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Topic: Ferdinand and Isabella

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  Isabella of Castile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Isabella was great-great-granddaughter of both Henry II of Castile and his half-brother Peter I of Castile and their respective wives (Joan of Villena and Maria de Padilla).
Isabella and her husband had created an empire and in later years were consumed with administration and politics; they were concerned with the succession and worked to link the Spanish crown to the other rulers in Europe.
Isabella is entombed in Granada in the Capilla Real, which was built by her grandson, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (Carlos I of Spain), alongside her husband Ferdinand, her daughter Juana and Juana's husband Philip; and Isabella's 2-year old grandson, Miguel (the son of Isabella's daughter, also named Isabella, and King Manuel of Portugal).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Isabella_of_Castile   (2534 words)

 Catholic Monarchs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: los Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Ferdinand and Isabella were noted for being the monarchs of the newly-united Spain at the dawn of the modern era.
The yoke and arrows as a symbol of the Falange predecessor, JONS.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_and_Isabella   (346 words)

 Ferdinand V and Isabella I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Ferdinand had hoped by this alliance to obtain the Castilian crown for himself, but his high-spirited and politically astute wife firmly retained sovereign authority in her own realm.
In 1469 Princess Isabella married Ferdinand of Aragón, known also as Ferdinand V, The Catholic, and on the death of her brother, Henry IV, Isabella and Ferdinand jointly succeeded (1474) to the throne of Castile and León.
Isabella and her husband (known together as "the Catholic kings") are remembered for completing the reconquest of Spain from the Moors, for initiating the Inquisition, and for their ruthless expulsion of the Spanish Jews.
www.sonhex.dk /fandi.htm   (617 words)

 Isabella I
When Isabella was still a teenager, she showed her wisdom by refusing the usurped crown that was offered to her while her brother Henry IV was still on the throne and proclaiming that she would not become queen while her brother was still living.
Isabella, not Ferdinand, is responsible for most of the remnants of the golden age of Spain.
Isabella was given the title Isabella the Catholic because of her extreme vision to purify the faith.
www.hyperhistory.net /apwh/bios/b2isabella1.htm   (743 words)

 European Voyages of Exploration: Isabella I
Isabella I, Queen of Castile, was born in the town of Madrigal de las Altas Torres April 22, 1453 and died a little before noon November 26, 1504 in the castle of La Mota, which still stands at Medina del Campo (Valladolid).
Isabella, as soon as she was left alone, journeyed to Valladolid, and from there sent loyal followers in search of Ferdinand, who had been proclaimed King of Sicily and heir of the Aragonese monarchy.
Isabella took a prominent part in this war; not only did she attend to the government of the kingdom, and provide for the support of the army, while Ferdinand did battle at its head, but she repeatedly visited the camp to animate the troops by her presence.
www.acs.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/isabella.html   (1478 words)

Ferdinand, after a journey the story of which reads like a novel, for its perils and its dramatic interest, was married to Isabella in the palace of Juan de Vivero, in 1469.
Ferdinand had meanwhile succeeded to the throne of Aragon, and thus the definitive unity of the Spanish nation was accomplished in the two monarchs to whom a Spanish pope, Alexander VI, gave the title of "Catholic" which the Kings of Spain still bear.
Isabella was no less the patroness of the great Cisneros in the reformation of the monasteries of Spain, a work which he accomplished under the authority of Alexander VI given by the Brief of March, 1493, and which anticipated the reform afterwards executed throughout the whole Church.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08177a.htm   (1933 words)

Isabella had never seen Ferdinand, but her chaplain assured her that the young prince was "handsome in face, body, and person." Ferdinand's most striking quality was said to be his air of calm self-confidence, which he maintained even in the most desperate battlefield situations.
Isabella was staying at Ocaña when she heard rumors that her brother, King Henry, was plotting to have her kidnapped and carried off to his stronghold at Madrid, where he would force her to marry the King of Portugal.
Isabella sent word to the King of Aragón that she was ready to marry his son, Prince Ferdinand, as soon as she received a dowry of forty-thousand florins and a Papal dispensation to marry.
www.oldnewspublishing.com /isabella.htm   (1833 words)

 Spain - THE GOLDEN AGE - Ferdinand and Isabella
Isabella's niece, Juana, had bloodily disputed her succession to the throne in a conflict in which the rival claimants were given assistance by outside powers--Isabella by Aragon and Juana by her suitor, the king of Portugal.
Ferdinand, who had received his political education in federalist Aragon, brought a new emphasis on constitutionalism and a respect for local fueros to Castile, where he was king consort (1479- 1504) and continued as regent after Isabella's death in 1504.
Ferdinand and Isabella resumed the Reconquest, dormant for more than 200 years, and in 1492 they captured Granada, earning for themselves the title of Catholic Kings.
countrystudies.us /spain/7.htm   (951 words)

Ferdinand and Isabella successfully asserted their authority over them, and this was confirmed by a papal bull in 1523 during the reign of their grandson, Charles.
While Ferdinand and Isabella did weaken the political position of the nobility, this fact must be placed in proper perspective by the consideration of two related facts: They did not strengthen the townsmen politically, and they did not seriously weaken the great nobles socially or economically.
In the Spain of Ferdinand and Isabella, the chief threat of heresy was thought to proceed from the Jews and conversos.
vlib.iue.it /carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/18.html   (16703 words)

 Queen Isabella
Isabella took the throne, but the first four years of her reign were marked by civil war with Joan's faction.
Ferdinand became Aragon's king and with Ferdinand and Isabella married, Aragon and Castile were united.
Isabella and Ferdinand chose to finance his voyage and the New World was discovered for the Spanish.
www.angelfire.com /anime2/100import/queenisabella.html   (359 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - FERDINAND AND ISABELLA.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
His marriage with the much-admired Isabella of Castile was materially furthered by Jews and Maranos on the supposition that he, himself of Jewish descent on his mother's side, would prove, like his father, benevolent toward the Jews.
In Monzon Ferdinand had to borrow twenty thousand sueldos from his "beloved" Yayme Ram, who was the son of a rabbi and one of the most important jurists of his time.
Her confidential advisers and secretaries were Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, whose descendants bore the title of Count of Cedillo, and Fernando del Pulgar, author of a history of the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=109&letter=F   (530 words)

 European Voyages of Exploration: Imperial Spain
Isabella was a devout Christian and this religious conviction motivated her fanatic campaign to expel the Moors and Jews from Iberian and spread Christianity to the rest of the world.
Isabella and Ferdinand decided that the "Union of Crowns" would be one of equals in theory if not in actual fact.
To Isabella this was a very important demonstration of her very strict Catholic faith and inspired the beginning of the Spanish Inquistion.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/Imperial.html   (1030 words)

 Isabella I - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
ISABELLA I [Isabella I] or Isabella the Catholic, 1451-1504, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1474-1504), daughter of John II of Castile.
In 1469 she married Ferdinand of Aragón (later King Ferdinand II of Aragón and Ferdinand V of Castile).
Isabella and Ferdinand, known as the Catholic kings, ruled Castile and Aragón jointly.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-isabella1.html   (597 words)

 Isabella   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Isabella was born in Madrigal de las Altas Torras, Spain, the daughter of John II, King of Castile and Leon.
In 1469 she married Ferdinand V of Aragon, with whom she ruled jointly from 1479.
Isabella's marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon united Spain's two largest kingdoms and laid the foundation of the Spanish state.
www.hyperhistory.com /online_n2/people_n2/persons6_n2/isabella.html   (124 words)

 Ferdinand of Aragon
Ferdinand and his wife, Isabella of Castille, underwrote the voyages of Christopher Columbus and so established Spain as a powerful force in the New World.
Ferdinand and Isabella's youngest daughter, Catherine of Aragon, was the first wife of Henry VIII of England.
Ferdinand I, king of Aragón and Sicily - Ferdinand I, 1379?–1416, king of Aragón and Sicily and count of Barcelona...
www.infoplease.com /biography/var/ferdinandofaragon.html   (237 words)

 Isabella of Castille
Isabella I (1451­1504), queen of Castile, called la Catolica ("the Catholic"), and a sponsor of the voyages of Christopher Columbus.
On the death of her brother, Henry IV, Isabella and Ferdinand jointly succeeded (1474) to the throne of Castile and León.
Isabella and her husband (known together as "the Catholic kings") are remembered for initiating the Inquisition in 1478, for completing the reconquest of Spain from the Moors and for their ruthless expulsion of the Spanish Jews, both in 1492.
www.blackstudies.ucsb.edu /antillians/isabella.html   (232 words)

 Queen Isabella was born in 1451
She was extremely solicitous for the education of her five children (Isabella, John, Joan, Maria, and Catherine), and in order to educate Prince John with ten other boys, she formed in her palace a school similar to the Palatine School of the Carlovingians.
Ferdinand married Germaine de Foix, a niece of Louise XII of France.
Ferdinand was thus left the ruler of Castile until his death in Madigalejo on Jan. 23,1516.
volweb.utk.edu /Schools/bedford/harrisms/brittany.htm   (1150 words)

 Ferdinand II - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
FERDINAND II [Ferdinand II] or Ferdinand the Catholic, 1452-1516, king of Aragón (1479-1516), king of Castile and León (as Ferdinand V, 1474-1504), king of Sicily (1468-1516), and king of Naples (1504-16).
In 1469, Ferdinand married Isabella I of Castile, and in 1474 they assumed joint rule of Castile.
Many of Ferdinand's policies had long-lasting effects, especially the expulsion of the Jews and the Muslims, many of whom settled in N Africa, the search for American gold, and the conversion of large agricultural areas into grazing lands for the benefit of the wool industry.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ferdi2a1ra.html   (720 words)

 Queen Isabella I
Isabella I was born on April 22, 1451 in the town of Madrigal de las Altas Torres.
As such on March 31, 1492 Isabella and Ferdinand ordered that by July 1st all people of the Jewish faith had to leave Spain or be put to to death.
Isabella not only made sure that the girls were well educated (which was unusual for that time), but also that they knew how to do such things as sewing.
www.ctspanish.com /legends/isabella1.htm   (1864 words)

 Ferdinand V
Ferdinand V, called The Catholic (1452­1516), king of Castile (1474­1504); as Ferdinand II he was also king of Sicily (1468­1516) and of Aragon (1479­1516); as Ferdinand III, king of Naples (1504­1516).
Ferdinand had hoped by this alliance to obtain the Castilian crown for himself, but his high­spirited and politically astute wife firmly retained sovereign authority in her own realm.
In August Christopher Columbus, sponsored by Ferdinand and Isabella, set sail from the small Spanish seaport of Palos on his epoch­making voyage to America, which was the first step in the creation of the Spanish overseas colonial empire.
www.blackstudies.ucsb.edu /antillians/ferdinand.html   (482 words)

 swuklink: Ferdinand II of Aragon & Isabella of Castile     (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
He became Ferdinand V of Castile in 1469 on his clandestine marriage to Isabella I of Castile and, although differing laws in the two states meant that she never became queen of Aragon, the monarchs ran the two kingdoms as one state.
Isabella (April 22nd, 1451 - November 26th, 1504), Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela, queen of Castile, was the daughter of King John II of Castile (1406-1454) by his second wife, Queen Isabella of Portugal.
Isabella claimed her right to succession and secretly married her cousin, the future Ferdinand II of neighbouring Aragon to assure Aragon's support defuse any eventual claim by Ferdinand on the crown of Castile.
www.swuklink.com /BAAAGEFL.php   (1265 words)

 History of SPAIN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
In Santa Fe, a royal encampment from which the siege of Granada is conducted, the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella debate whether to accept a proposal put to them by a visionary explorer, Christopher Columbus.
When Columbus returns to Spain in 1493, with the first news of the West Indies, Ferdinand and Isabella are determined to ensure that these valuable discoveries belong to them rather than to seafaring Portugal.
Ferdinand is succeeded in 1516 by his 16-year-old Habsburg grandson, Charles, who becomes Charles I of Spain (later, from 1519, he is also the Holy Roman emperor Charles V).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1750&HistoryID=ab50   (2531 words)

Ferdinand defeats Alfonso in the battle of Toro and when King John II of Aragon dies, Ferdinand succeeds to his throne.
Isabella was a devoted mother and a faithful wife, chaste and pious.
Ferdinand and Isabella induce her to marry his brother, King Manuel.
www.kykofc.com /kentucky/koc_sites/int/isabella.htm   (811 words)

 Timeline of the Spanish Royal Family
With stronger immediate support, Isabella quickly makes her way to the Alcázar of Segovia, where she is proclaimed queen of Castile and León, at the same time making her husband Ferdinand V. On 20 January, King John II of Aragon dies and Ferdinand becomes Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Isabella and Ferdinand appoint Tomás de Torquemada to investigate and punish Jews and Moors who converted to Catholicism but are believed to be secretly practicing their old religion, thus beginning the Spanish Inquisition.
On 26 November, Isabella of Castile dies, leaving the kingdom of Castile to her daughter, Juana “La Loca” (Joan “The Mad”) under a regency headed by Joan’s husband, Philip of Austria (as Philip I of Castile).
www.etoile.co.uk /Spain/Timeline_1.html   (1809 words)

 Isabella I (1451-1504) : Library of Congress Citations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Isabella I, Queen of Spain, 1451-1504 -- Juvenile literature.
A biography of Queen Isabella I of Spain, who made it possible for Christopher Columbus to sail west, and whose fierce support of Catholicism led to the expulsion from Spain of non-converted Jews and Moslems.
Isabella I, Queen of Spain, 1451-1504 -- Marriage.
www.mala.bc.ca /~mcneil/cit/citlcisabella1.htm   (3595 words)

 Amazon.ca: Isabella of Castile: Queen on Horseback: Books: Joann Johansen Burch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Grade 4-8-- A balanced, readable discussion of Queen Isabella of Spain--the monarch who sent Columbus to the New World and, with her husband Ferdinand, drove the Moors out of Granada and both united and reformed thecountry.
Isabella of Castille is a visually attractive presentation with a pleasing assortment of fl-and-white and full-color reproductions and drawings.
In addition, Burch's description of Ferdinand and Isabella's coequal marriage is confusing, and she leaves unanswered the key question of who succeeded her to the throne and with what results.
www.amazon.ca /Isabella-Castile-Queen-on-Horseback/dp/0531200337   (404 words)

 [No title]
File X. This is a translation of the account of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain in a history text that was used in the Skien Latin school at the time Ibsen was a student in another school in town.
Thereupon Ferdinand and Isabella moved (their army) into the capital city, and the dominion of this people (i.e., the Moors) in Spain came to an end completely.
Ferdinand dealt with the Jews in the same way as with the Moors, where after hard persecution a great many were compelled to leave the country.
www.hf.uio.no /ibsensenteret/Larson/ferdinand.htm   (800 words)

 Camelot Village: Britain's Heritage and History
Ferdinand was the joint ruler, with his wife Isabella, of the Spanish kingdoms of Castile and Aragon from 1474 until Isabella's death in 1504.
Ferdinand continued to rule alone until his death in 1516.
Both Ferdinand and Isabella were devout Catholics and the Inquisition was established under their rule.
www.camelotintl.com /world/02ferdinand.html   (309 words)

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