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Topic: Finnish

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  Finland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bounded by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west.
Finnish law is codified and its court system consists of local courts, regional appellate courts, and the Supreme Court.
The Finnish landscape is mostly flat with few hills and its highest point, the Haltitunturi at 1,328 m, is found in the extreme north of Lapland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Finland   (3495 words)

 Finnish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Finnish is a member of the Finno-Ugric language family and is classified as an agglutinative language.
Finnish is spoken by about 6 million people, mainly in Finland; there are small Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden, Norway, Russia and Estonia; in addition, a few hundred thousand emigrated Finns live in Sweden, and also in North America there remain communities of Finnish-speaking emigrants, notably in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
The Ruija dialect (Ruijan murre) is spoken in Finnmark (Finnish Ruija), in Norway.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Finnish_language   (5323 words)

 Finnish language, alphabet and pronunciation
Finnish (suomi) is a Finno-Ugric language spoken by about 5 million people in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, Canada and Russia.
The first piece of Finnish literature was a translation of the New Testament by Michael Agricola which was published in 1548.
Civil servants were obliged to use the Finnish language and issue documents in Finnish from 1883.
www.omniglot.com /writing/finnish.htm   (200 words)

 Euromosaic - Finnish in Sweden (Tornedalen)
After the introduction of Tornedalen Finnish in the classroom during the 80s, the number of pupils studying Finnish in primary schools increased to 2,000, as the teaching of standard Finnish was perceived as foreign and alien to the local language.
This decrease in the transmission and in the use of Finnish in Tornedalen was mainly due to the loss of population and the influence of the nation-wide mass-media.
Finnish is generally associated with low status (both cultural and socio-economic) whereas Swedish is regarded as the prestigious language, and about half of the population claims that bilingualism is associated with stigma and thus a burden for the speakers.
www.uoc.edu /euromosaic/web/document/fines/an/i2/i2.html   (3739 words)

 Finnish grammar - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Adjectives in Finnish are inflected in exactly the same way as nouns, and an adjective must agree in number and case with the noun it is modifying.
Finnish verbs are usually divided into six groups depending on the stem type.
Finnish verbs have present and past participles, both with active and passive forms, and an 'agent' participle.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /finnish_language_grammar.htm   (3426 words)

 Finnish Lapphund   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Finnish Lapphund is the original native breed and is still used today as a herding dog.
The Finnish Lapphund is a medium-sized, sturdily-built, Spitz-type dog with profuse double coat, and a nearly square body.
The profuse, dense, double coat of the Finnish Lapphund is essential to this breed's ability to live and work in the harshest arctic environment.
www.ukcdogs.com /breeds/northernbreeds/finnishlapphund.std.shtml   (997 words)

 Universitas Helsingiensis499
The Finnish tendency to highlight a state of being rather than a personal action is also apparent in the way Finnish writers refer to agents - or actually how they avoid referring to agents.
The Finnish passive is really an impersonal form which allows the speaker to hide the agent: the subject of a passive verb is left unspecified, as in French "on" or German "man".
Finnish writers, on the other hand (like German and Japanese writers), tend to value the reader´s intelligence: they assume that the reader will have the interest and patience to read slowly, and that the reader does not need a lot of extra guidance - this would be patronizing, they feel.
www.helsinki.fi /lehdet/uh/499l.html   (1334 words)

 Uralic Family Home Page
The eastern Finnish languages cannot be understood by Finns today as contacts to the east have been more or less cut for eight hundred years of Russian history.
Finnish history and culture that are presented in these pages is set against a background of the other Finno-Ugric people.
Finnish written history is only from the second millennium, but fortunately the Finns have a strong oral tradition going back to the ice ages.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/3818/finnugr.html   (847 words)

 BBC Education - Languages
Finnish, along with Estonian, is part of the Baltic-Finnic sub group of the Finno-Ugrian languages.
Finnish is the official language in Finland and officially recognised in Sweden and Norway.
It is also spoken in Russia and is one of the official languages of the European Union.
www.bbc.co.uk /languages/european_languages/languages/finnish.shtml   (155 words)

 MPR: Finland Was a Poor Country   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Finnish women played a major role in organizing the co-op movement, the newspapers, and Finn Halls.
Many Finnish immigrant women had come to America on their own, to work in boarding houses or as domestic servants.
Finnish immigrants were the first in the nation to found a foreign-language group of the American Socialist Party.
news.minnesota.publicradio.org /features/199706/10_losurem_finnpoor/finnpoor2.htm   (1285 words)

 Finnish characterized (the s.c.nordic FAQ)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
All Finnish words have their main stress on the first syllable, and the basic intonation patterns are easily learned.
This means that Finnish has a surpringly large number of loanwords borrowed from present and erstwhile neighboring languages.
On a more intellectual plane, Finnish is probably the most accessible non-Indo-European language for speakers of English, so it offers a unique opportunity to consider the manner in which human languages have evolved the strategies necessary for structuring their universe.
www.lysator.liu.se /nordic/scn/finlang.html   (847 words)

 The Finnish Forest Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Finnish Forest Association (established in 1877) is a co-operation organization for the forestry field in Finland.
Finnish Forest Association promotes the sustainable and multiple-valued tending and use of forests.
The primary task of the Finnish Forest Association is to give information on Finnish forests, forestry and the forest industry both in Finland and abroad.
www.smy.fi /smy-gb.html   (144 words)

 American Kennel Club - Finnish Spitz
The Finnish Spitz whole being shows liveliness, which is especially evident in the eyes, ears and tail.
The Finnish Spitz' most important characteristics are its square, well-balanced body that is symmetrical with no exaggerated features, a glorious red-gold coat, his bold carriage and brisk movement.
The Finnish Spitz is quick and light on his feet, steps out briskly, trots with lively grace, and tends to single-track as the speed increases.
www.akc.org /breeds/finnish_spitz/index.cfm   (865 words)

 Finnish Alliance - www.suomalaisuudenliitto.fi
The President of the Finnish Alliance in 1930-32 was Urho Kekkonen, the President of Finland in 1956-81.
The Finnish Alliance is an important element in the Finnish establishment.
He was sympathetic to Finnish nationalistic concepts and was therefore expelled from Finland by the Tsarist governor of Finland.
www.geocities.com /finnish_alliance   (791 words)

 Introduction to Finnish
Thus, Finnish is a synthetic language: it uses suffixes to express grammatical relations and also to derive new words.
This approach was especially used in the 19th century when Finnish was consciously developed from the status of a language spoken by common people into a written, official (since 1863) and cultural language.
You have probably now realized why Finnish words are rather long in the average: root words are long due to the conservativeness, suffixes and composition are used to derive new words, and suffixes are used for flexion.
www.cs.tut.fi /~jkorpela/finnish-intro.html   (1646 words)

 Finnish Translation - Translate Finnish Language Translator
Constitutionally, the 200-member, unicameral parliament, the Eduskunta (Finnish) or Riksdag (Swedish), is the supreme legislative authority in Finland.
Finnish standard of living is high, partly because it has rough and cold weather.
There are two official languages in Finland: Finnish, spoken by 93% of the population, and Swedish, mother tongue for 6% of the population.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/finnish.shtml   (1852 words)

 Concordia Language Village - Finnish
Finnish is spoken as a first language by more than 6 million people around the world.
Finnish is the official language of Finland and the Republic of Karelia.
Finnish is also spoken in Russia, Sweden, Great Britain, the USA, as well as other countries around the globe.
clvweb.cord.edu /prweb/finnish   (310 words)

 4.7 Finnish literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The first known Finnish author was Jöns Budde, a Franciscan monk who lived in the Brigittene monastery at Naantali in the latter part of 15th century, chiefly translating from Latin to Swedish, but he also wrote a few things of his own.
His De Poësi Fennica (published in Latin in five parts 1776-78), a study on Finnish folk poetry, had great importance in awakening public interest in the Kalevala-poetry and Finnish mythology, and the study was also the basis of all later study of the poetry.
He was among the founders of the Aurora Society that advocated Finnish literary pursuits and was the editor of the first Finnish newspaper, Tidningar utgifne af et sällskap i Åbo, founded in 1771.
www.faqs.org /faqs/nordic-faq/part4_FINLAND/section-6.html   (1837 words)

 Finnish as a World Language
First of all, Finnish is currently spoken by a mere.05% of the world's population; secondly one cannot learn the language in ten easy lessons; thirdly, a large number of Finns still do not understand it.
The basic idea is: In Finnish the direct object (commonly called the accusative object) may occur in the nominative, the genitive, or the partitive case.
As to the question of the prospect of Finnish as a global language, I think I do not misspeak myself by saying that the work of this article should settle the matter clearly and finally.
www.mit.edu /~tahnan/finnish.html   (1078 words)

 AllRefer.com - Finnish literature (Scandinavian Literature) - Encyclopedia
The first printed work in Finnish was the ABC book published c.1542 by Bishop Michael Agricola (1508–57).
The poet Edith SOdergran (1892–1923), inspired by the European symbolists and by her Russian childhood, had great influence on modern Finnish and Swedish poetry.
The first Finnish writer to express modern realism was the playwright and champion of women's rights, Minna Canth (1844–97).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/F/FinnishLit.html   (524 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Finnish: An Essential Grammar (Routledge Grammars)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Karlsson's understanding of Finnish structure is so perfect and his ability to explain it so skillful that he has produced a reference work that transfess that clarity of view to the student.
This was the first book that I found and purchased on the Finnish language around a year and a half ago, and I still have not found it entirely useful because I am not ready for it yet.
I've been a student of the Finnish language for years, and this is by far one of the most clearly informitave and easy to understand texts I've ever come across.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0415207053?v=glance   (1505 words)

 Learning Finnish (the s.c.nordic FAQ)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Atkinson: Finnish Grammar (Helsinki, 1956) A course in Finnish grammar for the learner.
Conversational Finnish in video (Helsinki/Tallinn 1992) This is the first attempt to produce an audiovisual course in Finnish.
Particularly useful for teachers of Finnish because it quickly produces neatly formatted full paradigms which can be saved as text files for further editing.
www.lysator.liu.se /nordic/scn/faq48.html   (2473 words)

 Language Log: The coolest language in the world
David Beaver appears to be suggesting at the end of Language Log's 800th post that I might really be a Finn, or at least might have an alternate Finnish identity.
While I was in Helsinki for over two weeks to be at the 2001 ESSLLI (it's an annual thing, this year in France), I developed a crush on Finnish.
That didn't define me as a speaker of Finnish (a language about which they tell the old tale that the devil was unable to learn it); that was just passive analytical competence.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/000820.html   (704 words)

 Helsingin Sanomat - International Edition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Emissions of phosphorous compounds from the Russian city of St Petersburg into the Gulf of Finland are to decline significantly in the coming years, if a project for the chemical removal of phosphorous is implemented as planned.
The project is a joint effort by the Finnish John Nurminen Foundation and the St Petersburg water utility Vodokanal.
Anna Sorainen is a 33-year-old former TV journalist and presenter, and a former head of information at the Finnish Olympic Committee.
www.helsinginsanomat.fi /english   (490 words)

 Finnish Children's Books, Finnish ClipArt, Finnish Database, Finnish Desk Top Publishing, Finnish Dictionary, Finnish ...
Finnish is one of the few languages of Europe not of the Indo-European family.
The Finnish word for "question," for example, is kysymys, while the word for "twenty" is kaksikymmentä.
Even the Finnish names of different countries are often hard to recognize—e.g., Suomi (Finland), Ruotsi (Sweden), Tanska (Denmark), Saksa (Germany), Ranska (France), and Venäjä (Russia).
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Finnish.htm   (384 words)

 Kalevala: from myth to symbol — Virtual Finland
At yet another level, all fifty cantos of Kalevala can be seen to allegorise in their account of the growing prosperity of Väinämöinen and his people the significance of a cultural tradition as a means of defining and holding together a national group.
In the 1860s, Finnish was granted equal standing with Swedish as a language of education, administration and government.
In the remarkable flowering of Finnish art, music, writing, design and architecture that took place at the turn of the century, Kalevala became a source of inspiration, context and substance, as Finns sought for a Finnish form in which to express mainstream European art forms: realism, naturalism, expressionism, symbolism.
virtual.finland.fi /finfo/english/kalevala.html   (2575 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Teach Yourself Finnish: A Complete Course for Beginners (Book only)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This book presents a small amount of elementary Finnish, and it suffers the ills of small courses: not enough explanation of grammar, not enough exercises, not enough reading, not enough sound recording.
Finnish is a complex language with exacting pronunciation, complex grammar, and an extensive network of internal sound changes that must be explained clearly and completely.
Whitney's can be useful, but he introduces grammatical minutae far in advance of their use to the learner and gives an extensive vocabulary for each chapter even when most of it is irrelevant to what is being learned in the chapter.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0844237655?v=glance   (1283 words)

 SEA: the Finnish Film Archive: The Finnish Film Archive
Film is the pictorial memory of a nation and The Finnish Film Archive (FFA, or Suomen elokuva-arkisto / SEA in Finnish) has attended to its preservation since 1957.
The Archive became a state institution in 1979 and its duties were specified as the acquisition of films and related material, the preservation and restoration of films, the promotion and dissemination of knowledge about cinema, and the screening of films of artistic, historical or otherwise significant interest.
Publications: The most important books on cinema are published by the Archive in a book series developed in cooperation with Finnish Literature Society Its major undertaking is The Finnish National Filmography, a ten volume series which tells the complete story of Finnish feature cinema.
www.sea.fi /english   (277 words)

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