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Topic: First Maori War

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  First World War.com - Feature Articles - To what extent was New Zealand 'born as a nation' in World War I?
A distinction can thus be made between the war being solely responsible for the 'birth' of the nation, and the war being part of a complicated process towards the nation state.
Maori were in fact strongly divided in their desire to become citizens of the nation.
The war was also an event that embraced New Zealand as a whole; from the soldiers who had fought and died on the battlefields, to those on the home front who were situated thousands of miles away.
www.firstworldwar.com /features/newzealandnationhood.htm   (1503 words)

 The New Zealand Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Whenever the term ‘the New Zealand Wars’ is used, the Maori—settler conflicts that occurred between 1843 and 1872 are generally being referred to.
Where the Wars are perceived to have been a part of a whole, then broad causes and overarching reasons for war are suggested.
Many Maori believed that the Crown and settlers were acting in a manner contrary to the Treaty’s undertakings in pursuing war against them.
www.newzealandwars.co.nz /causes.html   (1703 words)

 East Cape War
The East Cape War, sometimes also called the East Coast War, refers to a series of conflicts that were fought in the North Island of New Zealand from about May 1865 to June 1868.
There were at least three separate unrelated campaigns fought in the area during a period of relative peace btween the main clashes of the Maori Wars, between the end of the Invasion of the Waikato, and beginning of Te Kooti's War[?].
The first and most notorious incident was the murder of missionary Carl Volkner[?] outside his church at Opotiki[?] on March 2, 1865, which came to be known as the Volkner Incident.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ea/East_Cape_War.html   (1437 words)

 The Maori Project
Since the Maori lived south of the Equator, at around forty degrees south latitude, they were in need of some type of clothing to protect them from both the heat and the cold, due to their temperate climate.
Wars were usually fought between tribes over land and property rights, since the land they used was not only for growing food and shelter, but it also was where a tribe buried their ancestors.
The canoe, for example, is associated in the Maori culture with migration, fishing, ancestry (because their ancestors came from canoes), and as the means of transportation for the dead to travel to the after-life.
www.geocities.com /popfam/maori/maori.html   (5588 words)

 Australians fighting New Zealanders. The Maori Wars
Small regular colonial forces were first raised in Victoria in 1870, and in New South Wales in the following year, to fill the vacuum caused by the departure of the Royal Artillery which had been manning the coastal defences of New South Wales from 1856 and Victoria from 1861.
The Maoris themselves, however, were still a long way from being defeated and continued white encroachment on their lands made a second conflict inevitable.
The war was brought to an end in 1862 when Sir George Grey was recalled to calm the situation.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-conflicts-periods/other/maori_wars.htm   (2040 words)

 Maori Wars
The Maori Wars were a series of wars based on the subject of land.
The Tauranga Campaign was the biggest of all the Maori Wars (politically correctly: The New Zealand Land Wars).
A Maori Pa was the equivalent to a British fortress, but it took the British until after the first world war to understand the difference between a fortress and a Pa. A "Pa" meant a village, and therefore Pa's, though built for defensive strength, were primarily residential.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~kerogers/classweb/Maoriwars.htm   (1095 words)

 ipedia.com: First Taranaki War Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Battle of Puketakauere ranks with the Battle of Ohaeawai, First Maori War as one of the worst defeats suffered by the British troops in New Zealand.
Unlike their enemies the Maoris were only part time warriors; after a few weeks in the field, many of them necessarily had to return to their home base and attend to the business of living, matters like planting food crops.
The original cause of the war, the sale of the Waitara Block was to be investigated, by now many of the British had their doubts about the legality of the sale.
www.ipedia.com /first_taranaki_war.html   (2660 words)

 Maori Mythology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
About the middle of the last century certain Maori priests of some of the east coast tribes were consecrating classes in their school of sacred learning with prayers to Io-the-self-creative, a god unknown elsewhere in Polynesia.
She is presented at both the first woman and as a goddess who is guardian of the land of the dead.
Amongst the Maoris the planting and cultivating of the kumara (sweet potato) was accompanied by considerable ritual which culminated in the lifting of the crop by the priest when the appearance of the star called Whanui gave the signal for the harvest to begin.
www.janeresture.com /polynesia_myths/newzealand.htm   (987 words)

 The Maori of New Zealand: Moko Masters
Because the Maori tattooed the face, they had an unusual custom of removing and preserving the heads of their tattooed chiefs after death.
The first dried head to be possessed by a European was acquired on January 20, 1770.
The Rev. J.S. Wood says: "In the first place no man who was well tattooed was safe for an hour unless he was a great chief, for he might be at any time watched until he was off his guard and then knocked down and killed, and his head sold to the traders".
www.tattooarchive.com /history/maori_moko.htm   (977 words)

 Working Group 19 - Maori Pre-History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The First Taranaki War was mainly fought between the extreme tribes that were heavily influenced by the King Movement.
The Maori were able to gain a victory in June 1860 by successfully defending the Puketakauere “pa.” However, after two strong British victories, the Maori and British signed a truce of the surrender of the Te Arei pa in March 1861.
To the Maori, it is known as te riri pakeha or “the white man’s anger.” This conflict lasted from 1864 to 1872 and was fought primarily by the Maori Hauhau warriors.
www.personal.psu.edu /kxg215/maori_history.html   (1368 words)

 This Month in Australian Military History
Australia's involvement in Vietnam was among the most divisive issues in Australia during the second half of the twentieth century, leaving a legacy of bitterness that continued long after the conclusion of the war.
Originally the objective for the first day of the Somme campaign, Bapaume was occupied by the 5th Division after fighting rearguards from the German retreat of early 1917.
This was the first Allied attempt to capture this major Turkish centre lying 32 kilometres inside the border of Palestine.
www.awm.gov.au /atwar/thismonth/mar.htm   (1363 words)

 THE BIG MYTH - the myths
According to the Maori beliefs, there is a woman with her bucket in the moon, still visible today.
He was mainly responsible for the creation of the Maori world, set the Sun and Moon in their places in the sky and created the first woman, Hine, whom he married.
The first reptiles were created due to one of his storms- reptiles were once fish that escaped the waters in terror from one of Tawhiri's storms and became land creatures.
www.mythicjourneys.org /bigmyth/myths/english/eng_maori_pantheon.htm   (385 words)

 Flagstaff War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Flagstaff War -- also known as Hone Heke's Rebellion, the Northern War and erroneously as the First Māori War -- was fought between 11 March 1845 and 11 January 1846 in and around the Bay of Islands, New Zealand.
Histories of the First Māori War tend to ignore the Battle of Te Ahu Ahu yet it was in some ways the most desperate fight of the entire war.
During the course of the whole war the British casualties were 82 killed and 164 wounded.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_Maori_War   (3391 words)

 Russell Waitangi, Bay of Islands Northland : New Zealand Places : NZ
The first troubles of the town started with the 'war of the girls', a fight by two rival girls for the hand of a whaling captain.
The Maori had failed to see their promises be realised and when the British flew the Union Jack flag in lieu of the flag of The Confederation of Tribes the troubled pot began to boil over.
The 35m war canoe is the largest in the world and is an impressive and intricately carved vessel which was fashioned out of two large kauri trees.
www.backpack-newzealand.com /articles/topic17.php   (1126 words)

 1845-72 New Zealand Colonial Wars / Maori Wars
The Maori called their wars with the British Te Riri Pakeha (The White Man's Anger), rather more poetic than the names that European history has passed down (New Zealand Wars or the Maori Wars).
Hone Heke's War, The First Maori War, The Northern War
The Maori surround the picket tent and riddle it with musket balls.
www.balagan.org.uk /war/nz/1845   (1861 words)

 New Zealand - Historical Maori flags   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The stars are similar to those used on [Maori] "King" flags, and the green and fl device in the top left-hand corner was at first mistaken for the Union Jack.
It is a 4:5 red flag with a unusual UJ in the canton (quartered green and fl, over it a thin white saltire, and red cross frimbriated white over all), three fl, green and white four pointed stars on the upper fly, and two white bars at top hoist and bottom hoist.
The head of that movement during the 1860s, Potatau te Wherowhero, became the first Maori king, Potatau I (his descendent Te Ataairangi Kaahu is the current Maori Queen).
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/nz_maoh.html   (739 words)

 This Month in Australian Military History
Though many had expected to go to Britain, after Turkey's entry into the war the first Australian troops were sent to Egypt to protect the vital Suez Canal.
This was the beginning of six years of war for 10 Squadron, which flew as part of RAF Coastal Command continuously against U-boats in the battle of the Atlantic.
Gona was the first of the three to fall to the allies after weeks of heavy fighting.
www.awm.gov.au /atwar/thismonth   (1238 words)

 Maori Battlesites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The first is is an extremely large and awe-inspiring set of Maori earthworks built in the 17th century by the Ngati Tupea, and restored in the 1930s.
Maori facial and body tattooing is a long and painful operation, after which the tattooed is incapacitated for a few days.
When the war with Titokowaru broke out, the redoubt was reoccupied by the NZ Militia and Armed Constabulary.
home.earthlink.net /~cyberkiwi/soldiers/battles.html   (1011 words)

 First Maori War 1845 to 1847
In this, our first number, we have given a narrative of all the events, which have occurred at the Bay of Islands, from the commencement of the rebellious proceedings of Hone Heke down to the present time, inclusive of the despatches of Lieut.
I then immediately commenced firing in extended order on parties of natives who made their appearance, scattered on the hill to the left of the barracks, towards Onoro beach, and checked their advance on the barracks ; we were also fired upon from the rising ground behind the barracks.
We announced, in our last publication, the arrival of His Excellency Governor Grey from the seat of war, on the morning of Saturday last and the intelligence that Kawiti and Heke had been driven from the Pah of Ruapekapeka, which was subsequently destroyed.
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~jray/gordon/moir/news1.htm   (10238 words)

 The Maori People
The first people to arrive there were Pacific Islanders, who traveled the seas in giant canoes.
The Maori people also believe that the spirits of their ancestors could be called upon to help them in times of need or war.
The Maori culture is rich with songs, art, dance, and deep spiritual beliefs.
teacher.scholastic.com /zealand/maori   (221 words)

 17 March: This Date in History
Against resistance from the Maori, whalers, missionaries, and traders arrived, and in 1840, Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington.
The first recorded St. Patrick’s Day parade was held not in Ireland, but in New York City in 1762, and with the dramatic increase of Irish immigrants to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, the March 17th celebration became widespread.
Although Kelly's Ford was a Union defeat, it signaled a new phase of the cavalry war in the east.
www.safran-arts.com /42day/history/h4mar/h4mar17.html   (8243 words)

 Georgian & Victorian Scottish History
War of the Two Brothers: Charles Napier’s naval squadron invades Lisbon to restore Pedro to the throne after his brother seizes the monarchy.
Opium War: Shanghai banking collapes China is opened to foreign trade and permanent trade zones established and dominated by the west and Japan.
International: 1846-1848: US-Mexican War: Jan 13, 1847 :Treaty of Cachuenga, Feb 2, 1948: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: 1862: Batalla de Puebla: Cinco de Mayo Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in Alta California [invaded for its sea port].
www.tartanplace.com /tartanhistory/tartanhisear5.html   (5507 words)

 1845 - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
March 3 - For the first time the U.S. Congress passes legislation overriding a presidential veto.
March 11 - First Maori War: Chiefs Kawiti and Hone Heke lead 700 Maoris in the burning of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka, now known as Russell.
December 27 - Anesthesia is used for childbirth for the first time (Dr. Crawford Williamson Long in Jefferson, Georgia).
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/1/8/4/1845.html   (734 words)

 The First Picture Show
The fact that such an event was recorded at the time is remarkable enough, but the story of how the fragile footage survived, was identified and lovingly restored by the Film Archive’s team of conservators and historians is testament to the important role that film plays in defining our culture and heritage.
The first public film screening in New Zealand was in Auckland on October 13, 1896.
So natural was it that the moving figures on the screen were cheered.” Such a strong reaction to moving pictures was not unusual — audiences in Paris had been panic-stricken by the Lumieres’ film of a train that looked like it was coming off the screen and straight toward them.
www.filmarchive.org.nz /archive_presents/boerwar/firstpictureshow.html   (1246 words)

 The New Zealand Edge : Heroes : www.nzedge.com
Peter Buck’s achievements are astonishing for their diversity: pioneering and internationally renowned anthropologist, the first Maori medical doctor, a politician, administrator, soldier, sportsperson and leader of the Maori people.
As the first New Zealand athlete to win an Olympic gold, Jack Lovelock was edge spirit manifest, an enigmatic achiever whose running style was said to be 'artistic' in grace.
Her best work shakes itself free of plots and endings and gives the story, for the first time, the expansiveness of the interior life, the poetry of feeling, the blurred edges of personality.
www.nzedge.com /heroes   (2025 words)

 First Maori War
Seated Maori allies and some British soldiers in the foreground, two groups of soliders in formation, and others lying at the crest of a rise in the middle distance firing towards the pa. Watercolour 242 x 325 mm.
The palisades are shown with rifle holes continously along the base to enable firing from behind protection; the English soldiers and their companion, on the other hand, are having to raise their heads above the earthworks to fire, with the exception of those on the far right, who are behind a Maori-style palisade.
Additional to the above images, several First Maori War period works by the two artists are held by the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ ; Hocken Library at the University of Otago, Dunedin, NZ ; and National Library of Australia.
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~jray/gordon/moir/war-pics.htm   (2389 words)

 1st Anglo-Maori Wars, 1845-1847
First Maori War 1845-47, by Ralph Zuljan (OnWar.Com)
Hone Heke's War (1845 to 1846), by Steven Thomas
First Maori War (1845-47): drawings & watercolours by Cyprian Bridge (1807-1885) & John Williams (-1905), compiled by J. Ray
www.regiments.org /wars/19thcent/45maori.htm   (199 words)

 WWW-VL: History Index: New Zealand History: Maori, Christ
William Hobson (1793-1842): First Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, 1840-1842
The Maori Wars [Click on European and, in order, The Land Wars 1, The Land Wars 2, The Land Wars 3, The Land Wars 4.
The First Significant Overseas War: Australians leave for the Waikato War in New Zealand (1863), by Scott Davidson, from The Electronic Journal of Australian and New Zealand History
vlib.iue.it /history/oceania/NewZealand/index.html   (873 words)

In addition, there were other Maoris about Wanganui, probably the majority, who, if not actually supporting the Government as being in their best interests, had no wish to enlist with Te Mamaku.
The Maoris pressed forward, forcing the mounted settlers to retire, and, covered by fire from the hills, seized some outlying houses and opened fire on the fort.
Her first was to Dr.Offley Bohun Shore, on 17 OCT 1861 Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh.
www.geocities.com /layedwyer/laye.htm   (6070 words)

 The Odlums of Offaly - Ancestral Research, Family History, Laois, Offaly, Genealogy
In1846-47, during the first Maori war in New Zealand the Governor, Sir George Grey, enrolled the Royal New Zealand Fencibles (or Pensioners) in Great Britain from British soldiers and sailors chosen on the basis of good conduct and physical fitness.
The first Detachment of New Zealand Enrolled Pensioners in the ship Ramillies under Captain Keey, Staff Officer, embarked on 14th April 1847 and landed on 5th August.
Gules, a chevron or between three owls affrontee proper, ducally crowed of the first, barbed and sealed gold,…… For crest, on a Wreath of the colors,…… an owl affrontee proper, ducally crowed and beaked or, mantled gules doubled argent and for motto - "Vita est vigilia".
www.irishmidlandsancestry.com /content/family_history/families/odlumfamily.htm   (2397 words)

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