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Topic: Feminist theory

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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  Feminist Legal Theory
In the feminist thought system, women must also have access to abortion on demand, because pregnancy may prevent or delay a woman going to university, and a baby may be an impediment to her career.
Feminists are not at all fazed by such questions - Alison Jaggar, Chairman of the American Philosophical Association's Committee on the Status of Women, writes in an essay in "Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Differences", edited by Deborah L. Rhode, published by Yale University, that feminists should insist on "having it both ways", i.e.
Now other feminists argue that pornography is sex discrimination and that it's just as actionable for a man to call a woman "honey" or "baby" as to call her a "bitch".
www.harrysnews.com /tgFeministLegalTheory.htm   (3388 words)

 Women's Studies: Feminist Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Nancy Tuana's overview of the "dominant approaches to feminist philosophy in the U.S." in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy with additional essays Analytic Feminism, Contential Feminism, Pragmatist Feminism, Feminist Approaches to the Intersection of Pragmatism and Continental Philosophy and Feminist Approaches to the Intersection of Analytic and Continental Philosophy.
FMST (Feminist Studies in Aotearoa Electronic Journal) is produced by and for those interested in feminist theory, feminist perspectives in philosophy, and contemporary feminist debates, publications and research.
In this interview with Kathleen O'Grady, Rosi Braidotti discusses her recent work at the intersection of feminist and environmental activism, the central role of feminism in the redefinition of philosphy, the polemics between continental and anglo-American feminist discourses, and the development of women studies programs in Western Europe and North America.
bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu /wstudies/theory.html   (2506 words)

Feminist theory refutes the use of attractiveness by women to compete for mates by citing variations in beauty standards dependent on culture.
Feminists would undoubtedly counter with the assertion that the demand is created by the media’s representation of the ideal woman, not a biological imperative to compete.
If feminists were to look beyond culture to the possible underlying biological motivations that produce them, women would be able to deconstruct the roots of their oppression.
theoryandscience.icaap.org /content/vol9.1/ingo.html   (5034 words)

  Feminist Film Theory
Added to this theory by Laura Mulvey's now-classic essay, "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema" [Mulvey, 1975], was the feminist claim that men and women are differentially positioned by cinema: men as subjects identifying with agents who drive the film's narrative forward, women as objects for masculine desire and fetishistic gazing.
Early feminists took consciousness raising as a model for feminist theory because it is necessarily both experiential and transformative.
Feminist film theory however is often universalizing, and it makes use of complex language and alienating categories which deny women's experiences as active spectators enjoying films or reading them critically.
www.uh.edu /~cfreelan/courses/femfilm.html   (1885 words)

  Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Feminist empiricists are also criticized for accepting an uncritical concept of experience (Scott 1991), even though feminist empiricists accept the theory- and value-laden character of evidence and hence the critical revisability of descriptions of experience in light of new evidence, theoretical, and normative reflections.
Feminist empiricists reply to the challenge of value-neutrality by extending Quine's argument that theory is underdetermined by evidence (Longino 1990, Nelson 1993).
Feminists argue, on the basis of historical and sociological investigations of the history and current practice of science, that this insistence on the value-neutrality of scientists is self-deceptive and unrealistic (Potter 1993, 2001; Longino 1990, 2001; Harding 1991, 1998; Wylie 1996).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/feminism-epistemology   (18677 words)

 Feminist Law Professors » Blog Archive » Bloggish Overview of Feminist Legal Theory
Many feminist legal scholars adopt a blended approach, believing that for women to achieve true and meaningful equality, sometimes the law needs to treat women and men as equals, and other times it needs to acknowledge and control for differences related to gender.
Under the dominance theory approach, when a law has differential effects on the binary gender categories of “female” and “male,” this is an exercise of power, a way in which women are subordinated to men.
Feminist legal theorists recognize the importance of personal stories to the project of identifying gender-related problems that are caused by the legal system, or that could be improved by the legal system.
feministlawprofs.law.sc.edu /?p=1227   (2559 words)

The fourth influence, queer theory, defines itself in opposition to the concept of "normalcy," challenging the normativity of heterosexuality, and highlighting the effects of socialization on sexual identity.
In summary, feminist anthropology has contributed a diverse group of voices to the field from the point of view of the researcher, in addition to representing voices from a plethora of different groups of women.
Feminist scholars have been influential in the fight for women’s rights for pay equity in the U.S. and the right to work in the public or private sphere, and have stressed that women have the right to make choices for themselves.
www.indiana.edu /~wanthro/fem.htm   (3271 words)

 Different Types of Feminist Theory
Feminists believe that women are oppressed simple due to their sex based on the dominant ideology of patriarchy.
Liberal feminists believe that women have the same mental capacity as their male counterparts and should be given the same opportunities in political, economic and social spheres.
Liberal feminists are responsible for many important acts of legislation that have greatly increased the status of women, including reforms in welfare, education and health.
www.colostate.edu /Depts/Speech/rccs/theory84.htm   (1331 words)

 Feminist Theory
There is a responsibility to connect the feminist theory with the existing patriarchal theories (Freud, etc.) to establish its place in psychology and to transform mainstream psychology.
The problem is that feminist theory must e developed separately from mainstream psychology, while at the same time remaining enough a part of it to be recognized.
Feminist theory is meant to empower the individuals, but it is not without evaluation, discrimination, or judgment.
www.psych.ufl.edu /~sager/Feminist.htm   (904 words)

 glbtq >> literature >> Feminist Literary Theory
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories, including psychoanalysis, Marxism, cultural materialism, anthropology, and structuralism.
Although feminist literary theory is often described simply as the use of feminist principles and techniques to analyze the textual constructions of gendered meaning, feminists' definitions of gender and of feminism have undergone a number of significant alterations since the early 1970s.
Although it is recognized that feminist theory has made significant contributions to the developing fields of lesbian, gay, and queer theory, the interrelationships among them are exceedingly complex.
www.glbtq.com /literature/feminist_lit_theory.html   (648 words)

 lecture lessons from feminist theoretical perspective
While feminist theory builds in important ways on the Conflict theoretical perspective, it is also sensitive to the need for social integration advocated by the Functionalist perspective.
The assumptions of Feminist theory often are based in Conflict theory, as Conflict theory is easily applied to inequality of any sort, including gender inequality.
Feminist scholars have not only challenged stereotyping of women; they argue for a gender-balanced study of society in which women’s experiences and contributions are made as visible as men’s.
www.polk.edu /INSTRUCT/ALSS/Lilli/syg2000/content/Lectures/lecturelessonsfromfeminist.htm   (2047 words)

 European Political Science -
Feminists who draw on poststructuralist (especially Foucauldian) methodologies argue that it is problematic to consider the state as a homogenous, unitary entity which pursues specific interests.
Influenced by poststructuralist and postmodern perspectives, current feminist analyses of the state increasingly turn away from the theorisation of relations between gender and the state in general terms, to focus instead on the construction of gender within specific state discourses and practices.
Feminist analysis thus increasingly focuses on the ways in which politics constructs gendered subjects, the ways in which gender constructs politics, and the ways in which gender issues such as ‘women’s inequality’ are constructed in policy debates and decision-making (see Bacchi, 1999).
www.essex.ac.uk /ecpr/publications/eps/onlineissues/spring2004/research/mottier.htm   (2434 words)

 Feminist Metholodogy
The application of feminist theory to methods and concepts of sociological investigation.
Feminist research practice requires a critical stance towards existing methodology in the social sciences.
While an attention to the responsibilities, rights and particular knowledge of those studied, and a recognition of gendered power relationships in the conduct and process of research may not be unique to feminist methodology; they are an essential component of it.
www.sociologyprofessor.com /socialtheories/feminist-methodology.php   (104 words)

 Feminist Majority Foundation
The journal was founded to encourage analytic responses to feminist issues and to open new areas of research, criticism, and speculation.
Feminist Teacher addresses how to fight sexism, racism, homophobia, and other forms of oppression in our classrooms and academic institutions.A peer-reviewed journal, Feminist Teacher provides a forum for interrogations of cultural assumptions and discussions of such topics as multiculturalism, interdisciplinarity, and distance education within a feminist context.
The Reporter is a forum for ideas, criticism, debate and analysis for the feminist and legal communities; it is also a practical legal publication born of a commitment to the struggle for expanding women's rights.
www.feminist.org /research/pubjourn.html   (2157 words)

 The Feminist Theory Website: English Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Feminist Theory Website provides research materials and information for students, activists, and scholars interested in women's conditions and struggles around the world.
The goals of this website are: 1) to encourage a wide range of research into feminist theory, and 2) to encourage dialogue between women (and men) from different countries around the world.
The Feminist Theory Website was initially published on the Internet on 6 November 1997.
www.cddc.vt.edu /feminism/enin.html   (181 words)

 Feminist Theory
Standpoint theory is a powerful theory which can be used to discuss the position of any marginalized group, and which lays the basis for epistemology — a study of both what and how people know, for an improved understanding and communication among groups, and for social action.
Gynocritics is related to feminist research in history, anthropology, psychology, and sociology, all of which have developed hypotheses of a female subculture including not only ascribed status and the internalized constructs of femininity, but also the occupations, interactions, and consciousness of women.
Then came the phase of conscious rebellion, the feminist phase, 1880 - 1920: this was the time of the agitation for the vote for women, a time of great feminist action, and writers supported and in some cases led these political and sociological movements.
www.georgetown.edu /faculty/sd224/Classes/handouts/FeministTheory.htm   (2506 words)

 Glossary for Feminist Theory Course   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Many feminists argue that history textbooks are androcentric because they are written from the male perspective, that is, they focus on things primarily of interest to men, such as wars and politics.
Feminists often analyze discourse (extended samples of actual language in use) to see how gender is represented, how women are presented, etc. Hochchild’s examination of the texts in women’s advice books is an example of discourse analysis.
Feminist pedagogy is seen as an effort to encourage a critical stance toward conventional categories, including authority, and an openness to diverse perspectives and experiences.
coss.stcloudstate.edu /psamuel/415Glossary.htm   (1892 words)

 Feminist Theory -- An Overview
Next, a feminist critique and female Aesthetic, accompanied by gynocritics, follows, and these are closely pursued by gynesic poststructuralist feminist criticism and gender theory.
clitoral, vulval, vaginal, or uterine; whether centered on semiotic pulsions, childbearing, or jouissance, the feminist theorization of female sexuality/textuality, and its funky audacity in violating patriarchal taboos by unveiling the Medusa, is an exhilarating challenge to phallic discourse.
Gender theory proposes to explore "ideological inscription and the literary effects of the sex/gender system," and as many advantages, opening up the literary theory stage and bringing in questions of masculinity into feminist theory.
www.victorianweb.org /gender/femtheory.html   (832 words)

 Feminist Literary Criticism and Theory
Feminist Readings in Middle English Literature: The Wife of Bath and All Her Sect.
Young, Douglas M. The Feminist Voices in Restoration Comedy: The Virtuous Women in the Play-Worlds of Etherege, Wycherley, and Congreve.
Young, Douglas M. The Feminist Voices in Restoration Comedy: The Virtuous Women in the Play-Worlds of Etherage, Wycherley and Congreve.
www.cddc.vt.edu /feminism/lit.html   (894 words)

 SAGE Publications - Feminist Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Feminist Theory is an international interdisciplinary journal that provides a forum for critical analysis and constructive debate within feminism.
Feminist Theory is genuinely interdisciplinary and reflects the diversity of feminism, incorporating perspectives from across the broad spectrum of the humanities and social sciences and the full range of feminist political and theoretical stances.
Feminist Theory includes book reviews and review articles which set several recent books within the context of past debates.
www.sagepub.co.uk /journal.aspx?pid=105555   (253 words)

 ifeminists.com > editorial > Where Feminist Theory Has Gone Wrong   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the radical feminist view, one's class affiliation is static because it is based on gender: a person is born into a class and stays there.
In the individualist feminist view, class is fluid because it is based on a relationship to force: men and women can and do change their class affiliation constantly and by choice.
Thus, the individualist feminist concept of justice is means-oriented: that is, justice refers to a method of social functioning, not to a specific social end-state.
www.ifeminists.net /introduction/editorials/2001/0109.html   (2089 words)

 Donna Haraway - Professor of Feminist Theory and Technoscience - Biography
Donna Haraway is a professor of feminist theory and technoscience at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland, where she conducts an Intensive Summer Seminar.
Because she deals explicitly with the theory of the cyborg — the being who is part human and part machine — she has been particularly influential on cyberpunk writers.
Haraway argues that "one important route for reconstructing socialist-feminist politics is through theory and practice addressed to the social relations of science and technology, including crucially the systems of myth and meanings structuring our imagination" (ibid).
www.egs.edu /faculty/haraway.html   (824 words)

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