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Topic: First Red Scare

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In the News (Mon 24 Sep 18)

  Red Scare
The term "Red Scare" is commonly used to describe the feelings of fear (occasionally bordering on hysteria) that pervaded the citizens of the United States at the height of the Cold War.
The first major "Red Scare" in American history occurred during the years 1919-1920, during a series of actions known as the Palmer Raids.
The Red Scare hysteria manifested itself in several ways, notably through the actions of the House Un-American Activities Committee, the rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy, and the acceleration of the arms race.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/re/Red_scare.html   (215 words)

 Red Scare - dKosopedia
The roots of the Red Scare lie in the efforts of the U.S. government to suppress dissent and engineer pro-war opinion in the preparation for the American entry into World War I.
The Red Scare manifested itself in several ways, notably through the actions of the House Un-American Activities Committee, the rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy, and the acceleration of the arms race.
The Red Scare is also cited as one factor that contributed to the rise and popularity of science fiction films during the 1950s and beyond.
www.dkosopedia.com /wiki/Red_Scare   (1432 words)

 First Red Scare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In American history, the First Red Scare took place in the period 1917-1920, and was marked by a widespread fear of anarchism and communism, as well as the effects of radical political agitation in American society.
The First Red Scare's origins lie in alleged subversive actions of foreign and leftist elements in the United States, particularly militant followers of Luigi Galleani, and in the attempts of the U.S. government to quell protest and gain favorable public views of America's entering World War I.
The first major strike at the end of the war was the Seattle shipyard strike in 1919.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_Red_Scare   (1772 words)

 History: Analysis of the Red Scare
Red Scare was the label given to the actions of legislation, the race riots, and the hatred and persecution of "subversives" and conscientious objectors during that period of time.
One of the first field assignments of this agency was to raid The Union of Russian Workers in New York.
What is known as the Red Scare of 1919-1921 set precedent to the witch hunts of the McCarthy era, where he accused two presidents (Dwight D. eisenhower was even a member of his own party) of being Communists Even today, many lessons can and have been learned from this experience.
www.cyberessays.com /History/165.htm   (2215 words)

 Red Scare biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The term "Red Scare" has been applied to two distinct periods of intense anti-Communism in United States history: firstly from 1917 to 1920 and secondly in the early 1950s.
The first major red Scare in American history occurred directly after the Russian Revolution of 1917 which brought the downfall of the czars and rise of Lenin.
In the first half of that year alone, the city of Seattle had been paralyzed by strikes, the police struck in Boston, and a violent strike occurred in the iron industry.
red-scare.biography.ms   (1027 words)

 The Red Scare: Liberal and Socialist Patterns of Reaction, 1919-1920 by Bonar Ludwig Hernández
The Red Scare: Liberal and Socialist Patterns of Reaction, 1919-1920 by Bonar Ludwig Hernández
Although the early historiographic works about the Scare analyzed particular events and themes of 1919-1920, the reactions of liberals and socialists to the postwar socio-economic unrest were often glossed over.
Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955).
userwww.sfsu.edu /~epf/2000/hernandez.html   (6965 words)

 Origins of the 50s Red Scare and Implications for Today
Its decisions and those of the lower federal courts were crucial to enabling the Cold War Red Scare to operate.
First the supposed communists were identified -- often by an official body like a congressional committee or the FBI -- and then they were punished -- usually by their employers.
During the first Red Scare in 1919 and 1920, to take one important example that bears many parallels to the current scene, the INS arrested over ten thousand allegedly dangerous foreigners in the space of a few weeks.
www.santarosa.edu /~maparicio/red_scare/schrecker.html   (4062 words)

 The Red Scare
One of the first major strikes after the end of the war was the Seattle shipyard strike of 1919 which, erroneously, was attributed to the Wobblies.
A panic that "Reds" were behind the strike took over Boston despite the lack of any radicalism on the part of the striking police officers.
The Red Scare quickly ran its course and, by the summer of 1920, it was largely over.
www.law.umkc.edu /faculty/projects/ftrials/SaccoV/redscare.html   (1522 words)

 Worker Cooperatives
Between 1825 and '30 was the first concerted attempt of urban workers to escape deteriorating city conditions and wage-slavery through acquiring land cooperatively and setting up cooperative communities and communes, primarily based in agriculture.
In Philadelphia the first Workers' Party won twenty local offices in its first election in 1828; in New York the next year the Workingmen's Party's first candidate, a carpenter, was elected assemblyman.
The first cooperative wheat elevator was opened in Dane City, Illinois, in 1847; in '50 the first mutual irrigation cooperatives both in California and by the Mormons in Utah.
www.red-coral.net /WorkCoops.html   (19708 words)

 firstamendmentcenter.org: Assembly - Topic
"The First Amendment right of assembly was the foundation of the civil rights movement of the 1950s," said Western Kentucky University journalism professor Linda Lumsden, who has written on the role of freedom of assembly in the women's-suffrage movement.
First Amendment expert Robert O'Neil, founder of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression, said many areas of First Amendment law were shaped by the civil rights movement.
Harlan wrote that a sit-in was entitled to the same level of First Amendment protection as "displaying a red flag as a symbol of opposition to organized government," a form of expression that the Supreme Court protected in the 1931 case Stromberg v.
www.firstamendmentcenter.org /assembly/topic.aspx?topic=civil_rights   (1159 words)

 The Second Red Scare
Under the historical microscope, this Red Scare was an embarrassment and an unreasonable response to concerns of national security.
The largest figure in the whole of the Second Red Scare was undoubtedly Joseph McCarthy.
All of these embarrassing incidents and failures were sparked by domestic anti-communist sentiment stemming from the Second Red Scare, further discrediting the suspicions of the time as reasonable.
www.personal.psu.edu /users/t/u/tuh125/redscare2.html   (1103 words)

 McCarthyism (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A free copy of Red Channels was sent to those involved in employing people in the entertainment industry.
At first Joseph McCarthy mainly targeted Democrats associated with the New Deal policies of the 1930s.
Red Baiting - in the sense of reasoned, documented exposure of Communist and pro-Communist infiltration of government departments and private agencies of information and communication - is absolutely necessary.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk.cob-web.org:8888 /USAmccarthyism.htm   (5173 words)

 The Red Scare, McCarthyism, and Film Politics (1947-1954)
Actually, there have been two “Red Scares” in American history: one in the 1920s right after the Russian Revolution, and one in the late 1940s and early 1950s, after the beginning of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The 1947-1954 Red Scare directly affected Hollywood and the movie industry, but was not limited to them.
All these films gave their writers, directors, and producers the ability to deny that they were explicitly about the Red Scare, since one had to interpret them as such.
drhill.tripod.com /ssi3240/pdf/lecture8.htm   (1763 words)

 Red Scare Bibliography by finding aid
Pfannestiel, Todd J. Rethinking the Red Scare: the Lusk Committee and
Red Scare: FBI and the Origins of Anticommunism in the United States, 1919-1943.
The Constitution in crisis : the Red Scare of 1919-1920 : a unit of study for grades 9-12.
userwww.sfsu.edu /~robina/red_scare_bibliography_by_findin.htm   (1376 words)

 Red Scare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term "Red Scare" has been retroactively applied to two distinct periods of strong anti-Communism in United States history: first from 1917 to 1920, and second from the late 1940s through the late 1950s These periods were characterized by heightened suspicion of Communists and the fear of widespread infiltration of Communists in U.S. government.
The 'Second Red Scare' coincided with increased fears of espionage by Communists and heightened tension from Soviet oppression in Eastern Europe (beginning in 1946), the Berlin Blockade (1948-1949), Chinese Civil War (1949), and the Korean War (1950-1953).
There were also effects on America's way of life as a result of the Red Scare and the nuclear arms race, which contributed to the popularization of fallout shelters in home construction and regular duck and cover drills at schools.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Red_scare   (1400 words)

 ::The Red Scare in the 1920::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The so-called "Red Scare" refers to the fear of communism in the USA during the 1920’s.
However many Americans were scared of the communists especially as they had overthrown the royal family in Russia in 1917 and murdered them in the following year.
This stance against the "Reds" only become diluted when America and Russia allied against a common foe in the Second World War.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /red_scare_1920's_America.htm   (518 words)

 David Cole: Their Liberties, Our Security
First, it is normatively and constitutionally wrong: the basic rights at stake—political freedom, due process, and equal protection of the laws—are not limited to citizens, but apply to all “persons” subject to our laws.
The earlier Red Scare, which culminated in the arrests of thousands of aliens for their political associations during the Palmer Raids, was coordinated by a young J. Edgar Hoover, then in the Alien Radical division of the Justice Department.
In opposing the injunction, the government argued that aliens enjoyed only diminished First Amendment rights and that therefore the INS should be permitted to single out aliens for deportation based on their association with and support of a terrorist group without having to show that the conduct in any way furthered any terrorist activity.
www.bostonreview.net /BR27.6/cole.html   (6975 words)

 WWI and Red Scare Lesson Plan
- The Red Scare was a wave of anticommunist, antiforeign, and antilabor hysteria that swept over America at the end of World War I. It resulted in the deportation of many alien residents and the violation of the civil liberties of many of its victims.
The raids, a symptom of the postwar Red Scare, clearly violated the civil liberties of many innocent people.
Significance: Connected with Red Scare, it was an exaggeration of the thought of communist taking over in 1919.
balrog.sdsu.edu /~putman/410b/ww1redsc.htm   (2550 words)

 The Red Scare of 1919-1920 in Political Cartoons   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The "Red Scare" of 1919-1920 had its immediate roots in a combination of domestic and international events.
Dissent became synonymous with "socialism," "anarchism," or "socialist-anarchism." At first, the Russian Revolution of 1917 was greeted by Americans as a triumph for democracy over the autocratic rule of the Russian Czar.
A visual record of a time of national hysteria, the political cartoons of the "Red Scare" show how radicalism was presented to the American people in this medium and provide insights into the beliefs, attitudes, and fears that climaxed in the Palmer raids and deportations of 1919-1920.
www.boondocksnet.com /gallery/cartoons/reds/index.html   (1616 words)

 Punknews.org | About Red Scare
Chris McCaughan, guitarist/co-vocalist of the Lawrence Arms, will be releasing his solo work via Red Scare in the form of a project titled Sundowner The release will feature a collection of musicians contributing to his songs on cello, keys, and other instruments, along with the occasional stripped-down version of a Lawrence Arms original.
Red Scare Records has announced "Red Scare Fest", taking place at the Metro in Chicago on October 19.
The record is the first new full length from the band since 2001's Backchannel Broadcast.
www.punknews.org /labels/redscare   (651 words)

 GoldenEssays - American History - Free Essays, Free Research Papers, Free Term Papers, Free Cliff Notes, Essays, Free ...
First in the period of 1919 to 1921 which was triggered by a Communist take over of Russia.
It was a war which prompted mass paranoia and caused what would be known as the Red Scare, beginning in 1919 and ending in 1921.
First period of red scare began in June 1919, when the newly appointed US attorney general, A. Mitchel Palmer, was waken up by the explosion on his door steps.
www.goldenessays.com /free_essays/1/am-history/red-scare.shtml   (875 words)

 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War
The Alger Hiss case that took place from 1948 to 1950 was another HUAC investigation and the second event that fueled the Second Red Scare.
First elected to the Senate in 1946, McCarthy did little during the first four years of his term.
For the first time, television broadcast allowed the general public to see the Senator as a blustering bully and his investigations as little more than a misguided scam.
us.history.wisc.edu /hist102/lectures/lecture23.html   (1966 words)

 The Red Scare
The first in a series of so-called “Palmer Raids” was launched on November 7, 1919 — the second anniversary of the October Revolution in Russia.
The events of 1919-1920 were the first of a series of “red scares” in American history in which the government would clamp down on real or imagined domestic revolutionaries.
On the eve of the celebration, just a few hours before the first festivities, five devices were located in a four-square block area in downtown.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h1343.html   (748 words)

 War and Red Scare: 1940-1960
The Red Scare of the late 1940s and early 1950s nearly destroyed the Communist Party, driving away most of its members.
Some of the activists who had stayed with the Party all through the tough Red Scare years now left, feeling that the Communist future that they had believed in had been betrayed.
Washington's Cold War red scare began late in 1947 when the Republican controlled legislature authorized Albert Canwell to investigate the activities of Communists.
faculty.washington.edu /gregoryj/cpproject/curwick.htm   (2944 words)

 NewsMine.org - hoover red scare 1919 ch1.txt
Fear of a radical takeover in the United States led to suppression and persecution of anyone perceived as "un-American." This era of intolerance and paranoia engulfed Nevada, and its citizens responded harshly to the "Red Menace." Nevada's response was both a part of and a reaction to the volatile national scene during 1919-1920.
Americans were also distressed by the influence of two radical organizations on their own home front: a Socialist party advocating drastic change in the existing political and economic system, and the Industrial Workers of the World preaching the destruction of capitalism and the government.
The agonies and sacrifices of the First World War and its aftermath along with the threat of a communist conspiracy, had elicited from Americans strong feelings of superpatriotism and xenophobia.
newsmine.org /archive/coldwar-imperialism/hoover-red-scare-1919-ch1.txt   (3290 words)

 Review: RED SCARE
Well, we were Reds, and we sure were scared.
What little that is culturally remembered/known regarding the Red Hunt by the younger generation in the United States is basically promoted in films that deal with the Hollywood Blacklist—and avoid its more far-reaching effects on Organized Labor in particular and Social Conformism in general.
Preceded by the Dies Committee, HUAC became in 1945 the first permanent committee established to investigate “subversive” and “un-American” propaganda and activities, and also the most powerful.
www.gnostics.com /review.redscare.html   (498 words)

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