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Topic: First Amendment to the United States Constitution

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In the News (Thu 14 Feb 19)

  The Constitution of the United States of America
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
www.midnightbeach.com /jon/US-Constitution.htm   (4025 words)

 LII: Constitution
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
www.law.cornell.edu /constitution/constitution.billofrights.html   (273 words)

 United States House of Representatives - Amendments to the Constitution
The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on the 13th of June, 1866.
The twenty-first amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress, on the 20th day of February, 1933, and was declared, in a proclamation by the Secretary of State, dated on the 5th day of December, 1933, to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States.
Note 12: The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States (and two others, one of which failed of ratification and the other which later became the 27th amendment) were proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the First Congress on September 25, 1789.
www.house.gov /house/Constitution/Amend.html   (2086 words)

 United States Constitution at AllExperts
It also provides for the office of Vice President of the United States, and specifies that the Vice President succeeds to the presidency if the President is incapacitated, dies, or resigns, although whether this succession was on an acting or permanent basis was unclear until the passage of the 25th Amendment.
Article Six establishes the Constitution, and the laws and treaties of the United States made in accordance with it, to be the supreme law of the land.
The United States is a common law country, and courts follow the precedents established in prior cases.
en.allexperts.com /e/u/un/united_states_constitution.htm   (5884 words)

 1993-141 | 10/29/1993 | Kansas Attorney General Opinion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-09)
Amendments to the Constitution of the United States--Amendment I--Freedom of Speech; Anti-Picketing Ordinance
In analyzing the validity of an ordinance that limits speech, the first determination to be made is the type of forum affected by the regulation.
The second test of constitutionality under the first amendment is whether the ordinance is narrowly tailored to serve a significant government interest.
www.kscourts.org /ksag/opinions/1993/1993-141.htm   (2256 words)

 FindLaw: U.S. Constitution: Amendments
The amendment was rejected by Georgia on July 24, 1919; by Alabama on September 22, 1919; by South Carolina on January 29, 1920; by Virginia on February 12, 1920; by Maryland on February 24, 1920; by Mississippi on March 29, 1920; by Louisiana on July 1, 1920.
The amendment was rejected by a convention in the State of South Carolina, on December 4, 1933.
Proclamation was by the Archivist of the United States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C. Sec.
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /data/constitution/amendments.html   (3856 words)

 United States Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)
Although the vote was close in some states, the Constitution was eventually ratified and the new Federal government came into existence in 1789.
Contains the first draft of the report of the Committee of Detail, which was printed for the delegates at the Constitutional Convention in early August 1787.
During the Constitutional Convention, the Committee of Style was appointed "to revise the style of, and arrange, the articles which have been agreed to by the House." On September 12, 1787, the Convention ordered copies printed and distributed to the delegates.
www.loc.gov /rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Constitution.html   (1183 words)

 Research Guide to the First Amendment
The First Amendment is designed to protect people's conduct and speech, and courts will strictly scrutinize those statutes or regulations that are directed at the content of an individual's or group's ideas while subjecting to less scrutiny those statutes or regulations that merely restict the forum on the basis of reasonable time, place and manner.
One test for whether a statute complies with the First Amendment is as follows: (1) the statute must have a secular legislative purpose; (2) its principal effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion; and (3) the statute must not foster an excessive government entanglement with religion.
Given the history of this practice, the framers of the Constitution did not have it in mind as a governmental "establishment of religion." The use of the historical yardstick method of analysis is not one of general applicability, however, as many current practices do not have the same degree of history as the legislative invocation.
www.nesl.edu /RESEARCH/RSGUIDES/FIRSTAM.HTM   (1857 words)

 U.S. Senate: Reference Home > Constitution of the United States
Membership in the House is apportioned according to the population of the states.
The 13th amendment abolished slavery and the 14th amendment provided that representation would be determined according to the whole number of persons in each state, not by the “three-fifths” of the slaves.
The 20th amendment changed this provision for the convening of Congress from the first Monday in December to the 3rd of January.
www.senate.gov /civics/constitution_item/constitution.htm   (3655 words)

 Freedom of Speech in the United States of Constitution
The First Amendment's basic guarantee is that of freedom to advocate ideas, including unorthodox ideas, controversial ideas, and even ideas offensive to the prevailing climate of opinion.
Sullivan, announced, at least in the case of defamation of public figures, that the First Amendment protects the speaker unless the false, defamatory statement is made with knowledge that it was false or with reckless disregard of whether it was false or not.
Noting that the First Amendment was fashioned to assure unfettered interchange of ideas, the Court reiterated the Constitutional faith in the power of reason as expressed through public debate.
www.oycf.org /Perspectives/11_043001/freedom.htm   (1777 words)

 U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs -- Issues of Democracy, February 1997 -- Goodale ...
The founders of the United States enacted the First Amendment to distinguish their new government from that of England, which had long censored the press and prosecuted persons who dared to criticize the British Crown.
As Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart explained in a 1974 speech, the "primary purpose" of the First Amendment was "to create a fourth institution outside the government as an additional check on the three official branches" (the executive branch, the legislature and the judiciary).
The First Amendment also protects the right to parody public figures, even when such parodies are "outrageous," and even when they cause their targets severe emotional distress.
usinfo.state.gov /journals/itdhr/0297/ijde/goodale.htm   (1947 words)

 First Amendment to the United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As the first sentence in the body of the Constitution reserves all law-making ("legislative") authority to Congress, the courts have held that the First Amendment's terms also extend to the executive and judicial branches.
United States 341 U.S. The Court upheld the law in 1951 by a six-two vote (Justice Tom C. Clark did not participate because he had previously ordered the prosecutions when he was Attorney General).
United States, 354 U.S. The Supreme Court ruled that the Act was aimed at "the advocacy of action, not ideas".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution   (4033 words)

 Constitution of the United States of America - Wikisource
The Constitution of the United States of America is the oldest written national constitution in use.
The Constitution is the second of the three Charters of Freedom along with the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights.
But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two-thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.
en.wikisource.org /wiki/Constitution_of_the_United_States_of_America   (2821 words)

 Litigation Activities - The Becket Fund
The principal motivating factors behind the Anti-Aid Amendment were animus toward immigrants, and Catholic immigrants in particular, an attempt to preserve the cultural and political hegemony of the Protestant establishment in Massachusetts, and an attempt to preserve the Protestant nature and curriculum of the public schools.
The Anti-Initiative Amendment violates the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment of the United States Constitution as applied to the States by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment by denying Plaintiffs, in a discriminatory manner, access to the initiative petition process, an important avenue of political expression.
The Anti-Aid Amendment, by its terms and as applied by the Defendants, violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution because it is based on animus toward an identifiable group of which one or more of Plaintiffs are members.
www.becketfund.org /files/afb13.html   (2503 words)

 The Separation of Church and State: Have We Gone Too Far?
3 The First Amendment of the Constitution provides that, "Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."4 By these words, the drafters of the Constitution established that this country would not stand for either an official religion or restrictions on the freedom to practice any such religion.
Today, the United States has progressed from a time when First Amendment restrictions on religion simply limited the government's power, to a day in which the Establishment Clause has been interpreted to target religious statements in state institutions.
At first glance, the phraseology "separation between church and state" appears to be an interpretation of the Establishment Clause in the United States Constitution.
www.expertlaw.com /library/misc/first_amendment.html   (1161 words)

 The First Amendment
The First Amendment also prevents Bossuet's motto ("Un roi, une loi, une foi" - "One king, one law, one faith") from becoming a reality in the United States.[5] Legislation which supports the notion that a particular faith should reign supreme in the United States is forbidden.
It is interesting to note that from the early Congressional debates about the language of the amendment, one lawmaker showed himself to be a prophet indeed, in that he predicted that the language of the amendment could be construed in such a way as to favor atheists or agnostics.
Again, the amendment then considered used different language than the First Amendment of today (which was the verbiage eventually adopted by the First Congress), although it was essentially the same in character and scope: "no religion shall be established by law, nor shall the equal rights of conscience be infringed."
www.mindspring.com /~careyb/rf_frst.html   (1282 words)

 First amendment - Wex
The First Amendment of the United States Constitution (http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.billofrights.html#amendmenti) protects the right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression from government interference.
The First Amendment has been interpreted by the Court as applying to the entire federal government even though it is only expressly applicable to Congress.
Despite popular misunderstanding the right to freedom of the press guaranteed by the first amendment is not very different from the right to freedom of speech.
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/first_amendment.html   (712 words)

 Bill of Rights
The conventions of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added.
Article the third [Amendment I] Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Article the twelfth [Amendment X] The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
www.constitution.org /billofr_.htm   (508 words)

 Educational Resources - United States House of Representatives, 110th Congress, 1st Session
How laws are enacted once they have been passed.
The full text amendments 11 through 27 to the Constitution that have been ratified.
The full text of amendments to the Constitution that have been proposed but not ratified.
www.house.gov /Constitution/Amend.html   (124 words)

 Twenty-First Amendment
At the gathering's conclusion, the League's superintendent, Purley Baker, presented an amendment to the United States Congress and to the House of Representatives.
This amendment would be the basis for the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Smith, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the state legislature's approval of Prohibition could not be overturned by the referendum.
www.ohiohistorycentral.org /entry.php?rec=1406   (537 words)

 Gun Control - Second Amendment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-09)
There is a lot of discussion about what this amendment really means and how it should be interpreted.
Even though the First Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees Americans the right to free speech, that right is not unlimited.
Americans are not allowed to use the first amendment if it would interfere with public safety for instance.
www.veganpeace.com /gun_control/SecondAmendment.htm   (241 words)

 First Amendment to the United States Constitution - dKosopedia
Amendment I (the First Amendment) of the United States Constitution is the first of the ten ammendments collectively known as the Bill of Rights.
It protect the right of Religion, Speech, the Press, Assembly, and to petition the Goverment for redress of greivences.
The Bill of Rights was passed by Congress in 1789 and became law on December 15, 1791.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/First_Amendment   (154 words)

 First Amendment Schools : Resources - Sample Policies
It is the policy of Miami-Dade County Public Schools that an unfettered student press is essential in establishing and maintaining an atmosphere of open discussion, intellectual exchange, and freedom of expression on campus.
Support the First Amendment rights of students and the efforts of publication/media advisors to guarantee those rights in their daily work with publications/media; communicate to other members of the school community the rights of student journalists to question, inquire, and express themselves through student publications/media;
There are three classifications of speech that are prohibited by law or not protected by the First Amendment.
www.firstamendmentschools.org /resources/policy.aspx?id=15117   (1301 words)

 First Amendment
Controversies about speech protected by the First Amendment seem to arise because the speech at issue is unpopular or controversial or highly offensive for various reasons.
If the First Amendment only protected popular speech, supported by the majority of citizens, then the constitutional protection would not be needed.
Some speech is restricted because it constitutes the establishment of religion, which is itself prohibited by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
www.csulb.edu /~jvancamp/freedom1.html   (4629 words)

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