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Topic: Fletcher Henderson

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 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
For a time his ideas of arrangement were heavily influenced by those of Paul Whiteman, but when Louis Armstrong joined his orchestra in 1924 Henderson realized there could be a much richer potential for jazz band orchestration.
Henderson suffered a stroke in 1950 resulting in partial paralysis that ended his days as a pianist.
A good source for information on Fletcher Henderson is The Fletcher Henderson Story a 3 CD Box Set sampling Henerson's music with extensive liner notes by jazz scholar Frank Diggs.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/f/fl/fletcher_henderson.html   (379 words)

 PBS - JAZZ A Film By Ken Burns: Selected Artist Biography - Fletcher Henderson
Fletcher Henderson was the brother of Horace Henderson and led the most important of the pioneering big bands, which helped to set the pattern for most later big jazz bands playing arranged music.
Henderson's band was no different from the thousands of dance bands that were springing up across the USA in response to the vogue for social dancing.
Henderson's arrangements were an important element in Goodman's rapid rise to popularity, which in turn triggered the enormous success of swing bands from 1935 to 1945.
www.pbs.org /jazz/biography/artist_id_henderson_fletcher.htm   (1175 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Swing Music: Overview
Fletcher Henderson from Cuthbert is credited with forming the first swing band in 1924, which included drummer Joseph "Kaiser" Marshall from Savannah.
Fletcher's brother Horace Henderson also spent time as a bandleader and contributed arrangements to Fletcher's bands as well as many others.
After Fletcher Henderson the most important swing bandleader from Georgia was trumpeter Harry James, a native of Albany.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?path=/TheArts/Music/JazzandSwing&id=h-1688   (891 words)

 HENDERSON, Fletcher : MusicWeb Encyclopaedia of Popular Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
His band was one of the most influential, but Henderson himself was from a middle-class background, apparently a lackadaisical, unbusinesslike man who got worse under pressure.
Henderson himself went broke, disbanded and sold a bundle of charts to Benny Goodman, who touched off the Swing Era or Big Band Era (which see) '35 and had hits with all of them.
Henderson admired the back-to-basics approach of the Count Basie band, lending Basie his charts when Basie came to NYC; he continued to write for Goodman (e.g.
www.musicweb-international.com /encyclopaedia/h/H89.HTM   (735 words)

 BBC - Radio 3 Jazz Profiles - Fletcher Henderson
Henderson grew up as a classical pianist, and qualified as a scientist, before moving to New York and becoming first a popular song demonstrator, and then an accompanist on dozens of blues records.
Henderson was not a natural blues player - he knew more about Haydn and Mozart - but he taught himself the craft, and went on from directing and arranging bands in the recording studio to leading his own group at the Roseland Ballroom.
Although Henderson could be vague in person (accentuated by the effects of a car accident) his writing was tight and polished, and the best discs by his band are a perfect match of slick precision in performance with well-crafted arrangements.
www.bbc.co.uk /radio3/jazz/profiles/fletcher_henderson.shtml   (375 words)

 AllRefer.com - Fletcher Henderson (Music: Popular And Jazz, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Fletcher Henderson (James Fletcher "Smack" Henderson), 1898–1952, American jazz composer, arranger, and pianist, b.
During the 1920s and 30s, Henderson led superbly dynamic jazz orchestras.
The hallmarks of his arrangements include two- and four-bar repetitions, bursting section choruses, and solo showcasing.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/H/HendersoF.html   (203 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Fletcher Henderson - biographical sketch Henderson, Jr., Fletcher, Hamilton, aka "Smack" (1897-1952) was born in Cuthbert Georgia, on Dec. 18, 1897 to Fletcher Hamilton Henderson, Sr.
Fletcher's lackadaisical personality and disinclination to stand up to extortions of his agents and promoters more than once caused the deterioration of a band which looked great on paper but often played poorly in public.
As an arranger, Fletcher left his most lasting mark, the one which touched the greatest number of listeners and exerted the greatest influence on his peers.
www.uncg.edu /mus/courses/msbrewst/amr/contents/henbio.txt   (377 words)

 Boston.com / A&E / Books / Illuminating biography fit for a big band 'King'
Fletcher Henderson's name is rarely mentioned among those of such jazz luminaries as Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman, but their legendary careers might have never occurred without him.
Henderson was a bandleader and pianist, but such simplistic descriptions undersell his role in jazz's development in the 1920s and '30s.
Born James Fletcher Henderson in Cuthbert, Ga., in 1897, he was raised by parents who, both teachers, believed musical training was a vital component for a well-rounded education.
www.boston.com /ae/books/articles/2005/01/12/illuminating_biography_fit_for_a_big_band_king   (777 words)

 Harlem 1900-1940: Schomburg Exhibit Fletcher Henderson
Fletcher Henderson was born on December 18, 1897, in Cuthbert, Georgia.
Young Henderson arrived in New York in 1920, with the intention of going to graduate school but he began playing piano on a river boat on the Hudson River, and decided to become a musician.
Henderson is credited with being the first jazzman to organize a big band.
www.si.umich.edu /CHICO/Harlem/text/fhenderson.html   (344 words)

 World Book || Fletcher Henderson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Fletcher Henderson (1897-1952) was a bandleader, pianist, and arranger.
Henderson's band was prominent from 1924 until 1938 but never achieved the fame critics believe it deserved.
The Fletcher Henderson biography, by the Jazz Institute of Chicago, explores Henderson's role--and that of the big bands--in the history of jazz.
www.worldbook.com /features/aamusic/html/henderson.htm   (147 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Fletcher Henderson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Henderson, Fletcher (1897-1952), American jazz musician, who pioneered in combining strict orchestral arrangement with free improvisation.
Henderson (Nevada), city in Clark County, southeastern Nevada, in the Las Vegas metropolitan region.
Henderson (Kentucky), city, seat of Henderson County, northwestern Kentucky, on the Ohio River, in a grain- and tobacco-growing region; settled 1784,...
encarta.msn.com /Fletcher_Henderson.html   (124 words)

 Fletcher Henderson
Fletcher Henderson led the most commercially successful of the African-American Jazz bands of the 1920s.
Henderson was from a middle class family and held a degree in chemistry from Atlanta University.
In 1922, Fletcher led a band at the Club Alabam, which later moved to the Roseland Ballroom (Broadway at 50th St.) where they stayed for the next ten years.
www.redhotjazz.com /fletcher.html   (332 words)

 [No title]
Fletcher Henderson's orchestra was at the vanguard of the jazz scene in New York, helping to develop a stylistic vocabulary for big bands at two crucial points: when such bands began to form, and, later, just before big band swing became the popular music of its day.
Henderson supervised the transformation of his large dance orchestra into a jazz band that served as a model for the big swing bands of the next decades.
Henderson's band was the talk of the town among musicians.
www.uncg.edu /mus/courses/msbrewst/amr/contents/henbib.txt   (518 words)

 CMT.com : Horace Henderson : Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Henderson worked with Redman until joining his brother's orchestra as a pianist and arranger (1933-1934).
Horace Henderson was in the Army for parts of 1942-1943, rejoined Fletcher for a period, and then worked as an accompanist for Lena Horne.
However, Horace Henderson, who led recording sessions with his brother's sidemen in 1933 and his own big band in 1940 (plus obscure small-group dates in 1945 and 1951, and a 1954 broadcast with his orchestra released by IAJRC decades later), was more valuable as a contributor of arrangements to other bands.
www.cmt.com /artists/az/henderson_horace/bio.jhtml   (326 words)

 American BigBands - Page 4 "H" Bands
Henderson started piano at the age of six and his brother, Horace, also a bandleader and arranger, tells of how his parents stressed practicing.
Fletcher joined Benny Goodman when his own orchestra disbanded and, at that time, he contributed many of the scores that his own band had been playing in the 1920's, and so this 'block passages' technique was also apparent in Benny's charts.
Fletcher's joining the Goodman band was a notable occasion; it was the first time that a 'White' band hired a 'Black' man to work on stage with the orchestra.
nfo.net /usa/h4.html   (3594 words)

 Fletcher Henderson and Don Redman: The Birth of the Big Band Reed Section   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Fletcher's large 11-piece band at the Roseland was considered cutting-edge in its day, the first in New York to have the loose, improvised, spontaneous sound of a smaller jazz combo.
For a while, Henderson was able to get by without Redman's brilliant work by "borrowing" arrangements from other bands, but by 1931 Fletcher hit his stride as a master arranger in his own right.
Henderson built on Redman's arranging methods and produced a series of charts that are still considered classics of big band writing.
www.riverwalk.org /proglist/showpromo/fletcher.htm   (639 words)

 Jass.com: Fletcher Henderson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Fletcher Henderson got his start as a piano player and musical director for W.
Armstrong's skill as a trumpeter and improviser challenged the rest of Fletcher's musicians for the year he was with the band, in the process raising the level of jazz to beyond anything they had played previously.
Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra continued to entertain in the 1930s as Henderson refined his approach to jazz.
www.jass.com /Fletch   (294 words)

 Amazon.com: Music: Ken Burns JAZZ Collection: Fletcher Henderson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Fletcher Henderson and his arranger-saxophonist Don Redman laid the groundwork for the big bands of the swing era, creating a style that matched propulsive call-and-response tunes with potent soloists.
Fletcher Henderson (1897-1952) and his genius band leading talents were the "envy" of Duke Ellington and was the leader, pianist, and writer/arranger of the most popular African-American band in New York in the 20's, at least until a young man named Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra came along.
Henderson, or "Smack" as he was called led a hot band which taught how to swing and smoked through the 20's, 30's and 40's and was the proving ground for up and coming players such as the great Louis Armstrong and Coleman Hawkins.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/B000050HVU?v=glance   (1239 words)

 Black Music Research Journal: FLETCHER HENDERSON, COMPOSER: A COUNTER-ENTRY TO THE INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY OF BLACK ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In writing about Fletcher Henderson for the International Dictionary of Black Composers (IDBC), I faced a challenge shared by many of that dictionary's contributors.
It was the more basic challenge of deciding how to distinguish compositions among Henderson's wide-ranging activities as a creative musician.
There is no doubt that Henderson had "substantial compositional impact" on the tradition he represents, to quote from the IDBC's criteria.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:61574101&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (193 words)

 Fletcher Henderson
Georgia-born Henderson grew up listening to the blues of Bessie Smith and Ma Rainey, and the big bands he led in New York beginning in 1923 swung with a rootsy, bluesy feel - a feel absent from tighter ragtime and dance bands.
Henderson had a gift for spotting talent: In 1924, he recruited Armstrong from New Orleans, and the combination of Redman's charts and Satchmo's "Copenhagen," Redman's arrangements pit trombone and trumpets again sax and clarinet in an energetic push-pull.
While Henderson's band was a key to the transition from New Orleans jazz as exemplified by Morton and others, and vintage big band swing played by Duke Ellington and Count Basie's bands, Henderson never quite put it all together.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/jazz/78319   (502 words)

 Fletcher Henderson
Henderson is also known for perfecting the block voicing technique.
Henderson learned to play the piano from his mother who was a classical piano teacher.
Henderson began his professional career as a piano player after moving to New York City in 1920.
www.worldofgramophones.com /fletcherhenderson.html   (164 words)

 Fletcher Henderson Orchestra
The Fletcher Henderson Orchestra was the most popular African-American band of the 1920s.
The smooth, carefully arranged sound of Henderson's orchestra was a huge influence on the Swing style of the next decade.
Henderson put together another version of the band, but things were never the same and the band never resumed the level of popularity that it had enjoyed throughout the 1920s.
www.redhotjazz.com /fho.html   (579 words)

 Drop Me Off in Harlem
Although Fletcher Henderson moved to New York intending to become a chemist, he wound up mixing sounds, not compounds.
When arranger Don Redman joined Henderson, their combined genius helped usher in the Swing Era's "big-band sound," which featured complex exchanges among the reed, brass, and rhythm sections—a significant advance from the traditional jazz reliance on instrumental solos.
Henderson's Orchestra competed in the Savoy Ballroom's Battle of the Bands.
artsedge.kennedy-center.org /exploring/harlem/faces/henderson_text.html   (349 words)

 Fletcher Henderson, the originator (from jazz) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It was in the 1920s that the first forms of true orchestral jazz were developed, most significantly by Fletcher Henderson and Duke Ellington.
More results on "Fletcher Henderson, the originator (from jazz)" when you join.
African American professional baseball player Rickey Henderson had many noteworthy years in his long major league career, but perhaps the most historic was the 2001 season.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-215417?tocId=215417   (931 words)

 Henderson, Fletcher --  Encyclopædia Britannica
A journeyman sideman, he later played woodwinds with American jazz and blues bands fronted by Fletcher Henderson, Jimmy Archey, and Roy Milton before moving (1952) to Paris and performing in Europe as a bandleader and soloist; after resettling...
Early in his career he played boogie-woogie, blues, and swing, and in 1946-47 he was pianist with Fletcher Henderson's orchestra.
Discusses her career that included singing the blues with such notables as Fletcher Henderson, singing pop, and acting on stage and in films like Pinky, for which she was nominated for an Oscar.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9039987?tocId=9039987   (880 words)

 Henderson, Fletcher on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The grave of Fletcher H. "Smack" Henderson, Jr.
A marker stands in front of the family home of Fletcher H. Henderson, Jr.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/H/HendersoF1.asp   (415 words)

 RollingStone.com: Fletcher Henderson Music, Biography, Influences, Followers, Related Projects, Contemporaries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Henderson's real strength lay in his arrangements (and those of equals such as Benny Carter), which balanced a propulsive rhythmic foundation with complex flourishes and plenty of room for the band to move around in.
Henderson had the hottest act on the scene until Duke Ellington appeared in the late 1920s, but Henderson could never keep a group together like the Duke, and he rarely crossed over to white America until he joined Benny Goodman as an arranger in the mid-1930s.
After Henderson's stroke in 1950, Goodman repaid his debt to his often overlooked contributor by raising money for his care during the last five years of his life.
www.rollingstone.com /artist/bio/_/id/38311   (205 words)

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