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Topic: Extinct languages

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In the News (Thu 21 Feb 19)

  Behind the Name: Languages Referenced by this Site
The Celtic language that was spoken by the Celts of southeastern Britain and Brittany (Bretons).
The extinct language that was spoken by the Goths.
The Gaelic language of the Celts of Ireland.
www.behindthename.com /languages.php   (1404 words)

 THISDAYonline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is a language spoken by a minority of people in the nation and for that reason is held in low esteem, causing its speakers to avoid using it or passing it on to their children.
Outright genocide is one cause of language extinction.
Language is the most efficient means of transmitting a culture, and it is the owners of that culture that lose the most when a language dies.
www.thisdayonline.com /archive/2002/08/04/20020804spe01.html   (2570 words)

 Endangered language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
An endangered language is a language with so few surviving speakers that it is in danger of falling out of use.
Some languages, such as those in Indonesia may have tens of thousands of speakers but be endangered because children are no longer learning them, or speakers are in the process of shifting to using the national language Indonesian (or a local Malay variety) in place of local languages.
In contrast, a language with only 100 speakers might be considered very much alive if it is the primary language of a community, and is the first (or only) language of all children in that community.
www.northmiami.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Endangered_languages   (749 words)

 Anatolian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Anatolian languages are a group of extinct languages, either Indo-European or (in some classifications) closely related to Indo-European, which were spoken in Asia Minor, including Hittite.
Lydian and Lycian are later Anatolian languages that are known from a number of inscriptions; no extended texts survive in them.
The Hittite language was deciphered by Bedřich Hrozn√Ĺ in 1916-1917, who discovered that it was an Indo-European language.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Anatolian_languages   (232 words)

 Native American Languages 4
It includes Nahuatl, the language of the ancient civilizations of the Toltecs, which lasted from the 10th to 13th centuries, and the Aztecs, which lasted from the 14th to 16th centuries, and their modern descendents.
Quechua was the language of the ancient Inca civilization, which flourished from the mid-1400s to the mid-1500s.
Languages in the Cariban family are spoken mainly in Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, and Venezuela.
www.angelfire.com /realm/shades/nativeamericans/lang4.htm   (977 words)

 Languages : Indo-European Family
Lithuanian is one of the oldest of the Indo-European languages.
Armenian is spoken in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh (an enclave in Azerbaijan).
Avestan is the extinct language of the Zoroastrian religion.
www.krysstal.com /langfams_indoeuro.html   (1825 words)

 Journal of American Indian Education-Arizona State University
Restoring language is a difficult task under the best of circumstances and requires the cooperation and dedication of not only the families and parents within the local community, but also the support of the Indian nation itself.
Language immersion is one of the most effective and efficient ways to actively involve all language students in the learning process.
Immersion differs from transitional second language teaching in that the former seeks to create fluent speakers (or as near to fluent speakers as is possible) while the latter tends to focus on assimilation into the dominant culture.
jaie.asu.edu /v37/V37S3imm.htm   (5568 words)

 LSA FAQs - What does it mean to say a language is endangered?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Many other languages are no longer being learned by new generations of children or by new adult speakers; these languages will become extinct when their last speaker dies.
The languages that are not being transmitted to children, or that are being learned by few children, are endangered and likely to become extinct.
Although language loss may be voluntary or involuntary, it always involves pressure of some kind, and it is often felt as a loss of social identity or as a symbol of defeat.
www.lsadc.org /faq/endangered.htm   (1883 words)

 OpinionJournal - Taste
That's because the octogenarian Anchorage resident is the last speaker of Eyak, the traditional language of her Alaskan tribe.
Languages disappear for all sorts of reasons, not least among them their radical transformation over time.
Each language captures something about a way of life, and when one goes mute, it is hard not to feel a sense of loss.
www.opinionjournal.com /taste?id=105001735   (1017 words)

 GN Online: List of dead languages grows
Sutherland's results, published recently in the journal Nature, show that 7.1 per cent of languages are in critical danger of extinction, compared with 4.1 per cent of mammals and 1.9 per cent of birds.
Though languages are often described as alive, they're not organisms that reproduce genetically.
Languages are learned, a factor that can work against them as they become more rare.
www.gulf-news.com /Articles/print.asp?ArticleID=95731   (490 words)

 Athena Review 1,3: South American Languages
Many are now extinct, and others are mere remnants of what contact period sources such as Carvajal, reporting for the Orellana Amazon expedition in 1542, saw as very large populations.
As a result, the Tupi language became the lingua franca of traders, missionaries, and soldiers such as Orellana and Fritz (Omagua), and Staden (Tupinikin and Tupinambá).
Panoan: Among 29 Panoan languages in the río Ucayali basin are Conibo, Shipibo, and Setebo, and the Cashibo, Capanawa, and Juruá-Purús branches.
www.athenapub.com /salang1.htm   (2065 words)

 Category:Extinct languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This category deals with human languages that are extinct.
See also Extinct language, Endangered language, Linguicide, List of extinct languages.
This page was last modified 19:52, 5 October 2005.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Extinct_languages   (46 words)

 [No title]
Nevertheless, because of the trend toward extinction among American Indian languages, their study is increasingly aimed at three goals: (a) interpreting written data on extinct languages, (b) obtaining data from the last speakers of obsolescent languages, and (c) encouraging the maintenance of languages still spoken by substantial communities.
Some languages also specify the instrument of an action, generally by prefixation, as with Pomo phi-de- ‘to move by batting with a stick,’ phu-de- ‘to move by blowing,’ pha-de- ‘to move by pushing with the end of a stick.’ (i) Some languages have constructions called evidentials, indicating the source or validity of the information reported.
The languages concerned are Karuk, classified as Hokan; Yurok and Wiyot, of the Macro-Algonkian phylum; and Hupa and Tolowa, of the Athabaskan family.
www.ncidc.org /bright/almanac_00-4-8.doc   (8728 words)

 Verbix -- Germanic. Conjugate verbs in 50+ languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
North Germanic or Scandinavian: western group - the Icelandic language, the Norwegian language, and Faroese; eastern group - the Danish language and the Swedish language.
The Germanic languages are related in the sense that they can be shown to be different historical developments of a single earlier parent language.
Although for some language families there are written records of the parent language (e.g., for the Romance languages, which are variant developments of Latin), in the case of Germanic no written records of the parent language exist.
www.verbix.com /languages/germanic.asp   (837 words)

 Indo-Aryan Languages
These languages of this category are considered the `purest' descendants of Sanskrit, being spoken in Aryavarta, the `pure land of the Aryans', also known as Aryadesha or Madhyadesha.
The languages of this family are descended from Sanskrit via the intermediate Madhyi (or Madhyadeshi) Bibhasa.
The vocabulary of the Purbi or Eastern Indo-Aryan Languages is, as with all languages of the Indo-Aryan family, heavily based on Sanskrit.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Ithaca/1335/Lang/prakrit.html   (3044 words)

 Germanic Languages
It is the official language of Sweden and is one of the official languages of Finland.
Norn was a mixed language of West Norse and Irish spoken in the Shetland Islands.
West Norse is the western branch of the North Germanic languages used in Iceland, Ireland, Norway, the Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland, and the Faroe Islands.
softrat.home.mindspring.com /germanic.html   (3010 words)

 Lost Algonquian Languages (Etchemin, Loup, Powhatan, Lumbee, Beothuk)
The Etchemin vocabulary that isn't clearly Maliseet-Passamaquoddy may be from an extinct Eastern Algonquian language, an extinct dialect of Maliseet-Passamaquoddy, or erroneous transcription from the (still-living) Maliseet-Passamaquoddy language.
Lumbee (Croatan): The language most commonly referred to as 'Lumbee' was an Algonquian language often called Croatan or Pamlico (though the ancestors of the modern-day Lumbee Indians also included speakers of several other languages, including Tuscarora and Cheraw languages).
The Powhatan language that historical figures John Smith and William Strachey recorded vocabulary from was certainly an Eastern Algonquian language, related to Lenape (Delaware).
www.native-languages.org /lostalg.htm   (694 words)

 The sci.lang FAQ: 8
A language family is a group of languages that have been proven to have descended from a common ancestral language.
All the Germanic languages have a common ancestor, Proto-Germanic; farther back, this ancestor was descended from Proto-Indo- European, as were the ancestors of the Italic, Slavic, and other branches.
LANGUAGE ISOLATES: A number of languages around the world have never been successfully shown to be related to any others-- in at least some cases because any related languages have long been extinct.
www.zompist.com /lang8.html   (939 words)

 Semitic languages Details, Meaning Semitic languages Article and Explanation Guide
The Semitic languages are the northeastern subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic languages, and the only family of this group spoken in Asia.
The term "Semitic" for these language is etymologically a misnomer in some ways (see Semitic), but is the standard term in linguistics.
Amorite language -- extinct (attested only from proper names transcribed in Akkadian; may effectively be the parent language of Northwest Semitic, or even predate the split of Central Semitic.)
www.e-paranoids.com /s/se/semitic_languages.html   (358 words)

 yourDictionary.com • Endangered Language Initiative• Two Extinct Languages
They are part of a collection of recordings of extinct languages on a CD produced by Prof.
Anthony Traill, Professorial Research Fellow in the Linguistics Department of the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
The second clip is the opening of a now very poignant speech in !ora, or Koranna, is another now extinct South African Khoisan language with clicks.
www.yourdictionary.com /elr/extinct.html   (239 words)

 CNN.com - Extinction fear for languages - May. 22, 2003
His findings -- that nearly 1,700 languages are either endangered, critically endangered or vulnerable -- are reported in the May 15 edition of the science journal, Nature.
About 27 percent of the world's languages are threatened, compared to about 9 percent of the bird population, his study shows.
According to the England-based Foundation for Endangered Languages, 83 percent of the world's languages are restricted to single countries, making them more vulnerable to the policies of a single government.
www.cnn.com /2003/TECH/science/05/22/extinct.language   (535 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Lost Languages: The Enigma of the World's Undeciphered Scripts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
An altogether extraordinary and fascinating work, "Lost Languages" is an engaging and engrossing look at the ways that anthropologists and linguists have deciphered lost or forgotten languages.
Written in a clear, reader-friendly style, with good doses of wit and anecdotal information, "Lost Languages" serves as a fine introduction to the world of ancient languages and those who seek to crack their hidden meanings.
Deciphering ancient dead languages is one of the most fascinating challenges a man/woman can face in his/her lifetime, and the more obstacles faced by the challenger the better.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0071357432?v=glance   (2284 words)

 Glenn Humphries tree of Extinct Asiatic languages
"Parent" languages are to the left; "descendant" languages are indented to the right under the appropriate "parent" language.
Other names for the languages will be noted parenthetically.Please be aware that some of the oldest language names denote the geographic region where that language was spoken rather that what the speakers of the language called their language.
This is a simplified diagram of the relationship of various obsolete asiatic languages showing their development throughout history, where possible, from various older languages, all now extinct.
glenn.humphries.com /extinctasiatic.htm   (251 words)

 yourDictionary.com • Endangered Languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This section of yourDictionary.com will highlight world-wide efforts to slow the loss of endangered languages on planet Earth.
We offer two examples of unusual Khoisan languages with clicks in their sound system that are no more, vanished from the earth forever.
Finally, we will provide you with a list of the various foundations around the world that are trying to stem the tide of language loss and offer you an opportunity to help.
www.yourdictionary.com /elr   (131 words)

 Ethnologue report of nearly extinct languages
They are classified in this way when "only a few elderly speakers are still living." The entries below give just the known population information.
Click on "More information" to see the full entry for the language.
200 to 300 know and understand the language but prefer English.
www.ethnologue.com /nearly_extinct.asp   (585 words)

 Lost and Found Sound: The Stories
She's a linguist who's been working on languages that have become extinct.
A colleague of Sands, Tony Traill from South Africa, found 1936 wax cylinder recordings of now-extinct languages of the bushmen.
Some of the sound could not be cleaned up with the usual digital techniques which remove ticks and surface scratches from old recordings, because the language itself contains remarkable clicking sounds of the palate that would fool the sound restoration software.
www.npr.org /programs/lnfsound/stories/990402.stories.html   (125 words)

 Extinct Languages Term Papers, Essay Research Paper Help, Essays on Extinct Languages
If you would like to read detailed information about our Extinct Languages papers BEFORE submitting payment--such as a summary, the number of pages, year written, and number of sources--you may try our deluxe Extinct Languages Search Engine.
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Equipped with proper research tools and sources, we write essays on Extinct Languages that are accurate and up-to-date.
www.essaytown.com /topics/extinct_languages_essays_papers.html   (926 words)

 Glenn Humphries' tree of indo-european languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Other languages which were influential to the develpment of a language will be noted parenthetically.Please be aware that some of the oldest language names denote the geographic region where that language was spoken rather that what the speakers of the language called their language.
This is a simplified diagram of the relationship of various modern and obsolete languages showing their development throughout history from various older languages, mostly now extinct.
INDO-EUROPEAN (Probably originated around the Caucasus Mountain area between Europe and India) "Indo-European" languages are divided into two groups; the CENTUM languages and the SATEM languages.
glenn.humphries.com /indoeuropean.htm   (360 words)

 Endangered languages home
Does "endangered" mean "doomed?" SIL is concerned for languages, the people who speak them, and the cultures they express.
SIL makes concerted efforts to survey languages, evaluate their vitality, facilitate language development, and where possible, prevent loss of language and culture.
The danger of languages dying out is real, but SIL believes every language and culture is part of the mosaic of humanity.
www.sil.org /sociolx/ndg-lg-home.html   (112 words)

 Best Book Buys - Extinct languages Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Subject Category > Social Science > Archaeology > Extinct languages
Lost Languages: The Enigma of the World's Undeciphered Scripts
The Asia Minor Connexion: Studies on the Pre-Greek Languages in Memory of Charles Carter
www.bestwebbuys.com /Archaeology-N_10040312-books.html   (91 words)

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