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Topic: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia


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  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992.
Democratic Federative Yugoslavia was reconstituted at the AVNOJ or the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia conference in Jajce (November 29 - December 4 1943) while negotiations with the royal government in exile continued.
Yugoslavia, unlike other Eastern and Central European communist countries, chose a course independent of the Soviet Union (see Informbiro), and was not a member of the Warsaw pact nor NATO, but rather than that initiated a Non-Aligned Movement in 1956.
www.northmiami.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Federal_People's_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (1133 words)

  
 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was established as a communist state, on November 29 1943 in Jajce.
Yugoslavia, unlike other Eastern and Central European communist countries, chose a course independent of the Soviet Union (see Informbiro), and was not a member of the Warsaw pact nor NATO, but rather than that initiated a Non-Aligned Movement in 1961.
The first former Yugoslav republic that joined the European union was Slovenia which applied in 1996 and became a member in 2004.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/s/so/socialist_federal_republic_of_yugoslavia.html   (403 words)

  
 Socialist Federal Republic Of Yugoslavia Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the end of World War II to the Yugoslav wars.
It was a communist republic that comprised the area of the present-day states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro and Slovenia.
Like the Kingdom of Yugoslavia that preceded it, the SFRY bordered Italy and Austria to the northwest, Hungary and Romania to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece and Albania to the south, and the Adriatic Sea to the west.
www.variedtastes.com /encyclopedia/Socialist_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (1614 words)

  
 The history of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (–2003)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The retrospective history of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The economic history of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The culture history of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
www.hartford-hwp.com /archives/62/index-o.html   (138 words)

  
 Serbia Info / History of Serbia:Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945 - 1991)
Once a predominantly agricultural country Yugoslavia was transformed into a mid-range industrial country, and acquired an international political reputation by supporting the de-colonization process and by assuming a leading role in the Non-Aligned Movement.
Socialist Yugoslavia was established as a federal state comprising six republics: Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro and two autonomous regions - Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.
The trend to secure the power of the republics at the expense of the federal authorities became particularly intense after the adoption of the 1974 Constitution that encouraged the expansion of Croatian, Slovenian, Moslem and Albanian nationalism and secessionism.
www.serbia-info.com /enc/history/sfrj.html   (221 words)

  
 Federal Republic Of Yugoslavia Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Upon the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the remaining confederation of Serbia and Montenegro was reconstituted in 1992 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
Mismanagement of the economy, an extended period of economic sanctions, and the damage to Yugoslavia's infrastructure and industry caused by the Kosovo War have left the economy only half the size it was in 1990.
The smaller republic of Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the Milošević era.
www.variedtastes.com /encyclopedia/Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (1402 words)

  
 Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Flag of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia consisted of three equal horizontal bands coloured in pan-Slavic colors - blue (top), white and red - with yellow bordered red star, symbol of communism, at the flag's centre.
It was created during Second World War by replacing the royal coat of arms on the flag of pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the red star of communism.
The flag was usually accompanied on official buildings by the flag of the particular socialist republic and the flag of the League of Communists.
www.bucyrus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Flag_of_the_Socialist_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (210 words)

  
 INCSR 1997: Serbia/Montenegro - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
FRY enforcement authorities claim that lack of international cooperation has reduced their effectiveness in fighting drug trafficking and have requested renewed cooperation with the United States.
During the 1970's and 1980's, the Former Yugoslavia (FRY) was a major avenue for the trafficking of heroin from the Middle East to western Europe.
FRY authorities admit that heroin trafficking through the country is growing and blame most of it on Albanian Kosovars and foreigners.
www.hri.org /docs/USSD-INCSR/97/Europe/FRY.html   (738 words)

  
 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Socialist Republics and Autonomous Provinces
Democratic Federative Yugoslavia was reconstituted at the AVNOJ conference in Jajce (November 29 - December 4 1943) while negotiations with the royal government in exile continued.
On January 31, 1946, the Constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavianew constitution/ of FPR Yugoslavia established the six constituent republics.
www.infothis.com /find/Socialist_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (1177 words)

  
 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Country information - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was officially dissolved on 4 February 2003 after the Federal Parliament proclaimed the establishment of the state of 'Serbia and Montenegro'.
The proclamation was preceded by the adoption of the Constitutional Charter and the accompanying law on its implementation by the Chamber of Citizens and the Chamber of Republics of the FRY parliament.
The Republics are required to adjust their constitutions to the Constitutional Charter within six months after the promulgation of the Charter and adjust laws and other regulations to the Charter and laws of the Union by the end of 2003.
www.dfat.gov.au /geo/fry   (321 words)

  
 UN Chronicle: Embargo against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ... @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Security Council's Committee monitoring sanctions against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) reported (S/25027) on 30 December its disappointment at the lack of information on sanctions violations, noting that the international press had been "replete with reports" of "biatant" breaches of sanctions, including the arms embargo.
UNPROFOR was deploying military observers at 13 airfields in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
On 11 December, the Council authorized the immediate establishment of an UNPROFOR presence in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to monitor its borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and report any developments in the border areas, which could undermine confidence and stability in Macedonia and threaten its territory.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:13828009&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (4494 words)

  
 Human Rights Watch World Report 2002: Europe & Central Asia: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
According to a large-scale recount of refugees in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 390,000 persons from Croatia and Bosnia were registered as refugees, a 30 percent drop from 1996 figures.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia signed the Statute of the International Criminal Court on December 19, 2000, and it ratified the statute on September 6, 2001.
Yugoslavia, which was suspended from the OSCE in July 1992, became a participating state following a decision by the OSCE Permanent Council on November 10, 2000.
www.hrw.org /wr2k2/europe23.html   (4359 words)

  
 LLRX -- Guide to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Legal Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Constitution of The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is inspired by well known European constitutions, such as the constitutions of France and Germany, and it contains both elements of the federation and confederation structure (at the moment, the parliament is working on the draft of a new constitution).
The Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro are sovereign, and decide on matters that are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
According to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Parliament, which represents the legislative authority, consists of the Council of Citizens and the Council of Republics.
www.llrx.com /features/yugoslavia.htm   (4942 words)

  
 FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
With a ten-year delay, Yugoslavia has joined a large group of European countries in transition which build their future on the common values on the respect for human rights, democracy, free market economies and a commitment to European and Euro-Atlantic integration.
The dissolution of the -former Yugoslavia, the civil wars waged on its soil and the subsequent NATO bombing have left continuing effects on the well being of the citizens of my country and on the citizens of most of South Eastern Europe.
A bright spot was reached through the Agreement on Cooperation between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and UNMIK reached in November 2001 with Special Representative Hans Haekerup and with the enormous help and understanding of the UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan.
www.un.org /webcast/ga/57/statements/020912yugoslaviaE.htm   (1354 words)

  
 Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Yugoslavia or FRY) is a constitutional republic consisting of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro.
Yugoslavia was invited by the Community of Democracies' (CD) Convening Group to attend the November 2002 second CD Ministerial Meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea, as a participant.
Federal law provides for freedom of speech and of the press; however, political pressure from various factions, an uncertain regulatory environment, and vulnerability to libel suits placed constraints on free expression by journalists, editors, and other individuals associated with the media.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2002/18401.htm   (17189 words)

  
 Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of
The new federal Government, which was formed on November 4, dropped any claim to being the sole successor state of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (which dissolved in 1992), and was recognized by the international community.
Vojislav Kostunica was elected President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on September 24, and took office on October 7, after mass demonstrations by citizens protesting Slobodan Milosevic's attempts to manipulate the Federal Election Commission and force a second election round led Milosevic to concede defeat.
Federal and Serbian laws regarding conspiracy, threats to the integrity of the Government, and terrorism are vague and were abused by the Milosevic regime.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2000/eur/index.cfm?docid=865   (18342 words)

  
 USAID: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is composed of two constituent republics: the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro.
The FRY is crucial to the economic development of Southeast and Central Europe and to the political stability of Europe as a whole.
The FRY is working with the international financial community to restructure the external debt of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
www.usaid.gov /pubs/cbj2002/ee/yu   (1743 words)

  
 TREATY/BERNE/222: [Berne Convention] Declaration by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Whereas the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is a successor State to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia;
Furthermore, the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia maintains the signatures, reservations, declarations and objections made by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to the treaties listed in the attached Annex 1, prior to April 27, 1992;
The Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia further confirms all those treaty actions and any accompanying declarations made by the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia after April 27, 1992, and which are listed in the attached Annex 2.
www.wipo.int /edocs/notdocs/en/berne/treaty_berne_222.html   (650 words)

  
 Index of Economic Freedom 2004 - Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Serbia, the dominant republic in Yugoslavia, along with a restive and largely autonomous Montenegro, is worse off economically than almost all of the other transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe.
The devastation caused by a series of wars culminating in the Kosovo campaign of 1999, which involved the bombing of Yugoslavia by NATO, was exacerbated by the chronic mismanagement and corruption that characterized the regime of Slobodan Milosevic.
Corruption is seen by the public in both Republics as one of the most serious problems facing society today.” The International Monetary Fund reports that both residents and non-residents may hold foreign exchange accounts with permission from the central bank.
cf.heritage.org /index2004test/country2.cfm?id=Yugoslavia   (1044 words)

  
 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In: Amnesty International Report 2001
The period preceding the election of a new president and the establishment of a new government from October saw an increase in the frequency and severity of reported human rights violations within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
The Serbian and federal governments failed to cooperate with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in arresting and handing over to the custody of the Tribunal individuals indicted for violations of international humanitarian law.
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Otpor - Students and academics in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (AI Index: EUR 70/012/2000)
www.amnestyusa.org /countries/serbia_montenegro/document.do?id=8BBC7BCCB343EB0D80256A41005BC55A   (2573 words)

  
 OHCHR - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (including Kosovo)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The context of the OHCHR's work in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is a complex one which demands a broad range of functional human rights activities.
OHCHR FRY's medium-term objectives are to monitor, promote and support the effective implementation of international human rights standards as the "transition" governments in the FRY (including UNMIK in Kosovo) undertake institutional reform programs.
In parallel, OHCHR is developing a training package for NGOs in the FRY region to strengthen their knowledge and capacity to use the treaty mechanisms, including shadow reporting and joint advocacy/lobbying strategies.
www.unhchr.ch /html/menu2/5/fryug.htm   (1468 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Historical Dictionary of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This volume on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is key to understanding the future of this region, and Europe as a whole.
Information and knowledge about the Balkans, Yugoslavia, and Serbia,have often been created and disseminated through uncorroborated reports and teleological research prone to errors: accepting a (policy) claim when it was false, rejecting it when it was true, or solving the wrong problem instead of the right one.
The "Historical Dictionary of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" is a standard reference for scholars, students, and policy makers.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0810834669?v=glance   (1894 words)

  
 Yugoslavia (Federal Republic of)
The federal Constitution and the Constitutions of Serbia and Montenegro establish the framework of rights and guarantee a wide range of individual, political, social, economic and cultural freedoms and rights, as well as the rights of national minorities derived from those guaranteed by international law.
Yugoslavia’s 11th through 14th periodic reports were submitted as one document (CERD/C/299/Add.17) which is scheduled for consideration at the Committee’s March 1998 session; the 15th periodic report was due 4 January 1998.
In the section of the report dealing with the situation in Yugoslavia (FRY) note is made of constitutional provisions for the protection of minority rights, including the right to preserve, develop and express ethnic, cultural and linguistic characteristics.
www.hri.ca /fortherecord1997/vol5/yugoslavia.htm   (1800 words)

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