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Topic: Federal League


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
  Federal League - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Federal League was the last major attempt to establish a third major league in baseball in the United States in direct competition with and opposition to the established American and National Leagues in 1914 and 1915.
The league started as an independent minor league in 1912 as the Columbia League, but changed its name to the Federal League at the start of the 1913 season, playing as what would now be known as an "independent" minor league, but was at that time thought of as an "outlaw" minor league.
The Baltimore entry sold their facility to the Baltimore Orioles of the International League, who renamed it Oriole Park and played there for nearly 30 years before it was destroyed by fire in 1944, a seemingly disastrous event that would actually begin the path toward Baltimore's return to the major leagues 10 years afterward.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Federal_League   (848 words)

  
 federalleague
When James A. Gilmore became president of the Federal League in 1913, he had the vision of challenging the AL and NL as a third major baseball league.
Prior to the 1914 season, Glimore proclaimed the Federal League to be the third major league in baseball.
Federal League attendance was comparable to that of the established AL and NL.
www.historicbaseball.com /federalleague.html   (835 words)

  
 Major League Baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
More specifically, Major League Baseball refers to the entity that operates North American professional baseball's two major leagues, the National League and the American League, by means of a joint organizational structure which has existed between them since 1903.
Major League Baseball is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution, an agreement that has undergone several incarnations since 1876 then called the NL Constitution, with the most recent revisions being made in 2005.
Expansion from 8 to 10 teams in each league in the early 1960s resulted in a revised schedule of 162 games (9 opponents X 18 games apiece, initially) in their expansion years, for the American in 1961 and the National in 1962.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Major_League_Baseball   (3351 words)

  
 Federal League - BR Bullpen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The most recent league to challenge the National League and the American League, the Federal League was the third major league in 1914 and 1915.
The league expanded to eight clubs for the 1914 season and declared war on the other two major leagues.
The Federals' lawsuit- which had been stalled by Judge (and future Commissioner) Kenesaw Landis in the hopes of provoking a settlement- was dropped.
www.baseball-reference.com /bullpen/Federal_League   (602 words)

  
 The Third Major League: The Federal League
In 1914 the Columbia League was reinvented as a major league under the name of the Federal League.
The owners of Federal League teams decided that the reserve clause was not binding as it was merely an agreement, not a law.
The Federal League had bigger plans and not only tried to woo players from the established majors but they also made attempts to bring the minor leagues over to their side and to abandon the majors.
www.athomeplate.com /federalleague05.shtml   (813 words)

  
 Federal League Commissioners Site, Home   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The Federal League was founded in 1997 and has steadily become one of the most interesting fantasy baseball leagues in the metropolitan area.
The League received its name from the original Federal League which was a third major league along with the National and American Leagues.
The original Federal league existed between 1914 and 1916.
home.att.net /~pastorelli/wsb/html/view.cgi-home.html-.html   (71 words)

  
 Federal League
While few supporters of Federation were as passionate as George Essex Evans in his Federal Song, the idea of being Australian and of belonging to an Australian nation was still strongly held by some in the west.
The Federal League was formed in 1931 in response to the
Given the strong commercial links with eastern manufacturers and suppliers enjoyed by some members of the Federal League, they were frequently criticised for being more interested in protecting their own interests than in safe-guarding the welfare of their State.
www.liswa.wa.gov.au /federation/sec/054_fede.htm   (143 words)

  
 Federal League | BaseballLibrary.com
Only a few faded major leaguers were in the league that season, although all six managers were former players of note, including Cy Young, who piloted Cleveland.
In January 1915 the Federal League filed an antitrust suit against major league baseball, hoping for a ruling against the reserve clause that would give the FL protection against further such harassment.
The majors partially compensated the debt-ridden Federal League owners; the FL withdrew its lawsuit, still being sat on by Judge Landis; and FL owners Phil Ball and Charles Weeghman bought, respectively, the Browns and the Cubs.
www.baseballlibrary.com /baseballlibrary/ballplayers/F/Federal_League.stm   (1874 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Each team of each club in the league carries with it, and it is essential to the profit of the enterprise that it should carry with it, its representative character; it symbolizes the great city that it represents to those assembled to witness the contest.
Every club in the league earns its profit not only by the drawing capacity of its team at home, but also by that of the teams of the clubs which its team visits in the various cities in the league.
Each league contracts for a uniform type of baseball, which is used in tremendous numbers and shipped by the manufacturer from time to time as they are needed by the various clubs.
www.cbaforfans.com /federal2.html   (2290 words)

  
 King & Spalding > Library > Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Potential buyers and sellers of major league baseball teams, however, have historically been left without a federal antitrust remedy for such actions, no matter how arbitrary, capricious, or mean-spirited, because, early in the century, the Supreme Court concluded that baseball was exempt from the antitrust laws.
The Federal Baseball Club also argued that the defendants were monopolizing the market because once a team was placed in the American League or the National League, the reserve clause precluded players from "jumping" to the upstart rival Federal Baseball League.
An antitrust action to contest Major League Baseball's restrictions on the sale or transfer of teams would ideally be filed in the city or area to which the team will be moved, or at least somewhere other than the forum that is losing the team.
www.kslaw.com /library/articles.asp?18   (4715 words)

  
 Galactic Encyclopedia
Federal League victory came not through force of arms, but through the collapse of the economies of the Union of Crowns, which was not able to meet its own wartime production needs.
Intervention by the Federal League led to the last Kzin emperor willing his empire to the League, and the League supplied Leon III with the weaponry he used to successfully turn back the Khunds, and later destroy them.
The League intervened in support of the rebellion and the end result was that the power of the Dark Circle as a major power was broken permanently.
www.maison-otaku.net /~rhea/GE/fastra.html   (1352 words)

  
 The Business of Baseball ::Federal Club v National League 1922   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The plaintiff is a base ball club incorporated in Maryland, and with seven other corporations was a member of the Federal League of Professional Base Ball Players, a corporation under the laws of Indiana, that attempted to compete with the combined defendants.
The clubs composing the Leagues are in different cities and for the most part in different States.
When as the result of these contests one club has won the pennant of its League and another club has won the pennant of the other League, there is a final competition for the world's championship between these two.
www.businessofbaseball.com /federalvnational1922.htm   (751 words)

  
 The Federal Pie Chart
The government practice of combining trust and federal funds began during the Vietnam War, thus making the human needs portion of the budget seem larger and the military portion smaller.
Federal funds exclude trust fund money (e.g., social security), which is raised separately (e.g., the FICA and Medicare deductions in paychecks) and is specifically ear-marked for particular programs.
By combining trust funds with federal funds, the percentage of spending on the military appears smaller, a deceptive practice first used by the government in the late 1960s as the Vietnam War became more and more unpopular.
www.warresisters.org /piechart.htm   (1560 words)

  
 The New York Times: This Day In Sports
That there will be a wild scramble for some of the best Federal League players was clearly indicated by a provision in the treaty that the Federal League, as a league, and which, in so far as actual baseball playing is concerned, ceases to exist.
Hall and his associates will operate in the National and American Leagues, although the contracts of all other Federal League players will be sold to the highest bidders.
The Federal League's capitulation ended a major threat to baseball, but all was not over.
www.nytimes.com /packages/html/sports/year_in_sports/12.22.html   (681 words)

  
 Connections   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
This league was a rival to the National and American Leagues and was know in an unfriendly way as the "Outlaw" League.
Obviously neither the American League nor the National League were enthusiastic about the upstart league because it threatened o drain both players and fans from the more established leagues.
There were nine teams in the Federal League consisting of the Baltimore Terrapins, the Newark Peppers, the Brooklyn Tip-Tops, the Buffalo Blues, the Pittsburgh Stogies, The Chicago Whales, The Kansas Cities Packers, the Saint Louis Minors and the Indianapolis Hoosiers.
www.galaxy.gmu.edu /~ewegman/Connections.htm   (478 words)

  
 fec0004
For the reasons stated, the undersigned hereby requests that the Federal Election Commission ("FEC" or "Commission") conduct an investigation and determine that an ongoing violation of the Act is occurring and is being committed by the Respondents and further request the Commission pursue enforcement of civil and injunctive relief against the Respondents.
Respondents League, DNet and CGS previously represented to the Commission that the entire enterprise was / is noncommercial, which is clearly not the case.
The League serves as the conduit for obtaining the valuable Content on behalf of Respondent Grassroots.com, and for which the League, CGS and DNet are handsomely compensated.
www.nlpc.org /gip/fec0004.htm   (4314 words)

  
 SignOnSanDiego.com > Sports -- A Federal case
The Federal League began as a minor league in 1913.
The league was also having a hard time competing for ballplayers and hoped to break baseball's reserve clause.
The American and National leagues agreed to help Fed owners who were in debt and the Feds agreed to disband the league and withdraw their lawsuit.
www.signonsandiego.com /sports/baseball/20050530-9999-lz1s30majmon.html   (1255 words)

  
 The value of Federal League stats - NetShrine Discussion Forum
Looking at the makeup of Federal League teams, it seems pretty clear that the talent level didn't match that of the AL and NL.
Only 24% of their players appeared in major leagues both before and after the 1914-15 period, as compared to 39% in the AL and 44% in the NL.
What I'm wondering is whether the Federal League was as inferior to the AL and NL as the numbers would indicate, or whether it was a valid "third major league."
www.netshrine.com /vbulletin2/showthread.php?t=12852   (713 words)

  
 2001 United Baseball Association Federal League
The final statistics should combine both regular season statistics with playoff statistics (but not all star) for the purpose of determining league leaders and all time records (Note: that this is consistent with most amateur sports like high school and college).
The minor league standard of 0.8 innings per game is not used.
The league has the right to suspend or expel any team member who does not exhibit a sense of sportsmanship or who plays without regard to the safety of the umpires, managers, coaches, fans or other players.
www.hartfordumpires.com /2005GMTLRules.html   (1489 words)

  
 Baseball Almanac - Year In Review : 1914 Federal League
A joint committee representing both the American and National Leagues voted that a "runner touched or held by a coach while rounding third base was officially out" and that "coaches could now assist other members of their team, not just the base runners".
Pitchers were also allowed to stand on the rubber (vs. standing behind the rubber until ready to pitch) and base runners were no longer permitted to run on an infield fly.
When the first Federal League Opening Day game was played on April 13, 1914, many fans were turned away due to ballpark restrictions.
www.baseball-almanac.com /yearly/yr1914f.shtml   (856 words)

  
 About Bellevue Federal Little League 
Bellevue Federal Little league provides an environment for kids that promotes their enjoyment, appreciation, and understanding of the game of baseball.
We at Bellevue Federal Little League honor the idea that first and foremost, this league exists for the benefit of the kids.
The player's home league must release the player (example: a player lives in Kirkland - home league is Kirkland American) and Bellevue Federal must accept the player.
www.cmiregistration.com /user/about/index.jxp?id=402&org=107   (414 words)

  
 Vindicator • Local schools get Federal League offer
Massillon Washington, which formally has applied to the league, was not invited to the meeting.
Lake is expected to stay in the league for at least one year after expansion to weigh its options.
Federal League officials told Harding that it would not be considered for expansion.
www.vindy.com /sports/274393205848454.shtml   (968 words)

  
 Federal Tennis League   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
This League, founded in 1917, is composed of teams representing Departments and Independent Agencies in the Executive Branch.
The League can accommodate 24 teams made up of three division of eight teams each.
For the 1999 season the League will have only 20 teams with seven in the A and B Divisions and 6 in the C Division.
www.recgov.org /fedtennis/fedtennis.html   (218 words)

  
 Baseball's Third Major League: Federal League (1914-1915)
he Federal League was the third major baseball league, competing against the American and National leagues.
It operated as a major league from 1914 to 1915.
Though the league was short-lived, its effects on the game then were great and still effect major league baseball to this very day.
www.toyou.com /fl   (206 words)

  
 Federal League Ballparks   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Below is a brief description of where each Federal League team played their home games.
Due to delays in construction of the new ballpark, the Buffalo team did not play their first home game until a month after the Federal League season had started.
The ballpark was built in 1914 for the Federal League team.
www.toyou.com /fl/ballparks   (392 words)

  
 La Leche League of Federal Way, Washington   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
La Leche League is an international, nonprofit, nonsectarian organization dedicated to providing education, information, support, and encouragement to women who want to breastfeed.
Membership in La Leche League International is $40 for one year.
The La Leche League International mission is to help mothers worldwide to breastfeed through mother-to-mother support, encouragement, information and education, and to promote a better understanding of breastfeeding as an important element in the healthy development of the baby and the mother.
www.lllusa.org /web/FederalWayWA.html   (114 words)

  
 Historic Baseball : Indianapolis captured the first Federal League crown
The Federal League opened its history on April 13, 1914 at Terrapin Park when Baltimore pitcher Jack Quinn earned a 4-2 victory over Buffalo.
The league had been able to lure players away from the National and American Leagues.
Indianapolis clinched the Federal League title when the team beat St. Louis on October 6 and Chicago lost to Kansas City.
www.historicbaseball.com /fl/federalleague1914.html   (187 words)

  
 Hockeydb.com Forums - Federal hockey league
Does anyone know whats going on with the Federal League that was supposed to start early 2004.
wasn't the federal league that league that the charlestown chiefs were in, in the movie slapshot.
It was rumored that when the East Coast Hockey Leauge and West Coast Hockey League combined, that one of their options for a name change was actually Federal Hockey Leauge.
www.hockeydb.com /vb/showthread.php?t=9184&goto=nextoldest   (177 words)

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