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Topic: First French Empire


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  French Empire - MSN Encarta
Although the French kings were interested in establishing their position in Europe, they refused to accept the Line of Demarcation, the division of the outside world between Spain and Portugal that was laid down by Pope Alexander VI in 1493-1494.
By 1815 the French Empire was reduced to Martinique and Guadeloupe, St Pierre and Miquelon (off the southern coast of the Island of Newfoundland), trading posts in Senegal and five posts in India and Réunion.
French public opinion was most moved by the affairs of Indochina, because they involved the deliberate policy of the government when it was led by Jules Ferry, and because it involved a defeat for French arms.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_781530753/French_Empire.html   (2177 words)

  
 Franco-Turkish Relationship during First Empire
The empire was the largest and most influential of the Muslim empires of the modern period, and their culture and military expansion crossed over into Europe.
The first factor, riding in his favor was the long history of diplomatic and economic relations that had existed between France and the Ottoman Empire, since the 16th Century.
French businessmen invested heavily in the Ottoman Empire and by the late 18th Century, all Roman Catholics in the Ottoman Empire were placed under French protection.
www.napoleon-series.org /research/government/diplomatic/c_tufrdip1.html   (2808 words)

  
  ipedia.com: Second French Empire Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Second French Empire or Second Empire was the imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second republic and the Third Republic, in France.
The recall of French troops from Rome, in accordance with the convention of 1864, led to further attacks by the Ultramontane party, who were alarmed for the papacy.
Thus the French army proceeded by disastrous stages from Weissenburg, Forbach, Froeschweiler, Borny, Gravelotte, Noisseyule and Saint-Privat to the siege of Metz and the slaughter at Illy.
www.ipedia.com /second_french_empire.html   (4674 words)

  
 Reference for First French Empire - Search.com
The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire or the Napoleonic Empire, was the regime of Napoleon I in France, through which he dominated much of continental Europe.
French involvement in the Iberian Peninsula eventually sparked the Peninsular War, a brutal six-year conflict that severely weakened the Empire.
It was from Berlin, on 21 November 1806, that he had dated the first decree of a continental blockade, a conception intended to paralyze his inveterate rival, but which on the contrary contributed to his own fall by its immoderate extension of the Empire.
www.search.com /reference/First_French_Empire   (3458 words)

  
 French Empire
Last century’s French Revolution was a revolt against both the oppression of the Vatican and the nobles that were seen as the puppets of Rome, and paved the way for the foundation of modern France, even through the atrocities and horror that were perpetrated on its own people.
French officers also tend towards the conservative and unimaginative as a general rule, and are prone to making errors of judgement, stemming from an unfailing belief in French supremacy or an overall lack of information, or both.
French interests in the Caribbean are hampered by a lack of territory on the mainland, since the sale of their North American holdings to the United States.
mywebpages.comcast.net /rumtigger2/Nations/france.htm   (2459 words)

  
 French Empire
Last century’s French Revolution was a revolt against both the oppression of the Vatican and the nobles that were seen as the puppets of Rome, and paved the way for the foundation of modern France, even through the atrocities and horror that were perpetrated on its own people.
French officers also tend towards the conservative and unimaginative as a general rule, and are prone to making errors of judgement, stemming from an unfailing belief in French supremacy or an overall lack of information, or both.
French interests in the Caribbean are hampered by a lack of territory on the mainland, since the sale of their North American holdings to the United States.
home.comcast.net /~rumtigger2/Nations/france.htm   (2459 words)

  
 French Wars - Conservapedia
The war was described by Winston Churchill as the first world war, as it was the first conflict in human history to be fought around the globe, although almost all of the combatants were either European nations or their overseas colonies.
The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 19 December 1946 until 1 August 1954 between the nation of France and the resistance movement led by Ho Chi Minh, called the Viet Minh.
The use of torture by the French government, in particular by Paul Aussaresses, in the Algerian War of Independence further weakened the French claim to the area, leading to the abolition of the Treaty of Bardo and Tunisia gaining full independence in March 20, 1956.
www.conservapedia.com /French_Wars   (2030 words)

  
 France: First Empire (May 1804-April 1814 & March-June 1815)
On 2 December 1804, the First Consul (Premier Consul) Napoléon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français) as Napoléon I. In 1814, France was invaded by a coalition led by Prussia and Napoléon I abdicated on 4-6 April.
The national flag used during the First Empire was the blue-white-red Tricolore flag.
The bee was part of the French symbolic from 1804 to 1814 (First Empire), during the Cent-Jours (20/03-22/06/1815), and finally under Napoleon III's Second Empire (1852-1870).
www.fotw.us /flags/fr_1emp.html   (504 words)

  
 Napoleonic Wars - WarWiki
They were partly an extension of conflicts sparked by the French Revolution, and continued during the regime of the First French Empire.
French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe; the fall was also rapid, beginning with the disastrous invasion of Russia, and Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered complete military defeat, resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France.
The French fleet was defeated by Admiral Horatio Nelson in the Battle of the Nile (August 1) at Aboukir (Abu Qir), and a French expedition to Ireland was also quickly contained.
war.wikia.com /wiki/Napoleonic_Wars   (4954 words)

  
 France, République française, embassy, embassies
France, officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and that also comprises a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents.
The anthem is probably the first example of the "European march" style of anthem.
Under the First Republic, "La Marsiellaise" was one of the civic songs that contributed to the success of the Revolution.
www.allembassies.com /france.html   (1652 words)

  
 Napoleonic Titles and Heraldry
The territories of the French Empire already exceded the boundaries of 1789 France, as a result of annexations: Comtat-Venaissin (1791), Savoie (1792), Belgium and Germany up to the Rhine (1795), all of which were confirmed by the peace of Lunéville in 1801.
The Prince Eugène was adopted on 12 Jan, 1806 with no rights to the French succession, but he was given presumptive rights to the throne of Italy in the absence of a second son of Napoleon on February 16, 1806, and given the title of Prince of Venice on December 20, 1807.
The first batch of titles were created in 1806: these were territorial principalities ceded as "immediate fiefs of the crown", or "great fiefs of the crown" established in Italy on particular lands, a 1/15th of whose income was attached to the title as revenue.
www.heraldica.org /topics/france/napoleon.htm   (6120 words)

  
 A History of Europe, Chapter 12
The French armies were rapidly rebuilt as Minister Carnot, "the organizer of war," introduced universal conscription and supplied men and munitions at a truly revolutionary rate, producing a force that numbered 770,000 men.
The French Revolution was strong on making a secular, classless society, but weak on democracy and limited government; its evolution into a military dictatorship, and the final overthrow of this, led people to think that all of their political gains had been lost.
At first, independence was not an economic success for the Americans; they were forced into self-sufficiency by their remote location and because Britain shut them out of the world's most important commercial network.
xenohistorian.faithweb.com /europe/eu12.html   (16048 words)

  
 French Colonial Empires
Early French attempts to found colonies in Brazil, in 1555 at Rio de Janeiro (the so-called France Antarctique) and in 1612 at São Luís (the so-called France Équinoxiale), and in Florida were unsuccessful, due to Portuguese and Spanish vigilance.
The French made their last major colonial gains after the First World War, when they gained mandates over the former Turkish territories that make up what is now Syria and Lebanon, as well as most of the former German colonies of Togo and Cameroon.
The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria and Lebanon, the US and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, Germany in Tunisia).
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/frenchempire.html   (1540 words)

  
 FRANCE
Marianne is a symbol of the French Republic.
The generally accepted etymology for the name of the former French currency, the franc, is that it is derived from the inscription Francorum Rex ("King of the Franks") on gold coins first made during the reign of John II of France ("Jean the Good", 1350-64).
French Brie, the area where the famous Brie cheese is produced, is the part of Brie that was annexed to the royal demesne, as opposed to Champagne Brie (Brie champenoise) which was annexed by Champagne.
www.solarnavigator.net /geography/france.htm   (5977 words)

  
 France: Colonial Empire
In the Near East, the territories under trusteeship of the French Republic consisted of the Alaouite State (Lattaquié), Alep, Hatay (Alexandretta), Lebanon, Syria and the Sanjak of Damas and the Jabel Druze (Souaida).
In East Africa, the French ruled the French Somali Coast, which became the Overseas territory of the Afars and the Issas, and finally, upon independence in 1977, the Republic of Djibouti.
The use of the French flag is therefore the rule, while the use of local flags is the exception.
flagspot.net /flags/fr-colon.html   (1907 words)

  
 Chemistry - First French Empire
The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire, the Napoleonic Empire or simply as The Empire, covers the period of the domination of France and of much of continental Europe by Napoleon I of France.
The First French Empire stands distinct from its imitator and would-be successor the Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852-1870).
It was from Berlin, on November 21, 1806, that he had dated the first decree of a continental blockade, a monstrous conception intended to paralyze his inveterate rival, but which on the contrary caused his own fall by its immoderate extension of the Empire.
www.chemistrydaily.com /chemistry/First_French_Empire   (2447 words)

  
 France: Former colonial possessions overseas
Possessions of the first French Colonial Empire (until 1763) mostly hoisted flags such as the White Cross or the Fleurdelysé flags, while the French Republic used mostly the plain Tricolore, and a few specific flags, such as marks of office.
In the Near East, the territories under trusteeship of the French Republic consisted in the Alaouite State (Lattaquié), Alep, Hatay (Alexandretta), Lebanon, Syria and the Sanjak of Damas and the Jabel Druze (Souaida).
In East Africa, the French ruled the French Somali Coast, which became the Overseas territory of the Afars and the Issas, and finally, upon independence in 1977, the Republic of Djibouti.
www.allstates-flag.com /fotw/flags/fr-colon.html   (1347 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Franks
The Franks were one of several west Germanic tribes who entered the late Roman Empire as foederati and established a lasting realm in an area that is part of today's France and Germany, forming the historic kernel of these two modern countries.
While in later France, the kingdom became hereditary, the kings of the later Holy Roman Empire were unable to abolish this tradition and continued to be elected until the Empire's formal end in 1806.
On December 23 and 24, 800, Charles was crowned Emperor by Pope Leo III in Rome in a ceremony that formally acknowledged the Frankish Empire to be the successor of the (Western) Roman one.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Franks   (2289 words)

  
 French Empire
The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815)
The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870)
The French Colonial Empire, especially that of the 19th and 20th centuries.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/fr/French_Empire.html   (78 words)

  
 Battle of Friedland
He also knew that three French corps were within a day's march of his position, and if he could hold the Russians in front of him until the arrival of the rest of the Grande Armée, the French could win their decisive victory.
The French calmly stopped the attack, and Napoleon ordered Savary's fusiliers and some of the Imperial Guard cavalry to occupy Gortchakov's troops so they could not interfere with the events playing out to their south.
Friedland was set on fire by the Russians to try and divert the French, but unfortunately for them, the flames spread to the pontoon bridges, destroying most of their avenues of escape.
www.napoleonic-officers.net /web/battles/friedland.html   (1427 words)

  
 French Empire Furniture Ormolu Gilt Bronze Dore Lighting Clocks
Although very Empire and Neoclassical this item is from the Directiore period from the 18th century the period just before the First French Empire period began.
The design of this pair reflects the late 18th century interest in 'le bon savage' encouraged by the idyllic representations of Bernadin de Saint-Pierre and de Chateaubriand, and the abolition of slavery by the convention in 1793.
The first of French Clocks and Candelabra of this style appears to have been 'la negresse' delivered by Furet and Gaudon to Marie Antionette in 1784.
ormolu.com /items/128821/item128821ormolu.html   (234 words)

  
 Napoleon
Certain of Napoleon Bonaparte's detractors declared that he was not French because he was born in 1768 and not 1769, and that his date of birth had been falsified, it being unthinkable that the emperor of the French not be French himself.
The nobility of the First Empire was a key element in Napoleon's reconstruction of France, and the emperor saw them as a means of uniting the country and building the nation.
When the Second Empire was proclaimed on 2 December 1852, president Bonaparte took the name Napoléon III, considering that the Aiglon (Napoleon I's son by Marie-Louise), proclaimed emperor by the 'chambres' in 1815, had in fact reigned.
www.napoleon.org /en/essential_napoleon/faq   (1159 words)

  
 YouTube - Empire documentary: France - part 4
The Empire was immediately threatened by the War of the Third Coalition, but the decisive French victory at the Battle of Austerlitz ensured its survival.
At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 départements, deployed over 600,000 troops to attack Russia, ruled over 44 million subjects, maintained extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and could count Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.
The fate of the Empire was linked to that of the army, whose early victories exported many ideological features of the French Revolution throughout Europe.
youtube.com /?v=mvh1vSXinoU   (597 words)

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