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Topic: Ferdinand II

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  Ferdinand II of Aragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ferdinand II (Fernando de Aragón in Spanish and Ferran d'Aragó in Catalan), nicknamed the Catholic (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples, Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona.
Ferdinand, the son of John II of Aragon by his second wife, the Aragonese noblewoman Juana Enriquez, was made King of Sicily by his father in 1468 in preparation for his marriage to Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile.
Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I, to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand, on the Neapolitan throne.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon   (771 words)

 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the house of Habsburg, reigned 1620-1637.
Born in Graz to Charles II of Austria (1540-1590) and Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608), Ferdinand was provided with a strict Jesuit education culminating in his years at the University of Ingolstadt.
In 1600, Ferdinand married Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574-1616), daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (1078 words)

 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the house of Habsburg, ruled 1620-1637.
Ferdinand was also an absolutist and did not endear himself to the nobles, who were quite jealous of their privileges.
The nobles of the Holy Roman Empire had pressured Ferdinand into releasing Wallenstein in 1630 for fear of his growing power, but with this new threat, he was called back after Tilly was defeated at the Battle of Breitenfeld and killed on the Lech (1632).
www.leessummit.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ferdinand_II_of_Germany   (858 words)

 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman emperor. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Grandson of Ferdinand I, son of Archduke Charles of Styria, Ferdinand was educated by the Jesuits and supported the Counter Reformation.
During the Danish phase (1625–29) of the Thirty Years War, Tilly, commander of the Catholic League, and Wallenstein, head of the imperial army, defeated the Danes, and a favorable peace was made with Denmark.
Ferdinand in 1630 had dismissed Wallenstein under pressure from the princes of the empire, who felt the general was becoming too powerful.
www.bartleby.com /65/fe/Ferdi2HRE.html   (391 words)

 Ferdinand II of Naples
Ferdinand II (26 August, 1469 - September 7, 1496), sometimes known as Ferrantino, was King of Naples from 1495 to 1496.
Ferdinand fled to Ischia, but when the French king left Naples with most of his army, after the formation of an Italian league against him, Ferdinand returned and defeated the French garrisons.
He had married his half-aunt Giovanna of Naples in 1496, shortly before his death (she was the daughter of his grandfather Ferdinand and his second wife, Joanna of Aragon; Giovanna, born in 1478, a late child of a second marriage, was actually younger than Ferdinand).
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Ferdinand_II_of_Naples   (292 words)

 FERDINAND II. - LoveToKnow Article on FERDINAND II.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Gaining the upper hand they declared Ferdinand deposed, and elected the elector palatine of the Rhine, Frederick V., in his stead; and the struggle between the rivals was the beginning of the Thirty Years War.
Ferdinands reign was so occupied with the Thirty Years War and the struggle with the Protestants that he had little time or inclination for other business.
The succession question was settled, but the enmity remained;,Urban showing his hostility by preventing the election of the younger Ferdinand as king of the Romans in 630, and by turning a deaf ear to the emperors repeated requests for assistance to prosecute the war against the heretics.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FE/FERDINAND_II_.htm   (1280 words)

 Ferdinand II of Portugal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29 1819 - December 15 1885) was consort king of Portugal following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836.
He was the son of Ferdinand, a Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and his wife, Princess Maria Antonia of Kohary, a Catholic Hungarian noblewoman.
After the birth of the future Peter V of Portugal, he was proclaimed Ferdinand II of Portugal.
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ferdinand_II_of_Portugal   (296 words)

 Ferdinand II of Aragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand, the son of John II of Aragon by his second wife, the Aragonese noblewoman, was made King of Sicily by his father in 1468 in preparation for his marriage to Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile.
He married Isabella in 1469 and became Ferdinand V of Castile when Isabella succeeded her brother as Queen of Castile in 1474.
At this point Ferdinand remarried with the much younger of Foix (1490-1538), a grand-daughter of Queen Leonor of Navarre, to reinforce his claim to the kingdom.
www.leessummit.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon   (772 words)

 Ferdinand II of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (born June 14, 1529 in Linz; died January 24, 1595) was Regent of Tyrol.
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was the second son of Emperor Ferdinand I and brother of Emperor Maximilian II.
The marriage was only permitted by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1559 under the condition of secrecy.
www.hackettstown.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ferdinand_II_of_Austria   (367 words)

 Ferdinand V and Isabella I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand had hoped by this alliance to obtain the Castilian crown for himself, but his high-spirited and politically astute wife firmly retained sovereign authority in her own realm.
She was the daughter of John II of Castile and León by his second wife, Isabella of Portugal.
In 1469 Princess Isabella married Ferdinand of Aragón, known also as Ferdinand V, The Catholic, and on the death of her brother, Henry IV, Isabella and Ferdinand jointly succeeded (1474) to the throne of Castile and León.
www.sonhex.dk /fandi.htm   (617 words)

 Ferdinand II, king of Aragon. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
or Ferdinand the Catholic, 1452–1516, king of Aragón (1479–1516), king of Castile and León (as Ferdinand V, 1474–1504), king of Sicily (1468–1516), and king of Naples (1504–16).
In 1469, Ferdinand married Isabella I of Castile, and in 1474 they assumed joint rule of Castile.
Many of Ferdinand’s policies had long-lasting effects, especially the expulsion of the Jews and the Muslims, many of whom settled in N Africa, the search for American gold, and the conversion of large agricultural areas into grazing lands for the benefit of the wool industry.
www.bartleby.com /65/fe/Ferdi2Ara.html   (574 words)

 Ferdinand II of Aragon article - Ferdinand II of Aragon Catholic March 10 1452 June 23 1516 Aragon Castile Sicily ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand II of Aragon, nicknamed the Catholic (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples and Navarre and Count of Barcelona
He was also the king of Sicily (as Ferdinand II) from 1468 to 1516 and Naples (as Ferdinand III) from 1504 to 1516.
Ferdinand also conquered the southern half of Navarre and annexed it to Spain.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon   (257 words)

 Ferdinand Albrecht II. (1680-1735)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand Albrecht I., was the first duke to rule in the principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from the branch line of Bevern.
Ferdinand Albrecht won the trust of king Friedrich Wilhelm I. of Prussia (soldier king), and from that resulted the famous Prussian-Brunswick marriage alliance.
On the news of the death of his father-in-law, Ferdinand Albrecht resigned his position as imperial field marshal and in 1735 took up the rule as duke in the capital city of Wolfenbüttel.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/FerdinandAlbrecht-II/FerdinandAlbrecht-II.html   (229 words)

 FERDINAND II. (SICILY) - LoveToKnow Article on FERDINAND II. (SICILY)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand was naturally shrewd, but badly educated, grossly superstitious and possessed of inordinate self-esteem.
Though he kept the machinery of his kingdom fairly efficient, and was a patriot to the extent of brooking no foreign interference, he made little account of the wishes or welfare of his subjects.
ii suo regno (Naples, 1884); H. Remsen Whitehouse, The Collapse of the Kingdom of Naples (New York, 1899); R. de Cesare, La Caduta un Regno, vol.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FE/FERDINAND_II_SICILY_.htm   (465 words)

 The Galileo Project | Galileo | Patrons | Medici Family
Ferdinand appointed Galileo to the professorship of mathematics at the university of Pisa in 1588.
Cosimo's son, Ferdinand II (1610-1670) was just ten years old when he became Grand Duke, and until his majority the government was carried on by the two Grand Duchesses, Cosimo's mother Christina of Lorraine, and Cosimo's wife, Maria Magdalena of Austria, the sister of the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.
Ferdinand II During the outbreak of the plague, in 1630, Ferdinand distinguished himself, but he was not a strong ruler and was unable to protect Galileo from the Inquisition in 1633.
galileo.rice.edu /gal/medici.html   (1482 words)

 Ferdinand, II Biography / Biography of Ferdinand, II Biography Biography
Ferdinand II (1810-1859) was king of the Two Sicilies from 1830 to 1859.
Born in Palermo on Jan. 12, 1810, Ferdinand II was the son of the future Francis I and the grandson of the violently anti-revolutionary Ferdinand I, both of the Bourbon line of Naples.
When Ferdinand ascended the throne of the Southern Kingdom in 1830, it was hoped that he might head up an attack on reaction from within Italy and the domination of Austria from without Italy.
www.bookrags.com /biography-ferdinand-ii   (513 words)

 Ferdinand II
Ferdinand was the son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enríquez, both of Castilian origin.
Ferdinand's future was assured when he came of age, in 1466, and when he was named king of Sicily, in 1468, in order to impress the court of Castile, where his father ultimately wished to place him.
Ferdinand had no apparent bent for formal studies, but he was a patron of the arts and a devotee of vocal and instrumental music.
www.wga.hu /tours/spain/ferdina2.html   (1264 words)

As Ferdinand was the only archduke of his day with sufficient power and energy to take up the struggle against the estates then aiming at supreme power in the Austrian hereditary domains, the childless Emperor Matthias strove to secure for him the succession to the whole empire.
On 22 June, 1619, the Imperial General Buquoy repulsed from Vienna the besieging General Thurn; Mansfeld was crushed at Budweis, and on 8 November, 1620, the fate of Bohemia and of Frederick V was decided by the Battle of the White Mountain, near Prague.
Ferdinand annulled the privileges of the estates, declared void the concessions granted to the Bohemian Protestants by the Majestätsbrief of Rudolf II, and punished the heads of the insurrection with death and confiscation of goods.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06040a.htm   (1601 words)

 Ferdinand II Biography / Biography of Ferdinand II Biography Biography
Ferdinand II (1578-1637) was Holy Roman emperor from 1619 to 1637.
Born in Graz in Styria on July 9, 1578, Ferdinand of Hapsburg was the son of Archduke Charles of inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria.
In 1629 and again in 1635 Ferdinand II was in a position to dictate a favorable peace in Germany.
www.bookrags.com /biography-ferdinand-ii2   (549 words)

 Ferdinand II du Saint-Empire - Wikipédia
Fort de sa victoire, Ferdinand II décréta le fameux Édit de Restitution qui ordonnait à tous les protestants de rendre les bénéfices ecclésiastiques qu'ils avaient sécularisés depuis le paix d'Augsbourg.
Ferdinand II avait été guidé par son obsession de voir la maison des Habsbourg régner de façon héréditaire sur l'Empire et par son soutien à la Contre-Réforme.
Ferdinand III (13 juillet 1608 - 2 avril 1657) qui lui succéda
fr.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_II_du_Saint-Empire   (613 words)

Ferdinand IV, Archduke of Austria, duke of Modena.
Ferdinand II of Naples - 1469-1496; became king 1495.
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies - 1810-1859; became king 1830.
www.fastload.org /fe/Ferdinand.html   (280 words)

 Maximilian Genealogy Master Database 2000 - pafg168 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File
Ferdinand II of LEÓN [Parents] was born 1137.
Ferdinand married Urraca of PORTUGAL Princess on 1165.
Urraca married Ferdinand II of LEÓN on 1165.
www.peterwestern.f9.co.uk /maximilia/pafg168.htm   (340 words)

 Ferdinand II 1810-1859   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand II (1810-1859), King of the Two Sicilies, was the first monarch against whom revolution erupted in 1848, the fir st to concede a constitution, and the first to initiate a successful counter-revolutionary movement.
This issue was central to a dispute between Ferdinand and the deputies over the oath of allegiance the latter were supposed to take upon the convocation of the parliament set for May 15.
Ferdinand took pride in the fact that he was the first European sovereign to dominate the revolution and that he had done so without foreign assistance.
www.ohiou.edu /~chastain/dh/ferd.htm   (951 words)

 FERDINAND II., römisch-deutscher Kaiser
Angesichts der Kinderlosigkeit Matthias' wie auch aller anderen Erzherzöge aus der Hauptlinie der österreichischen Habsburger bestimmte der Kaiser Ferdinand zu seinem Erben in Ungarn, den Ländern der Böhmischen Krone und in Österreich.
Wien 1949 (masch.); - Hermann Filitz, Ein Gebetbuch Kaiser Ferdinands II., in: Festg.
Bemerkungen zu einem erneuten Beitrag zur alten Wallensteinfrage, in: QFIAB 48 (1968), 207-43; - Andreas Posch, Aus dem kirchlichen Visitationsbericht 1617 - Ein Beitrag zur religiösen Lage in der Steiermark unter Ferdinand II., in: Innerösterreich 1564-1619, Graz 1968,197-232; - Johann Rainer, Die Entwicklung der Diözesaneinteilung in der Steiermark.
www.bautz.de /bbkl/f/ferdinand_ii_r_k.shtml   (2952 words)

 Ferdinand II of Naples - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was the grandson of Ferdinand I, and son of Alphonso II and heir of the Brienne claim to kingdom of Jerusalem.
With the aid of the great Spanish general Gonzalo de Cordova, he was able completely to rid his state of its invaders shortly before his death, which occurred in 1496, a little over a year after his accession.
Ferrante II of Naples (1469-1496), King of Naples and Jerusalem when reigned 1495-96.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_II_of_Naples   (331 words)

 Ferdinand II
Ferdinand II King-consort of Castile from 1474 (as Ferdinand V), King of Aragon from 1479, and Ferdinand III of Naples from 1504.
Ferdinand conquered Naples 1500–03 and Navarre in 1512.
However, on Philip’s death and Joanna’s subsequent decline into madness, Ferdinand was recognized as ruler of Castile, establishing the rule of one man for all the kingdoms which became permanent under his grandson, Charles I of Spain (later Emperor Charles V).
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0020973.html   (253 words)

 Ferdinand II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand was born in Graz, the eldest son of the archduke Charles, the ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola), and Maria, a daughter of Albrecht V, duke of Bavaria.
Ferdinand's Edict of Restitution (1629), which forced Protestants to return to the Roman Catholic church all property seized since 1552, revealed to the German princes the threat of imperial absolutism.
Ferdinand II, who had been married to his second wife, Eleonora Gonzaga of Mantua, since 1622, died in Vienna in 1637.
www.fortunecity.com /victorian/riley/787/30/Imperial/FerdinandII.html   (886 words)

 Biografie Ferdinand II.
Ferdinand entschloß sich schrittweise vorzugehen: zuerst wollte er Friedrich in die Acht tun, und nachdem er die Wirkung dieser Maßnahme beobachten konnte, die Kurwürde auf Maximilian übertragen.
Ferdinands Antwort war die Weigerung, die Acht zurückzunehmen und - unter Berufung auf den Reichsfrieden - ein Befehl, die protestantischen Truppen der Union aufzulösen. Als militärisches Druckmittel zur Durchsetzung seiner Absichten wurden die Truppen Spinolas in den Niederlanden benutzt, die sich auf Weisung der spanischen Habsburger Verwandten in Richtung Rhein in Bewegung setzten.
Zehn Jahre später hatte Ferdinand Wallenstein gebeten, ihm in Friauler Krieg zu unterstützen und der junge Baron kam mit einem Reiterregiment zu Hilfe.
www.koni.onlinehome.de /ausfuehrliche-biographien/ferdi-2-lang.htm   (10444 words)

 Ferdinand (1721-1792)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Ferdinand was a younger brother of the ruling duke
Under his supreme command the French were driven out of North Germany, in 1759 at Minden and in 1762 at Wilhelmsthal, and he therewith personally contributed to Great Britain's ability to win the French colonies in America for itself.
Duke Ferdinand died a bachelor in his castle in 1792 and in the end left behind high debts.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/Ferdinand/Ferdinand.html   (266 words)

 The Internet Classroom [Science Proficiency, Biology, French, and Spanish]
Ferdinand and Isabella succeeded as joint sovereigns to the throne of Castile on the death of Isabella's half brother Henry IV in December of 1474.
-Catherine of Aragón Ferdinand and Isabella’s youngest daughter, born Dec. 15, 1485, was Catherine of Aragón.
Phillip II -Catherine of Aragón Catherine’s nephew was Charles V, son of her sister, Juana la loca.
www.angelfire.com /zine/excel/ferdinandandisabella.html   (1200 words)

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