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Topic: Finnish language grammar


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  Finnish language, alphabet and pronunciation
Civil servants were obliged to use the Finnish language and issue documents in Finnish from 1883.
In 1892 Finnish became an official language and gained a status comparable to that of Swedish.
Finnish has a system of vowel harmony, which means all the vowels in a word have to be of the same type.
www.omniglot.com /writing/finnish.htm   (345 words)

  
  Learn more about Grammar in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Grammar is the study of the rules governing the use of a language.
The subfields of grammar are phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics.
The formal study of grammar is an important part of education from a young age through advanced learning, though the rules taught in schools are not a "grammar" in the sense most linguists use the term, as they are often prescriptive rather than descriptive.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /g/gr/grammar.html   (742 words)

  
 Finnish language
Finnish is spoken by about 6 million people, mainly in Finland; there are small Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden, Norway, Russia and Estonia; in addition, a few hundred thousand immigrated Finns live in Sweden, and also in North America remains communities of Finnish speaking immigrants.
Finnish is an agglutinative language and an inflected language which modifies both noun and verb forms depending on their role in the sentence.
The Finnish alphabet consists of 29 letters, which includes the 26 latin letters used in English, as well as Å (A with a ring above), Ä (A with two dots above) and Ö (O with two dots above) which are treated as distinct letters and follow Z in the alphabetical order.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/fi/Finnish_language.html   (1561 words)

  
 Introduction to Finnish   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Finnish or suomi, as the Finns call their language, is spoken by approximately 5.5 million people, less than 5 million of whom live in Finland.
Finnish belongs to the small Finno-Ugric language group, which is part of the Uralic languages.
The Finnish grammar is seemingly complex, with 15 cases for nouns and a rich set of verb forms.
www.ddg.com /LIS/InfoDesignF97/paivir/finnish/page1.html   (156 words)

  
 Finnish grammar numbers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Numbers in Finnish are highly systematic, but they can throw a few surprises too.
Long ordinal numbers in Finnish are typed in almost the same way than the long cardinal numbers.
This is a feature of Finnish which doesn't have an exact counterpart in English.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Finnish_grammar_numbers   (578 words)

  
 A Very Short Finnish Grammar
Finnish belongs to the Finno-Ugric family of languages, which is not related to any branch of the Indo-European language family.
Finnish has a relatively simple relationship between spelling and pronunciation: generally, each letter corresponds to exactly one sound, and a letter is doubled to indicate a long sound.
Finnish has an unusually large number of cases, although many of them are equivalent to the use of a preposition in many other languages.
www.lysator.liu.se /language/Languages/Finnish/Grammar.html   (1145 words)

  
 Finnish
Languages of the World is brought to you by the National Virtual Translation Center.
Finnish does not distinguish gender in nouns or in personal pronouns, so, for example han can be either "he" or "she".
Finnish is considered to be a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/march/Finnish.html   (557 words)

  
 Learn Finnish Language - Free Conversational Finnish Lessons Online - Common Finnish Words and Phrases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
When you learn Finnish grammar or sentence structure, you will not naturally understand it when it's spoken to you.
The key is to immerse yourself in the language and use it as often as possible in order to build up your skills of speaking it and listening to it, understanding and comprehending it...
Finnish Language Exchange Pen-Pals - Community of people from around the world interested in teaching you their language and sharing their culture with you.
www.phrasebase.com /learn/finnish.php   (1866 words)

  
 GFs in Finnish
In the traditional Finnish grammar, these genitive subjects were called ëdative adverbials,í and only the nominative and the partitive were considered to be the subjects in Finnish (Karlsson 90).
In language which employ this topic-subject, such as English, the subjects are usually definite, and some ëpresentational pragmatic articulationsí are required to introduce the agent-type participants into the discourse (Shophen 119).
In Finnish, the subject needs to be the nominative, which expresses the definite entity, if it is used as the subject of the transitive verb, which requires two arguments, an agent and a patient, most of the time.
www.uiowa.edu /~linguist/classes/typology99/languages/Finnish/GFs.html   (1659 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Finnish language (Language And Linguistics) - Encyclopedia
Finnish language, also called Suomi, member of the Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languages.
These languages form a subdivision of the Uralic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages).
Finnish is spoken by about 5 million people in Finland.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/F/FinnishLan.html   (280 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Finnish: An Essential Grammar: Books: Fred Karlsson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
This was the first book that I found and purchased on the Finnish language around a year and a half ago, and I still have not found it entirely useful because I am not ready for it yet.
I've been a student of the Finnish language for years, and this is by far one of the most clearly informitave and easy to understand texts I've ever come across.
Finnish is an agglutinative language -- that is, words are inflected or conjugated through "gluing" new endings, each of which has adds its own meaning, to basic word forms.
www.amazon.ca /Finnish-Essential-Grammar-Fred-Karlsson/dp/0415207053   (1177 words)

  
 Language Studies
The Finnish Language and Culture programme (Finnish as a foreign/second language and at Finnish literature and other forms of culture) is intended for students who have begun their studies of Finnish or Swedish abroad and who wish to continue their studies in Finland or Sweden.
At the Department of Modern Finnish and Translation in Vaasa, which is oriented towards modern Finnish, its technolects, and contrastive and translation studies, Finnish can be studied both as a foreign language and as a mother tongue.
The Department of Finnish in Umeå is a typical department for Finnish as a foreign language taught abroad.
www.uwasa.fi /opintotsto/handbook/finnish.html   (889 words)

  
 Finnish - Language Directory
The Finnish Language - Short introduction to the Finnish language, with a well-organized page devoted to the use of cases in Finnish.
Finnish is spoken by around 6 million people, mainly in Finland; there are small Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden, Norway, Russia and Estonia.
Finnish dialects are divided into two distinct groups, the Western dialects and the Eastern dialects.
language-directory.50webs.com /languages/finnish.htm   (905 words)

  
 Finnish language resources
To sever the cultural and emotional ties with Sweden, the Finnish language was ardently promoted by both the imperial court and the Finnish government and a strong...
Finnish (suomi (help·info)) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (92%[2] as mother tongue) and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
Finnish is a member of the Finno-Ugric language family and is classified as an agglutinative language.
www.mongabay.com /indigenous_ethnicities/languages/languages/Finnish.html   (1173 words)

  
 Finnish grammar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The pronouns are inflected in the Finnish language much in the same way that their referent nouns are.
The Finnish language does not distinguish gender in nouns or even in personal pronouns: 'hän' = 'he' or 'she' depending on the referent.
Adjectives in Finnish are inflected in exactly the same way as nouns, and an adjective must agree in number and case with the noun it is modifying.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Finnish_language_grammar   (4897 words)

  
 Learn How To Speak - Finnish
This language group is spoken in a region that extends from Norway into Siberia and the Carpathian Mountains, and it includes the Hungarian and Estonian languages.
Finnish, like many languages, has been greatly influenced by other cultures over a long period of time and is still in the process of evolution.
The Finnish language appears to be rooted in the distant past.
www.learn-how-to-speak-finnish.com   (924 words)

  
 Ethnologue report for language code:fin
Southwestern Finnish, Häme (Tavast), South Pohjanmaa, Central and North Pohjanmaa, Peräpohja, Savo (Savolax), Southeastern Finnish (Finnish Karjala, Finnish Karelian).
Southeastern dialects called 'Karelian' in colloquial Finnish are distinct from true Karelian (T. Salminen).
Finnish is closely related to Karelian and Olonetsian.
www.ethnologue.com /show_language.asp?code=fin   (129 words)

  
 Finnish 101 > Finnish Language > Lexicon
The upper class held Swedish as their primary language even after this, because Russia did not have a written law nor legal bureaucracies and left the Swedish-originated system mostly intact.
When Finnish was accepted as an official language, it gained only legal "equal status" with Swedish, which persists even today.
Recently, it has been observed that English borrowings are not only ousting existing Finnish words, but also previous borrowings, for example the switch from treffailla "to date" (from Swedish, träffa) to deittailla from English "to go for a date".
www.101languages.net /finnish/lexicon.html   (841 words)

  
 Finnish Language School: Finnish Course & Classes - Boston Language Institute
The course emphasizes grammar, oral expression, and listening comprehension, and is designed to give beginning students a practical command of the language.
Since communication in a foreign language requires an understanding of the cultural context, our aim is to teach you the living language through carefully selected textbooks, newspaper and magazine articles and other relevant materials, rather than have you repeat and memorize tourist phrases.
Also, our on-line bookstore specializing in foreign language textbooks, study guides and audiocassettes, is a good source for browsing and choosing study materials.
www.boslang.com /fl/finnish.htm   (424 words)

  
 The Finnish language — Virtual Finland
To start with, Finnish is a very demanding language, not least for a teacher and an author of a Finnish text book.
For these reasons, the problem facing the teacher of Finnish is to decide in which order grammar and vocabulary should be taught and how thoroughly they should be learnt.
If a young Finnish man were bold enough to express such feelings in words, he would be more likely to say something like: Mä tykkään susta.
virtual.finland.fi /finfo/english/finnish10.html   (870 words)

  
 Learn Finnish Online - Write or Speak in Finnish Language Exchange
A language exchange complements other forms of learning such as classroom, cultural immersion and multimedia, because you get to practice all that you have learned with native speakers in a safe and supportive environment.
Language exchange learning is also inexpensive because we provide free tips and conversation lesson plans that allow you to do a language exchange on your own.
Add your profile to the language exchange community and let others contact you to for language exchange learning.
www.mylanguageexchange.com /Learn/Finnish.asp   (1084 words)

  
 UCL SSEES Language Unit: The Finnish Language
Finnish (suomi) belongs to the Finno-Ugric family of languages, so it is not related to either of its neighbours, i.e.
Finnish uses the Latin alphabet, with two additional letters (ä, ö), and has a complex yet very logical grammar.
People all over the world learn Finnish, as translators and interpreters are in great demand to work for international and European bodies such as the European Union.
www.ssees.ac.uk /languageunit/finnishlang.htm   (188 words)

  
 Finnish translation, English to Finnish translation, Finnish to English translation, Finnish web site translation, ...
Whether you are a Finnish company hoping to break into the English speaking market or you have a product to sell to Finland, WTB Language Group can help you.
They have in-depth understanding of the subject matter and solid mastering of the Finnish language including its spelling, grammar, and cultural appropriateness.
Finland (in Finnish, Suomi), republic in northern Europe, bordered on the north by Norway, on the east by Russia, on the south by Russia and the Gulf of Finland, on the south-west by the Baltic Sea, and on the west by the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden.
www.wintranslation.com /languages/finnish.html   (321 words)

  
 Finnish Classes Los Angeles - Finnish Class Orange County
Grammar and usage - Pronunciation, vowel harmony, consonant gradation, nominative (basic) case, genitive (possesive) case, adjectives and verbs..
Finnish is the one of the official languages of the Republic of Finland.
(Swedish is another official language.) A member of the Uralic language family, Finnish is closely related to Estonian and distantly related to Hungarian.
www.languagedoor.com /languages/finnish.html   (171 words)

  
 The Finnish language
Pronunciation of Finnish in a nutshell (for linguists).
Books useful for learning Finnish (a list with different people's short evaluations); this is in the section for Finland in the Nordic FAQ (soc.culture.nordic FAQ).
Language centre services include courses of different levels (starting from beginners) on Finnish.
www.cs.tut.fi /~jkorpela/Finnish.html   (410 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Finnish for Foreigners: Books: Maija-Hellikki Aaltio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
That really rubs me the wrong way because Finnish has to be just about the most regular language in the world, as long as you learn how to apply the rules correctly.
Aaltio's "Finnish for Foreigners" provides a good introduction for the struggling beginner who is trying to make sense of the Finnish language's difficult grammar and syntax.
Although its organization is a bit uneven, "Finnish for Foreigners" does a good job of introducing the student to new words and of building a Finnish vocabulary.
www.amazon.com /Finnish-Foreigners-Maija-Hellikki-Aaltio/dp/9511081454   (1228 words)

  
 english finnish translator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Offers english finnish translator with a product or service that delivers finnish free translator and finnish grammar.
Language Cds and language tapes to help you gain language immersion Offers english finnish translator with a product or service that delivers finnish free translator and finnish grammar.
Advanced language instruction with electronic dictionaries and translation software Offers english finnish translator with a product or service that delivers finnish free translator and finnish grammar.
www.languageresourceonline.com /Finnish/english-finnish-translator.html   (136 words)

  
 Finnish - language.com.au - Finnish   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
These no-nonsense courses have been used successfully by thousands of students to jump-start their foreign language training.
Upon finishing the course the learner should have a good grounding in everyday vocabulary, grammar, and usage, and be able to communicate with native speakers.
Finnish / 30 is based on the famous U.S. military accelerated language-learning method developed for U.S. government personnel preparing for overseas duty.
www.language.com.au /finnish.html   (461 words)

  
 grammar - Definitions from Dictionary.com
A formal definition of the syntactic structure of a language (see syntax), normally given in terms of production rules which specify the order of constituents and their sub-constituents in a sentence (a well-formed string in the language).
"noun-phrase" for a natural language grammar) and a right-hand side which is a sequence of zero or more symbols.
A grammar can be used either to parse a sentence (see parser) or to generate one.
dictionary.reference.com /browse/grammar   (871 words)

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