basis of identification with a particular ethnic or political group rather than as individuals and without benefit...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9033460?tocId=9033460   (914 words)

 Concentration and Extermination Camps
This short film, with minimal dialogue, gives a powerful and perceptive view of the nature of the extermination process although there are no scenes of horror in it.
The concentration and extermination camp Majdanek, erected near Lublin in 1941, was liberated on July 23, 1944.
Soviet and Polish troops uncovered evidence of the Nazi Genocide and formed a commission to hear testimony from survivors and witnesses to the atrocities; their accounts were preserved on film.
www.holocaust-trc.org /edures15.htm   (470 words)

 Extermination Camps
After this date extermination camps were established in the east that had the capacity to kill large numbers including Belzec (15,000 a day), Sobibor (20,000), Treblinka (25,000) and Majdanek (25,000).
I had to tell them that this extermination of Jews had to be, so that Germany and our posterity might be freed for ever from their relentless adversaries.
The Soviet government, which investigated the camp after it was overrun by the Red Army in January 1945, put the figure at four million.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /GERextermination.htm   (879 words)

 Arthur R. Butz: The Hoax of the Twentieth Century
The extermination camps are all supposed to have been in occupied Poland, namely the camps referred to as Auschwitz, Belzec, Kulmhof (Chelmno), Lublin (Majdanek), Sobibor, and Treblinka.
Also, exterminations of Jews were supposed to have been conducted in Russia by the Einsatzgruppen, employing either mass shooting or "gasmobiles." The camps in Poland are also claimed to have employed "gas chambers" but, except for the case of Chelmno, stationary rather than mobile ones.
It is entirely possible that the typical individual concentration camp commander, presented with what he considered insane orders to "transfer" N inmates to X camp, reasoned that putting the half dead on the train had the double merit of minimizing numbers of deaths and also getting some of the dying off his hands.
www.vho.org /GB/Books/thottc/6.html   (7710 words)

Nazi extermination camp in western Poland where at least 150,000 Jews, about 5,000 Gypsies, and several hundred Poles, as well as Soviet prisoners of war, were killed between December 1941 and March 1943 and between April and August 1944.
Term widely used to describe both extermination camps, such as Auschwitz-Birkenau and Treblinka, where people were murdered in assembly-line style by gassing, and concentration camps such as Bergen-Belsen and Dachau, without gas chambers but where thousands were killed by starvation, disease, and maltreatment.
German word for "special squad." In the context of extermination camps, it refers to units of Jewish prisoners forced to take away bodies of gassed inmates to be cremated and to remove gold fillings and hair.
www.ushmm.org /outreach/glossary.htm   (1808 words)

 Chelmno, one of six Nazi extermination centers in Poland
The camp was used for the mass murder of Jews who lived in the Western Polish provinces which had been annexed by the Third Reich.
The extermination camp at Chelmno was a typical death camp, a place designed exclusively for killing all who where brought there.
The Sonderkommando oversaw the extermination process in the camp as well as in the work in the nearby forest where the corpses were burnt and buried.
www.cympm.com /chelmno.html   (822 words)

 Extermination Camps in Poland - Map   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Extermination camps were killing centers designed to carry out genocide.
The overwhelming majority of the victims of the extermination camps were Jews.
An estimated 3.5 million Jews were killed in these six extermination camps as part of the "Final Solution." Other victims included Roma (Gypsies) and Soviet prisoners of war.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Holocaust/extcamps.html   (105 words)

 A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust: Camps
In comparison to the other extermination camps, Chelmno was technologically primitive, employing carbon monoxide gas vans as the main method of killing.
In the last period of the Nazi regime (1942-45), prisoners of concentration camps were forced to work in the armament industry, as more and more Germans were fighting in the war.
At first a labor camp for Poles and a POW camp for Russians, it was classified as a concentration camp in April 1943.
fcit.coedu.usf.edu /holocaust/timeline/camps2.htm   (2135 words)

 The six Nazi extermination centers in Poland during WW II
The six Nazi extermination centers in Poland during WW II Nazi extermination camps and squads
       A Vernichtungslager - extermination camp consisted of a complex of barracks, gas chambers, cre- matoria, and work centers specifically built for mass annihilation of undesired persons in Germany and in the conquered territories who were considered to be a threat to the Third Reich.
According to the historian Raul Hilberg, these mobile killing units were responsible for the murder of 1.4 million east-European Jews between 1941 and the end of the war, May 1945.
www.cympm.com /extermination.html   (297 words)

 Australian Memories Of The Holocaust
By 1942 extermination facilities had been installed at the existing camps of Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau.
60% died as a result of conditions in the camp and 40% were gassed or shot.
Auschwitz I was a concentration camp established in 1940; Auschwitz II, also known as Birkenau, was built in 1941; and Auschwitz III was built in 1942.
www.holocaust.com.au /mm/c_death.htm   (709 words)

 Shofar FTP Archives: camps/auschwitz/non-extermination-camps
Archive/File: people/g/goldhagen.daniel.jonah/non-extermination-camps Lasr-Modified: 1996/07/12 "THE FIRST FACET of the camp system consisted of the obvious instrumental ends for which camps were used.
The monthly death rate for Jews in Mauthausen was, from the end of 1942 to 1943, 100 percent.
Mauthausen was not formally an extermination camp and, indeed, it was not for non-Jews, who at the end of 1943 all had a mortality rate below 2 percent.[31] Camps housing Jews did so on a temporary basis, because the Germans had consigned all Jews to death.
www.vex.net /~nizkor/ftp.cgi/camps/ftp.py?camps/auschwitz/non-extermination-camps   (245 words)

 Extermination camps or work camps? - Stormfront White Nationalist Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Joseph Matzner survived typhoid fever in a filthy Jewish ghetto, the horrors of five concentration camps, and the Holocaust's infamous Death March in which thousands perished or were killed.
Interesting, the Jews were there to be "exterminated" and yet this guy was sent to 5 "death camps".
Point is, the "extermination story" of the Jews is a pile of bunk.
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=97568   (256 words)

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