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Topic: Exxon Valdez

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In the News (Mon 17 Jun 19)

  Exxon Valdez, Oil Program, US EPA
The spill was the largest in U.S. history and tested the abilities of local, national, and industrial organizations to prepare for, and respond to, a disaster of such magnitude.
By noon on Friday, March 25, the Alaska Regional Response Team was brought together by teleconference, and the National Response Team was activated soon thereafter.
In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez incident, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which required the Coast Guard to strengthen its regulations on oil tank vessels and oil tank owners and operators.
www.epa.gov /oilspill/exxon.htm   (823 words)

  Exxon Valdez oil spill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Exxon's official position states that punitive damages greater than $25 million are not justified because the spill resulted from an accident, and because Exxon spent an estimated $2 billion cleaning up the spill, and a further $1 billion to settle civil and criminal charges related to the case.
The Exxon Valdez damages assessment is notably important in the environmental resource in question, an assessment reached with the use of contingent valuation techniques.
The Exxon Valdez supertanker was towed to San Diego, arriving on July 10 and repairs began in July 30, 1989.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill   (1383 words)

 Exxon Valdez - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The captain of the Exxon Valdez, Joseph Hazelwood, was then found guilty of negligence, and in 1991 a federal judge rejected a $1.1 billion settlement reached by Exxon, the federal government, and Alaska.
After the spill, the Exxon Valdez was towed to San Diego, arriving on July 10 and repairs began in July 30, 1989.
Exxon operated the tanker in Europe to avoid further publicity, renaming it the Exxon Mediterranean, and later the Sea River Mediterranean (under the Exxon subsidiary Sea River).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exxon_Valdez   (465 words)

 Exxon Valdez oil spill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez incident U.S. Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, including a clause banning the Exxon Valdez from Alaskan waters.
Exxon sent it back to court, to be considered in regards to a recent supreme court ruling in a similar case, resulting in Judge Holland actually upping the punitive damages to $4.5 billion, plus interest.
The Exxon Valdez damages assessment is also important in that it was the first which assessed the existence value of the environmental resource in question, an assessment which was done through the use of contingent valuation techniques.
www.inkster.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill   (1463 words)

 Exxon Valdez Spill, OilSpills.org
Exxon conducted successful dispersant test applications on March 25 and 26 and was granted permission on March 26 to apply dispersants to the oil slick.
During the Exxon Valdez spill response, a hopper dredge was used to collect oil for the first time in the United States.
At the time of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, there were no national guidelines established to indicate the levels of aromatic contaminants acceptable in food.
oilspills.org /Exxon_Valdez.htm   (4515 words)

As Exxon prepared to run four additional test burns, this effort was stymied by the requirement of a permit from DEC due to the smoke irritation experienced by residents of the nearby village of Tatilek.
In a high-impact collision, such as occurred in the Exxon Valdez accident, the accumulation of hydrocarbons in the space between the hulls could increase the likelihood of explosion.
Prior to the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989, the bald eagle population in PWS had rebounded after the banning of DDT in 1972.
wulfenite.fandm.edu /exxon-valdez.htm   (8804 words)

 Exxon Valdez - Wikipedia
Ursprünglich hieß das Schiff Exxon Valdez, es wurde jedoch umbenannt, nachdem es 1989 eine Ölpest und damit eine der größten Umweltkatastrophen der Seefahrt verursacht hatte.
Das Schiff wurde unter seinem damaligen Namen Exxon Valdez bekannt.
Exxon Valdez ist der Titel eines kritischen Liedes von Achim Reichel auf der CD Oh Ah.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exxon_Valdez   (639 words)

 31. The Exxon Valdez   (Site not responding. Last check: )
At about 9:00 PM on 23 March 1989, the 987-foot supertanker Exxon Valdez left the tanker terminal at the end of the 800-mile-long Alaska pipeline, fully loaded with crude oil and bound for California.
Exxon's cleanup efforts were tardy, confused and ineffectual, according to critics.
Nearly $400 million of the Exxon settlement was used by the government to purchase 650,000 acres that included 1,400 miles of shoreline along Prince William Sound as well as 287 salmon spawning streams in order to protect against development.
eightiesclub.tripod.com /id317.htm   (1186 words)

 USATODAY.com - Alaskans shocked by Exxon Valdez ruling   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In its ruling Wednesday, the court said some damages were justified to punish the company for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill, but decided the $5 billion was excessive.
Exxon, which has since merged with Mobil to form Exxon Mobil Corp., had argued the verdict was "completely unwarranted, unfair and is excessive by any legal or practical measure."
The jury found recklessness by Exxon and the captain of the Valdez, Joseph Hazelwood, who caused the tanker to run aground on a charted reef.
www.usatoday.com /news/nation/2001/11/08/valdez.htm   (563 words)

 Exxon Valdez TED Case Study
The Exxon Valdez, after receiving 53 million cargo of crude, pulled away from the Valdez pipeline terminal at 9:26 P.M., on its 28th trip out of the sound since its construction in 1986.
However, at the time of the Valdez spill, little of the oil-containment equipment was ready and the barge which should have much of the equipment already on it sat nearly empty.
Exxon said that the decision was too severe and that they would appeal the decision.
gurukul.ucc.american.edu /ted/exxon.htm   (3027 words)

 CSR case studies in crisis management - Exxon Mobil and Exxon Valdez
The Exxon Chairman, Lawrence Rawl, was immensely suspicious of the media, and reacted accordingly.
John Devens, the Mayor of Valdez, commented that the community felt betrayed by Exxon's inadequate response to the crisis, in contrast to the promises they had been quick to give of how they would react in exactly this eventuality.
The consequences for Exxon of its two-pronged disaster - the spill and its environmental consequences, alongside its disastrous communications - were enormous.
www.mallenbaker.net /csr/CSRfiles/crisis03.html   (798 words)

 Exxon Valdez TED Case Study
Exxon is still making the claim that this drop in numbers may be due to cyclical changes in ocean temperatures which affect the food supplies of fish.
In June when Exxon and Capt. Joseph Hazlewood were found to be reckless in causing the spill, Exxon's stock lost ten percent of its value.
Exxon attempted to appease them by compensating them initially with money, flown in groceries, and when native villages began to complain of missing their subsistence foods, Exxon arranged to have seal meat and seaweed shipped in.
www.american.edu /projects/mandala/TED/exxon.htm   (3027 words)

 Exxon Valdez - Legacy of a Spill
The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill was not the most egregious accident to damage ocean waters, but "only one of many, many changes, the mass majority of which are incremental, invisible, sometimes irreversible...
The hand on the wheel of the Exxon Valdez as it approached Bligh Reef belonged to Robert Kagan, a 15-year veteran of the Exxon fleet who began his maritime career as a mess hand, cleaning rooms and serving dinner.
Nearly 10 years after the spill and wearing a different name on her bow, the arrival of the former Exxon Valdez in a Scottish port last month was enough to provoke angry protests among British environmentalists.
www.adn.com /evos/evos.html   (1910 words)

 Exxon Valdez disaster- 15 years of lies | Greenpeace International   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Alaska, United States — It is fifteen years since the devastating Exxon Valdez oil spill, which saw 11 million gallons of oil pouring into a pristine wilderness area in Prince William Sound, Alaska.
With 500 miles of the coastline covered in oil just within the Sound area, mortality in the aftermath of the spill was particularly high, with sea otter, sea bird and harbour seal populations hit hard.
ExxonMobil's version of the Exxon Valdez oil spill is a history of lies, a legacy that the company pursues in its activities today.
www.greenpeace.org /international/news/exxon-valdez-disaster-15-year   (722 words)

 8 The Exxon Valdez of! spill, Alaska
Exxon Valdez was a new ship, the largest vessel ever built on the US west coast at the time of its delivery in San Diego on 11 December 1986 by the National Steel and Ship Building Company to the world's largest oil company.
Because the experiences and skills involved in coping with Exxon Valdez may have been affected by the legacy of the other disasters, a brief discussion of their impacts is in order.
The second major study of communities affected by the Exxon Valdez oil spill was an extension of the single most comprehensive social and cultural study of contemporary life in Alaska, begun in 1986.
www.unu.edu /unupress/unupbooks/uu21le/uu21le0l.htm   (5483 words)

 USATODAY.com - Exxon Valdez judgment back in court   (Site not responding. Last check: )
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — It's been nearly 17 years since the Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil along the Alaska coast in one of the country's worst environmental disasters, and a jury's $5 billion judgment against the company is still tied up in the courts.
The residents claimed they were harmed when the Valdez struck a charted reef and spilled crude oil along about 1,500 miles of coastline.
The jury found Exxon and Valdez captain Joseph Hazelwood reckless in the accident.
www.usatoday.com /news/nation/2006-01-27-exxon-valdez_x.htm   (328 words)

 Exxon Valdez
Even though the Exxon Valdez is the most-studied oil spill in world history, it is also a particularly difficult one to research because of the lack of baseline data on the ecology of Prince William Sound (Birkland 1998).
BIBLIOGRAPHY Birkland, Thomas A. In the Wake of the Exxon Valdez.
Birkland, Thomas A. In the Wake of the Exxon Valdez.
www.freeessays.cc /db/41/skx51.shtml   (1631 words)

 The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Disaster - ExploreNorth
Against strong opposition from many Alaskans, $125 million of the balance was forgiven due to Exxon's cooperation during the cleanup, and upgraded safety procedures to prevent a reoccurrence.
Exxon is earning $90,000 an hour, about $2 millon a day or nearly $800 million a year, on the same $5 billion as long as the case drags on and the money stays in its coffers.
Joseph Hazelwood was the captain of the Exxon Valdez the night she ran aground.
www.explorenorth.com /library/weekly/aa032499.htm   (879 words)

 Newsvine - Study: Exxon Valdez Oil Lingers in Alaska
Oil spilled from the Exxon Valdez extends farther into Alaska tidal waters than previously thought and likely is causing long-term harm to wildlife, according to a paper published Tuesday May 16, 2006.
Exxon Mobil Corp. spokesman Mark Boudreaux said that more than 350 studies done by independent academics have not found significant, lingering impact on species as a result of the spill.
They found Exxon Valdez oil buried in sand and silt that only becomes dry during the lowest tides and is prime feeding ground for sea otters, ducks and other wildlife.
www.newsvine.com /_news/2006/05/17/199349-study-exxon-valdez-oil-lingers-in-alaska   (822 words)

 Exxon Valdez
Gregory T. Cousins, a third mate on the Exxon Valdez was piloting the oil tanker at the time of the accident in direct violation of Coast Guard regulations.
Captain Joseph Hazelwood of the Exxon Valdez had turned the ship over to the third mate while he went to his cabin.
The first being the grounding of the Exxon Valdez and the second being the failure to adequately prepare for such an event.
www.boisestate.edu /history/ncasner/hy210/valdez.htm   (948 words)

 Law.com - The Valdez Gusher
The Exxon Valdez civil litigation has generated some big numbers: 11 million gallons of oil spilled, 15 years of court proceedings, a $5 billion jury verdict, and more than 7,700 docket entries in Anchorage federal court.
"Exxon [Mobil Corporation] put up an unflagging, spare-no-expense defense that might have been overwhelming but for the skill and resources of class counsel," the judge wrote.
In court papers, Exxon called the plaintiffs fee request unreasonable and faulted the plaintiffs for not turning over sufficiently detailed time records.
www.law.com /jsp/article.jsp?id=1076428430010   (672 words)

 The Exxon Valdez
The Exxon Valdez, a tanker loaded with oil from the shipping terminal in Valdez, Alaska, ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound (in the Gulf of Alaska) at 12:04am, on the 24th of March 1989.
Exxon says it saved $22 million by having the Exxon Valdez built without a second hull, but, by March 22, 1990, the firm had spent $2 billion to clean up the spill, while insurance companies agreed to pay only $400 million.
Exxon stated it would cease shore cleanup on September 15, 1989, regardless of how much remained to be cleaned.
www.wku.edu /~jan.garrett/321valdz.htm   (2198 words)

 The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In regard to addressing the actual problem, which Exxon claimed was its first priority, it took company officials nearly 10 hours after the accident to deploy booms to contain the spill.
In addition, Exxon was criticized for refusing to acknowledge the extent of the problem, which was due, in part, to the advice of the company's legal counsel.
The biggest criticism the company received was the fact that CEO Lawrence Rawl waited six days to make a statement to the media and that he did not visit the scene of the accident until nearly three weeks after the spill.
iml.jou.ufl.edu /projects/Spring01/Hogue/exxon.html   (612 words)

 Exxon Valdez Ten Years Later -- An Interview With Rick Steiner 24mar99
Steiner is in Anchorage at the scientific symposium, "Legacy of an Oil Spill: Ten Years After the Exxon Valdez." The gathering runs March 23-26 and is co-sponsored by Alaska Sea Grant and Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council.
Surprisingly, 10 years after the Exxon Valdez, we still don't have one new tanker in the Trans Alaska Pipeline (TAPS) trade - most of our boats are single-hulled.
Steiner: "I suppose that we were able to catalyze an out-of-court settlement of natural resource damages between Exxon and the government, and apply much of those monies toward the acquisition and protection of fish and wildlife habitat along the coast of the oil spill region.
www.mindfully.org /Water/Exxon-Valdez-Steiner-24mar99.htm   (991 words)

 Exxon Valdez
On 24 March 1989, the American oil tanker the Exxon Valdez, which had just loaded 180,000 tonnes of crude oil at Valdez oil terminal, moved away from the shipping lane to avoid meeting with drifting ice blocks.
This spill was a significant psychological shock for the United States and the Exxon company, who did not expect such a disaster.
In the court cases, many accusations were made against the Exxon Valdez captain, such as alcohol consumption before embarking the ship, insufficient supervision of the crew, automatic pilot engaged too soon and dangerous attempts to leave the place where the ship ran aground.
www.cedre.fr /uk/spill/exxon_va/exxon_valdez.htm   (364 words)

 Planet Ark : Exxon Valdez oil still harmful, US studies say
Exxon Mobil (XOM.N), the successor to Exxon Corp., says Prince William Sound is entirely healed from the spill.
Outside of the areas hardest hit by the oil spill, sea otters are increasing in numbers, so the region's population is not at risk, she said.
Exxon spent more than $2 billion on the cleanup and in 1991 settled state and federal government damage claims for $1.025 billion.
www.planetark.org /dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/19435/story.htm   (760 words)

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