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Topic: Fiji coups of 1987


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  Fiji by net - FJ Directory, Overview
Fiji became independent in 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony.
Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century).
Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector.
fjby.net   (626 words)

  
  Fiji coups of 1987 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fiji Coups of 1987 refers to a chain of events which began with the overthrow of the elected government of Prime Minister Timoci Bavadra on 14 May 1987, and culminated in the severing of links with the British Monarchy and the proclamation of a republic on 7 October, following a second coup on 28 September.
Both before and after Fiji gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1970, tensions between the indigenous Fijian and Indo-Fijian ethnic groups (comprising an estimated 46% and 49% of the 1987 population, respectively) continually manifested themselves in social and political unrest.
On October 7 the new regime declared Fiji a republic, revoking the 1970 constitution; the Commonwealth of Nations responded with Fiji's immediate expulsion from the union.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fiji_coups_of_1987   (703 words)

  
 Fiji coups of 1987 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji Coups of 1987 refers to the 1987 overthrow of the government of Fiji by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka, then third in command of the Royal Fiji Military Forces.
Democratic elections in April of 1987 resulted in the replacement of the Fijian-dominated national leadership with a multi-ethnic coalition supported mostly by the Indo-Fijian majority, and Rabuka claimed ethnic Fijian concerns of racial discrimination as his excuse for seizing power.
On October 10 the new regime declared Fiji a republic, revoking the 1970 constitution; the Commonwealth of Nations responded with Fiji's immediate expulsion from the union.
wikipedia.lotsofinformation.com /wiki/index.php/Fiji_Coups_of_1987   (582 words)

  
 Fiji Travel Guide, South Pacific Islands
Fiji is the hub of South Pacific aviation.
The name Fiji is a Tongan corruption of the indigenous name "Viti." The Fiji Islands are arrayed in a horseshoe configuration with Viti Levu (great Fiji) and adjacent islands on the west, Vanua Levu (great land) and Taveuni to the north, and the Lau Group on the east.
Fiji's mainland, Viti Levu, is the "real" Fiji, where much of the country's history has unfolded and the bulk of the Fijian people live out their lives.
www.southpacific.org /text/finding_fiji.html   (2082 words)

  
 FIJI COUPS OF 1987 FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji Coups of 1987 refers to a chain of events which began with the overthrow of the elected government of Prime Minister Timoci_Bavadra on 14_May 1987, and culminated in the severing of links with the British_Monarchy and the proclamation of a republic on 7_October, following a second coup on 28_September.
Depending on perspective, one may view the event either as two successive coups d'etat separated by a four-month intermission, or as a single coup begun on May_14 and completed with the declaration of a republic.
Parliamentary elections in April of 1987 resulted in the replacement of the indigenous-led government of Prime Minister ''Ratu Sir'' Kamisese Mara with a multi-ethnic coalition supported mostly by the Indo-Fijian majority, and Rabuka claimed ethnic Fijian concerns of racial_discrimination as his excuse for seizing power.
www.brolgas.com /Fiji_coups_of_1987   (634 words)

  
 Fiji (05/02)
Fiji was readmitted to the Commonwealth in October.
Fiji is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, although it remains a developing country with a large subsistence agriculture sector.
Fiji's two largest exports are sugar and garments, which each accounted for approximately one-quarter of export revenue in 1998 (roughly $122 million each).
www.state.gov /outofdate/bgn/f/22445.htm   (2485 words)

  
 News Features - 24/05/00: Fiji forces rethink in Australian diplomacy . ABC News
The top diplomat, Richard Woolcott, said Rabuka's 1987 coups showed how interests did not necessarily translate into influence: "Although Australia was, for example, Fiji's largest economic partner and had the largest military capacity of the countries of the south west Pacific, we found we could not rewrite the Fijian constitution after the coup.
Fiji ranks second behind Papua New Guinea as a recipient of Australian aid in the South Pacific.
Australia expects that Fiji will be one of the few island states ever to graduate from the status of aid recipient, with the highest GNP per head in the region (A$2,110), 93 per cent adult literacy and average life expectancy of 67 years.
www.abc.net.au /news/features/stories/s130701.htm   (947 words)

  
 Fiji (09/05)
The Government of Fiji reported that growth was driven by a recovery in the tourism industry as well as by improved performance in mining, the harvesting and processing of mahogany, and fresh fish exports.
Fiji's two largest exports are sugar and garments, with each accounting for about one-quarter of export revenue in 2004--roughly $145 million each.
Fiji is host for the secretariat of the 16-nation Pacific Islands Forum, as well as a number of other prestigious regional organizations.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/1834.htm   (3629 words)

  
 Coups and regime change in Fiji - Fiji Times Online
The word coup is the short form of "coup d'etat", a French word which literally means, "a sudden blow to the state." In its current usage it refers to displacement of political leadership either by military or other means.
The Fiji coups of 1987 and 2000 were reactions against the shift in political power away from the indigenous Fijian power bloc and were aimed at maintaining Fijian political paramountcy.
Of all the coups in the world I have studied, the 2006 Fiji coup was probably one of the most unusual as it defied all the conventions in a "classical" military coup where everything was based on secrecy, surprise and speed (the "triple S").
www.fijitimes.com /story.aspx?id=54691   (2089 words)

  
 APMRN - Migration Issues in the Asia Pacific - Fiji   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This remarkable degree of concentration is based on Fiji’s membership (until 1987) of the British Commonwealth (explaining the importance of Canada as a destination), close proximity (Australia and New Zealand) and chain migration.
The coups led to a sharp increase in emigration: 41,767 of the total emigrants between 1973—1994 emigrated after the coups, comprising almost 50 per cent of the total.
Fiji was one of the countries studied and it was by far the most significant source of migrants to Australia and New Zealand from FICs (Forsyth 1991, p.
www.unesco.org /most/apmrnwp6.htm   (3283 words)

  
 Pacific Economic Report - Fiji 1998 - Page 16   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Following a decade of political uncertainty and slow economic growth after the 1987 coups d’Ètat, Fiji’s Parliament unanimously passed the new constitution in August 1997 which finally took effect a year later.
Fiji will be poised to become a regionally competitive economy only when it makes the market changes that will allow for efficient production and distribution of competitively priced products for both domestic and global markets.
Fiji’s recession should hit bottom at the end of this year and the economy should begin to grow 3-5 percent next year.
www.boh.com /econ/pacific/1998/fiji/16.asp   (632 words)

  
 Winne.com - Welcome
Fiji's constitution provides for a bicameral parliament, comprising the President, an elected House of Representatives with 1 members, and a nominated Senate that has 32 members.
The BLV appoints the President of the Republic of the Fiji Islands.
The labour force is sufficiently educated as can be noted by the fact that around 77% have had primary and secondary education and with 4% having tertiary education plus the fact that government is conscious of the need to expand skills and develop aptitudes to meet the demands of industrial development.
www.winne.com /fiji/bf05.html   (922 words)

  
 Background Notes Archive - East Asia and the Pacific   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji was expelled from the Commonwealth when it declared itself a republic in October 1987.
Fiji's contributions to peacekeeping in the Middle East and Africa are unique for a nation of its size.
Fiji maintains a 600-man battalion with the UN forces in Lebanon and a 400-man battalion in the Multinational Force of Observers in the Sinai.
dosfan.lib.uic.edu /ERC/bgnotes/eap/fiji9605.html   (4226 words)

  
 Bank of Hawaii - Economics Research Center - September 21, 1998   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji's population of 827,000 lives on one-third of the nation's 322 islands.
Fiji became a British colony in 1874 and left the Commonwealth in 1987 following a coup d'état.
Fiji's racial and ethnic mix is a legacy of the colonial era, when the British brought in Indian laborers to grow sugarcane.
www.boh.com /econ/news/980921.asp   (882 words)

  
 Fiji Islands Economy
Fiji's export of fish amounts to about 10% of the country's foreign sales with a total value of about F$100m.
Fiji has about a million hectares of forest almost half of which is untouched hardwood forests, and around 100,000 hectares of pine forest under cultivation.
The coups of 1987 opened the doors for corruption and sent the country's economy into a five year decline.
www.fiji-island.com /tourist-information/economy.html   (1024 words)

  
 Map of Fiji   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji became independent in 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony.
Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century).
A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fiji, but led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority.
www.wisegeek.com /images/maps/map-of-fiji.htm   (142 words)

  
 AnthroGlobe Bibliography: Fijian Society
Campbell, I. 1987 The Fiji Coup: Harbinger or Aberration?
Dropsy, Audrey 1993 The Church and the Coup: The Fijian Methodist Church Coup of 1989.
MacNaught, Timothy J 1971 'The Subjugation of the Highlands of Viti Levu, Fiji'.
coombs.anu.edu.au /Biblio/biblio_fiji1.html   (5314 words)

  
 Fiji election of 1987   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
In the House of Representatives (Fiji)House of Representatives, the coalition won a total of 28 seats to the Alliance's 24, and Timoci BavadraDr Timoci Bavadra/, the leader of the coalition, became Prime Minister.
(Fiji then had a complex voting system, allocating ethnic Fijians and Indo-Fijians 22 seats each, with a further 8 reserved for Europeans, Chinese, and other minorities; about half of representatives for each ethnic group represented "communal" constituencies, elected from closed electoral rolls, while the other half represented "national" constituencies, elected by universal suffrage).
Effective Indo-Fijian domination of the government caused widespread resentment among the ethnic Fijian community, and after less than a month in office, the new government was deposed in on May 14 1987 in a Fiji coups of 1987coup d'état led by Lieutenant-Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka/.
www.infothis.com /find/Fiji_election_of_1987   (465 words)

  
 Colour, Class and Custom: References
'Fiji: the politics of a plural society', in Ahmed Ali and Ron Crocombe (eds), Politics of Melanesia.
Introduction to 'As the dust settles: impact and implications of the Fiji coups', The Contemporary Pacific 2 (Spring): 1-10.
'Fiji's communal electoral system: a study of some aspects of the failure of democratic politics in Fiji', Politics 23 (November): 35-47.
www.speedysnail.com /pacific/fiji_coup/refs.html   (1290 words)

  
 rfmf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji, through the 1st Battalion Fiji Infantry Regiment (1FIR), first took on a role of international peacekeeper in 1978 and has continually played the role of a key stakeholder in the area of peacekeeping operations ever since.
Today, Fiji is still involved in peacekeeping duties despite the tumultuous political and economic setbacks the country suffered last year with the overthrow of the constitutionally elected government on May 19th 2000.
Currently, Fiji is at a cross-road, and the RFMF for that matter, as part of its vision, is continually committed to promoting and protecting the security of the Fiji Islands and its sovereign interests’ as its foremost concern.
www.rfmf.mil.fj /peace_keeping/peace_keeping.htm   (656 words)

  
 Fiji
Fiji, which had been inhabited since the second millennium B.C., was explored by the Dutch and the British in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Although the coup was eventually foiled, deposed prime minister Chaudhry and his democratically elected government were not restored to power.
Fiji: Land - Land Fiji comprises c.320 islands, of which some 105 are inhabited.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107509.html   (921 words)

  
 Fiji looks forward to closer US relations - PM - Fiji Government Online
Fiji continues to look forward to close co-operation and friendship with the United States of America, the Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase said.
Mr Qarase said we in Fiji have common concerns with the US not the least of which are international and regional security.
As America is one of Fiji’s traditional visitor markets, Mr Qarase said this year we are experiencing significant increases in US visitors and are forecasting a total for the year of 62,000 — over six percent higher than in 2003.
www.fiji.gov.fj /cgi-bin/cms/exec/view.cgi/29/2777   (398 words)

  
 Klixxx Magazine Archive - Fiji's Heavenly Safe Havens
A British colony until 1970, English is spoken in Fiji, a South Pacific nation across the International Dateline, 10-hours' flight from L.A., where dollars still go far.
During Fiji's three coups since 1987, most events occurred on the southeastern coast of Viti Levu, the main island, in Suva, the capital.
Fiji has resorts scattered on tiny islets throughout its archipelagoes, but after a trans-Pacific flight arriving in the wee hours, they're too remote.
www.klixxx.com /archive/fiji.shtml   (916 words)

  
 Pacific Affairs: Fiji Before the Storm: Elections and the Politics of Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Most are well written, astute and relevant, even including a self-justifying piece by Sitiveni Rabuka, instigator of the 1987 Coups and putatively bornagain statesman and peace-maker.
This is particularly clear in Brij Lal's lucid description of the twenty-one factions that contested the 1999 election, and Ulamita Durutalo's eloquent updating of the issues of "invented tradition" and "the myth of Fijian homogeneity" that have veneered over the deep fractures in intra-Fijian relationships.
As he notes, the drone behind the melody of Fiji's political and social life is Indigenous Fijians' deep mistrust and fear of the economic and academic success of Indians, and Indians' frustration at their inability to own more than a tiny proportion of the land or achieve an equal political voice.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3680/is_200107/ai_n8991019   (494 words)

  
 Fiji minister warns Australia -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Fiji's commerce, business development and investment minister Tomasi Vuetilovoni said the way in which Australia became involved in such situations was important.
Vuetilovoni noted Australia had adopted that attitude during the Fiji coups of 1987 and 2000.
Vuetilovoni and Fiji's Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase were pushing the message that stability had been restored in Fiji, as they talked up investment opportunities in the South Pacific nation.
www.theage.com.au - !http: //www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/03/31/1080544550682.html   (411 words)

  
 Women's GlobalNet 230
Amelia Rokotuivuna was a community leader far ahead of her time, who grew up in the Fiji mining town of Vatukoula and went on to become head girl of Adi Cakobau School, Fiji's most prestigious college for girls.
She was a founder of the Fiji YWCA, joining Australians Ruth Lechte and Anne S. Walker in 1962 to begin the programmes of an activist organization that worked for peace and democracy in a multi-cultural Fiji.
At the time of her death she was President of the Fiji YWCA Board of Directors and a lecturer at USP.
www.iwtc.org /277.htm   (523 words)

  
 UNSW || CSPS || Island Groups & Islands || Polynesia || [High Islands - Fiji Coups]
"Fiji: A Study of Ethnic Plurality and Family Planning" in T. Smith (ed.) The Politics of Family Planning, London.
The recent history of Fiji has sparked a number of volumes since the coups of 1987 by the now elected Prime Minister, Major-General (as he requests to be called) Sitiveni Rabuka.
"As the dust settles: Impact and implications of the Fiji Coups".
southpacific.arts.unsw.edu.au /resourceislands_e.htm   (2156 words)

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