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Topic: First World War

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  The ICRC and the First World War
During World War I the ICRC – and the Red Cross in general – came of age.
During World War I, the ICRC faced the biggest challenges of its 50-year history; it visited prisoners of war, strived to help civilians for the first time, led a campaign against chemical weapons and, at the end, visited political prisoners during the Hungarian revolution.
In October 1914, after the opening battles of the war in which many prisoners were taken, the ICRC opened its International Agency in Geneva; during the conflict it listed almost five million POWs, visited many of them and enabled families to send relief parcels.
www.icrc.org /Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/section_first_world_war?OpenDocument   (376 words)

  First World War - www.canadiansoldiers.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Canada went cheerfully and enthusiastically to war, pledging a full division of 25,000 men to the cause on 5 Aug 1914, and in the third week of Aug 1914 32,665 men were assembled at Valcartier.
The Boer War had seen forces sent abroad in greater numbers than ever before; Canada had assisted then and would be necessary in the new conflict, as Britain lacked both the large standing army and large pool of trained reserves that the continental armies relied on.
Allied war strategy for 1916 was largely formulated at Chantilly where a conference held between 6-8 Dec 1915 decided that simultaneous offensives were to be mounted by the Russians in the East, the Italians (now fighting with the Allies) in the Alps and the Anglo-French on the Western Front.
www.canadiansoldiers.com /mediawiki-1.5.5/index.php?title=First_World_War   (4626 words)

 First World War [Australian War Memorial]
In March 1918 the German army launched its final offensive of the war, hoping for a decisive victory before the military and industrial strength of the United States could be fully mobilised in support of the allies.
The Great War was the first armed conflict in which aircraft were used; about 3,000 Australian airmen served in the Middle East and France with the Australian Flying Corps, mainly in observation capacities or providing infantry support.
When the war ended, thousands of ex-servicemen, many disabled with physical or emotional wounds, had to be re-integrated into a society keen to consign the war to the past and resume normal life.
www.awm.gov.au /atwar/ww1.htm   (1298 words)

World War I is infamous for the protracted stalemate of trench warfare along the Western Front, embodied within a system of opposing manned trenches and fortifications (separated by a "No man's land") running from the North Sea to the border of Switzerland.
Many war memorials date the end of the war as being when the Versaille treaty was signed, 1919; by contrast, most commemorations of the war's end concentrate on the Armistice of 1918; however, the formal ending of all hostilities was not until 1923.
World War I has also been called "The Great War" (a title previously used to refer to the Napoleonic Wars) or sometimes "the war to end all wars" until World War II.
www.solarnavigator.net /world_war_one.htm   (9493 words)

 First World War, 1914-1918
The first requests for an Armistice came on 6 October, and after negotiations from 7 November, the Armistice was signed on the morning of 11 November, with the fighting to stop at 11 A.M. The war was over.
At the outbreak of war, the Germans planned a defensive war against the Russians, with a slow defensive retreat until the French were defeated, and the Germans could turn to deal with the Russians.
First was the battle of Heligoland Bight (28 August 1914), which began as an British attempt to stop German patrols, and escalated when the Admiralty sent in Cruisers from the Grand Fleet, and the Germans sent out some of their own Cruisers.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/wars_wwI.html   (5557 words)

 The First World War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The "Great War," as it used to be called, is still a fitting description despite the vaster carnage of the rest of the century and the appalling transformations the war brought to the destinies of nations — from the grotesque tyranny of Lenin and Stalin to Hitler’s National Socialism.
But the changes World War I set in motion here were drastic even by the standards of a country that historically has embraced rapid change and been fascinated by it.
It ranked sixteenth among the world’s armies, just behind Portugal, and remained as a secretary of the Army had described it six years earlier, "a profoundly peaceful army." The U.S. Navy at the outbreak of the war was less emaciated, though its combatant vessels were mostly undermanned and less than ship-shape.
www.policyreview.org /oct99/west_print.html   (3083 words)

 War Artists from the First World War
In particular the exhibit highlights those artists who contributed to the Canadian War Memorials Fund and whose artwork was eventually exhibited in 1919 at the first major exhibition to showcase images created during the First World War.
The first contingent of Canadian soldiers numbering 33,000 arrived in Britain for service in France on October 16th, 1914 and were soon in the thick of the fighting.
Other war artists went to munitions factories and other manufacturing plants to document the efforts being undertaken by the civilian population at home in producing the material of war.
www.archives.gov.on.ca /english/exhibits/war_artists/index.html   (792 words)

 THE FIRST WORLD WAR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Meanwhile, in a theater of war little noted by the Europeans, the Japanese Imperial Navy seized all of Germany's Asian and Pacific possessions, and so announcing to the native peoples of that part of the world that Asians could beat the Europeans at their own game.
What war debt it had incurred was wiped out in the inflation of the 'twenties, and its war casualties, compared to those of other combatants were quite few.
One of the most attractive First World War sites is the PBS presentation of the The Great War, but it is not always available.
www.ku.edu /kansas/medieval/100/sections/29wwone.html   (2170 words)

 The First World War
When methods of movement allow the battlefield to be crossed with sufficient speed and protection, the war is mobile....Movement was impeded by the boggy, shell-churned ground which made the battlefield inaccessible to trucks and motorcycles, and slowed the pace at which a fully equipped soldier could walk.
During the course of the war, because of the manpower shortage, women in England and France and Germany were able to escape the domestic role that had previously been assigned to them.
After the war, the Versailles settlement and economic dislocation ensured that chaos became the natural order....Before 1914, a stable world was cause for restlessness; after 1918, the chaos and uncertainty of the world made stability and order seem very attractive.
www.ralphmag.org /AY/world-war-one.html   (1091 words)

 The Heritage of the Great War / First World War 1914-1918. Graphic color photos, pictures and music
Subjects are: the horror of the Great War battlefields, killed soldiers and kid soldiers (boy soldiers) in the First World War, civilians, wounded men, doctors, and the daily life in and behind the trenches of No Man's Land aka Nomansland during the Great War 14-18.
The Great War was in Flanders Fields in Vlaanderen and on the battlefields of the Somme, Verdun, the Chemin des Dames and the Marne.
There was a poppy and poppies near the war memorial at the Menin Gate, the Meense Poort, an "oorlogsmonument" and a klaproos, drawings by Albert Hahn.
www.greatwar.nl   (1768 words)

 The First World War - Veterans Affairs Canada
Canada in the First World War and the Road to Vimy
"In Flanders Fields" was first published in Englands "Punch" magazine in December, 1915.
Within months, this poem came to symbolize the sacrifices of all who were fighting in the First World War.
www.vac-acc.gc.ca /general/sub.cfm?source=history/firstwar   (205 words)

 The National Archives | Exhibitions & Learning online | First World War
H G Wells called 'the war that will end war'.
By making a selection of these records available online for the first time, this exhibition provides a valuable research tool for all those interested in modern history - including anyone tracing military records of ancestors who served in the First World War or researching controversies relating to the conflict.
Beyond that, it aims to create a wider understanding of the global nature of the war and its consequences, which in areas such as the Balkans and Palestine are still being felt today.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /pathways/firstworldwar   (133 words)

 War Poetry, especially poetry of the First World War, and background information
This comprehensive volume of First World War poetry is based around the poets recognised as the greatest war poets of the twentieth century.
Both books include many of the most admired war poems in the English language, verse written as propaganda, information about the poets (including Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas, Thomas Hardy, and many others), their thoughts and experiences, as well as the history of the First World War.
Minds at War has greater depth of insight into the psychological landscape with which the poets tried to come to terms, more historical information and more poems and poets than Out in the Dark.
www.warpoetry.co.uk /FWW_index.html   (247 words)

 Amazon.com: The First World War: Books: Hew Strachan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The war as he sees it was a race among generals on all sides to create new weapons and tactics faster than their opponents, a race that the Triple Entente won.
Furthermore, he shows the widespread effects of the war wherever it was fought, and he delineates the meaning the conflict had for its combatants.
Germany struggled in the war due to the fact that it did not have a common strategy with Turkey and Austria.The Turks and Austrians launched military operations that did not directly benefit Germany's war aims because of this lack of strategic planning.
www.amazon.com /First-World-War-Hew-Strachan/dp/0670032956   (2690 words)

 'The First World War and Its Consequences' A Journal for MultiMedia History CD-ROM review.
A war of movement in the west quickly degenerated into the horror of trench warfare, as neither side was able to deliver the knockout blow.
When gas was first used and before masks were sent to the front, soldiers in the trenches would place pads soaked with their own urine to their faces in a desparate effort to stave off the effects of the chlorine, mustard, or nerve gas.
From The First World War and Its Consequences.
www.albany.edu /jmmh/vol1no1/ww1.html   (1536 words)

 The origins of the First World War | Samizdata.net
The declaration of war, on a formal diplomatic and military level, was centrally about Russia and Austria, and their filling the void left in the Balkans by the steady degradation of the Sick Man's foothold in Europe.
First, the world was under the control of several Empires by the turn of 1900, the Americas somewhat excepted, who had been busy constructing their possessions for a couple of centuries.
War in the past were fought over a specific piece of land - a colony, a province, a duchy - this certainly wasn't the case in WW1.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/005143.html   (13290 words)

 The First World War
In 1912 the Royal Engineer Signal Service was formed and made responsible for the visual, telegraph, telephone, signal despatch and later wireless communications from HQ down to Brigades and for artillery communications down to Batteries.
Dogs were trained to carry messages between trenches and horses, mules and dogs were all used in war to lay cables.
At various periods during the war there were over 20,000 pigeons and 370 pigeoneers in the war zone.
www.army.mod.uk /royalsignalsmuseum/displays/first_world_war/index.htm   (656 words)

 WW3 - The True Cause of World War 1
But the "revisionist historian" knows just what caused and what the purpose was of the conflagration of World War I. Up until America's entry into this war, the American people had followed the wise advice of President George Washington given in his farewell address, delivered to the nation on September 17, 1796.
This meant that the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, knew where every U-boat was in the vicinity of the English Channel that separated England and France.
Today is World War 3 on March 20, 2003 and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
www.threeworldwars.com /world-war-1/ww1.htm   (1576 words)

 Museum Victoria [ed-online] Imagining Australia 1914 - 1918   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
During the first world war, the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) were all volunteers-over 400,000 troops were raised from the adult male population of approximately 2.7 million.
The First World War challenged the identity of the new Australian nation as never before.
While the war dragged on, Australians began to debate the extent to which the Anzacs represented the 'true Australian'.
www.mov.vic.gov.au /edu_ww1/WW1.html   (182 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: First World War: Books: Martin Gilbert   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This is certainly one of the finest single-volume histories of the First World War that I have read: concise, clear and comprehensive.
Gilbert attempts to personalise the war by filling the history with personal anecdotes, and this succeeds to an extent.
Blame for the war is laid firmly at the door of Austria, although the part played by their Chief of Staff in all this is barely mentioned.
www.amazon.co.uk /First-World-War-Martin-Gilbert/dp/0006376665   (1295 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: The First World War: Books: John Keegan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Despite the avalanche of books written about the First World War in recent years, there have been comparatively few books that have concentrated on delivering the big picture--a comprehensive account of the war and its campaigns from start to finish--and this book fills the gap superbly.
The First World War is not afraid to point the finger at those generals who deserve it, but even Keegan has to admit he doesn't have all the answers.
And that this is due to the great loss in the first meaning there are fewer to give their lives in the second is a chilling fact.
www.amazon.co.uk /First-World-War-John-Keegan/dp/0712666451   (2156 words)

 WarMuseum.ca - Test Your Knowledge - The First World War
It began on Easter Monday, 1917 and ended in one of the greatest Allied victories of the First World War.
He served in the First World War as a stretcher-bearer before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps.
Long after the war, he was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize and eventually became Prime Minister.
www.warmuseum.ca /cwm/quiz/quiz_ww1_e.html   (215 words)

 Sun Tzu’s "The Art of War" — Hypertext Version
The impact of verse 18 of the first chapter in particular is somewhat softened by the commentary telling you how pithy it is!.
If you want to study, rather than merely read, The Art of War you can buy a copy of this translation or the later the Griffith translation or download the public domain copy used to create this from Project Gutenberg.
However since this little project is almost entirely a matter of copying the public domain Giles translation of an ancient (and hence well into the public domain) text it seems rather poor show to put even such a liberal license on it.
www.hackcraft.net /SunTzu   (623 words)

 BBC - History - World War One   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Battle of Verdun exemplified the war of attrition waged by both sides.
The first shots of World War One occurred near a small Belgian village in August 1914.
A reassessment of the view that the human devastation of World War One was caused by incompetent leadership.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/war/wwone/index.shtml   (394 words)

 THE WAR POETRY WEB SITE - The First World War and Contemporary War Poetry
This site includes a number of poems by former soldiers, a pilot and people who have lived in war zones or have close connections with those involved in wars, plus people who have been deeply concerned about recent wars.
Poetry about the Falklands War 1982, including the psychological consequences which are still being experienced today.
War poems: from 1914-1918 (with explanatory notes), Social and historical context.
www.warpoetry.co.uk   (663 words)

 First World War.com - A multimedia history of World War One
First World War.com - A multimedia history of World War One
Read how Adolf Hitler's experiences in the First World War came to shape his world view.
Listen to two archive recordings of one of the signature tunes of World War One.
www.firstworldwar.com   (99 words)

 World War I - Trenches on the Web
The trenches are set up in such a way as to allow you to explore the "The Great War" at your own pace and in your own manner.
While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information presented here is accurate, let's face it, accidents and typos happen.
Be aware that should you come to grievous bodily harm as a result of the information presented here, or worse yet, you get a World War I question wrong on Final Jeopardy, just remember you were warned so we won't be held accountable.
www.worldwar1.com   (726 words)

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