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Topic: Filibuster

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  Filibuster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Filibusters do not occur in legislative bodies in which time for debate is strictly limited by procedural rules, such as the United States House of Representatives.
On April 4, exhausted and often sleepy government members inadvertently let one of the NDP amendments pass, and the handful of residents of Cafon Court in Etobicoke were granted the right to a public consultation on the bill (the government subsequently nullified this with an amendment of their own).
The filibuster extends from section L176B of the archive to L176AE; the Cafon Court slip-up is in section L176H, Stockwell rules on the issue of repetition in L176N, and Zorra Street is reached in L176S.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Filibuster   (2485 words)

 Filibuster (military) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A filibuster is a private individual who engages in unauthorized warfare against a foreign country, often with the intent of overthrowing the existing government.
The term filibuster and the variant "freebooter" are also applied more generally to individuals who attack foreign lands or interests for financial gain, without authority from their own government.
The actions of the filibusters is what led to the name being applied figuratively to the political act of filibustering in the U.S. Senate.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Filibuster_(military)   (453 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Filibuster   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The first noted use of the filibuster was in an effort to prevent the attempt of Jacksonian Democrats - then in the majority - to expunge the Senate's 1834 censure of President Andrew Jackson (q.v.
In 1917 a rule allowing for the cloture of debate (ending a filibuster) was adopted by the Democrat-controlled Senate Woodrow Wilson1949, the requirement for cloture was two-thirds of those voting.
On April 4, tired and often sleepy government members inadvertently let one of the NDP amendments pass, and the handful of residents of Cafon Court in Etobicoke were granted the right to a public consultation on the bill (the government subsequently nullified this with an amendment of their own).
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Filibuster   (1898 words)

 CQ Press In Context : Future of the Supreme Court
Filibusters are permitted by the Senate's tradition of unlimited debate, a characteristic that distinguishes it from the House of Representatives.
The term filibuster is derived from a word for pirates or soldiers of fortune; the term originated in the House, although the modern House seldom experiences delay arising from a prolonged debate.
Historically the rare filibuster provided the Senate's best theater; participants had to be ready for days or weeks of free-wheeling debate, and all other business was blocked until one side conceded or a compromise acceptable to all was found.
www.cqpress.com /incontext/SupremeCourt/filibuster.htm   (2387 words)

 USATODAY.com - Senate on brink of 'nuclear' filibuster war   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A filibuster is an attempt to block a bill or a nomination by talking it to death.
Filibusters can occur in only one chamber of Congress: the Senate, where rules require a supermajority of 60 of the chamber's 100 members to end debate on an issue and move to a vote.
The filibuster also has led to some of the darker moments in the Senate's history: From the mid-19th century through the 1960s, the filibuster was Southerners' tool of choice for blocking civil rights legislation.
www.usatoday.com /news/washington/2005-04-14-filibuster_x.htm   (1591 words)

 filibuster - HighBeam Encyclopedia
FILIBUSTER [filibuster] term used to designate obstructionist tactics in legislative assemblies.
The filibuster has been used by various blocs of Senators for different purposes; for example, by conservatives resisting civil-rights legislation in the 1960s, and by liberals resisting cuts in the capital gains tax in 1991.
Defending the dinosaur: the case for not fixing the filibuster.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/f1/filibust.asp   (474 words)

Basically, the filibuster is the ability of one or more senators to hold the floor and refuse to yield it to another senator from the opposing view.
Thus, traditionally the filibuster was used only in cases of constitutionality but as time has progressed we see a trend in the misuse and trivializaton of the filibuster.
For example, in 1968, “a filibuster forced open-housing advocates to reduce the coverage of their anti-discrimination bill and to drop key enforcement provisions—greatly changing the import of the bill—in order to gain cloture on an amendment and pass the bill.
www.juntosociety.com /government/filibuster.htm   (4197 words)

 U.S. Senate: Art & History Home > Origins & Development > Powers & Procedures > Filibuster and ...
The term filibuster -- from a Dutch word meaning "pirate" -- became popular in the 1850s, when it was applied to efforts to hold the Senate floor in order to prevent a vote on a bill.
Even with the new cloture rule, filibusters remained an effective means to block legislation, since a two-thirds vote is difficult to obtain.
Filibusters were particularly useful to Southern senators who sought to block civil rights legislation, including anti-lynching legislation, until cloture was invoked after a fifty-seven day filibuster against the Civil Right Act of 1964.
www.senate.gov /artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Filibuster_Cloture.htm   (427 words)

 The Mavens' Word of the Day   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the nineteenth century, a filibuster was a member of one of the bands of adventurers who set out on armed expeditions from the United States to the newly independent countries of Central and South America.
Filibuster started out in English as a noun referring to a person, but it began being used as a verb in the middle of the nineteenth century.
Filibuster is now used as a noun meaning 'the use of obstructive tactics, especially an exceptionally long speech, to impede the passage of legislation'.
www.randomhouse.com /wotd/index.pperl?date=20010207   (492 words)

 Kate O'Beirne on Filibusters on National Review Online
The notion of the drama-laden, longwinded Senate filibuster is an outdated one arising from Hollywood movies and the bitter civil-rights debates of the past.
The longest lone filibuster was staged by Strom Thurmond, who prepared for the ordeal by dehydrating himself in a sauna before taking to the Senate floor for over 24 hours to block a vote on a 1957 civil-rights bill.
But, with Kate Michelman demanding that Democratic senators filibuster any judicial nominee who fails to give full-throated support to abortion rights, and People for the American Way's Ralph Neas pledging "judicial Armageddon" to block the approval of the president's nominees, Republicans should be expected to fight back with the most powerful weapon in their arsenal.
www.nationalreview.com /kob/kob021003.asp   (1226 words)

 COMMENTARY: Ending judicial filibuster could haunt the GOP   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Some conservatives call filibusters of judicial nominations unconstitutional because they violate the separation of powers by preventing the president from doing his constitutional duty of staffing the judiciary.
The crucial, albeit unwritten, rule regarding judicial nominees was changed forever 18 years ago by the Bork confirmation fight: Now both sides in the Senate feel free to judge and accept or reject nominees on the basis of their judicial philosophies.
And pruning the filibuster in the name of majority rule would sharpen a scythe that one day will be used to prune it further.
www.vvdailypress.com /2005/111115496996222.html   (785 words)

 People For the American Way - About the Filibuster and the "Nuclear Option"
In the context of a Supreme Court battle, the filibuster means that 60 Senate votes may be needed to confirm out of the mainstream judicial nominees rather than a simple majority of 51.
For two centuries, our leaders have supported the tradition of the filibuster in order to promote cooperation and compromise, and because they have recognized the dangers of one party control and the importance of protecting the rights of the minority.
A primary goal of the filibuster is to force greater deliberation and compromise on controversial Senate matters by requiring that they receive 60 votes to proceed.
www.pfaw.org /pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=17881   (799 words)

 NPR : The Judicial Filibuster   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Senate centrists on both sides of the aisle have defused the "nuclear option" with an agreement to preserve the filibuster and to vote on several of the president's judicial nominees.
Her nomination was brought up for a vote as part of a deal to retain the right of filibuster in the Senate.
Pryor is one of the so-called "Gang of 14," a bipartisan group of senators that negotiated the compromise.
www.npr.org /templates/story/story.php?storyId=4633889   (886 words)

 ABC News: Primer: Judicial Nominees and the Filibuster
The filibuster invokes the right of senators to debate any matter indefinitely unless 60 senators vote to end the discussion — the Democrats could, therefore, hold the floor until the congressional session runs out.
The Democrats filibustered 10 of the president's nominees last session; seven were re-nominated during the current session.
Federal judges are immensely powerful — all cases raising constitutional issues, including school prayer, abortion, and freedom of speech are heard before a single federal judge at the trial level and a panel of federal judges on appeal.
abcnews.go.com /Politics/story?id=683438   (607 words)

 FactCheck.org A Fictional View of the Filibuster
Instead, it presents a view of the filibuster that is idealized and – to the extent it relies on movie footage – fictional.
Filibusters continued to block serious civil rights legislation right up until 1964, when the Senate was finally able to muster the two-thirds majority that was then required to end debate.
The last to filibuster against the landmark 1964 legislation was Sen. Robert Byrd of West Virginia, who spoke for 14 hours and 13 minutes, finishing the morning of June 10 – the 57th day of debate on the measure.
www.factcheck.org /article317.html   (1317 words)

Moreover, use of the filibuster to block Senate votes on judicial nominees is an abuse of the procedure — one that violates the Constitution.
Although the filibuster has been a part of the Senate’s rules since the 1830s (when it first appeared during the debates over President Andrew Jackson’s withdrawal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States), the Democrats’ use of the filibuster to block the confirmation of judicial nominees is unprecedented.
There are additional reasons why the filibuster is an unconstitutional abuse of power, especially when used to thwart confirmation of judicial (and other) presidential nominees supported by a majority of the Senate.
users.law.capital.edu /dmayer/Blog/blogIndex.asp?entry=20050127.asp   (1675 words)

 Byron York on Senate & Judges on National Review Online
So far, Democrats have filibustered only the nomination of D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals candidate Miguel Estrada, although they are blocking several other Bush nominees by the use of senatorial holds and other parliamentary measures (see "The Democrats' Big Plan," April 3).
Almost all of those who are said to be wavering on the filibuster question are from states carried by George W. Bush in the 2000 election.
While most went along with the Estrada filibuster — some reluctantly — they might not be willing to stick their political necks out again.
www.nationalreview.com /york/york041403.asp   (852 words)

 TIME.com: The Filibuster Formula -- Page 1
The word "filibuster" comes from the Dutch word meaning "pirate." Members of the U.S. Senate have pirated debate for as long as the institution has existed.
Initially, House members were permitted to filibuster as well, but their growing numbers soon made the practice inadvisable.
When a filibuster held up a vote on the Treaty of Versailles, the Senate invoked a two-thirds vote to bring the matter to the floor.
www.time.com /time/nation/article/0,8599,423312,00.html   (690 words)

 RealClearPolitics - Commentary - Don’t Be Surprised to See a Filibuster by John McIntyre
Initially, I thought a filibuster would be very unwise for the Democrats because it would gin up the Republican base and it was a fight that they at the end of the day simply don’t have the cards to win.
Even though the odds are that a sustained filibuster would be met with a change in the Senate rules and Alito’s ultimate confirmation, an argument can be made that strategically it is good political move for the Democrats.
They would lose their ability to dangle the filibuster threat for the rest of the Bush term in respect to judicial nominees, but the potency of that weapon has already been significantly reduced.
www.realclearpolitics.com /Commentary/com-1_9_06_JM.html   (1003 words)

 Filibusted. By Brandt Goldstein - Slate Magazine
A filibuster is allowed because the Constitution gives each house of Congress the right to "determine the Rules of its Proceedings." That means the Senate can run itself however it sees fit.
The filibuster tends to be more effective near the end of a term, when Congress is racing to push through as much legislation as it can.
While a filibuster would seem to be more taxing on the side doing the talking, that isn't necessarily the case.
www.slate.com /id/2078519   (1297 words)

 The Seattle Times: Nation & World: Filibuster precedent in '68, Democrats say
WASHINGTON — The Senate was launched on a full-blown filibuster, with one South Carolina senator consuming time by reading "long passages of James F. Byrnes' memoirs in a thick Southern accent," according to a newspaper account.
A New York Times story that day said Fortas' opponents "began a historic filibuster today." As the debate dragged on for four days, news accounts consistently described it as a full-blown filibuster intended to prevent Fortas' confirmation from reaching the floor, where a simple-majority vote would have decided the question.
Current GOP leaders sometimes amend their comments, saying the Fortas battle is not a precedent for today's filibusters because Fortas faced so much opposition that his confirmation would have failed on a simple yes-no vote.
seattletimes.nwsource.com /html/nationworld/2002213725_judges20.html   (870 words)

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