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Topic: Fezzan


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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  
  FEZZAN - LoveToKnow Article on FEZZAN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Flora and Fauna.The date-palm is the characteristic tree of Fezzan, and constitutes the chief wealth of the land.
Placed roughly midway between the countries of the central Sudan and Tripoli, Fezzan serves as a depot for caravans crossing the Sahara; its commerce is unimportant.
In the 14th century the Nesur were conquered and dethroned by an Arab tribe, that of Khorman, who reduced the people of Fezzan to a state of slavery, a position from which they were rescued about the middle of the 16th century by a sherif of Morocco, Montasir-b-Mahommed, who founded the dynasty of Beni Mahommed.
52.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FE/FEZZAN.htm   (1761 words)

  
 Fezzan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Fezzan region is met by the Libyan coastal zone in the north, the Libyan desert in the east, the Tibesti massif of Chad to the south, Hoggar massif and the Grand Erg Oriental of Algeria to the west.
Fezzan is known for some of the most beautiful scenery of Sahara, as well as numerous collections of cave paintings spread around the mountains.
Fezzan is no longer self-sustainable, and most people work for the governments or in government-protected jobs.
i-cias.com /e.o/fezzan.htm   (274 words)

  
 Fezzan Project archaeology page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
While a considerable amount of effort is devoted to cataloging and interpreting prehistoric artefacts and medieval structures, the heart of the Fezzan Project consists of the excavations at Old Germa, encompassing levels extending back in time from the late medieval period to the Garamantian period, much of which is contemporaneous with the Roman period.
Large wild animals (such as giraffe, elephant, crocodile, antelope, hippopotamus, rhinoceros) and cattle are depicted frequently in rock carvings in the wadis of the Messak Settafet and on the escarpment at the edge of the Messak which forms the southern boundary of the Wadi al-Ajal.
One very rough method of gauging the approximate age of rock carvings is by the degree of varnishing apparent in the incised parts of the rock, relative to the surrounding rock surface.
www.cru.uea.ac.uk /~e118/Fezzan/fezzan_archaeol.html   (1950 words)

  
 archive: [LoGH] History of the Phezzan (Fezzan)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Fezzan is noted for its extensive production of date palms, which number in the millions of trees and cover several hundred thousand acres scattered in numerous oases.
Emissaries of the Sanusiyah religious brotherhood began founding lodges in Fezzan in the mid-19th century and were for a time the dominant influence in the region.
Fezzan was amalgamated with Cyrenaica and Tripolitania under Italian rule in 1912.
www.logh.net /loghlist/0009/249.html   (642 words)

  
 Fezzan Libya   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Herodotus, the Greek historian described that the Garamants of the Fezzan used to hunt the Ethiopian Troglo-dytes (the inhabitants of Tibesti known as the Rock Tibbu) in Chariots drawn by horses.
The Tripolitanias own political and cultural ties have been on the other hand with the west of Tripoli rather than the east of Benghazi for the large centers of habitation in the coastal area are cut of from Cyrenaica by the desolate shores of the Gulf of Sidra.
The Fezzan, on the other side had tended to have closer bonds with both Cyrenaica and Egypt, with which it is connected by a chain of conveniently spaced oases.
www.libyaninvestment.com /travel/fezzan.html   (341 words)

  
 Fezzan --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Probably typical of the earliest populations were the dark-skinned cave dwellers described by Herodotus as inhabiting the country south of Fezzan.
Oil reserves were first discovered in Fezzan in 1956, though the first major discovery was at Cyrenaica in 1959.
Its three main regions are Cyrenaica (also called the Eastern provinces) on its eastern Mediterranean coast, Tripolitania (the Western provinces) on its western coast, and Fezzan (the Southern provinces), a series of oases in the southwestern desert.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9034162?tocId=9034162   (663 words)

  
 Libya - Medieval Cyrenaica and Fezzan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turbulent chieftains of the Bani Khattab dominated Fezzan.
In the thirteenth century the king of Bornu, a Muslim state in the Lake Chad Basin, invaded Fezzan from the south and established a client regime that for a time commanded the trade route.
Fezzan was always a target for adventurers, one of whom, the Moroccan Muhammad al Fazi, displaced the last of the Bani Khattab early in the sixteenth century and founded a line at Marzuq that remained as undisputed rulers of the region under Ottoman suzerainty.
countrystudies.us /libya/13.htm   (243 words)

  
 Libya - Geography
The southwestern desert, known as Fezzan, was administered separately during both the Italian regime and the federal period of the Libyan monarchy.
In 1969 the revolutionary government officially changed the regional designation of Tripolitania to Western Libya, of Cyrenaica to Eastern Libya, and of Fezzan to Southern Libya; however, the old names were intimately associated with the history of the area, and during the 1970s they continued to be used frequently.
In contrast, Fezzan's borders with Algeria, Niger, and Chad are seldom crossed because of the almost total emptiness of the desert countryside.
countrystudies.us /libya/35.htm   (883 words)

  
 The Garamantes or Ancient Mande of the Fezzan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Garamantes or Ancient Mande of the Fezzan
This identification of the area as Phazania by the Romans and Fezzan by the Arabs, suggest that this area may have originally been called Fazannby the Mande people who formerly inhabited this area.
All of these scenes make it clear that the Fezzan was a highly civilized part of the world and had a much better climate thousands of years ago.
clyde.winters.tripod.com /garamante.html   (229 words)

  
 FREDERICK HORNEMANN - LoveToKnow Article on FREDERICK HORNEMANN
On the 5th of September 1798 he joined a caravan returning to the Maghrib from Mecca, attaching himself to a party of Fezzan merchants who accompanied the pilgrims.
He then spoke, but indifferently, both Arabic and Turkish, and he was accompanied as servant and interpreter by Joseph Freudenburg, a German convert to Islam, who had thrice made the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Travelling by way of the oases of Siwa and Aujila, a fl rocky desert was traversed to Temissa in Fezzan.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /H/HO/HORNEMANN_FREDERICK.htm   (554 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Fezzan
Fezzan, former province of Libya, a desert region with many oases and with cave paintings dating from about 3000 bc.
About 500 km (300 mi) south of Tripoli, the plateau descends to the Fezzan basin, a sandy area with scattered oases.
Exclusively for MSN Encarta Premium Subscribers--quickly search thousands of articles from magazines such as Time, Newsweek, The Atlantic Monthly, and Smithsonian.
ca.encarta.msn.com /Fezzan.html   (101 words)

  
 News from Gerzanne Arabian Stud Ltd -- New Zealand's only breeders of Straight Egyptian arabians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
TF Fezzan is the first Straight Egyptian son of Botswana out of the great moving Ramses bred mare Ramses Forever.
TF Fezzan was shown at the 2005 Egyptian Event in Kentucky where he was Reserve Champion Three Year Old Stallion and ATH Grand Champion Stallion.
TF Fezzan will arrive at Gerzanne in late September after 6 weeks in quarantine to take up his stud duties over the beautiful Simeon Shemini daughters.
www.horsetalk.co.nz /gerzanne/news.shtml   (682 words)

  
 General Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Phezzan Dominion is based on Fezzan, a region of Libya which in ancient times was a key navigation corridor for trans-Saharan traders, very much like how Phezzan is a key navigation corridor between the Empire and the Alliance.
The historical Fezzan was a region of desert oases just to the north of Kanem and Lake Chad.
In LoGH, the Phezzan Dominion was a territory which controlled one of the two navigation corridors between the Alliance and the Empire.
www.logh.net /history/phezzan.htm   (687 words)

  
 Introduction
Palaeolake sediments containing fossil molluscs were discovered in the Wadi Shati region of the Fezzan early this century.
It has become increasingly evident form the studies outlined above that the Fezzan contains a wealth of palaeohydrological, palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatalogical information in a region (the Sahara) that is generally thought to be largely devoid of it.
These sections are composed of cycles that consist of greenish or reddish sandstone at the base that changes laterally into siltstones that exhibit evidence of soil development and other evidence of sub-aerial exposure including root casts, gypsum pseudomorphs, desiccation cracks now filled by silica and calcite (Figure 4).
www.personal.rdg.ac.uk /~sgswitke/megafezzan.htm   (1388 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In the region of the Fezzan, the water table is near ground surface so that natural and artificial wetlands develop in the artesian depressions.
There are no regular rains in the Fezzan, although in some years 8 to 10mm sometimes falls in January/February (Bundy, 1976).
The valleys of the Fezzan are important for resting migratory birds.
www.unep-wcmc.org /sites/pa/1433v.htm   (727 words)

  
 Saudi Aramco World : Libya’s Forgotten Desert Kingdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The image dates to the beginning of settled life in the Fezzan, which was prompted in part by the desiccation of the Sahara, which by the second millennium BC had greatly reduced the productivity of hunting.
South of Fezzan, along the Chad border, are the Tibesti mountains.
That in the Islamic period the Fezzan’s capital shifted one wadi south from Garama to Murzuk meant simply that the north-south trade axis between Tripoli and Nigeria had gained in importance, and Garama had fallen off the main route.
www.saudiaramcoworld.com /issue/200403/libya.s.forgotten.desert.kingdom.htm   (3147 words)

  
 Please title this page. (Page 1)
Phase II of the project, which is secondary in importance to Phase I, consists principally of a system that will deliver one million cubic metres of water a day from wellfields in the Fezzan region to the Western coastal belt and in particular to the fertile Jeffara plain.
The Phase II system will also be equipped with all protective and safety items such as air relief valves and surge control equipment to avoid any excessive pressures which could result from a failure of the electric power supply to the pumping station or any other similar cause.
East Fezzan wellfield will be connected to the system before the high point regulating station on the Jabal Fezzan, and the north Fezzan wellfield will be connected near the pressure-reducing station at Ash Shwarif.
members.aol.com /Zuzu28/River2.html   (1140 words)

  
 EVIDENCE FOR LATE QUATERNARY PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN THE FEZZAN, SOUTHERN LIBYA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The palaeogeomorphological work undertaken as part of the geoarchaeological Fezzan Project aims to further our understanding of climatic and environmental change in the Wadi el Agial area in the Fezzan, southern Libya as well as to provide a palaeoenvironmental framework within which the archaeology of the region may be interpreted.
The archaeological record in the study area spans the past several hundred thousand years (lithic remains represent the Acheulian to the Late Neolithic periods) and therefore it is essential to gain an understanding of environmental change over this period of time.
However, both geomorphological evidence and archaeological remains in the Fezzan indicate that this currently hyper-arid region experienced wetter phases in the past.
gsa.confex.com /gsa/inqu/finalprogram/abstract_53828.htm   (413 words)

  
 RAIDS IN THE FEZZAN | NZETC
In co-operation with the Free French of Chad Province, the LRDG made a series of raids on the Italian garrisons of the Fezzan, in south-west Libya, a region of sandy and stony deserts, long wadis, and fertile oases.
The chief objective was Murzuk, the capital of the Fezzan, a thousand miles from the LRDG base in Cairo and 350 from the nearest French post in the Tibesti Mountains.
Clayton ended his operations in the Fezzan on 14 January and went south to Tummo, on the French border.
www.nzetc.org /etexts/WH2-1Epi/c2-WH2-1Epi-e.html   (3029 words)

  
 Travel Info
A major attraction of the Fezzan are the great sand seas, where off-road vehicles can race, dip and plunge across endless rolling dunes, some as much as 300m high.
Another big draw of the Fezzan are the rock paintings and carvings of the Jabal Akakus (aka Tadrart Akakus).
Detailed information about the nine Fezzan Camp Sites is also available (including GPS data).
www.peterboekamp.com /travel-info.html   (1853 words)

  
 Fezzan -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Fezzan is a (An arid region with little or no vegetation) desert region in south-western (A military dictatorship in northern Africa on the Mediterranean; consists almost entirely of desert; a major exporter of petroleum; involved in state-sponsored terrorism) Libya.
Its major city is (Click link for more info and facts about Sebha) Sebha.
Fezzan is bordered by the (Click link for more info and facts about Akakus) Akakus and (Click link for more info and facts about Tadrart) Tadrart mountains on the south-west.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/f/fe/fezzan.htm   (113 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The slide shows the promontory of Zinchechra, close to the modern town of Germa, which is situated in the Wadi el Agial, about 100 miles west of Sebha the modern capital of Fezzan, the Saharan province of Libya.
The Fezzan was inhabited in ancient times by the tribe of the Garamantes who are mentioned by Herodotus as being renowned for their chariot warfare.
There are a number of houses on the lower southern slopes which were built with mud-brick walls on ashlar platforms, and which almost certainly date to the 1st century AD.
museums.ncl.ac.uk /roman_africa/ZINCHECH.HTM   (515 words)

  
 The Unreached Peoples Prayer Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Today, nearly 170,000 Fezzan Bedouin live in Libya, and virtually all of them are Muslims.
A few live in the coastal regions; however, most are located in the western part of Libya, known as Fezzan.
The Fezzan Bedouin have a relatively harsh existence.
www.ksafe.com /profiles/p_code1/2002.html   (859 words)

  
 [No title]
Great Britain was responsible for the provinces of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica in northern Libya, while France was responsible for the province of the Fezzan in the south.
The report by Blowers and McLeod that ‘the Algerian franc’ circulated in the Fezzan is echoed in the First Report of the Libyan Currency Commission, which states that the new Libyan currency was exchanged for Algerian francs in the Fezzan.
The period of exchange ended in Cyrenaica on 25 April 1952 and in the Fezzan on 12 April 1952.
www.pjsymes.com.au /articles/Libya-cc.htm   (4626 words)

  
 Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In addition, as the team archaeometallurgist of the Fezzan Project, I examine in detail the metallurgical and non-metallurgical industrial residues that have come to light during the project in the Wadi el-Agial, and prepare the material for publication.
The Fezzan is at the crossroads of the North African and sub-Saharan spheres.
My investigations into the archaeometallurgy of the Fezzan are of relevance for the understanding of technological developments, cultural exchange and the spread of ideas in the whole of Northern Africa.
physics.open.ac.uk /~uckolb/isk/research.html   (463 words)

  
 Fezzan --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Arabic Fazzan ancient Phazania A part of the Sahara, most of its inhabitants dwell in oases in the interior.
Southern Fezzan is noted for its date palms, which cover several hundred thousand acres scattered in numerous oases.
Fezzan was made part of Tripoli by the Italians in 1912, and it became a province of the United Kingdom of Libya (1951–63).
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article?tocId=9364380   (101 words)

  
 Universe Today - Libya's Ubari and Murzuq Sand Seas
Summary - (Mar 24, 2005) This is a satellite photograph of two huge sandy regions in the Fezzan region of Southwest Libya, near the border of Algeria.
This Envisat image shows two huge sand dune seas in the Fezzan region of southwestern Libya, close to the border with Algeria.
Two decades ago an ambitious project called Great Man-Made River was begun, aimed at drawing water from the aquifers beneath the Fezzan region shown in the image, via a network of underground pipes for irrigation in the coastal belt.
www.universetoday.com /am/publish/libya_ubari_murzug.html   (393 words)

  
 Fezzan Project - Geoarchaeology of the Libyan Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Fezzan Project - Geoarchaeology of the Libyan Sahara
The aim of the interdisciplinary Fezzan Project is to increase our understanding of environmental change and past human occupation of the Fezzan region of southwestern Libya, in the hyper-arid heart of the Sahara Desert.
The project is a collaboration between researchers in the fields or archaeology, geomorphology, climatic and environmental change, and remote sensing.
www.cru.uea.ac.uk /~e118/Fezzan/fezzan_home.html   (290 words)

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