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Topic: Food additive


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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  
  Food additive - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Some additives have been used for centuries; for example, preserving food by pickling (with vinegar), salting, as with bacon, or using sulfur dioxide as in some wines.
Additive 103, alkanet, is not approved for use in Europe so does not have an E number, although it is approved for use in Australia and New Zealand.
Antioxidants such as vitamin C act as preservatives by inhibiting the effects of oxygen on food, and are generally beneficial to health.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Food_additive   (564 words)

  
 FDA/CFSAN Food Additives
All food additives are carefully regulated by federal authorities and various international organizations to ensure that foods are safe to eat and are accurately labeled.
Color additives are used in foods for many reasons, including to offset color loss due to storage or processing of foods and to correct natural variations in food color.
The Food Additives Amendment to the FD&C Act, passed in 1958, requires FDA approval for the use of an additive prior to its inclusion in food.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~lrd/foodaddi.html   (2850 words)

  
 CRS Report: 95-857 - Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology - NLE
Food additives are any substance or mixture of substances other than the basic foodstuff which are present in a food as a result of any phase of processing, packaging, or storage.
That no additive shall be deemed to be safe if it is found to induce cancer when ingested by man or animal, or if it is found, after tests which are appropriate for the evaluation of the safety of food additives, to induce cancer in man or animal....
Instead of submitting a food additive petition to establish a regulation allowing use of such substances, a company would submit a letter with information demonstrating why it should be exempt from regulation under the policy.
cnie.org /NLE/CRSreports/Pesticides/pest-5.cfm?&CFID=19411638&...   (7784 words)

  
 Sustainable Table: The Issues: Additives
These substances are used to change the way food tastes (affecting the flavor, texture, consistency, and aroma), to change the way food looks (altering the color and texture), to improve the nutritional quality of foods (adding vitamins and minerals), and to increase the food's shelf life to prevent spoilage.
Although all additives must be approved by the FDA before being included in foods, there is concern that many additives are unsafe, or have not been adequately tested for safety.
Indeed, a number of food additives initially approved by the FDA were later proven to be harmful, and had to be banned.
www.sustainabletable.org /issues/additives   (1663 words)

  
 Food additives and contaminants in food, principles for the safety assessment of (EHC 70, 1987)
For all intentional food additives proposed for evaluation, Committees request submission of four types of data related to reactivity: (a) the general chemical reactivity of the additive; (b) its stability during storage and reactions in model systems; (c) reactions of the additive in actual food systems; and (d) the additive's fate in living systems.
Food additives may be marketed as formulated preparations, such as a mixture of a main ingredient with a solvent vehicle and emulsifier.
Interactions that may occur between food additives and the bacterial flora of the gastrointestinal tract should be con- sidered both in terms of the effects of the gut microflora on the chemical and the effects of the chemical on the gut micro- flora.
www.inchem.org /documents/ehc/ehc/ehc70.htm   (16824 words)

  
 Food Additive
It functions with food grade phosphates (acidic leavening compounds) to release carbon dioxide which expands during the baking process to provide the baked good with increased volume and tender eating qualities.
A general purpose food additive, the anhydrous from being readily soluble in water with a solubility of 59 g in 100 ml of water at 0° C. It dissolves with the liberation of heat.
Its use is approved in specified foods, with an average usage level being in the range in the range of 100 to 300 parts per million.
www.bornnet.com /English/food_additive.htm   (3956 words)

  
 Additive - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
additive rhythm, a larger period of time constructed from smaller ones
Food additive, a substance added to food to improve flavor or appearance
Weakly additive, the quality of preferences in some logistics problems
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Additive   (114 words)

  
 Minnesota Rule 4626.0020
"Food" means a raw, cooked, or processed edible substance, ice, beverage, or ingredient used or intended for use or for sale in whole or in part for human consumption, or chewing gum.
A. "Ready-to-eat food" means food that is in a form that is edible without washing, cooking, or additional preparation by the food establishment or the consumer and that is reasonably expected to be consumed in that form.
"Temporary food establishment" means a food establishment that is a mobile food unit, seasonal permanent food stand, or seasonal temporary food stand, as those terms are defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 157.15, subdivisions 9, 12a, and 13.
www.revisor.leg.state.mn.us /arule/4626/0020.html   (4283 words)

  
 food additives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In the past 30 years, however, with the advent of processed foods, there has been a massive explosion in the chemical adulteration of foods with additives.
Hyperactivity in children, allergies, asthma, and migraines are often associated with adverse reations to food additives.
Each food additive has to be named or numbered.
nac.allergyforum.com /additives   (134 words)

  
 Lactulose - food additive
Food, metabolism and the immune system must be seen as an interactive process.
The trend in the food industry is moving towards clearly defined ingredients, put together according to nutritional/scientific food design specifications as a sensible nutrition supplement.
The prevention of illnesses in the gastrointestinal tract is the field in which lactulose plays an outstanding role: in its liquid form it can be easily and unproblematically added to many food to promote overall health and quality of life.
www.lactulose.com /lactulose/foodadditive/0,,6841-2-0,00.htm   (433 words)

  
 [No title]
The petition proposed to amend the food additive regulations in part 173 (21 CFR part 173) to provide for the safe use of ozone in gaseous and aqueous phases as an antimicrobial agent for the treatment, storage, and processing of foods.
Although this use of ozone as an antimicrobial agent on RACs is regulated under section 409 of the act (21 U.S.C. 348) as a food additive, the intended use may nevertheless be subject to regulation as a pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
(d) The additive is used in contact with food, including meat and poultry (unless such use is precluded by standards of identity in 9 CFR part 319), in the gaseous or aqueous phase in accordance with current industry standards of good manufacturing practice.
www.fda.gov /OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/062601a.htm   (1100 words)

  
 US CODE: Title 21,348. Food additives
A food additive shall, with respect to any particular use or intended use of such additives, be deemed to be unsafe for the purposes of the application of clause (2)(C) of section 342 (a) of this title, unless—
(4) Upon request of the Secretary, the petitioner shall furnish samples of the food additive involved, or articles used as components thereof, and of the food in or on which the additive is proposed to be used.
(C) In this paragraph, the term “food contact substance” means the substance that is the subject of a notification submitted under paragraph (1), and does not include a similar or identical substance manufactured or prepared by a person other than the manufacturer identified in the notification.
www4.law.cornell.edu /uscode/21/348.html   (1664 words)

  
 Cook's Thesaurus: Salt
Specialized salts include pickling salt, which is free of the additives that turn pickles dark and the pickling liquid cloudy, and rock salt, used primarily to de-ice driveways and make ice cream.
It's best to use these salts after the food is cooked, or their subtleties will be lost.
The only drawback to using kosher salt for pickling or canning is that the grains are coarser and flakier, and can't be packed as tightly into a measuring cup as pickling salt.
www.foodsubs.com /Salt.html   (2149 words)

  
 EXTOXNET FAQs - Food Additives Safety   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Description of the information a manufacturer must provide to the FDA about a proposed food additive in the petition for its approval.
Food additives are tested for possible toxic effects and
After a food additive is successfully approved, the government continues to monitor it for safety.
extoxnet.orst.edu /faqs/additive/fasafety.htm   (85 words)

  
 Food for Thought: Fowl News—Food Additive's Extra Benefit, Science News Online, March 26, 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A food additive that keeps crackers, cereals, and other foods fresh could one day be prescribed to domesticated turkeys.
The additive is BHT (for butylated hydroxytoluene), and the food contaminants are aflatoxins, carcinogenic substances from fungi.
Although farmers haven't yet won the Food and Drug Administration's approval to add BHT to turkey chow, Coulombe, a veterinary toxicologist, says that the food additive shows great promise.
www.sciencenews.org /articles/20050326/food.asp   (1115 words)

  
 FSANZ: Food additives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Food additives play an important part in our food supply ensuring that our food is safe and meets the needs of consumers.
Food additives are listed according to their functional or class names.
Food additives are required to be identified by their class name and by an individual name or code number.
www.foodstandards.gov.au /whatsinfood/foodadditives.cfm   (1343 words)

  
 Artificial Food Additives Linked to Attention Deficit Disorder
This is particularly surprising since perhaps the most controversial aspect of the safety of artificial colors and flavors is that relating ingestion of food dyes, preservatives, and artificial flavors to subsequent learning and behavioral problems in children.
Previous experiments with food dye and behavior in school age children have focused primarily on one type of color at a time.
The researchers Mattes and Gittelman-Klein, used a procedure to examine the effects of artificial food colorings in a single 10 year old boy who, according to his parents, had responded previously to the additive free diet by reduction in hyperactivity.
www.chem-tox.com /pregnancy/artificial.htm   (1555 words)

  
 Hormel Foods - Glossary - Food Additive
A substance that is added to a food in order to enhance the appearance or taste, to preserve or retain the freshness, to improve the nutritional value, or to assist with the processing or preparation.
To maintain freshness or to preserve the food is often accomplished by adding nitrites and sodium nitrates.
To assist with processing or preparation of the food, a variety of ingredients are added such as yeast for baked foods, humecants to preserve moisture, and thickeners to improve texture, to name a few.
www.hormel.com /kitchen/glossary.asp?id=35641&catitemid=   (191 words)

  
 US FDA/CFSAN: EAFUS List
Additional information on the status of Food and Color Additives can be obtained from the Food Additive Status List (formerly called Appendix A of the Investigations Operations Manual).
Although listed as a added to food, there is no current reported use of the substance, and, therefore, although toxicology information may be available in PAFA, it is not being updated.
The substance was formerly approved as a food additive but is now banned; there may be some toxicology data available.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~dms/eafus.html   (619 words)

  
 MSG-- A dangerous food additive
The other way food producers give you the rush is by adding chemicals to brighten the color of the food and extend the shelf life.
It enhances flavor, and, without exception, it is added because the food being prepared for sale to the public is of low quality due to cheap ingredients or due to too long shelf life.
It is found in virtually all food and, in abundance, in food that is high in protein, including meat, poultry, cheeses, and fish.
www.blessedquietness.com /journal/theworld/msg.htm   (2572 words)

  
 [No title]
[348] (a) A food additive shall, with respect to any particular use or intended use of such additives, be deemed to be unsafe forthe purposes of the application of clause (2)(C) of section 402(a), unless--
While such a regulation relating to a food additive is in effect, a food shall not, by reason of bearing or containing such an additive in accordance with the regulation, be considered adulterated within the meaning of clause (1) of section 402(a).
(1) Any person may, with respect to any intended use of a food additive, file with the Secretary a petition proposing the issuance of a regulation prescribing the conditions under which such additlve may be safely used.
www.uvm.edu /nusc/nusc237/409-410.html   (1175 words)

  
 Health Canada Rejects Olestra as a Food Additive
According to a letter sent June 8 by Marc Le Maguer, the Director General of the Food Directorate, "Health Canada has completed its review of Olestra and has decided not to recommend that Olestra be permitted for use as a food additive in Canada."
While Health Canada is saying "no" to olestra, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), under pressure from Procter and Gamble, is considering dropping the olestra warning notice ("may cause abdominal cramping or loose stools") from packages.
Many reports describe cases of severe diarrhea, including several Canadians who ate olestra-containing products on visits to the U.S. CSPI urges people who believe they suffered adverse effects as a result of eating olestra to file a report.
www.cspinet.org /canada/olestra.html   (246 words)

  
 Home - Food, Beverage ingredient and additives supplier | Dextrose Supplier | Maltodetrin Supplier | Sorbitol Supplier ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
We are specilizing in trading of China origined ingredients, additives, sweeteners with applications in food, drink and beverage, pharmaceutical and chemical industries.
Having the right people and systems to ensure that our customers get the right product at the right time, we are confident of being able to meet all buyers' requirements.
Please contact us if you are looking for a trustworthy source of any ingredient, additive and sweetener in your industry.
www.singsino.com   (304 words)

  
 JECFA Search
This database provides the most recent specifications for food additives evaluated by JECFA and printed in the "Combined Compendium of Food Additive Specifications", FAO JECFA Monographs No. 1.
To search for food additives by name enter a search term (name or portion of name) and click SEARCH or press ENTER.
Or search food additives according to their INS number or their CAS number
www.fao.org /ag/agn/jecfa-additives/search.html?lang=en   (162 words)

  
 2004 CFR Title 21, Volume 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.
Glycine (aminoacetic acid) in food for human consumption.
The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) determination that a premarket notification for a food contact substance (FCN) is no longer effective.
www.access.gpo.gov /nara/cfr/waisidx_04/21cfr170_04.html   (166 words)

  
 EPA: Federal Register: Safe Foods Corp.; Filing of Food Additive Petition
----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that Safe Foods Corp. has filed a petition proposing that the food additive regulations be amended to provide for the safe use of cetylpyridinium chloride as an antimicrobial agent in poultry processing.
409(b)(5) (21 U.S.C. 348(b)(5))), notice is given that a food additive petition (FAP 2A4736) has been filed by Safe Foods Corp., c/o Keller and Heckman LLP, 1001 G St. NW., Washington, DC 20001.
The petition proposes to amend the food additive regulations in part 173 Secondary Direct Food Additives Permitted in Food for Human Consumption (21 CFR part 173) to provide for the safe use of cetylpyridinium chloride as an antimicrobial agent in poultry processing.
www.epa.gov /fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/2002/May/Day-07/i11255.htm   (449 words)

  
 NutritionData Food Additive Identifier   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Food additives don't appear in ND's database, but you'll find them on the ingredient labels of many of the foods that you eat.
To that end, here is an extensive listing of individual additives and identification of their known usage.
Following this table is a glossary of food additive terminology.
www.nutritiondata.com /food-additives.html   (1295 words)

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