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Topic: Feudalism


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  feudalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Feudalism was based on contracts made among nobles, and although it was intricately connected with the manorial system, it must be considered as distinct from it.
The feudal method of holding land was by fief; the grantor of the fief was the suzerain, or overlord, and the recipient was the vassal.
Feudalism continued in all parts of Europe until the end of the 14th cent.
www.bartleby.com /65/fe/feudalis.html   (1511 words)

  
 Feudalism
Feudalism is, therefore, a method of government, and a way of securing the forces necessary to preserve that method of government.
Feudalism came to be initially a system of local defense against the constant dangers and uncertainties of a rather primitive existence in northern Europe after the relative order of the Roman Empire disappeared.
Feudalism in Germany was different from that of France and England.
mars.wnec.edu /~grempel/courses/wc1/lectures/19feudalism.html   (1645 words)

  
  feudalism - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about feudalism
Feudalism is often depicted diagrammatically as a pyramid, with the monarch at the apex and the peasants (serfs) at the base.
Feudalism was reinforced by personal oaths of allegiance and a complex legal system and supported by the Christian medieval church.
The feudal system declined from the 13th century, gradually giving way to the class system as the dominant form of social ranking, partly because of the growth of a money economy, with medieval trade, commerce, and industry, and partly because of the many peasants' revolts between 1350–1550, such as the Peasant's Revolt of 1381.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /feudalism   (481 words)

  
 Feudalism Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Feudalism, or sometimes called the feudal system, in the present-day study of medieval history describes a legal and administrative order founded upon the exchange of reciprocal undertakings of protection and loyalty among the administrative, military and ecclesiastical elite of Europe and often Japan, and sometimes other societies.
The idea of feudalism as defined at the time of Karl Marx can be seen in one of its most controversial contexts, that is, in the 19th- and 20th-century debate between advocates of capitalism and of socialism.
"Feudalism" and related terms should therefore be approached and used with considerable caution owing to the range of meanings associated with the term.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/f/fe/feudalism_1.html   (761 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Feudalism
feudalism may be defined as a contractual system by which the nation as represented by the king lets its lands out to individuals who pay rent by doing governmental work not merely in the shape of military service, but also of suit to the king's court.
feudal, but dependent on a royal grant; such were the franchises, or liberties, or regalities, as in the counties Palatine up and down Europe.
Feudalism came with its ready answer, linked Germanic with Roman political systems, built up an inter-connected pyramid that rested on the broad basis of popular possession and culminated in the apex of the king.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06058c.htm   (6862 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Feudalism
The grantor was lord of the grantee, his vassal, but both were free men and social peers, and feudalism must not be confused with seignorialism, the system of relations between the lords and their peasants in the same period.
Feudalism joined political and military service with landholding to preserve medieval Europe from disintegrating into myriad independent seigneuries after the fall of the Carolingian Empire.
Thus, feudalism was a political as well as military institution, one based upon a contract between two individuals, both of whom held rights in the fief.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568817/Feudalism.html   (598 words)

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