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Topic: Flemish movement

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  Flemish movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Flemish movement (Dutch: Vlaamse Beweging) is a popular term used to describe the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language in Flanders, and for protection of the Flemish culture.
The Flemish movement's more extreme wing is dominated by right-wing organizations such as the Vlaams Belang (the 2nd largest party in Flemish parliament as of June 13, 2003's regional elections), Voorpost, the NSV ('Nationalistisch Studenten Verbond' in Dutch; 'Nationalist Students Union' in English), and several others.
The Flemish movement's moderates were dominated by the Volksunie ("People's Union" in English -- an important party that has greatly advanced the Flemish cause from its foundation in 1954 to its collapse in 2002).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Flemish_movement   (1188 words)

 Flemish movement -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The movement is currently composed of a (A militant reformer) militant wing, which is most often in political opposition, and a (A person who takes a position in the political center) moderate wing, which is much more participative in local, regional, and federal governments.
Today, the militant wing of the Flemish movement generally advocates the foundation of an independent Flemish (A form of government whose head of state is not a monarch) republic with (The capital and largest city of Belgium; seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Brussels as its capital.
In the (The decade from 1920 to 1929) 1920s the first Flemish nationalist party was elected and in 1928 a prominent Flemish leader on (The cellblock in a prison where those condemned to death await execution) death row for working in the German flemish government was elected.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/f/fl/flemish_movement.htm   (1105 words)

 Flanders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Both the Flemish Community as the Flemish region are federal units of the Kingdom of Belgium.
Flemish weavers had gone over to Worstead and North Walsham in Norfolk in the 12th century and established the woollen industry.
Their suffering is still remembered by Flemish organizations during the yearly Yser pilgrimage and Wake of the Yser in Diksmuide at the monument of The Yser tower.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Flanders   (2666 words)

 Flemish Block - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Flemish Block (Dutch: Vlaams Blok) was a Flemish right-wing nationalist political party which rejected the state of Belgium, calling for political independence for the Flemish half of the country.
Its voting track record in the Flemish and Belgian parliaments was strong and consistent on the immigration and law-and-order theme, but mixed for Flemish autonomy (e.g.: it abstained from a crucial vote on splitting the trade unionist electoral district of Brussel-Halle-Vilvoorde/Bruxelles-Hal-Vilvorde).
Flemish Interest also alleges that past ties between Timperman and Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt are evidence that the trial of Vlaams Blok was politically motivated.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vlaams_Blok   (1091 words)

 Flemish movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Flemish Movement is a popular term used to the political movement for greater autonomy of region of Flanders and for protection of the Dutch language and the Flemish culture.
The movement unique in that unlike most separatist movements Flemish movement is very much dominated by right-wing as opposed to the usually left movements in Ireland Basque and Quebec for example.
With the coming the 20th century the Flemish movement became radical and in the first world war 'activists' welcomed the occupiers as 'liberating Germanic The Germans did indeed help out their brothers' by setting Dutch as the sole language and by converting the University of to the Dutch language.
www.freeglossary.com /Flemish_movement   (988 words)

 The Manifesto of the Vlaams Belang
The Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) is the political mouthpiece of the Flemish Movement as it has developed through time.
The party voices the demands of the Flemish Movement on the political scene.
It is an instrument for the advancement of the national and cultural identity of Flanders.
www.rense.com /general59/flemm.htm   (1029 words)

 Flanders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In its regional competencies, the Flemish Region sits alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region; for the community competencies, the Flemish Community sits alongside the French and German communities.
The population of Brussels, a Flemish city by origin and the capital of Belgium, saw an increase in its French-speaking populace.
Their suffering is still remembered by Flemish organizations during the yearly "IJzerbedevaart" (Yser pilgrimage) and "IJzerwake" (Wake of the Yser) in Diksmuide at the monument of the "IJzertoren" (The Yser tower).
www.yotor.com /wiki/en/fl/Flanders.htm   (2211 words)

 The Controversy Between Modernist and Postmodernist Views of Management Science: Is a Synergy Possible
Flemish nationalism developed from within the Flemish movement in the beginning of World War I. Previously, Flemings had been concerned only about their linguistic and cultural rights in a Flemish region within a Belgian context, but World War I saw a rise of demands for an independent Flanders.
Hence, the Flemish movement was divided into Pacifists, who wanted to continue the linguistic and cultural struggle, and Activists and Frontists who sought to exploit the situation to achieve territorial and national goals.
The publication, reflecting Flemish people’s strife for independence and the recognition of their national day has naturally been a highly regarded piece in nationalist circles since it fist came out and is constantly referred to even today.
www2.sbbs.se /hp/erson/academia/Essayeurhist5.htm   (4080 words)

 The Periscope : Vlaams Blok builds up strength   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
When a Flemish judge refused to issue a judgment, arguing that these were matters for the electorate rather than the courts, the head of the Centre for Equal Opportunities, the quango which had brought the case, said that he would continue appealing until he had found a judge who would find against the VB.
In unoccupied Belgium, in "Flanders Fields", the Flemish Movement was radicalized by the outrageous behaviour of the mostly French-speaking officers of the Belgian army, which sent Flemish boys to their deaths in French, a foreign language.
The Flemish Movement gains a last victory in 1968, when the French-speaking section of the Catholic University of Louvain (Leuven), which exercised a strong frenchifying influence on the Flemish part of the former province of Brabant, moves to Wallonia.
theperiscope.blogs.com /the_periscope_/2004/07/vlaams_blok_bui.html   (10105 words)

 Dutch in Flanders
Flemish immigrants had certainly brought some southern elements with them in the previous century, but wars and conquests gradually led to a weakening of the former cultural and economical dominance of Flanders.
Between 1814 and 1830 there was a short-lived reunification under king William I. At that time (from 1823) Flemish was the compulsory language of government, education and law, but the Belgian revolution of 1830 reinstated linguistic freedom for the citizens, which in effect meant a restoration of French as the main language.
Flemish has a noticeable tendency to adapt foreign words into Dutch speech patterns; for example in the words "record" and "cabaret" the final letter is pronounced, and in the word "passagier" Flemings use a "soft g".
www.ned.univie.ac.at /publicaties/taalgeschiedenis/en/vlaams.htm   (1488 words)

 Encyclopedia: Flemish movement
The word federal in a general sense refers to the nature of an agreement between or among two or more states, nations, or other groups to merge into a union in which control of common affairs is held by a central authority created by and with the consent of the...
Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, Egide Charles Gustave Wappers (1834), in the Musée dArt Ancien, Brussels The Belgian Revolution was a conflict in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands that began with a riot in Brussels in August 1830 and eventually led to the establishment of...
Note that Flemish Block turned themselves into Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang) since their condamnation in 2004 The Flemish Block (Dutch: Vlaams Blok) was a Flemish far-right nationalist political party which rejects the state of Belgium, calling for political independence for the Flemish half of the country.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Flemish-movement   (2372 words)

 introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In Flemish schools, French is obligatory as a second language, with English and German taught as third and fourth languages.
Many Flemish knights participated in the Crusades and in the 13th century the Count of Flanders was even crowned Emperor of Constantinople.
The Flemish nationalist Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond (Flemish League, or VNV) of Staf De Clercq gained 13.6% of Flemish votes in 1936 and 14.7% in 1939.
www.vlaamsbelangkapellen.org /introduction.htm   (3201 words)

 De Bruycker Essay   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Ghent [Flemish: Gent, French: Gand], the capitol of the province of East Flanders, is central to Flemish history, geography, and culture.
Evocations of earlier Flemish culture, from the "spirit of Ulenspiegel," to the paintings of the fifteenth-century "Flemish Primitives," abound in the De Bruycker literature.
Flemish proverbs and tales so nicely interpreted!"80 While in general their careers are highly dissimilar, during the war years De Bruycker and his critic De Bosschère had a brief convergence in which they mustered strength and working material by evoking their cultural heritage in the face of war.
www.ku.edu /~sma/jdb/jdbtxt.htm   (15473 words)

 Belgian boys clothes language and regional differences Belgische jongenskleding and Vêtements de garçons belges   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Dutch and Flemish share a common language and literature, and most of their songs, tales and folklore, in the field of material culture there are considerable differences.
The Flemish have always been a majority numerically but, for a variety of reasons, their upper classes became Frenchified during the 19th century.
The Flemish therefore were socially inferior untill the first half of the 20th century.
histclo.hispeed.com /country/bel/back/bel-lang.html   (3573 words)

 Libraries in Dutch-speaking Belgium - 64th IFLA General Conference - Conference Programme and Proceedings
The City of Antwerp was one of the pioneers of this same movement in Flanders, and it is still unique in the sense that it has a double set of city library facilities: a very old municipal research library and an important network of public libraries.
A famous slogan of the still young Flemish Movement in its romantic stage in the 19th century was: "The language is the whole people".
However, with their - roughly estimated - ten million volumes, the Flemish university libraries are not doing badly, and their participation in Belgian and European automation initiatives, sometimes in co-operation with the Royal Library and with French-speaking sister institutions, proves their technological skills at the service of - indeed - nation-wide and border-crossing information provision.
www.ifla.org /IV/ifla64/028-138e.htm   (2732 words)

 Famous Belgians - Hendrik Conscience   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A true romantic, he supported the emerging Flemish movement, and, after Victor Hugo, wrote historical novels glorifying the Flemish past from the period of the Franks to the late 18th century.
Born in Antwerp to a French father and a Flemish mother, Conscience wrote mainly in Flemish.
Conscience was employed at first as a teacher, but after a short period in the army he entered the literary life of Antwerp, first writing verse and later historical novels, such as “In't wonderjaar” (In the Year of Miracles, 1837), a pastiche of 16th-century life.
www.famousbelgians.net /conscience.htm   (248 words)

 Dar Al Hayat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The problem with Halle, though, is that although it is a Flemish town, it falls -- by an arcane political quirk -- into a district where French-speaking parties can appear on the ballot.
That has many Flemish parties worried that Halle could be a conduit for Francophone influence in their region.
The Flemish movement gained momentum after World War I, when thousands of Flemish soldiers were sent to their death by Francophone commanders whose orders they could barely understand.
english.daralhayat.com /metro/11-2004/Article-20041116-41af0d66-c0a8-10ed-003a-92dbe85d74a3/story.html   (1734 words)

 Search Results for movement - Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
diverse social movement, largely based in the United States, seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, their personal lives, and politics.It is recognized as the...
19th-century movement centred at the University of Oxford that sought a renewal of “catholic,” or Roman Catholic, thought and practice within the Church of England in opposition to the Protestant...
bulk movements of soil and rock debris down slopes in response to the pull of gravity, or the rapid or gradual sinking of the Earth's ground surface in a predominantly vertical direction.
www.britannica.com /search?query=movement   (594 words)

 Voeren   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In 1932 a census was held to determine the linguistical alignment of Voeren.
The mayors of the villages in Voeren expressed that their villages were more Flemish than Walloon and a plan was devised to make Voeren a part of Limburg.
The anti-Flemish movement could organize themselves political as there was now one instead of six municipal councils.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/V/Voeren.htm   (799 words)

 AXELLE RED the official site: Press
Its members see themselves as spearheading the Flemish struggle for liberation, but are in fact engaged in fighting a rearguard action, which is of little interest to the majority of Dutch-language Belgians.
The study by Cambré, commissioned by the Flemish government (1996), shows that two out of every three Dutch-language Belgians explicitly define Flanders as a part of Belgium, and that more than 70% of Dutch-language Belgians regard themselves as Belgians but also as Dutch-language Belgians, because they happened to be born in Flanders.
Furthermore, the ISPO investigation (1996) shows that Flemish points of conflict such as 'striving for Flemish independence' and 'the division of social security', are only of interest to a mere handful of Dutch-language Belgians, unlike non-community issues such as unemployment, pensions, taxes, security and political corruption.
www.axelle-red.com /fr/press/about_ar/press_about01.html   (983 words)

Like in Flanders, the Walloon and Brussels region has implemented the directive whereas nationally the publicity of environmental information is still far off, although the Belgian government has to implement this directive before the beginning of 1993 for their specific competence in the field of environmental policy.
Stimulated by the environmentalist movement, there is a growing demand for comprehensible and legally correct information regarding the state of the environment (active publicity), along with simple access to precise test results and licenses (passive publicity).
For this reason, the Flemish environmentalist movement was eager to learn about the first experiences with VLAREM and the publicity of environmental information in Flanders by trying out the legislation with some test-cases.
www.inece.org /2ndvol1/debaere.htm   (2346 words)

 Vermetel: 11/01/2003 - 11/30/2003
One of those was Hendrik Conscience, author of De Leeuw van Vlaenderen (The Lion of Flanders), describing the heroic fight of the Flemish count Robert of Béthune and the burghers of Ghent, Bruges and Ypres against the French King in the battle of the Golden Spurs in Kortrijk (1302).
The Flemish Movement started as a cultural lobby in the 1840s, but quickly demanded language equality and later also autonomy in Belgium.
In 1980, the Flemish Regional Council and the Dutch-language Council merged to the Flemish Council.
vermetel.blogspot.com /2003_11_01_vermetel_archive.html   (3280 words)

 Flemish Questions:Case Study: European Suffrage
The Flemish movement warned already at that time against the dangers of this directive in Brussel and the Flemish border around it, but the Belgian government approved it anyway.
This resulted in have protest from Flanders, and on June 25, 1997, the Flemish Parliament voted a new motion reaffirming four of the five conditions; th fifth condition was withdrawn because it wouldn't be applicable in any municipality.
Thanks to the efforts of a few Flemish parties, notably the Vlaams Blok and the VLD, the voting of Georges Clerfayt 's motion was postponed until fall 1997.
home.online.no /~vlaenen/flemish_questions/quste49.html   (601 words)

 Belgian politics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
After WW II, the Flemish Movement was politically dead, because Belgium executed all their leaders (a favorite tactic of Belgium, repeated several times in Belgian history) or sentenced them to a lifetime of imprisonment.
And in the eyes of the electorate, the whole of the Flemish Movement was guilty of collaboration with the Germans, when only one of the two political parties of the Flemish Movement collaborated (VNV, led by Staf De Clerck) while the other (Verdinaso, led by Joris Van Severen*) partially assisted the Belgian resistance.
In those days, the hope of the Flemish population was high, because all the Flemish political parties had signed a decree (it has the same weight in Flanders as a law does in Belgium), stating that they would do everything they needed to in order to obtain more and important competences for Flanders.
www.belgianpolitics.be   (11181 words)

 Belgium VNJ youth uniforms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
(Flemish is a dialect of Dutch.) Belgian history has seen a conflict between the French speaking Waloons, supported by their powerful French neighbor to the south and the Flemish Dutch-speaking population in Flanders.
The Flemish movement, especially after universal sufferage, succeeded in gradually achieving a righfull place for the Dutch Language.
Flemish nationalists contend that the Flemish-Walloon (French speaking Belgians) division is making Belgium into a state which no longer can be governed, and the fact that Flanders in paying huge amounts of money, getting in return only desrespect, is turning more and more Flemish people into separatists wanting to do away with Belgium.
histclo.hispeed.com /youth/youth/org/nat/bel/natbel-vjr.htm   (3358 words)

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