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Topic: First language

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  First language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
First language (native language, mother tongue, or vernacular) is the language a person learns first.
Good skills in one's native language(s) are essential for further learning, as a native language is thought to be a base of thinking.
In his case, like that of many children whose home language differs from the language of the environment (the 'official' language), it is debatable which language is his 'mother tongue'.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_language   (434 words)

 Language acquisition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language acquisition is the process by which language develops in humans.
First language acquisition concerns the development of language in children, while second language acquisition focuses on language development in adults as well.
Mark Baker's work, The Atoms of Language (2004) presents arguments that there are not only certain "parameters" (as Chomsky called them) that are innate switches in our LAD, but we are very close to the point where these parameters could be put together in a "periodic table of languages" as determined by their parameter features.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Language_acquisition   (1618 words)

 Encyclopedia: First language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A sign language (also signed language) is a language which uses manual communication instead of sound to convey meaning - simultaneously combining handshapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to fluidly express a speakers thoughts.
The feature of the language is: it runs very fast and efficiently, but it's hard to learn or edit, and if you want it to run correctly in another computer, you have to rewrite it again(according to the code of the two computers).
IELTS is a highly dependable, practical and valid English language assessment primarily used by those seeking international education, professional recognition, bench-marking to international standards and global mobility.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/First-language   (803 words)

 Language Acquisition
Human language is made possible by special adaptations of the human mind and body that occurred in the course of human evolution, and which are put to use by children in acquiring their mother tongue.
Language B can be hypothesized at any point, and confirmed whenever the child hears a sentence with an agreement in it or disconfirmed when the child hears a sentence without agreement.
Georgetown Monographs on Language and Linguistics, 22, 1-31.
www.ecs.soton.ac.uk /~harnad/Papers/Py104/pinker.langacq.html   (18914 words)

 First Language Acquisition : Acquisition in Extreme Circumstances
At first, a number of the people working with her were convinced that she was going to demonstrate the falsity of the critical period hypothesis.
Language, as we have seen, is mainly situated in the left hemisphere.
We have looked at one or two examples of language learning in extreme situations, and we have seen that there are indications that language must be learnt at a certain period in a child's life, and that a reasonably intelligent adolescent or adult, capable of learning many things, finds learning a language simply too difficult.
www.timothyjpmason.com /WebPages/LangTeach/Licence/CM/OldLectures/L3_ExtremeCircs.htm   (2572 words)

 People-First Language: An Unholy Crusade   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Proponents would have everyone use people-first language, such as "people who are blind" rather than "blind people" or "a person who is deaf" rather than "a deaf person." By so doing they claim to focus on the whole person rather than the disability.
First, the awkwardness of the preferred language focuses on the disability in a new and potentially negative way.
The concept of preferred language is merely academic--in the worse sense of the term.
www.blind.net /bpg00006.htm   (1365 words)

 Harvard Gazette: Which comes first, language or thought?
Because languages differ this way, many scientists suspected that children must learn the relevant concepts as they learn their language.
Therefore, the effect of language experience may be more dramatic at the crossroad of hearing and sound than at the interface of thinking and word meaning, Hespos and Spelke say.
On the other hand, language learning might really be the act of learning to express ideas that already exist," as in the case of the situation studied by Hespos and Spelke.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/2004/07.22/21-think.html   (948 words)

 Mamma Teached Me Talk - alphaDictionary * Free English Online Dictionary
First, let's examine the assumption that children begin speaking by trying to repeat what they have heard their parents say.
This critical period between the ages of 2-7 suggests that (first) language learning, like walking, is an innate capacity of human beings triggered by a level of development more than feedback from the environment.
Language acquisition is a subfield of the very active field of psycholinguistics, another of the many interdisciplinary areas of linguistics.
www.alphadictionary.com /articles/ling001.html   (1208 words)

 First Language Encyclopedia Article, Description, History and Biography @ OurLocalColor.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Find first language - Your relevant result is a click away!
In his case, similar to those of children who learn the language of the family which is different from the language of the environment (the 'official' language), it is questionable to say which language is his 'mother tongue'.
Many scholars gave definitions of 'mother tongue' through the years based on the usage, the emotional relation from the speaker towards the language and even its dominance in relation to the environment, but all these criteria lack precision in linguistical terms.
www.ourlocalcolor.com /encyclopedia/First_language   (589 words)

 BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | First language gene discovered
A "mistake" in the letters of the DNA code causes a rare disorder in humans marked by severe language and grammar difficulties.
The possibility that language has genetic roots was first raised in the 1960s.
"What may be harder to digest is that such a momentous outcome as language and culture seems to be so exquisitely dependent on a physically infinitesimal genetic difference that allowed for a certain kind of facial movement in our ancestors," he says.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/science/nature/2192969.stm   (553 words)

 SAGE Publications - First Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
First Language is a forum for research into how children acquire their first language, and the application of that research into practice.
First Language publishes original research, theoretical articles, review articles and book reviews in all areas of first language acquisition.
Child language research is multidisciplinary and this is reflected in the contents of the journal: research from diverse theoretical and methodological traditions is welcome.
www.sagepub.co.uk /journal.aspx?pid=105557   (375 words)

 Native American Language Net: Preserving and promoting indigenous American Indian languages
We are a small non-profit organization dedicated to the survival of Native American languages, particularly through the use of Internet technology.
Actually, Native American languages do not belong to a single Amerindian family, but 25-30 small ones; they are usually discussed together because of the small numbers of natives speaking most of these languages and how little is known about many of them.
These are linguistically diverse languages deserving of individual attention, and it is very difficult to make accurate generalizations about them as a group.
www.native-languages.org   (1052 words)

 First Language Component
The core concept was to separate the task of learning to read from learning to speak a second language, based on the idea that children can learn to read much more readily in their mother tongue and will then be able to transfer their new literacy skills to Filipino and English.
The use of regional and vernacular languages in the classroom was an issue explored by the recent Philippines Presidential Commission on Educational Reform.
Studies have shown that this change will make students stay in, rather than drop out of school, learn better, quicker and more permanently and will in fact be able to use the first language as a bridge to more effective learning in English and Filipino as well as facilitate the development of their cognitive maturity.
www.sil.org /asia/philippines/ovw_1st-lang-component.html   (532 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Arts news | A snootful of Nootka ... pithiest language gets first dictionary
The world's pithiest language, which combines a lavish vocabulary with a terseness that would have made the Spartans jealous, has been cracked for the first time by a British university project.
Years of interviews with some 300 surviving speakers of the language, almost all now aged over 60, have led to 537 pages of unique and remarkably versatile terms.
The 150,000 words in the dictionary are divided into 15 subgroups, each a separate variant of the language and most with their own grammar and pronunciation.
www.guardian.co.uk /arts/news/story/0,11711,1495759,00.html   (487 words)

 Houston Community Newspapers Online - Memorial Spring Branch Sun - 01/11/2006 - Parent meetings set for dual language ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Dual Language Program is an enriched educational program that uses both English and Spanish for instruction.
Dual Language students at Cedar Brook are among the highest in academic achievement in Spring Branch ISD.
Students in the first class are now in the eighth grade and so me are continuing bilingual studies at Westchester Academy for International Studies.
www.zwire.com /site/news.cfm?newsid=15910060&BRD=1574&PAG=461&dept_id=532253&rfi=6   (358 words)

 O'Reilly Network: Python as a First Language
Other languages popular in educational settings have been scorned by working developers as too slow, incapable of connecting to existing resources, or too inflexible.
Each of these other languages is superior in certain aspects: speed, scientific calculation, graphics manipulation.
The search for the one true language to use for complex projects is a mistake.
www.oreillynet.com /pub/a/network/2000/06/02/magazine/python_first_language.html   (730 words)

 Perl, the first postmodern computer language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
C is a minimalistic language, but only if you don't count all the libraries that are necessary to use it usefully.
Everything is reinvented from first principles (or in some cases, zeroeth principles), and nothing in the language resembles anything in any other language you've ever seen.
Everone knew that the previous language had been called ``B'', after the first letter in BCPL, which came even earlier than B. The two proposed candidates for the next language were ``D'', because that's what comes after ``C'' in the alphabet, and ``P'', because that was the next letter in BCPL.
www.wall.org /~larry/pm.html   (7645 words)

 Amazon.com: First Language Lessons for the Well-Trained Mind: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
First Language Lessons for the Well-Trained Mind uses picture study and other classical techniques to develop the child's language study in those first two all-important years of school.
It expects children of a first and second grade level who have completed the book to understand adverbs, adjectives, interjections, direct and indirect quotations, paragraph formation and four basic types of sentences among other things.
He has gained confidence in our language and he is capable of giving you not only the definition, but also examples of many points of grammar.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0971412928?v=glance   (1609 words)

 People First Language
Often times, throughout our history, it has become necessary to change our language and the way in which we refer to individuals and groups to avoid further oppressing those members of society.
The time has come to reshape our language once again so that we may refer to people with disabilities and the disability community in a respectful and inclusive manner.
Generally, in choosing words about people with disabilities, the guiding principle is to refer to the person first, not the disability.
www.wvddc.org /people_first.html   (459 words)

 English in Decline as a First Language, Study Says   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
According to one new study, the percentage of the global population that grew up speaking English as its first language is declining.
Graddol argues that the world's language system is at a crossroads, and a new linguistic order is about to emerge.
Long gone is the idea, first suggested in the 19th century, that the entire world will one day speak English as a "world language." In fact, the relative decline of English is continuing.
news.nationalgeographic.com /news/2004/02/0226_040226_language.html   (804 words)

 English as a first language - The Washington Times: Commentary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The language of the Roman Empire obliterated most Italic, Gallic and Iberian tongues and drove Celtic-speaking remnants to the wild fringes and isles of Europe.
One of the oddest aspects of the debate, too, is that Spanish itself is the tongue of a colonialism and imperialism, of a Conquista far more brutal than anything the English-speaking nations, and even Rome herself, visited upon their own subject peoples.
The truth also is that the Spanish language is in danger of succumbing to English worldwide, as the Real Academia Espanola, established in 1713 to "fijar las voces y vocablos de la lengue Castellana en su mayor propiedad, elegancia y pureza," is well aware.
www.washtimes.com /commentary/20040221-112050-2926r.htm   (849 words)

 People First Language (Text Version)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
People with disabilities are -- first and foremost, people -- people who have individual abilities, interests and needs.
More than a fad or political correctness, People First Language is an objective way of acknowledging, communicating and reporting on disabilities.
As the term implies, People First Language refers to the individual first and the disability second.
www.txddc.state.tx.us /publications/textpfangfront.asp   (810 words)

 Mother & Baby Care - Parents the first ''language models'' for children   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
neelum writes "The language children use is modeled, or based, on what they hear from their parents.
For example, the first week it might be Mother who writes a word on a card and puts it on the refrigerator door.
The first question always is "Is it animal, vegetable, or mineral?" This covers virtually every possible thing the child could think of.
luckyamaan.com /modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=185   (1376 words)

 ipedia.com: First language Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
First language is the language a person learns first.
Usually a child learns the basics of first language from his family.
See also: bilingual, language acquisition, literacy, second language, sign language
www.ipedia.com /first_language.html   (268 words)

 People First Language
People First Language is the language of caring and respect.
The volunteers and staff of the Adaptive Sports Association use People First Language whether or not we are with students or customers.
All of our activities: alpine skiing, snowboarding, whitewater rafting, sea kayaking, hiking, fishing, sailing, jeep tours, canoeing and camping are designed to enhance the self-esteem and self-respect of our students.
www.asadurango.org /people_first_language.html   (279 words)

 "the People's Paths home page!" First People's Language
Aboriginal Languages Initiative Objective: "The Aboriginal Languages Initiative maintains and revitalizes Aboriginal languages for future generations by increasing the number of Aboriginal language speakers, by encouraging the transmission of these languages from generation to generation, and by expanding language usage in family and community settings.
The Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas "SSILA was founded in December 1981 as the international scholarly organization representing American Indian linguistics, and was incorporated in 1997.
Potawatomi Web "The Potawatomi language belongs to the Algonkian language group; as such it is related in structure and vocabulary to the Ojibwe, Menominee, Kickapoo, Miami-Illinois, Shawnee and Cree languages, and most closely resembles Ojibwe and Kickapoo.
www.yvwiiusdinvnohii.net /language.html   (4821 words)

 "People-first" language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although people-first language requires us to abandon old habits, the task is not difficult.
Yet, if we give up bad language like we give up cigarettes, not only are we healthier, but there is less second-hand damage.
Anyone who claims ignorance of the issues related to people-first language is confessing to professional ignorance and an insular existence.
moon.ouhsc.edu /dthompso/writing/pep1st.htm   (494 words)

 First Peoples Cultural Foundation: Generating Support for Aboriginal Languages
is a not-for-profit charitable public organization that generates support to raise awareness and funding for Aboriginal language revitalization.
The Foundation works with its sister organization, the First Peoples’ Heritage, Language and Culture Council to ensure fair and equal access for all funds raised and to all programs available.
The First Peoples' Cultural Foundation invited to present FirstVoices.com as a best practice to the world.
www.fpcf.ca   (202 words)

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